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DAFTAR ISI

I. PEDOMAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN MATERNAL DAN

NEONATUS

KATA PENGANTAR .................................................................................... 1

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang ..................................................................... 1
B. Visi dan Misi........................................................................ 6
C. Tujuan .................................................................................. 7
1. Tujuan Umum ................................................................ 7
2. Tujuan Khusus ............................................................... 7
D. Ruang Lingkup .................................................................... 7

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


A. Telaah Pustaka ..................................................................... 5
1. Infeksi Saluran Kemih .................................................... 5
a. Definisi ....................................................................... 5
b. Sistem Saluran Kemih ................................................ 5
a) Ginjal ...................................................................... 6
b) Ureter ..................................................................... 6
c) Vsica Urinaria ........................................................ 7
d) Urethra ................................................................... 7
c. Etiologi ....................................................................... 8
d. Patogenesis ................................................................. 9
e. Diagnosa ..................................................................... 9
2. Kateterisasi Urethra ......................................................... 10
a. Definisi ....................................................................... 10
b. Jenis-jenis Kateter ...................................................... 10
1. Kateter Sementara (Straihgt catheter) ................... 10

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2. Kateter Menetap (Foley catheter) ......................... 11
c. Indikasi dan Kontraindikasi pemasangan kateter.... ... 11
3. Bakteri ............................................................................. 12
a. Definisi ....................................................................... 12
b. Klasifikasi Bakteri ...................................................... 12
c. Identifikasi Bakteri ..................................................... 14
B. Kerangka Teori .................................................................... 22
C. Kerangka Konsep ................................................................. 23
D. Landasan Teori .................................................................... 23

BAB III METODE PENELITIAN


A. Jenis Penelitian .................................................................... 24
B. Lokasi dan Waktu Penelitian ............................................... 24
C. Populasi dan Sampel Penelitian ........................................... 24
D. Teknik Pengambilan Sampel ............................................... 26
E. Variabel dan Definisi Operasional ....................................... 26
1. Identifikasi Variabel ........................................................ 26
2 Definisi Operasional ...................................................... 27
F. Alat dan Bahan Penelitian ................................................... 28
G. Prosedur Penelitian .............................................................. 28
1. Pengambilan Sampel ....................................................... 29
2. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Bakteri ...................................... 29
H. Jenis dan Sumber data Penelitian ........................................ 29
I. Analisis Data ........................................................................ 29
J. Penyajian Data ..................................................................... 30
K. Etika Penelitian .................................................................... 30
L. Alur Penelitian ..................................................................... 31

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN


A. Hasil Penelitian .................................................................... 32
1. Deskripsi dan Lokasi Penelitian ...................................... 32

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a. Sejarah Singkat RSU Anutapura Palu ....................... 32
b. Visi dan Misi RSU Anutapura Palu .......................... 32
2. Hasil Kutur Bakteri ......................................................... 33
a. Frekuensi Hasil Kultur Bakteri Urin ......................... 33
b. Variasi Bakteriuria Berdasarkan Jenis Penyakit Yang
Sedang diderita .......................................................... 35
c. Variasi Bakteriuria Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin ....... 36
d. Variasi Bakteriuria Berdasarkan Usia ....................... 37
B. Pembahasan ......................................................................... 39

BAB V PENUTUP
A. Kesimpulan .......................................................................... 45
B. Saran .................................................................................... 45

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 47

LAMPIRAN

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 Etiologi ISK di Indonesia ........................................................ 8

Tabel 2.2. Bakteri Berdasarkan Bentuk dan Pewarnaan Gram ................ 16

Tabel 4.1 Frekuensi Hasil Kultur Bakteri Urin ....................................... 34

Tabel 4.2 Distribusi Variasi Bakteri Berdasarkan Kelompok Penyakit .. 36

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Tabel 4.3 Distribusi Variasi Bakteri Berdasarkan Usia .......................... 38

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Sistem Saluran Kemih Pada Manusia................................. 5

Gambar 2.2 Jenis-jenis Kateter. ............................................................. 16

Gambar 2.3 Kerangka Teori ................................................................... 23

Gambar 2.4 Kerangka Konsep. .............................................................. 22

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Gambar 3.1 Alur Penelitian .................................................................... 31

Gambar 4.1 Frekuensi Hasil Kultur Bakteri Urin. ................................. 35

Gambar 4.2 Distribusi Variasi Bakteri Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin. ..... 37

Gambar 4.3 Distribusi Variasi Bakteri Berdasarkan Usia ...................... 38

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 Informed Consent

Lampiran 2 Tabel Master

Lampiran 3 Dokumentasi Penelitian

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Lampiran 4 Surat Izin Penelitian Dari Prodi Pendidikan Dokter
Universitas Tadulako Untuk Laboratorium Kesehatan
Daerah Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah

Lampiran 5 Surat Keterangan Selesai Penelitian Dari Laboratorium


Kesehatan Daerah Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah

Lampiran 6 Surat Keterangan Selesai Penelitian Dari Rumah Sakit


Umum Anutapura Palu

DAFTAR SINGKATAN

AA : Acute Abdomen

ATP : Adenosin Trifosfat

BHIB : Brian Heart Infusion Broth

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BPH : Benign Hy Prostatic Hyperplasia

BTB : Brom Timol Blue

CA : Cholecytitis akut

CAF : Cutaneous Abses Furuncula

Cauti : Catheter Associated Urinary Transinfection

Co2 : Karbon Dioksida

CO : Combustio

DNA : Deoxyribonucleic Acid

FCFF : Fraktur cervical dan Fraktur Femur

FKIK : Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan

H2O : Hidrogen Peroksida

HI : Hernia Inguinalis

ISK : Infeksi Saluran Kemih

KIA : Kligler Iron Agar

LABKESDA : Laboratorium Kesehatan Daerah

LIA : Lysine Iron Agar

MR-VP : Methyl Red-Voges Proskauer

Na : Natrium

NAG : N-acetyl-Dglucosamine

NH4+ : Ammonium

pH : Potential Of Hydrogen

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RSU : Rumah Sakit Umum

RSUP : Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat

RU : Retensi Urin

SIM : Sulfur Indol Motiliti

TA : Tumor Abdomen

TRA : Trauma Abdomen

TTA : Trauma Tumpul Abdomen

VC : Vesicolithiasis

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