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SIFAT PENAMPANG DATAR

REFERENSI: Mekanika Bahan Edisi Keempat, J.M. Gere & S.P. Timoshenko (Sebagian rumus)

Persegi / Persegi Panjang


Y xc
1 xc = 2 h 1 yc = 2 b

A Ix
h yc X

= bh 1 = 12 bh 3

Iy

1 12

hb 3

1 Sx = 6 bh 2 1 Sy = 6 hb 2

Ip
b

1 12

bh b 2 + h 2

Segitiga Sama Sisi


1 xc = 2 a

yc = A

3 6 3 4 3 96 3 96 3 48 1 16 3 48

a a2 a4 a4 a3
a3

= = =

a xc X yc a

Ix Iy

Sx = Sy = Ip

a4

Lingkaran
1 xc = 2 d

Y d xc

1 yc = 2 d

A Ix Iy
X

= d2 4 = =

64

d4 d4 d3 d3 d4

64

Sx = Sy = Ip

32

yc

32

32

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Tabung Pipa Dinding Tebal


Y d xc
1 xc = 2 d 1 yc = 2 d A = t (d t )

Ix,y =
X t yc

64

( d t 3d t
3

(d

( d 2t )
2 2

) )
3 4

+ 4dt 3 2t 4
3

Sx,y =
=

32

4d

Ip

( d t 3d t ( d t 3d t
3

(d

)
) )

( d 2t )
2 2

+ 4dt 3 2t 4

2 2

+ 4dt 2t

Tabung Pipa Dinding Tipis


1 xc = 2 d

Y d xc

1 yc = 2 d

A Ix
X t

= dt = d 3t 8 = d 3t 8
4 4

Iy

yc

Sx = Sy = Ip

d 2t d 2t

= d 3t 4

Tabung Kotak
Y xc
1 xc = 2 h 1 yc = 2 b

A Ix
h t t yc X

= 2t ( b + h ) 4t 2
bh 3 ( b 2t )( h 2t )3 3 3 1 = 12 hb ( h 2t )( b 2t ) 3 3 1 = 6 h bh ( b 2t )( h 2t ) 3 3 1 = 6 b hb ( h 2t )( b 2t ) =
1 12
3 3 1 = 12 bh3 + hb3 ( b 2t )( h 2t ) ( h 2t )( b 2t )

Iy Sx Sy Ip

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Penampang T
b Y xc t h yc X
1 xc = 2 b
2 1 1 yc = 2 bh 2 ( b w )( h t ) 2

bh ( b w )( h t )
2

A Ix

= bt + w ( h t )
=
1 12 1 bh 3 + bh 2 h y c
3 1 12 ( b w )( h t ) ( b w )( h t ) 1 2

(h t ) yc

Iy
w

1 12

((h t )w

+ tb3

Sx = I x Sy = I y Ip

yc

xc

= I x + Iy

Penampang I / H
b Y xc t
1 xc = 2 b 1 yc = 2 h

A Ix

= bh ( b w )( h 2t )
1 = 12 bh3 + ( b w )( h 2t )

h w yc

Iy

1 12 1 6h 1 6b

( ( h 2t ) w

+ 2tb

Sx = Sy = Ip

( bh

)
3

) )
)

+ ( b w )( h 2t )
3

( ( h 2t ) w
)

+ 2tb

3 3 1 = 12 bh3 + hb3 ( b w )( h 2t ) + ( h 2t )( b w )

Keterangan :
xc yc A Sx Sy Ix Iy Ip = = = = = = = = jarak titik berat (arah sumbu-X) jarak titik berat (arah sumbu-Y) luas penampang momen statis (tinjauan sumbu-X) momen statis (tinjauan sumbu-Y) momen inersia (tinjauan sumbu-X) momen inersia (tinjauan sumbu-Y) momen inersia polar terhadap pusat sumbu

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