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LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN

Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

KATA PENGANTAR

Dengan ini kami sampaikan Laporan Pendahuluan untuk pekerjaan Penyusunan


Rencana Tata Bangunan dan Lingkungan (RTBL) Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan
Barat, Kabupaten Boalemo, Provinsi Gorontalo. Laporan ini merupakan kewajiban
PT. Arenco Binatama terhadap Dinas Perumahan Permukiman Perhubungan dan
Pertanahan.

Laporan Pendahuluan ini memuat :


a. Pendahuluan
b. Tinjauan Pustaka
c. Gambaran Umum Kawasan
d. Pendekatan dan Metodologi
e. Rencana Kerja
f. Rencana Survey

Semoga hasil kegiatan ini dapat menjadi pedoman pembangunan Kawasan Gerbang
Timur dan Barat, Kabupaten Boalemo, Provinsi Gorontalo.

Akhir kata kami ucapkan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang telah membantu
penyelesaian laporan ini.

Gorontalo, 2017

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA

Direktur

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA i


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR.......................................................................................................i
DAFTAR ISI...................................................................................................................ii
DAFTAR GAMBAR.....................................................................................................vii
DAFTAR TABEL.........................................................................................................viii

BAB 1. PENDAHULUAN..........................................................................................1-1
1.1 LATAR BELAKANG.......................................................................................1-1
1.2 MAKSUD DAN TUJUAN...............................................................................1-2
1.2.1 Maksud Kegiatan...............................................................................1-2
1.2.2 Tujuan Kegiatan.................................................................................1-2
1.3 SASARAN.....................................................................................................1-2
1.4 BATASAN KEGIATAN...................................................................................1-2
1.5 PEMAHAMAN LINGKUP TUGAS DAN KELUARAN.....................................1-3
1.5.1 Ruang Lingkup Pekerjaan..................................................................1-3
1.5.1.1 Keluaran Pekerjaan..............................................................1-3
1.5.1.2 Skala Peta............................................................................1-4
1.5.2 Ruang Lingkup Area Perencanaan...................................................1-5
1.5.2.1 Luasan Area Perencanaan...................................................1-5
1.5.2.2 Tipe Lokasi...........................................................................1-5
1.5.2.3 Materi Pokok Pengaturan.....................................................1-6
1.5.2.4 Model Penanganan Kawasan..............................................1-6
1.6 INDIKATOR KELUARAN DAN KELUARAN..................................................1-7
1.7 LANDASAN HUKUM.....................................................................................1-7

BAB 2. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA..................................................................................2-1


2.1 Konsep Green Neighborhood pada Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat......2-1
2.1.1 Jaringan Hijau Kawasan....................................................................2-2
2.1.2 Jaringan Jalan...................................................................................2-2
2.1.3 Struktur Massa Bangunan.................................................................2-2
2.1.4 Struktur Hijau Kawasan.....................................................................2-2
2.1.5 Air dalam Kawasan............................................................................2-3
2.1.6 Pencapaian Lingkungan Hijau...........................................................2-3
2.2 Elemen-elemen Urban Design Sebagai Penggendali Penataan Kawasan....2-3
2.2.1 Square / Plaza...................................................................................2-4

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA ii


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

2.2.2 Taman................................................................................................2-4
2.2.3 Jalan..................................................................................................2-5
2.2.4 Ruang di Antara Bangunan (Space Between Building)......................2-6
2.3 Urban Design Guidelines..............................................................................2-6
2.3.1 Definisi Urban Design Guidelines......................................................2-6
2.3.2 Lingkup Rencana Rancang Kota.......................................................2-7
2.3.3 Contoh Rencana Pemanfaatan Ruang..............................................2-7
2.3.4 Contoh Rencana Sirkulasi Dan Sistem Penghubung.........................2-7
2.3.5 Contoh Rencana Ruang Terbuka Dan Tata Hijau...............................2-7
2.3.6 Contoh Rencana Tata Massa Bangunan............................................2-8
2.3.7 Contoh Rencana Tata Informasi dan Wajah Jalan.............................2-8
2.3.8 Focal Point dan Citra.........................................................................2-9
2.4 Teori Linkage dalam Rancang Kota.............................................................2-10
2.4.1 Linkage visual..................................................................................2-11
2.4.1.1 Linking Sequential Movement............................................2-11
2.4.1.2 Axis and Perspective..........................................................2-11
2.4.1.3 Indoor / Outdoor Fusion.....................................................2-12
2.4.1.4 Integarted Bridging.............................................................2-12
2.4.2 Linkage Aktifitas...............................................................................2-12

BAB 3. GAMBARAN UMUM KAWASAN PERENCANAAN.....................................3-1


3.1 KONDISI EKSTERNAL KAWASAN...............................................................3-1
3.2 KONDISI INTERNAL KAWASAN..................................................................3-1
3.2.1 Kondisi Administratif..........................................................................3-1
3.2.2 Kondisi Fisik Dasar............................................................................3-3
3.2.2.1 Topografi..............................................................................3-3
3.2.2.2 Klimatologi...........................................................................3-3
3.2.2.3 Jenis Tanah..........................................................................3-3
3.2.2.4 Geologi................................................................................3-3
3.2.2.5 Hidrologi...............................................................................3-3
3.2.3 Penggunaan Lahan...........................................................................3-3
3.2.4 Sirkulasi.............................................................................................3-3
3.2.5 Kondisi Bangunan..............................................................................3-4
3.2.6 Ruang terbuka Hijau..........................................................................3-4
3.2.7 Perabot Ruang Luar/Street Furniture.................................................3-5

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA iii


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

BAB 4. PENDEKATAN, METODOLOGI DAN PROGRAM KERJA.........................4-1


4.1 PENDEKATAN TEKNIS.................................................................................4-1
4.1.1 Pemahaman Lingkup Tugas dan Keluaran........................................4-1
4.1.2 Kedudukan RTBL Rencana Tindak (MP dan DED).........................4-2
4.1.3 Luasan Area Perencanaan................................................................4-3
4.1.4 Tipe Lokasi........................................................................................4-4
4.1.5 Materi Pokok Pengaturan..................................................................4-5
4.1.6 Model Penanganan Kawasan............................................................4-6
4.1.7 Pemilihan kawasan RTBL..................................................................4-7
4.1.8 Keluaran Pekerjaan...........................................................................4-8
4.1.9 Skala Peta.........................................................................................4-9
4.2 METODOLOGI..............................................................................................4-9
4.2.1 Metode Identifikasi...........................................................................4-11
4.2.1.1 Metode Identifikasi Isu Strategis.........................................4-11
4.2.2 Metode Pendataan Profil Kawasan..................................................4-11
4.2.2.1 Pengadaan Citra Satelit.....................................................4-11
4.2.2.2 Penyiapan Peta Dasar Perencanaan.................................4-11
4.2.2.3 Peta Tematik Kawasan.......................................................4-12
4.2.2.4 Perekaman Kondisi Kawasan dengan Kamera Digital dan
Video..................................................................................4-12
4.2.2.5 Wawancara di Lapangan....................................................4-12
4.2.2.6 Mengunjungi Instansi Sumber Data Sekunder...................4-12
4.2.3 Metode Analisis Kawasan................................................................4-12
4.2.3.1 Metode Perumusan Potensi dan Masalah..........................4-13
4.2.3.2 Metode SWOT...................................................................4-13
4.2.3.3 Metode Perhitungan Kebutuhan Master Plan.....................4-13
4.2.3.4 Studi Banding.....................................................................4-13
4.2.3.5 Studi Literatur.....................................................................4-14
4.2.3.6 Peraturan Bangunan dan Ketatakotaan.............................4-14
4.2.4 Metode Perumusan Skenario dan Konsep Umum...........................4-14
4.2.5 Metode Perumusan Rekomendasi...................................................4-14
4.2.5.1 Panduan Tekstual...............................................................4-14
4.2.5.2 Gambar Simulasi Rancangan............................................4-14
4.2.5.3 Animasi Kawasan dan Bangunan......................................4-14

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA iv


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

4.2.5.4 Konsep Peraturan Bupati...................................................4-15

BAB 5. RENCANA KERJA DAN PELAPORAN.......................................................5-1


5.1 PROGRAM KERJA.......................................................................................5-1
5.1.1 Persiapan..........................................................................................5-3
5.1.1.1 Persiapan Mobilisasi............................................................5-3
5.1.1.1.1 Pembuatan RMK (Rencana Mutu Kontrak)........5-3
5.1.1.1.2 Rapat Awal Kerja...............................................5-3
5.1.1.2 Persiapan Teknis..................................................................5-4
5.1.1.2.1 Pembuatan Citra Satelit Ikonos.........................5-4
5.1.1.2.1.1 Pengadaan Citra Satelit Ikonos
Kawasan..........................................5-4
5.1.1.2.1.2 Ground Checking............................5-4
5.1.1.2.1.3 Pengolahan Citra Satelit..................5-4
5.1.1.2.1.4 Digitasi Citra Satelit.........................5-5
5.1.1.2.2 Metode Pembuatan Peta Topografi Area Studi. .5-5
5.1.1.2.2.1 Sistem Pengikatan Koordinat UTM..5-5
5.1.1.2.2.2 Metoda Pengukuran Lapangan.......5-5
5.1.1.2.2.3 Pemasangan Bench Mark...............5-6
5.1.1.2.2.4 Pengukuran Leveling ( Titik Kontrol
Vertikal )..........................................5-7
5.1.1.2.2.5 Pengukuran Situasi.........................5-8
5.1.1.2.2.6 Perhitungan dan Penggambaran.....5-8
5.1.1.2.2.7 Proses Pemetaan Digital.................5-9
5.1.1.2.2.8 Metodologi Pemetaan Digital.........5-10
5.1.1.2.3 Pembuatan Daftar Kebutuhan Data.................5-11
5.1.1.3 Persiapan Administrasi.......................................................5-16
5.1.1.4 Persiapan Biaya.................................................................5-16
5.1.2 Pengumpulan Data..........................................................................5-16
5.1.2.1 Data Primer........................................................................5-16
5.1.2.1.1 Identifikasi Kawasan Perencanaan..................5-16
5.1.2.1.2 Meninjau Proyek Sejenis yang Sudah Terbangun
........................................................................5-17
5.1.2.2 Data Sekunder...................................................................5-17
5.1.2.2.1 Pengumpulan Data Kebijakan Pembangunan. 5-17

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA v


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

5.1.2.2.2 Menghimpun Data Non Fisik Kawasan............5-18


5.1.3 Studi Literatur..................................................................................5-18
5.1.4 Analisa Kawasan.............................................................................5-18
5.1.4.1 Mengkaji Kebijakan Yang Berlaku......................................5-18
5.1.4.2 Konfirmasi Terhadap Perkembangan Fakta Aktual Kawasan
Gerbang Timur dan Barat...................................................5-18
5.1.4.3 Koordinasi Dan Konfirmasi Kepada Dinas / Instansi
Pemerintah Yang Terkait Dan Tim Teknis...........................5-19
5.1.4.4 Analisis..............................................................................5-19
5.1.5 Skenario Visi Kawasan....................................................................5-20
5.1.5.1 Skenario Fisik....................................................................5-20
5.1.5.2 Skenario Non Fisik.............................................................5-20
5.1.5.3 Skenario Konservasi Dan Preservasi.................................5-20
5.1.5.4 Skenario Manajemen Kelembagaan dan Peran Serta
Masyarakat........................................................................5-20
5.1.6 Perumusan Konsep Umum..............................................................5-20
5.1.6.1 Konsep Perancangan Visi Pembangunan..........................5-21
5.1.6.2 Konsep Perancangan Struktur Tata Bangunan dan
Lingkungan........................................................................5-21
5.1.7 Perumusan Rencana.......................................................................5-21
5.1.7.1 Program Bangunan dan Lingkungan..................................5-21
5.1.7.2 Rencana Umum dan Panduan Rancangan........................5-21
5.1.7.3 Administrasi Pengendalian Program dan Rencana
(Administration Guidelines)................................................5-22
5.1.7.4 Ketentuan dan Pedoman Pengendalian Rencana
(Development Guidelines)..................................................5-22
5.1.7.5 Dokumen Program Investasi Jangka Menengah (5 Tahun) 5-22
5.1.8 Pembahasan Internal.......................................................................5-22
5.1.9 Focussed Group Discussion (FGD) I dan II.....................................5-22
5.2 JADUAL PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN.........................................................5-23
5.3 OUTPUT PELAPORAN...............................................................................5-24
5.3.1 Laporan Pendahuluan......................................................................5-25
5.3.2 Laporan Antara................................................................................5-25
5.3.3 Laporan Draft Akhir..........................................................................5-26
5.3.4 Laporan Akhir...................................................................................5-27

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA vi


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

5.3.5 Peraturan Bupati..............................................................................5-27


DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Elemen-elemen urban design.............................................................2-3


Gambar 2.2 Plaza dengan variasi kegiatan............................................................2-4
Gambar 2.3 Plaza sebagai ruang publik.................................................................2-4
Gambar 2.4 Taman mempunyai fungsi Sosial.........................................................2-5
Gambar 2.5 Taman mempunyai fungsi Ekologis.....................................................2-5
Gambar 2.6 Jalan..............................................................................2-5
Gambar 2.7 Semi Pedestrian Mall..........................................................................2-5
Gambar 2.8 Full Pedestrian ......................................................................2-5
Gambar 2.9 Trotoar lebar yang...............................................................................2-5
Gambar 2.10 Susunan ruang yang mengalir............................................................2-6
Gambar 2.11 Rencana Sirkulasi dan Sistem Penghubung.......................................2-7
Gambar 2.12 Rencana Ruang Terbuka Hijau...........................................................2-8
Gambar 2.13 Rencana Tata Masa Bangunan...........................................................2-8
Gambar 2.14 Gambar Tata Informasi dan Wajah Jalan............................................2-9
Gambar 2.15 Contoh Focal Point Kawasan..............................................................2-9
Gambar 3.1 Orientasi Wilayah Perencanaan..........................................................3-2
Gambar 3.2 Konstelasi Lokasi RTBL Sesuai KAK..................................................3-2
Gambar 3.3 Jalan Trans Sulawesi..........................................................................3-4
Gambar 3.4 Bangunan Permanen..........................................................................3-4
Gambar 3.5 Taman di Kec. Mananggu...................................................................3-5
Gambar 4.1 Diagram Kerangka Pikir Metodologi Penyusunan RTBL
Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat, Kabupaten Boalemo
Prov. Gorontalo.................................................................................4-10
Gambar 5.1 Metode penentuan titik untuk ground checking...................................5-4
Gambar 5.2 Metode penentuan titik untuk ground checking...................................5-4
Gambar 5.3 Metode penelitian Topografi................................................................5-6
Gambar 5.4 Ilustrasi penempatan bench mark.......................................................5-7
Gambar 5.5 Proses Pemetaan Digital...................................................................5-10
Gambar 5.6 Metoda Pemetaan Digital..................................................................5-11

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA vii


LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
Penyusunan RTBL Kawasan Gerbang Timur dan Barat Kab. Boalemo

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1.1 Ruang Lingkup Keluaran RTBL MP - DED.......................................1-3


Tabel 1.2 Skala Peta RTBL MP - DED.............................................................1-4
Tabel 1.3 Luasan Area Perencanaan RTBL-MP-DED........................................1-5
Tabel 1.4 Tipe lokasi RTBL Rencana Tindak...................................................1-5
Tabel 1.5 Materi Pengaturan RTBL Rencana Tindak.......................................1-6
Tabel 1.6 Model Penanganan Kawasan RTBL Rencana Tindak......................1-6
Tabel 5.1 Jadual Pelaksanaan Pekerjaan.........................................................5-24

PT. ARENCO BINATAMA viii