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Tabel 1.

Data Hf0 dan G0 pada kondisi standar (298 K)


Komponen Hf 298 (kJ/mol) Gf 298 (kJ/mol)
*NH3 -46.11 -16.45
*H2SO4 -813.989 -690.003
**(NH4)2SO4 (aq) -1174.28 -903.14
Sumber : *Smith, 2001 ; **Perry, 2008

Perhitungan H standar dan G standar pada T = 298 K


Hf 298 = Hf 298 produk - Hf 298 reaktan = -268.071 kJ/mol
G 298 = G298 produk - G298 reaktan = -229.587 kJ/mol

Treaksi = 378 K = 105 C

Tabel 2. Data Cp masing-masing komponen


Komponen A B C D E
*NH3 33.573 -0.012581 0.000088906 -7.1783E-008 1.8569E-011
*H2SO4 9.486 0.33795 0.00038078 2.1308E-007 -4.6878E-011
**(NH4)2SO4 0 0 0 0 0
Sumber : *Yaws, 1996 ; **

Perhitungan H reaksi dan G reaksi :


a. T
H R H f 298 Cp dT
To

378
378 378

H R H f 298


298
C pam m oniumsulfat d T



2
298
C pam onia d T
298
Cpasam sulfat dT



HR = -303.4632012807 kJ/mol

b. T
Cp Cp dT
T
G R H f 298
T
To
H f 298 G 298 R
R
dT RT
R T
To To

GR = -70334.1269391901 kJ/mol
Cp (kJ/mol.K)
0.0380227178 *Cp = A + BT + CT2 + DT3+ ET4
0.2021898991
0

dimana R = 0.008314 kJ/mol.K


Perhitungan Cp, H standar, dan G standar

Tabel 1. Data Hf0 dan G0 pada kondisi standar (298 K)


Komponen Hf 298 (kJ/mol) Gf 298 (kJ/mol)
*NH3 (g) -46.11 -16.45
*H2O (l) 285.83 237.129
*SO2 (g) -296.83 -300.194
*O2 (g) 0 0
**(NH4)2SO3 -900.4 -645
**(NH4)2SO4 -1174.28 -903.14
Sumber : *Smith, 2001 ; **wagman, 1982

Reaksi 1 :
2NH3 (g) + SO2 (g) + H2O (l) ==> (NH4)2 SO3 (aq)

Reaksi 2 :
(NH4)2 SO3 (aq) + 1/2 O2 (g) ==> (NH4)2 SO4 (aq)

Perhitungan H standar dan G standar pada T = 298 K


a. Reaksi 1
Hf 298 = Hf 298 produk - Hf 298 reaktan = -797.18 kJ/mol
G 298 = G298 produk - G298 reaktan = -549.035 kJ/mol
b. Reaksi 2
Hf 298 = Hf 298 produk - Hf 298 reaktan = -273.88 kJ/mol
G 298 = G298 produk - G298 reaktan = -258.14 kJ/mol

Treaksi = 378 K = 105 C

Tabel 2. Data Cp masing-masing komponen


Komponen A B C D
*NH3 33.573 -0.012581 0.000088906 -7.1783E-008
*H2O (l) 92.053 -0.039953 -0.00021103 5.3469E-007
*SO2 (g) 29.637 0.034735 9.2903E-006 -2.9885E-008
*O2 (g) 29.526 -0.0088999 0.000038083 -3.2629E-008
**(NH4)2SO3
**(NH4)2SO4
Sumber : *Yaws, 1997 ; **

Perhitungan H reaksi dan G reaksi :


a. T
H R H f 298 Cp dT
To

378
378 378

H R H f 298 C pam m oniumsulfat dT

2 C pam onia d T Cpasam sulfat dT

298 298 298
378
378 378

H R H f 298


298
C pam m oniumsulfat dT



2
298
C pam onia d T
298
Cpasam sulfat dT



HR (1) = -812.7340431358 kJ/mol
HR (2) = -276.2817512427 kJ/mol

b. T
Cp Cp dT
T
G R H f 298
T
To
H f 298 G 298 R
R
dT RT
R T
To To

GR = kJ/mol
Perhitungan Cp, H reaksi, dan G reaksi

Treaksi = 378 K *Cp = A + BT + CT2 + DT3+ ET4

E Cp (kJ/mol.K)
1.8569E-011 0.0380227178
0 0.0756766437
1.0937E-011 0.0427034598
8.8607E-012 0.0300218905
0
0


am sulfat dT


am sulfat dT

Cp dT dimana R = 0.008314 kJ/mol.K


R T
T + CT2 + DT3+ ET4