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Fizik
Kertas 2
2009
2 Jam

Nama :Tingkatan:.

SM HOLY TRINITY TAWAU


PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
TINGKATAN 4
PHYSICS
Kertas 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.

Tulis nama dan tingkatan anda pada ruangan yang disediakan.

Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam bahasa


Inggeris.

3.

Calon dibenarkan menjawab


keseluruhan
atau sebahagian soalan sama ada
dalam bahasa Inggeris atau melayu.

4.

Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat


di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 23 halam

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa


Kod Pemeriksa :
Bahagian Soalan Markah Markah
Penuh Diperoleh
1
4
2
5
3
6
A
4
7
5
8
6
8
7
10
8
12
B
9
20
10
20
C
11
20
12
20
Jumlah

bercetak
[Lihat sebelah
SULIT

Panitia Fizik SM Holy Trinity Tawau

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The following information may be useful. The simbols have their usual meaning
For
Examiners
Use

vu
t

1.

a=

2.

v2 = u2 + 2as

3.

s = ut +

4.

Momentum = mv

5.

F = ma

1
at2
2

20.

1 1 1

f
u v

21.

6.

7.

8.

Kinetic energy / Tenaga kinetik


= mv2
Gravitational potential energy /
Tenaga keupayaan graviti = mgh
Elastic potential energy /
Tenaga keupayaan kenyal =

9.

10.

11.

12.

Power, P =

1
Fx
2

energy
time

tenaga
Kuasa, P =
masa
m
=
V
F
Pressure / Tekanan, p =
A

Pressure / Tekanan, p= hg

real depth
apparent depth

19.

Linear magification /
Pembesaran linear, m =
1

22.

P= f

23.

v=f

24.

25.

n = d Sin n

26.

Q = It

27.

E = VQ

28.

V = IR

29.

E = V + Ir

30.

Power / Kuasa, P = IV

31.

Vrms =

ax
D

V peak

2
Ns
Vs
=
Np
Vp

13.

Heat / Haba, Q = mc

14.

Heat / Haba, Q = ml

32.

15.

P1V1 = P2V2

33.

16.

V1 V2

T1 T2

Efficiency / Kecekapan
I sVs
=
x 100%
I pV p

34.

eV =

35.

E = mc2

17.

PV
= constant / pemalar
T

18.

n=

Sin i
Sin r

Section A
Bahagian A

Panitia Fizik SM Holy Trinity Tawau

v
u

1
mv2
2

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[60 marks]
[60 markah]
Answer all questions in this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

Diagram 1.1

Diagram 1.2
1(a) (i)

1.

Diagram 1.1 and 1.2 show two instruments used by the students in the laboratory.
a) i) Name the instrument in figure 1(a).
..
[1 mark]

1(a) (ii)

ii) For the instrument in figure 1(b), what is the function of ratchet?
..
[1 mark]
b) Between the instruments in figures 1(a) and 1(b),

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1(b) (i)

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i) Which instrument is more sensitive?

.
[1 mark]

1(b) (ii)

ii) State one reason for your answer in 1 (b) (i)

....
[1 mark]
2. Diagram 2.1 shows the initial reading of a stopwatch at the beginning of an
experiment. The stopwatch was used to measure the time for 20 complete
oscillations made by a simple pendulum of length, l.
Diagram 2.2 shows the reading of the stopwatch at the end of the experiment.

Diagram 2.1
2(a) (i)

Diagram 2.2

a) (i) State the type of error shown in Diagram 2.1.


.........
...
[1 mark]

2(a) (ii)

(ii) What is the actual time taken for the pendulum to complete 20 oscillations?

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...........
..
[1 mark]
b) (i) Find the period of one complete oscillation, T, for this pendulum.
2(b) (i)
[1 mark]
(ii) The relationship between the length, l, and the period, T, of a simple pendulum is

g 2
T . Using the value of T obtained in (b) (i),
2
4

given by the equation, l

2(b) (ii)

calculate the length, l, of the pendulum.


[Given that = 3.142 and g = 10 m s-2]

[2marks]
3. Diagram 3.1 show an observers eye at four different positions P, Q, R and S, while
reading the scale on a measuring cylinder.

Diagram 3.1
3(a)

a) Name the physical quantity measured by the measuring cylinder.

[1 mark]

3(b) (i)

b) (i) In Diagram 3.1, tick the correct position of the observers eye while taking the
reading on the measuring cylinder.
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[1 mark]

(ii). Give one reason for your answer in (b) (i)


3(b) (ii)

.
[1 mark]
c) What is the value of the smallest division on the scale?

3 (c)

[1 mark]
d) Diagram 3.2 shows a ruler used to measure the length of a rod.

Diagram 3.2
3(d) (i)

(i) State the accuracy of the vernier scale.


..
[1 mark]

3(d) (ii)

(ii) What is the length reading of the rod?


...
[1 mark]

4. Diagram 4.1 shows a pair of vernier callipers used to measure the internal diameter
of a beaker.

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Diagram 4.1
a) State the size of the smallest division on the
4(a) (i) & (ii)
(i) main scale : .
(ii) vernier scale : .
4(b) (i)

[1 mark]
[1 mark]

b) (i) What is the function of X?


..
[1 mark]

4(b) (ii)

(ii) What is the internal diameter of the beaker?


..
[1 mark]

c) The internal diameter of the beaker is measured at four different places and the
results are shown in Table 4.1
Diameter / cm
3.02

3.01

3.01
Table 4.1

4(c) (i)

(i) Why is it better to measure four times instead of only once?

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3.04

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.
.
[1 marks]
(ii) What is the average diameter of the beaker?
4(c) (ii)

[2 mark]
5. An object moves along a straight line. Diagram 5.1 is a graph which shows how the
displacement of the object varies with time.

Diagram 5.1

5(a)

a) What is the displacement of the object after 2 s?


...
[1 mark]

5(b)

b) Which section of the graph indicates that the object is not moving?
...
[1 mark]

5(c)

c) How long does it take before the object started on its return journey to the starting
point?

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[1 mark]
5(d)
d) What is the velocity of the object at stage P?

[2 marks]
e) What is the velocity of the object on its return journey during stage R?
5(e)

[2 marks]
f) What is the displacement of the object at the end of its journey?

5(f)

.
[1 mark]

6. A car decelerates uniformly from 22ms 1 to 10ms 1 in a distance of 100 m.


Calculate
a) the deceleration of the car,
6(a)

[2 marks]
b) the time taken for the speed to decrease from 22ms 1 to 10ms 1 ,

6(b)
[2 marks]
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c) the time taken for the car to come to a stop from the speed of 22ms 1 ,
6(c)
[2 marks]
d) the total distance traveled by the car during (c).
6(d)

[2 marks]
7. In an experiment to study the motion of a trolley rolling down a runway, ticker
tape as shown in the diagram 7.1 below is used. The ticker timer used vibrates at 50
cycles per second.

Diagram 7.1
7(a)
a) What type of electric current is used to operate the ticker timer?

[1 mark]
b) Starting from the first printed dot, the tape is cut into 6 strips each with 5 dots
7(b) (i)

spaces.
(i) What time interval do the 5 dot spaces on the tape indicate?
...
[1 mark]

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Diagram 7.2
(ii) If the length of the first strip is 3 cm as shown in diagram 7.2, what is the
average velocity of the trolley in cm s -1?

7(b) (ii)
[2 marks]

c) The six strips of the ticker tape are put side-by-side as shown in the Diagram 7.3.

Diagram 7.3
7(c)

From the Diagram 7, what can be said about the velocity of the trolley along the
entire length of the runway?
..
[1 mark]
d) Calculate the average velocity of the trolley during the complete motion down
the runway .

7(d)

[2 marks]

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e) Determine the acceleration of the trolley , in m s -2 .

7(e)

[3 marks]

8. a) Diagram 8.1 below shows a racing car moving on a road.

Thrust

F1 = 3000N

Frictional force
F2 = 500 N

Diagram 8.1

8(a) (i)

i) What is the value of the net force on this car?


[1 mark]

8(a) (ii)

ii) In which direction is the car moving?


.
[1 mark]
iii) State the difference between a balanced force and an unbalanced
force act on an object .

8(a) (iii)
...
...
[2 marks]
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iv) What will happen to the acceleration of the car if the frictional force
increase? Explain your answer.

8(a) (iv)

[2 marks]
b) Diagram 8.1 shows a car and a lorry which has different mass approaching a
zebra crossing with same velocity of 15 m s-1.

Diagram 8.1

8(b) (i)

When the drivers in the vehicles saw Siti walking across the zebra crossing, they
applied the brake at the same time until the vehicles came to a complete stop.
(i)

What is meant by inertia ?

[1 mark]
8(b) (ii) (a)

(ii) (a) Between the car and the lorry in Diagram 8.1, which vehicle will come to a
complete stop first ?

[1 mark]

8(b) (ii) (b)

(b) Give reasons for your answer in (b) (i).

[2 marks]
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(iii) If the lorry had traveled a distance of 375 m before it came to a stop,
calculate the deceleration when the brake was applied until it stops.

8(b) (iii)

[2 marks]

SECTION B
[20 marks]
Answer any one question from this section

Diagram 9.1
9. Diagram shows two mercury in glass thermometer, x and y with different sensitivities.

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a) What is meant by
(i) Sensitivity of an instrument?

[1 mark]
(ii) Accuracy of a measurement?
[1 mark]
b) Compare the sensitivities of the thermometer x and y.
[4 marks]
c) Explain the differences between accuracy and consistency of a measuring
instrument by using suitable examples.
[4 marks]
d) Using suitable concepts of physics, suggest and explain the necessary adaptation
to be made so that the thermometer can give readings that more sensitive,
consistent and accurate.
[10marks]

10. a) Spiderman find that when he jumped down from a high building without bending
his legs, a loud sound is produced as shown in Diagram 10.1. But if upon landing,
he bends his legs, a soft sound is produced as shown in Diagram 10.2

Diagram 10.1
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Diagram 10.2

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(i.) What is meant by momentum?


[1 mark]
(ii) Using Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2, compare the time for change of
momentum for Spiderman. Relate the time for change of momentum and the force
acting on the Spiderman, deduce a relevant physics concept.
[5 marks]
(iii) Name the physics quantity that explains the two situations above.
[1 mark]
b) In two separate boxing ring, a kick boxer from Thailand fights without wearing
boxing gloves whereas a boxer from Indonesia fights with a pair of boxing gloves.
Explain who will cause more injury to their opponent if both boxers punch with the
same force.
[3 marks]

c) Diagram 10.3 shows a model of a police car.

Diagram 10.3
Explain the modification to the car to help to improve the safety of the passengers and
will be more comfortable. Emphasis your explanation in the following aspects:
(i) the shape of the car body,
(ii) safety features of the car
[10 marks]
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SECTION C
[20 marks]
Answer any one question from this section
11.

a) What is the main function of a graph?


[1 mark]
b) The readings or observations of an experiment are usually recorded in a table. State
three important features that must be obeyed or demonstrated in recording the
observations.
[3 marks]
c)

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Diagram 11.1

Based on the graph shown in Figure 11.1,


(i) state the manipulated and the responding variables
[2 marks]
(ii) state the relationship between force F and mass, m
[1 mark]
(iii) calculate the gradient of the graph
[2 marks]

d) Four students are directed to do an experiment to investigate the relationship


between the mass hung on a spring, m and the period T for its oscillation. Table
11.2 below shows the different features shown on the graphs by the four students
W, X, Y, and Z.

Table 11.2

Based on the information shown in Table 11.2,


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(i) explain the characteristics displayed in Table 11.2 in an accurate graph


[8 marks]
(ii) decide which student has drawn the best graph and give your reasons
[2 marks]
e) State one precautionary step to be taken in the experiment mentioned in (d)
[1 mark]

12.

Solar car model competition has been held at your school. The purpose of the
competition is to select a solar car model to represent your school at district level.
The main criteria in selection are in aspect of velocity, acceleration and design of
the model.
a) What is meant by acceleration?
[1 mark]
b) Sketch the graph of velocity-time for the solar car :
(i) moves at constant velocity
[2 marks]
(ii) moves at deceleration
[2 marks]
c) The velocity-time graphs in Figure 12.1, 12.2 and 12.3 represent the motion of
the solar car model of K, L and M

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Model K
Velocity, ms-1

Time, s
0

10

14
Figure 12.1

Model L
Velocity, ms-1

Time, s
0

1
Figure 12.2
Model M

Velocity, ms-1

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Time, s
0

14
Figure 12.3

Distance traveled by the car is 60 m. You are required to choose one of the models.
For each model, determine:
(i) distance traveled by the car with an acceleration
(ii) time taken for distance traveled in (c) (i)
(iii) total time taken to end the race for 60 m
Name the chosen model and explain your answers.
[10 marks]

d) A piece of plasticine with a mass of 200 g is dropped into a tall jar filled with
cooking oil. It is observed that the acceleration of the plasticine in the oil
decreases until zero and after that it continues to move downward with zero
acceleration .
(i) Sketch the velocity time graph for the plasticine moving in the oil. Use
your graph to explain the forces acting on the plasticine as it falls.
[3 marks].
(ii) If the plasticine travels a distance of 30 cm in 1.5 seconds when its
acceleration is zero, calculate its momentum.
[2 marks]

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END OF QUESTION PAPER

Prepared By,

Checked By,

.
(MISS SARINA BT SANGKALA)
Physics Teacher
SM Holy Trinity Tawau

.
(MR.KOH PAU LIANG)
Head of Science Panel
SM Holy Trinity Tawau

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


1. This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and Section C
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, Bahagian B dan
Bahagian C.
2. Answer all questions in Section A. Write your answer for Section A in the spaces
provided in the question paper.
Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Jawapan anda bagi Bahagian A
hendaklah ditulis pada ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan ini.
3. Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C.
Write your answer for Section B and Section C on the `helaian tambahan provided
by the invigilators.
Jawab satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian C.
Jawapan anda bagi Bahagian B dan Bahagian C hendaklah ditulis dalam helaian
tambahan yang dibekalkan oleh pengawas peperiksaan.
4. Show your working, it may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan kerja mengira, ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah.
5. If you wish to change your answer, cross out the answer that you have done. Then
write down the new answer.
Jika anda hendak menukar sesuatu jawapan, batalkan jawapan yang telah dibuat.
Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru.

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6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.
7. A list of formulae is provided on page 2.
Satu senarai formual disediakan di halaman 2.
8. The marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan
dalam kurungan.
9. You are advised to spend 90 minutes to answer questions in Section A, 30 minutes for
Section B and 30 minutes Section C.
Anda dinasihatkan supaya mengambil masa 90 minit untuk menjawab soalan dalam
Bahagian A, 30 minit untuk Bahagian B dan 30 minit untuk Bahagian C.
10. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.
11. Detach Section B and Section C from this question paper. Tie the `helaian tambahan
together with this question paper and hand in to the invigilator at the end of the
examination.
12. Ceraikan Bahagian B dan Bahagian C daripada kertas soalan ini. Ikat helaian
tambahan bersama-sama kertas soalan ini dan serahkan kepada pengawas
peperiksaan pada akhir peperiksaan.

Panitia Fizik SM Holy Trinity Tawau