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DATA - DATA UMUM PERENCANAAN JEMBATAN

Diketahui :
Bentang jembatan balok pratekan (L1) 18 m
Bentang jembatan rangka batang (L2) 60 m
Jarak antara balok memanjang (b1) 1.24 m
Tinggi ruang bebas (H1) 5.4 m
Tinggi balok (d1) dan rangka (d2):
1/20 x L1 0.9 m
1/8 x L2 7.5 m
Muka tanah asal 0m
Muka Air Banjir Tertinggi (MAT) d1 -7 m
Tinggi bebas (TB) d2 - m
Baja Bj fu 37 Mpa 370 kg/cm

Mutu beton : fy 320 Mpa 3200 kg/cm


fc' 30 Mpa 300 kg/cm
Zona gempa 2
Kekuatan angin/ letak jembatan > 5 km dari pantai
BATAN

km dari pantai
BAB II
PERENCANAAN PELAT LANTAI KENDARAAN

2.1 MODEL GAMBAR PERHITUNGAN

b1 = Lx =

1240 mm Pelat lantai non ko


sehingga S = b1

dianggap pelat 1 arah (tertumpu m


pada balok memanjang)
ly
2
lx
ly 6

lx 1.24

ly = = 6 m

* Pelat beton dihitung per meter panjang

Berdasarkan BMS '92 Pasal 6.1.12


Pelat beton, d3 200 mm
d3 100 + 40 b1
100 + 40 x 1.24
149.6 mm
Maka, dipakai d3 = 200 mm 20 cm

Berdasarkan BMS '92 Pasal 2.2.3.2


Tebal aspal, d4 5 sd 8 cm
Maka, dipakai 5 cm

2.2 PERHITUNGAN PELAT LANTAI


Faktor Beban
Beton cor ditempat KuMS 1.24 LF (akibat getaran)
Muatan truk K TT u
1.8

Pembebanan
Beban Mati (dihitung per 1 m panjang)
Beban sendiri pelat d3 x beton x KuMS
0.2 x 24 x 1.24 5.952
Beban aspal d4 x aspal x LF
0.05 x 22 x 1.24 1.364
qMU 7.316

Beban Hidup
Beban hidup "T" diperhitungkan sebesar 100 kN (beban roda truk) yang dikalikan dengan K uTT dan tambahan fakto
(DLA) sebesar 0,3.
Beban Tu 100.0 x 1 + 0,3 x 1.8 234

Perhitungan Momen (Momen-momen Arah Melintang = Mx)


-1/10 -1/10 -1/10 -1/10 -1/10

-1/10 -1/10 -1/10 -1/10

Beban Mati 1/10 x qMU x b12 = 1/10 x 7.316 x 1.5376


Beban Hidup 0,8 x (S + 0,6)Tu/10 = 0.8 x 43.056
Total Mu
Penulangan Pelat
Direncanakan :
fy 320 Mpa Selimut beton d' 40
fc' 30 Mpa Tebal pelat tp 200
1 0.85 (karena 30 Mpa < fc' 55 Mpa, maka 1 = 0,85 - 0,008 (fc'-30) SK SNI 3.3.2-7.3)
0.8 (faktor reduksi kekuatan berdasarkan SK SNI 3.2.3-2.2.a untuk tulangan yang terkena
tarik dan aksial tarik dengan lentur)
b 1,000 mm

Diameter tulangan arah X D 13 mm


Diameter tulangan arah Y 10 mm

0,85 x 1 x fc' 600 (SK SNI 3.1.4-3)


b
fy 600 + fy
0.85 0.85 30 600
0.0442
320 600 + 320

min 0.0044

max 0,75 x b (SK SNI 3.3.3-3)


0.75 x 0.0442
0.0331

dx h - d' - 1/2D
200 40 6.5
154 mm

dy h - d' - dt - 1/2
200 40 13 5
142 mm

Mu 36,9 x 10 ^6 35,569,708
Rn = 1.8870
. b . dx 0,8 x 1000 x 154^2 18,849,800

fy 320 320
m = 12.55
0,85 x fc' 0,85 x 30 25.5

1 2 m Rn
perlu = 1 - 1 -
m fy
1 2 12.549 1.887
1 - 1 -
12.55 320
min < perlu < max
0.0044 < 0.00613 < 0.033 OK Dipakai perlu =

As perlu = perlu x b x dx 0.0061 x 1,000 x 154


Digunakan tulangan D 13 dengan jarak 130 As 1,021 mm

Tulangan Arah Memanjang (Tulangan Susut)


Asy = 0.002 Abruto (tulangan dengan fy = 300 Mpa)
Asy = 0.0018 Abruto (tulangan dengan fy = 400 Mpa)

Jadi tulangan dengan fy = 320 Mpa


= 0.002 - 320 - 300 x 0.002 x 0.0018
400 - 300
= 0.002

Asy = xbxh
= 0.002 x 1,000 x 200 = 399.86 mm
Digunakan tulangan 10 dengan jarak 150 As = 523.333
Kontrol Geser Pons
d3 = 20 cm
bo = 70 cm
do = 40 cm
Keliling kritis
U= 2 x (bo+d3+do+d3)
= 300 cm

Luas bidang kritis (yang di arsir)

Ak = 2 x (bo+do) x d3
= 4,400 cm = 440,000

bc = do =
4
d3/2

Gaya geser (Vn) KuTT x 100.0 x (1+0,3)


1.8 x 100.0 x 1.3 234 N

2 f'c
1 + x x U x
Kemampuan geser nominal beton (Vuc) bc 6
(SK SNI 3.4.11.2).(1) 2 30
1 + x 3000
4 6
1.5 x 0.91287 x 3000 x
630,565.6 N
630.566 kN

Vc f'c
x U x dx
3
30
3000 154
3
1.82574 x 3000 x 154
840,754.13 N 840.75

Vc > Vuc = 840.75 kN > 630.5656 kN OK


Vn < Vc = 0.234 < 840.75 kN OK

Jadi tidak perlu tulangan geser


b1 = Lx = 1.24 m

Pelat lantai non komposit,


sehingga S = b1

at 1 arah (tertumpu menerus


manjang)

4.84

hitung per meter panjang.

kibat getaran)

kNm
kNm +
kNm

K uTT dan tambahan faktor kejut

kN

1.1249 kNm
34.4 kNm +
35.6 kNm
mm
mm
SK SNI 3.3.2-7.3)
tulangan yang terkena beban

N/mm (Mpa)

0.0061
perlu = 0.0061

941.4 mm
OK

mm OK
440,000 mm

0.23 kN

dx

154

154

kN
BAB III
PERENCANAAN BALOK MEMANJANG

* UNTUK JEMBATAN GELAGAR

d4
d3
b1
1.300 mm L

PEMBEBANAN :
Beban Mati :
- Beban Aspal = 0,05 x 1,3 x 2200 = 136 kg/m
- Beban Lantai Kendaraan = 0,2 x 1,3 x 2,400 = 595 kg/m
- Beban Sendiri Profil = 286 kg/m
qm = 1,018 kg/m

Beban Hidup :
- Beban garis (P) = 12 ton = 12,000
- K = 1 + 20 = 1 + 20
(50 + L) 50

- PH = b1 x P x K = 1.24 x 12000x 1.29


2.75 2.75

- q = 2.2 ton/m utk L < 30 m PPJJR hal 7

- qh = q x b1 x = 2200 x 1.24x 1 =
2.75 2.75

Beban Max :
- M max = Beban Mati + Beban Hidup
=

= 1 x 1017.6x 18^2 + 1 x 992x 18^2 +


8 8
= 41,213 + 40,176
= 112,899 kgm = 11,289,939

Direncanakan profil WF 900 x 300 x 18 x 34


As = 364 cm Berat sendiri profil (q) =
Ix = 498,000 cm
Iy = 15,700 cm

Lebar efektif
be b1 = 124 cm
be 1/3 x L = 1/3 x 1,800 = 600 cm
be 12 x tc + b = 12 x 20 + 30 = 270 cm
dipakai be = 124 cm

Pelaksanaan dengan penyangga (propped construction)


Es = 2.1 x 10 kg/cm
Ec = 4,700 x fc'
= 4,700 300
= 81,406.39
n = Es = 2.1
Ec 81,406.39
MENCARI GARIS NETRAL KOMPOSIT

Ac = be x tc
= 124 x 20
= 2,480 cm

ys = tc + h/2
= 20 + 90 / 2

ya =

= 53.51 cm

yb = ( h + tc ) - ya
= 90 + 20 - 53.51
= 56.49 cm

yc = ya - tc = 53.51 - 20

ds = ys - ya = 65 - 53.51

dc = ya - (tc/2) = 53.51 - ( 20/2 )


Momen Inersia Balok Komposit
Iq =

= 498000 + 364 x 11.49

= 498,000 48,065.57 3,204.57 + + + 181,988.76


= 731,258.90 cm

Proped dengan penyangga


- Sebelum Komposit = sa x sb = 0
- Sesudah Komposit = B.S Profil
B. Plat Beton = 0,2 x 1,3 x 2400
B. Hidup = 1280 x 1,3
B. Aspal = 0,05 x 2200 x 1,3
qt

Mt = 1/8 x q x L + 1/4 x Ph x L = 1/8 x 2717 x 24 + 1/4 x 7205,9 = 111,789.1

Perhitungan tegangan
ba = Mt x ya = 11,178,909
Iq x n 731,258.90

bb = Mt x yc = 11,178,909
Iq x n 731,258.90

sa = Mt x yc = 11,178,909
Iq 731,258.90

sb = Mt x yb = 11,178,909
Iq 731,258.90

sb = 863.59 kg/cm < = 1,600


Kontrol lendutan sesudah komposit
q = qm + qh
= 1,018 + 992
= 2,010 kg/m

= 1/250 x L PPBI hal 72


= 1 x 1800 = 7.2
250

f =

= 5 x 20.096 x 1,800
384 2.1 x 10 x 731,258.90
= 0.013 x 137.38 + 0.02
= 1.79 + 0.000003078
= 1.8 < 7.2 OK

Perencanaan shear connector


- Balok komposit
Berat sendiri profil
Berat pelat beton = 0.2 x 1.24 x 2,400
Berat aspal = 0.05 x 1.24 x 2,200
qt

= Pmax
= 1/2 x qm x l + 1/2 x qh x l + Ph
1/2 x x + 1/2 x
= 1/2 x 1,018 x 18 + 1/2 x 992
= 25,088.8 kg

S = As x ds = 364 x 11.49
q = PxS = 25,088.8 x 4,182.81
I 731,258.90

Direncanakan penghubung geser jenis shear connector


- Tinggi stud (H) = 15 cm
- Diameter (d) = 2 cm
- Jarak melintang = 12 cm
H 15 = 7.5
=
d 2

Daya dukung shear connector


Q = 55 x d x c dimana c = 1/3 x fc' =
= 55 x 2 x 100.00
= 2,200.00 kg

Jarak shear connector


Syarat a 50 cm
- Lapangan tepi :
1 = Qx2 = 2,200.00 x 2
q 143.51

- Lapangan tengah :
2 = Qx2 = 2,200.00 x 2
q/2 143.51 / 2

Syarat shear connector arah memanjang


< 5d
1 = 30.66 cm 5x2
2 = 61.32 cm 5x2

Syarat shear connector arah melintang


20 ( d + 3)
20 ( 2 + 3)

* UNTUK JEMBATAN RANGKA BATANG

PEMBEBANAN :
Beban Mati :
- Beban Aspal = 0.05 x 1.24 x 2,200
- Beban Lantai Kendaraan = 0.2 x 1.24 x 2,400
- Beban Sendiri Profil (200x200x12x12)
qm

Beban Hidup :
- Beban garis (P) = 12 ton
- K = 1 + 20 =
(50 + L)

- PH = b1 x P x K = 1.24 x 12,000 x
2.75 2.75

- Q = 2,2 - 1,1/60 . ( L - 30 ) untuk bentang 30 m < L < 60 m


= 2,2 - 1,1/60 . ( 60 - 30 )
= 1.65

- qh = q x b1 x = 1,650
2.75 2.75

qt = qm + qh = 1018 + 558 = 1,576

Beban Max :
- M max = Beban Mati + Beban Hidup
=

= 1 x 1,018 x 60 +
8
= 457,920 + 251,100 + 95,921

Pelaksanaan dengan penyangga (propped construction)


Es = 2.1 x 10 kg/cm
Ec = 4,700 x fc'
= 4,700 x 300
= 81,406.39
n = Es = 2.1 x 10
Ec 81,406.39

Direncanakan profil WF 400 x 400 x 16 x 24


As = 364 cm Berat sendiri profil (q) =
Ix = 498000 cm
Iy = 15700 cm

Lebar efektif
be b1 = 124 cm
be 1/3 x L = 1/3 x 600 = 200 cm
be 12 x tc + b = 12 x 20 + 20 = 260 cm
dipakai be = 124 cm

MENCARI GARIS NETRAL KOMPOSIT


Ac = be x tc
= 124 x 20
= 2,480 cm

ys = tc + h/2
= 20 + 90 / 2

ya =

= 53.51 cm

yb = ( h + tc ) - ya
( + ) -
= 90 20 53.51
= 56.49 cm

yc = ya - tc = 53.51 - 20

ds = ys - ya = 65 - 53.51

dc = ya - (tc/2) = 53.51 - ( 20/2 )

Momen Inersia Balok Komposit


Iq =

+ ( )
= 498,000 364 x 11.49

= 498,000 + 48,065.57 + 3,204.57


= 731,258.90 cm
Proped dengan penyangga
- Sebelum Komposit = sa x sb = 0
- Sesudah Komposit = B.S Profil
B. Plat Beton = 0,2 x 1,3 x 2400
B. Hidup = 1280 x 1,3
B. Aspal = 0,05 x 2200 x 1,3
qt

Mt = 1/8 x q x L + 1/4 x Ph x L = 1/8 x 2717 x 60 + 1/4 x 6704,1 = 1,224,248.7

Perhitungan tegangan
ba = Mt x ya = 80,494,066
Iq x n 731,258.90

bb = Mt x yc = 80,494,066
Iq x n 731,258.90

sa = Mt x yc = 80,494,066
Iq 731,258.90

sb = Mt x yb = 80,494,066
Iq 731,258.90
sb = 6,218.33 kg/cm < = 1,600

Kontrol lendutan sesudah komposit


qt = qm + qh
= 1,018 + 558
= 1,576 kg/m

= 1/250 x L PPBI hal 72


= 1 x 1800 = 7.2
250

f =

= 5 x 15.756 x 1,800
384 2.1 x 10 x 731,258.90
= 0.013 x 107.71 + 0.02
= 1.40 + 0.000002811
= 1.4 < 7.2 OK

Perencanaan shear connector


- Balok komposit
Berat sendiri profil
Berat pelat beton = 0.2 x 1.24 x 2,400
Berat aspal = 0.05 x 1.24 x 2,200
qt

= Pmax
= 1/2 x qm x l + 1/2 x qh x l + Ph
= 1/2 x 1,018 x 6 + 1/2 x 558
= 11,121.5 kg

S = As x ds = 364 x 11.49
q = DxS = 11,121.5 x 4,182.81
I 731258.899813926

Direncanakan penghubung geser jenis shear connector


- Tinggi stud (H) = 15 cm
- Diameter (d) = 2.5 cm
- Jarak melintang = 12 cm
H 15 = 6
=
d 2.5

Daya dukung shear connector


Q = 55 x d x c dimana c = 1/3 x fc' =
= 55 x 2.5
x 100.00
= 3,437.50 kg

Jarak shear connector


Syarat a 50 cm
- Lapangan tepi :
1 = Qx2 = 3,437.50 x 2
q 63.62

- Lapangan tengah :
2 = Qx2 = 3,437.50 x 2
q/2 63.62 / 2

Syarat shear connector arah memanjang


< 5d
1 = 108.07 cm 5 x 2,6
2 = 216.14 cm 5 x 2,6

Syarat shear connector arah melintang


20 ( d + 3)
20 ( 2,5 + 3)
MEMANJANG

= 0.05 m
= 0.2 m
= 1.24 m
= 18 m

kg
20 = 1.29
+ 18

= 7,002.4 kg PPJJR hal 10

L < 30 m PPJJR hal 7

992 kg/m
= 1 untuk kekuatan gelagar melintang tidak
diperhitungkan PPJJR hal 19

x 992x 18^2 + 1 x 7,002.4 x 18


4
+ 31,510.6
kgcm

Berat sendiri profil (q) = 286 kg/m

x 10 = 25.80
81,406.39
= 65 cm

= 33.51 cm

= 11.49 cm

= 43.51 cm
+ 1/12 x 124 x 20 2,480 x 43.51
+
25.80 25.80

= 286 kg/m
= 624 kg/m
= 1664 kg/m
= 143 kg/m
= 2717 kg/m

111,789.1 kgm = 11,178,908.8 kgcm

x 53.51 = -31.71 kg/cm


x 25.80

x 33.51 = -19.86 kg/cm


x 25.80

x 33.51 = -512.26 kg/cm


731,258.90

x 56.49 = 863.59 kg/cm


731,258.90

kg/cm OK

+ 1 x 70.02 x 1,800
48 2.1 x 10 731,258.90
x 0.0001477

= 286 kg/m
= 595 kg/m
= 136 kg/m
= 1,018 kg/m

+
x 18 + 7,002.4

= 4,182.81 cm
= 143.51 kg

5.5

dimana c = 1/3 x fc' = 1/3 x 300 = 100.00

= 30.66 cm < 50 cm OK

= 61.32 cm < 50 cm NOT OK

= 10 cm OK
= 10 cm OK

= 5 cm OK
cm

b1 = 1.24 m
L = 60 m

= 136 kg/m
= 595 kg/m
= 286 kg/m
= 1,018 kg/m

= 12000 kg
1+ 20 = 1.18
( + )
50 60

x 1.18 = 6,394.7 kg PPJJR hal 10

uk bentang 30 m < L < 60 m PPJJR hal 7

x 1.2 x 1 = 558 kg/m

= 0,75 untuk kekuatan gelagar melintang tidak


diperhitungkan PPJJR hal 19
kg/m

1 x 558 x +
60 1 x 6,394.7 x 60
8 4
= 804,941 kgm = 80,494,066 kgcm

= 25.80

rat sendiri profil (q) = 286 kg/m


= 65 cm

= 33.51 cm

= 11.49 cm

= 43.51 cm

) + 1/12 x 124 x 20 + 2,480 x 43.51


25.80 25.80
+ 181,988.76
= 286 kg/m
= 624 kg/m
= 1664 kg/m
= 143 kg/m
= 2717 kg/m

1,224,248.7 kgm = 122,424,867.8 kgcm

x 53.51 = -228.33 kg/cm


x 25.80

x 33.51 = -142.98 kg/cm


x 25.80

x 33.51 = -3688.51 kg/cm


731,258.90

x 56.49 = 6,218.33 kg/cm


731,258.90
kg/cm NOT OK

+ 1 x 63.95 x 1,800
48 2.1 x 10 731,258.90
x 0.0001349

= 286 kg/m
= 595 kg/m
= 136 kg/m
= 1,018 kg/m

x 6 + 6,394.7

= 4,182.81 cm
= 63.62 kg
4.5

dimana c = 1/3 x fc' = 1/3 x 300 = 100.00

= 108.07 cm < 50 cm NOT OK

= 216.14 cm < 50 cm NOT OK

= 13 cm OK
= 13 cm OK

= 5.5 cm OK
Direncanakan profil WF 900 x 300 x 16 x 28
309.8 243
411,000
12,600
h profil = 900 mm
h profil = 900 mm
BAB III
PERENCANAAN BALOK MEMANJANG

* UNTUK JEMBATAN GELAGAR

d4
d3
b1
1.300 mm L

PEMBEBANAN :
Beban Mati :
- Beban Aspal = 0,05 x 1,3 x 220 136 kg/m
- Beban Lantai Kendaraan = 0,2 x 1,3 x 2,400 595 kg/m
- Beban Sendiri Profil = 286 kg/m
qm 1,018 kg/m

Beban Hidup :
- Beban garis (P) = 12 ton = 12,000
- K = 1 + 20 = 1 + 20
(50 + L) 50

- PH = b1 x P x K = 1.24 x 12000x 1.29


2.75 2.75

- q = 2.2 ton/m utk L < 30 m PPJJR hal 7

- qh = q x b1 x = 2200 x 1.24x 1 =
2.75 2.75

Beban Max :
- M max = Beban Mati + Beban Hidup
=
( 1/8 qm x L ) + ( 1/8 x q x L ) + ( 1/4 xP x

= 1 x 1017.6x 18^2 + 1 x 992x 18^2 +


8 8
= 41,213 + 40,176
= 112,899 kgm = 11,289,939

Direncanakan profil WF 900 x 300 x 18 x 34


As = 364 cm Berat sendiri profil (q) =
Ix = 498,000 cm
Iy = 15,700 cm
Lebar efektif
be b1 = 124 cm
be 1/3 x L = 1/3 x 1,800 = 600 cm
be 12 x tc + b = 12 x 20 + 30 = 270 cm
dipakai be = 124 cm

Pelaksanaan dengan penyangga (propped construction)


Es = 2.1 x 10 kg/cm
Ec = 4,700 x fc'
= 4,700 300
= 81,406.39
n = Es = 2.1
Ec 81,406.39

MENCARI GARIS NETRAL KOMPOSIT

Ac = be x tc
= 124 x 20
= 2,480 cm

ys = tc + h/2
= 20 + 90 / 2

ya =

= 53.51 cm
yb = ( h + tc ) - ya
= 90 + 20 - 53.51
= 56.49 cm

yc = ya - tc = 53.51 - 20
ds = ys - ya = 65 - 53.51

dc = ya - (tc/2) = 53.51 - ( 20/2 )


Momen Inersia Balok Komposit
1/12 x be x tc
Iq = Ix + As x ds +
n
= 498000 + 364 x 11.49 +
+ +
= 498,000 51,777.42 3,204.57 + 178,336.65
= 731,318.64 cm

Perhitungan tegangan
ba Mt x ya 11,289,939
= - =
Iq x n 731,318.64

bb Mt x yc 11,289,939
= -
Iq x n = 731,318.64

sa Mt x yc 11,289,939
= -
Iq = 731,318.64

sb Mt x yb 11,289,939
= +
Iq = 731,318.64

sb = 872.10 kg/cm < = 1,600


Kontrol lendutan sesudah komposit
q = qm + qh
= 1,018 + 992
= 2,010 kg/m

= 1/250 x L PPBI hal 72


= 1
x 1800
250

f = 5 q x L 1
x +
384 E I 48
= 5 x 20.096 x 1800
384 2.1 x 10 731,318.64
= 0.013 x 137.36 + 0.02
= 1.79 + 0.000003078
= 1.8 < 7.2 OK

Perencanaan shear connector


- Balok komposit
Berat sendiri profil
x x
Berat pelat beton = 0.2 x 1.24 2,400
x
x x
Berat aspal = 0.05 1.24 2,200
qt

RA = RB
= Pmax
= 1/2 x qm x l + 1/2 x qh x l + Ph
= 1/2 x 1,018 18
= 25,088.8 kg

S = As x ds = 364
q = PxS 25,088.8
=
I

Direncanakan penghubung geser jenis shear connector


- Tinggi stud (H) = 15 cm
- Diameter (d) = 4 cm
- Jarak melintang = 34 cm
H 15
= = 3.75
d 4

Daya dukung shear connector


Q = 55 x d x c dimana c = 1/3 x fc' =
= 55 x 4 x 100.00
= 1,782.00 kg

Jarak shear connector


Syarat a 50 cm
- Lapangan tepi :
1 = Qx2 1,782.00x
=
q 143.50

- Lapangan tengah :
2 = Qx2 1,782.00
=
q/2 143.50

Syarat shear connector arah memanjang


< 5d
1 = 24.84 cm 5x2
2 = 49.67 cm 5x2
Syarat shear connector arah melintang
20 ( d + 3)
20 ( 2 + 3)

* UNTUK JEMBATAN RANGKA BATANG


PEMBEBANAN :
Beban Mati :
- Beban Aspal = 0.05 x 5.5 2,200
- Beban Lantai Kendaraan = 0.2 x 5.5 2,400
- Beban Sendiri Profil (200x200x12x12)
qm

Beban Hidup :
- Beban garis (P) = 12 ton =
- K = 20
1 + =
(50 + L)

- PH b1 x P x K = 1.24 x 12000
2.75 2.75

- Q = 2,2 - 1,1/60 . ( L - 30 ) untuk bentang 30 m < L < 60 m


= 2,2 - 1,1/60 . ( 60 - 30 )
= 1.65

- qh = q 1,650
x b1 x = x
2.75 2.75

qt = qm + qh = 3325 + 558

Beban Max :
- M max = Beban Mati + Beban Hidup
= ( 1/8 qm x L ) + ( 1/8 x q x L ) + (1

= ( 1/8 x 3325 x 5.5 2 ) +

= 12,572.66 + 2,337

Pelaksanaan dengan penyangga (propped construction)


Es = 2.1 x 10 kg/cm
Ec = 4,700 x fc'
= 4,700 x 300
= 81,406.39
n = Es 2.1
=
Ec 81,406.39

Direncanakan profil WF 350 x 250 x 9 x 14


As = 79.7 cm Berat sendiri profil (q) =
Ix = 21700 cm
Iy = 3650 cm
Lebar efektif
be b1 = 124 cm
be 1/3 x L = 1/3 x 600 = 200 cm
be 12 x tc + b = 12 x 20 + 20 = 260 cm
dipakai be = 124 cm

MENCARI GARIS NETRAL KOMPOSIT

Ac = be x tc
= 124 x 20
= 2,480 cm

ys = tc + h/2
= 20 90 / 2
= 65 cm

ya = 1/n x Ac x 1/2 x tc + As x ( h/2 +


Ac/n + As

= ( 1/25.80 x 2600 0,5 x 20 + 79,7 x ( 90 /2 + 20 )


2600 / 80 + 79,7

= 41.13 cm

yb = ( h + tc ) - ya
= 90 + 20
= 68.87 cm

yc = ya - tc = 41.13 -

ds = ys - ya = 65 -

dc = ya - (tc/2) = 41.13 -

Momen Inersia Balok Komposit


Iq
= Ix + As x ds +

=
21700 + 79.7 x 23.87^2 +
= 67,111.22 + 3359.17
= 68,388,888 cm

Perhitungan tegangan
ba
= - Mt x ya
Iq x n
= -

bb
= - Mt x yc
Iq x n
= -

sa
= - Mt x yc
Iq
= -

sb Mt x yb
= + Iq
= +
sb
= 2.44 = kg/cm < =

Kontrol lendutan sesudah komposit


qt = qm + qh
= 3,325 + 558
= 3,883 kg/m

= 1/250 x L PPBI hal 72


= 1
X 1800
250

= 5 q x L 1
f x +
384 E I 48

= 5 38.827 x 1800^4
X
384 2.1 x 10^6 x 68,388,887.99
= 1.47 + 0.000002933
= 1.5 < 7.2 OK

Perencanaan shear connector


- Balok komposit
Berat sendiri profil
Berat pelat beton = 0.2 x 60
Berat aspal = 0.05 x 60
RA = RB
= Pmax
= 1/2 x qm x l + 1/2 x qh x l + Ph
= 1/2 x 35,480 x 1 + 1/2 x
= 24,413.6 kg

S = As x ds = 79.7 x
q = D x S 24,413.56
=
I
= 69.01

Direncanakan penghubung geser jenis shear connector


- Tinggi stud (H) = 15 cm
- Diameter (d) = 4 cm
- Jarak melintang = 12 cm
H 15 3.75
= =
d 4

Daya dukung shear connector


Q = 55 x d x c dimana c = 1/3 x fc' =
= 55 x 4 x 100
= 1,237.50 kg

Jarak shear connector


Syarat a 50 cm
- Lapangan tepi :
1 = Qx2 1,237.50
=
q 69.01

- Lapangan tengah :
2 = Qx2 1,237.50
=
q/2 69.01

Syarat shear connector arah memanjang


< 5d
1 = 35.86 cm 5x4
2 = 46.73 cm 5x4

Syarat shear connector arah melintang


20 ( d + 3)
20 ( 4 + 3)
BAB III
N BALOK MEMANJANG

= 0.05 m
= 0.2 m
= 1.24 m
= 18 m

kg
20 = 1.29
+ 18

= 7,002.4 kg PPJJR hal 10

< 30 m PPJJR hal 7

992 kg/m
= 1 untuk kekuatan gelagar melintang tidak
diperhitungkan PPJJR hal 19

x L ) + ( 1/4 x P x L )

x 992x 18^2 + 1 x 7,002.4 x 18


4
+ 31,510.6
kgcm

Berat sendiri profil (q) = 286 kg/m


x 10 = 25.80
81,406.39

= 65 cm

= 33.51 cm
= 11.49 cm

= 43.51 cm

Ac
+ x dc
n
1/12 x 124 x 20 3 2,480
+ x 43.51
25.80 25.80

x 53.51 -32.02 kg/cm


=
x 25.80

x 33.51 -20.05 kg/cm


=
x 25.80

x 33.51 -517.30 kg/cm


=
731,318.64

x 56.49 872.10 kg/cm


=
731,318.64

kg/cm OK

= 7.2

P xL
x
E I
1 70.02 x 1800
+ x
48 2.1 x 10 731,318.64
x 0.000148

= 286 kg/m
= 595 kg/m
= 136 kg/m
= 1,018 kg/m

992 x 18 + 7,002.4

x 11.49 = 4,182.81 cm
x 4,182.81 = 143.50 kg
731,318.64

5.5

dimana c = 1/3 x fc' = 1/3 x 300 = 100.00

x 2
= 24.84 cm < 50 cm OK

x 2
= 49.67 cm < 50 cm OK
/ 2

= 10 cm OK
= 10 cm OK

= 5 cm OK

b1 = 1.24 m
L = 60 m

= 605 kg/m
= 2,640 kg/m
= 80 kg/m
= 3,325 kg/m

12000 kg
20
1 + = 1.18
50 + 60

x 1.18 = 6,395 kg PPJJR hal 10

< L < 60 m PPJJR hal 7

1.2 x 0.75 = 558 kg/m

= 3,883 kg/m
= 0,75 untuk kekuatan gelagar melintang
diperhitungkan PPJJR hal 19

1/8 x q x L ) + ( 1/4 xP x L)

( 1/8 x 618 x 5.5 2 ) + ( 1/4 x 6753.2 x 5.5 )

+ 9,286 = 24,195 kgm


= 2,419,512 kgcm

x 10 = 25.80
81,406.39

sendiri profil (q) = 79.7 kg/m


tc + As x ( h/2 + tc )
n + As

9,7 x ( 90 /2 + 20 )
9,7

- 41.13

20 = 21.13 cm

41.13 = 23.87 cm

( 20/2 ) = 31.13 cm
1/12 x be x tc Ac
+ x dc
n n

1/12 x 130 x 20^3 2600


+ x 31.13^2
25.80 25.80
+ 100.78 x 969.08

2,419,512 x 41.13
= -0.0564 kg/cm
68,388,888 x 25.80

2,419,512 x 21.13
= -0.0290 kg/cm
68,388,888 x 25.80

2,419,512 x 21.13
= -0.7474 kg/cm
68,388,888

2,419,512 x 68.87
= 2.44 kg/cm
68,388,888
1,600 kg/cm

= 7.2

P xL
x
E I

1 63.95 x 1,800
+ 48
X
2.1 x 10^6 x 68,388,887.99

= 79.7 kg/m
x 2,400 = 28,800 kg/m
x 2,200 = 6,600 kg/m
qt = 35,480 kg/m
558 x 1 + 6,394.7

23.87 = 1,902.82 cm
x 1,902.82
68,388,888
Kg

4.5

dimana c = 1/3 x fc' = 1/3 x 300 = 100.00

x 2
= 35.86 cm < 50 cm OK
69.01

x 2
= 46.73 cm < 50 cm OK
/ 2

= 20 cm OK
= 20 cm OK

= 7 OK
Direncanakan profil WF 900 x 300 x 16 x 28
309.8 243
411,000
12,600
h profil = 900 mm
ntang
h profil = 900 mm