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2
1
2
jam Dua jam tiga puluh minit
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3472/2 SULIT
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SEKTOR SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN TINGKATAN LIMA 2008
3472/2
ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS
Kertas 2
Mei
2 jam Dua jam
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
SULIT 3472/2
The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are
the ones commonly used.
ALGEBRA
2
4
2
b b ac
x
a
t

2 a
m
a
n
= a
m + n
3 a
m
a
n
= a
m - n
4 (a
m
)
n
= a
mn
5 log
a
mn = log
a
m + log
a
n
6 log
a

n
m
= log
a
m - log
a
n
7 log
a
m
n
= n log
a
m
8 log
a
b =
a
b
c
c
log
log
9 T
n
= a + (n 1)d
10 S
n
=
] ) 1 ( 2 [
2
d n a
n
+
11 T
n
= ar
n-1
12 S
n
=
r
r a
r
r a
n n

1
) 1 (
1
) 1 (
, r 1
13
r
a
S

1
,
r
<1
CALCULUS
1 y = uv ,
dx
du
v
dx
dv
u
dx
dy
+
2
v
u
y
,
2
v
dx
dv
u
dx
du
v
dx
dy

,
3
dx
du
du
dy
dx
dy


4 Area under a curve
=

b
a
y
dx or
=

b
a
x
dy
5 Volume generated
=

b
a
y
2

dx or
=

b
a
x
2

dy
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2
5 A point dividing a segment of a line
( x, y) =
,
2 1

+
+
n m
mx nx

,
_
+
+
n m
my ny
2 1
6 Area of triangle =


) ( ) (
2
1
3 1 2 3 1 2 1 3 3 2 2 1
1
y x y x y x y x y x y x + + + +
1 Distance =
2
2 1
2
2 1
) ( ) ( y y x x +
2 Midpoint
(x , y) =

+
2
2 1
x x
,

,
_ +
2
2 1
y y

3
2 2
y x r +
4
2 2
xi y j
r
x y
+

+
$
GEOMETRY
SULIT 3472/2
STATISTICS
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3
1 Arc length, s = r
2 Area of sector, A =
2
1
2
r
3 sin
2
A + cos
2
A = 1
4 sec
2
A = 1 + tan
2
A
5 cosec
2
A = 1 + cot
2
A
6 sin 2A = 2 sinA cosA
7 cos 2A = cos
2
A sin
2
A
= 2 cos
2
A 1
= 1 2 sin
2
A
8 tan 2A =
A
A
2
tan 1
tan 2

TRIGONOMETRY
9 sin (A tB) = sinA cosB t cosA sinB
10 cos (A tB) = cosA cosB sinA sinB
11 tan (A tB) =
B A
B A
tan tan 1
tan tan

t
12
C
c
B
b
A
a
sin sin sin

13 a
2
= b
2
+ c
2
2bc cosA

14 Area of triangle =
C ab sin
2
1
1 x =
N
x

2 x =

f
fx
3 =
N
x x


2
) (
=
2 _
2
x
N
x

4 =


f
x x f
2
) (
=
2
2
x
f
fx

5 m =
C
f
F N
L
m
1
1
1
1
]
1

+
2
1
6
1
0
100
Q
I
Q

7

w
w
i
i
i
I
I
8
)! (
!
r n
n
P
r
n

9
! )! (
!
r r n
n
C
r
n


10 P(A B)=P(A)+P(B)P(A B)
11 P(X=r) =
r n r
r
n
q p C

, p + q = 1
12 Mean, = np
13
npq

14 z =

x
Section A
[40 marks]
Answer all questions in this section .
1 Solve the simultaneous equations
1
2
1
+ y x
and y
2
10 = 2x . [5 marks]


2 A curve has a gradient function kx
2
4, where k is a constant. The tangent to the curve at
the point ( 1 , 3 ) is parallel to the straight line y + x 5 = 0.
Find
(a) the value of k , [3 marks]
(b) the equation of the curve. [3 marks]
3 A piece of rope with a length of P cm is cut into 40 parts such that the length of each part
form an arithmetic progression. Given that the length of the longest part is 324 cm and the
difference between two consecutive parts is 8 cm.
Find
(a) the length of the shortest part, [2 marks]
(b) the value of P, [2 marks]
(c) the part that has a length of 172. [2 marks]

4 (a) Prove that cos sin sin2 = coscos 2. [2 marks]
(b) Sketch the graph of y = 2 cos 2x for x 0 . Hence, using the same axes,
draw a suitable straight line and state the number of solutions to the equation
x x + 2 cos 2 for x 0 .
4
SULIT 3472/2
[6 marks]
5
y


Diagram 1 shows a straight line LRM. Given that RM = 2LR.
(a) Find the value of h. [2 marks]
(b) Given that RP is perpendicular to LM. Find the equation of the straight line RP.
[3 marks]
(c) Given that PRMQ is a parallelogram, find the area of PRMQ.
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3472/2 SULIT
Diagram 1
x
0
L(-6, 12)
M(12, 0)
R(0, h)
P

[3 marks]
5
SULIT 3472/2
6 The weights of 60 students to the nearest kg are represented in the histogram with
given midpoints as shown in Diagram 2.

(a) Calculate the mean and the standard deviation of the weights. [4 marks]
(b) Subsequently, it was discovered that the reading of the weighing machine was 0.5 kg
less than the true weight. What is the correct mean and standard deviation?
[3 marks]
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Weights (kg)
Number of students
O 30 40 50 60
70
8
10
11
15
16
Diagram 2
6
SULIT 3472/2
Section B
[40 marks]
Answer four questions from this section.
7 Use graph paper to answer this question.
Table 1 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment.
Variables x and y are related by the equation
( ) B x
A
y +
2
, where A and B are
constants.
x
0 10 0 25 0 50 0 75 1 00 1 25
y
9 04 15 3
5
29 5
4
48 3
4
71.74
99 7
5
Table 1
(a) Plot
y
against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 0 2 unit on the x-axis and
2 cm to 1 units on the
y
-axis. Hence, draw the line of best fit.
[4 marks]
(b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of
(i) A
(ii) B [6 marks]
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SULIT 3472/2
8 Diagram 3 shows a quadrilateral PQRS. The point T lies on PQ.
Diagram 3
It is given that v u PQ 2 7 + , v u SR 4 2 , v u PS 8 7 + , PQ h PT and
SR k ST .
(a) Find RQ in terms of u and v. [2
marks]
(b) Express
PT
in terms of
(i) h ,
u
and
v
,
(ii) k ,
u
and
v
. [3 marks]
(c) Hence, find the values of h and k. [4 marks]
(d) Express TS in terms of u and v. [1 mark]
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P
Q
R
S
T
8
SULIT 3472/2
9 Diagram 4 shows a sector OPTR, centre O with radius 11 cm. PQR is a semicircle,
centre S with diameter 20 cm. OST is a straight line. (Use 3.142 )
Diagram 4
Calculate
(a) POR, in radian, [2 marks]
(b) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded region, [3 marks]
(c) the area, in cm
2
, of the triangle OPR, [2 marks]
(d) the area, in cm
2
, of the shaded region. [3 marks]
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O
P
Q
R
T

9
SULIT 3472/2
10 Diagram 5 shows the arrangement of the first three of an infinite series of similar
rectangles. The length and width of the first rectangle are x cm and y cm respectively.
The measurements of the length and the width of each subsequent rectangle are half of
the measurement of its previous one.
(a) Show that the areas of the rectangles form a geometric progression and state
the common ratio.
[3 marks]
(b) Given that x = 160 cm and y = 80 cm.
(i) Determine which rectangle has an area of
2
8
1
3 cm
.
(ii) Find the sum of the areas of 4
th
to 10
th
rectangles.
(iii) Find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm
2
, of the rectangles.
[7 marks]
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x cm
y cm
Diagram 5
10
SULIT 3472/2
11 Diagram 6 shows the straight line y = 7 x intersecting the curve y = x
2
4x +7 at the
points A and B.
Diagram 6
(a) Find the area of shaded region. [3 marks]
(b) By using differentiation, find the minimum point of the curve. [3 marks]
(c) The region bounded by the curve, the x and y axes and the axis of symmetry
of the curve is revolved through 360 about the xaxis. Find the volume
generated, in terms of . [4 marks]
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y
0
x
y = x
2
4x +7
y = 7x
A(0,7)

B(3,4)
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SULIT 3472/2
Section C
[20 marks]
Answer two questions from this section.
12
Diagram 7 shows ABC with BAC = 34, AB = 7 cm, AC = 9 cm and BC = t cm.
(a) Find the value of t. [2 marks]
(b) Calculate the value of BCA. [3 marks]
(c) Find the area of ABC. [2 marks]
(d) If AC is extended to D such that the area of ABD is twice the area of ABC ,
find the length of BD. [ 3
marks]
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Diagram 7
7 cm
9 cm
t cm
B
C
34
A
12
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13

Diagram 8 shows a tetrahedron VPQR. The vertex V is vertically above R.
Given that PQR is obtuse, VR = 5 cm, PR = 12 cm , QR = 10 cm and QPR = 45.
Find,
(a) PQR, [3 marks]
(b) the length of PQ, [2 marks]
(c) PVQ, [3 marks]
(d) the area of triangle PVQ. [2 marks]
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V
10 cm
5 cm
R
12 cm
P
45
Q
Diagram 8
13
SULIT 3472/2
14 A particular type of cake is made by using four ingredients K, L, M and N.
Table 2 shows the price indices for the four ingredients and the percentages of usage of
the ingredients in making the cake.
Ingredients Price index for the year 2003 based
on the year 2001
Percentage of usage (%)
K 115 30
L x 20
M 130 10
N 110 40
Table 2
(a) Calculate
(i) the price per kg of M in the year 2001 if its price per kg in the year 2003
was RM 3.25,
(ii) the price index of K in the year 2003 based on the year 1999 if its price
index in the year 2001 based on the year 1999 was 109.
[5 marks]
(b) The composite index number for the cost of making the cake in the year 2003 based
on the year 2001 was 112.5.
Calculate
(i) the value of x,
(ii) the cost of making a cake in the year 2001 if the corresponding cost
in the year 2003 was RM 6.30.
[5 marks]
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SULIT 3472/2
15 Table 3 shows the price indices of five components A, B, C, D and E that are needed to
make an electronic equipment for the year 2003 based on the year 2001. The changes in the
price indices of the components from the year 2003 to the year 2004 and their weightages are
shown.
Components Price index in 2003
based on 2001
Change in price index
from 2003 to 2004
Weightage
A 140 Increase 10% 3
B 130 No change 2
C 125 No change 6
D 110 Increase 20% 5
E x Decrease 5% 4
Table 3
(a) If the price of component B was RM8 in the year 2001, calculate its price in 2003.
[2 marks]
(b) Given that the prices of component E in the year 2001 and 2003 were RM5.50
and RM6.60 respectively, find the value of x. [2 marks]
(c) Calculate the composite index for the cost of making the electronic equipment in
the year 2004 based on the year 2001. [3 marks]

(d) (i) If the cost of making the electronic equipment in the year 2001 is RM 2986,
calculate the cost of the electronic equipment in the year 2004.
(ii) The cost of making the electronic equipment is expected to increase by 30%
from the year 2004 to the year 2009. Find the expected composite index for the
year 2009 based on the year 2001.
[3 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER
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SULIT 3472/2
Nama:..
Kelas:...........................................................
Arahan Kepada Calon
1 Tulis nama dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan.
2 Tandakan ( ) untuk soalan yang dijawab.
3 Ceraikan helaian ini dan ikat sebagai muka hadapan bersama-sama dengan buku
jawapan.
Bahagian Soalan Soalan
Dijawab
Markah Penuh Markah Diperolehi
(Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa)
A 1 5
2 6
3 6
4 8
5 8
6 7
B 7 10
8 10
9 10
10 10
11 10
C 12 10
13 10
14 10
15 10
Jumlah
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SULIT 3472/2
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SULIT 3472/2
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON
1. This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and Section C.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, Bahagian B dan
Bahagian C.
2. Answer all questions in Section A, four questions from Section B and two questions
from Section C.
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SULIT 3472/2
Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A, empat soalan daripada Bahagian B dan dua
soalan daripada Bahagian C.
3. Show your working. It may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan langkahlangkah penting dalam kerja mengira anda. Ini boleh membantu
anda untuk mendapatkan markah .
4. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.
5. The marks allocated for each question and sub-part of a question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan dan ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam
kurungan.
6. A list of formulae is provided on pages 2 to 3.
Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 2 hingga .
7. Graph papers are provided.
Kertas graf disediakan.
8. You may use a non programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.
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