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ABSTRAK

HUBUNGAN KELENGKAPAN IMUNISASI DASAR TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BAYI DI PUSKESMAS RAJABASA INDAH PERIODE NOVEMBER 2011

Oleh

MIKE YULIA FANDRI

Imunisasi adalah suatu upaya yang dilakukan dengan sengaja memberikan kekebalan (imunitas) pada bayi atau anak sehingga terhindar dari penyakit infeksi yang dapat dicegah dengan imunisasi (PD3I). Pencapaian program imunisasi di Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah pada tahun 2010 yaitu imunisasi HB0 82,6%, BCG 94,2%, Polio1 93,6%, DPT/HB1 92,8%, Polio2 92,2%, DPT/HB2 92,2%, Polio3 91,0%, DPT/HB3 93,3%, Polio4 92,2% dan imunisasi Campak 93,9%.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar terhadap status gizi bayi di Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah. Metode penelitian ini adalah cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah seluruh populasi yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi penelitian. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini berupa data primer dan data sekunder. Data yang didapat diolah dengan program SPSS 16.00 for

windows. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji statistik Kolmogorov-Smirnov dengan nilai signifikansi 0,05.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar terhadap status gizi bayi di Puskesmas Rajaba Indah. Status gizi bayi responden sebagian besar termasuk kedalam kategori status gizi baik dengan imunisasi dasar lengkap sebanyak 32 bayi (49%), sedangkan sebanyak 6 bayi (9,2 %) memiliki status gizi baik dengan imunisasi dasar tidak lengkap. Dari hasil uji statistik dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan kelengkapan imunisasi dasar terhadap status gizi bayi (p-value= 0,042<0,05).

Kata kunci: Imunisasi Dasar, Status Gizi

ABSTRACT

THE RELATION OF BASIC IMMUNIZATION COMPLETENESS WITH INFANTS NUTRITION STATUS IN PUSKESMAS RAJABASA INDAH PERIOD NOVEMBER 2011

Oleh

MIKE YULIA FANDRI

Immunization is a deliberately effort to provide immunity for the baby or children to avoid from infectious diseases that can be prevented by immunization. The achievement of immunization programs in Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah in 2010 are imunisasi HB0 82,6%, BCG 94,2%, Polio1 93,6%, DPT/HB1 92,8%, Polio2 92,2%, DPT/HB2 92,2%, Polio3 91,0%, DPT/HB3 93,3%, Polio4 92,2% and Measles was 93,9%.

The

aim

of

this

research

are

finding

out

the

relation of

basic

immunization completeness with infants

nutrition status in Puskesmas Rajabasa

Indah Period November 2011. This research method was cross sectional, sample of the research is the entire population included into inclusion criteria. Gathering information was done by primary data and secondary data. Data was prepared by using SPSS 17.00 for windows, The data were analyzed through KolmogorovSmirnov test with a significance value of 0.05.

The results of this research showed relation of basic immunization completeness with infants nutrition status in Puskesmas Rajabasa indah period November

2011. Nutritional status of infants, including most of the respondents into categories of good nutritional status are fully immunized by 32 infants (49%), while as many as six infants (9.2%) had a good nutritional status with incomplete primary

immunization. From inferential statistical test result that there is relation of basic immunization completeness with infants nutrition status (p-value= 0,042<0,05).

Recommended for health workers in Puskesmas Rajabasa Indah order to further increase promotional activities and counseling among mothers about the importance of basic immunization for infants and mothers are advised to have a baby so diligently to bring their babies to health centers in order to obtain the immunization service comprehensive basis.

Keywords : Basic Immunity, Nutrition Status