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RANCANGAN BENTUK REAKTOR

Reaktor yang kami sarankan adalah reaktor dengan bentuk elips.

Gambar 1. Bentuk Reaktor Tampak Samping

Gambar 2. Penggambaran Model Reaktor Elips

Penurunan Persamaan

Dari kedua gambar diatas, akan didapatkan fungsi sebagai berikut:

dimana z adalah variabel panjang.


Persamaan Perubahan Konversi

Persamaan untuk Pressure Drop di Reaktor

Persamaan untuk Menghitung Berat Katalis


G(lb/h.ft2)
Hasil Simulasi o (atm/ft)
Menggunakan Excel X y dX/dz dy/dz Ac (ft^2) W (lb)
0 474.977252 0.000415 0 1 0.357955 -4.2E-05 0.2198 0
0.02 469.952536 0.000407 0.007159 0.999999 0.359578 -4.1E-05 0.22215 0.072922
0.04 465.053346 0.0004 0.014351 0.999998 0.361124 -4E-05 0.22449 0.21954
0.06 460.275159 0.000393 0.021573 0.999998 0.362593 -3.9E-05 0.226821 0.440625
0.08 455.613671 0.000386 0.028825 0.999997 0.363984 -3.8E-05 0.229142 0.736943
0.1 451.064778 0.000379 0.036105 0.999996 0.3653 -3.8E-05 0.231452 1.10926
0.12 446.624567 0.000373 0.043411 0.999995 0.366539 -3.7E-05 0.233753 1.558336
0.14 442.289308 0.000366 0.050741 0.999995 0.367702 -3.6E-05 0.236045 2.084929
0.16 438.055437 0.00036 0.058095 0.999994 0.368789 -3.6E-05 0.238326 2.689794
0.18 433.919552 0.000354 0.065471 0.999993 0.369801 -3.5E-05 0.240598 3.373681
0.2 429.878402 0.000349 0.072867 0.999992 0.370738 -3.4E-05 0.242859 4.137339
0.22 425.92888 0.000343 0.080282 0.999992 0.371601 -3.4E-05 0.245111 4.981512
0.24 422.068012 0.000338 0.087714 0.999991 0.37239 -3.3E-05 0.247354 5.906942
0.26 418.292955 0.000333 0.095162 0.99999 0.373105 -3.3E-05 0.249586 6.914368
0.28 414.600984 0.000328 0.102624 0.99999 0.373748 -3.2E-05 0.251808 8.004524
0.3 410.989491 0.000323 0.110099 0.999989 0.374317 -3.2E-05 0.254021 9.178142
0.32 407.455976 0.000318 0.117585 0.999988 0.374815 -3.1E-05 0.256224 10.43595
0.34 403.998042 0.000313 0.125082 0.999988 0.375241 -3.1E-05 0.258417 11.77867
0.36 400.613391 0.000309 0.132586 0.999987 0.375596 -3E-05 0.2606 13.20704
0.38 397.299817 0.000304 0.140098 0.999987 0.375881 -3E-05 0.262774 14.72176
0.4 394.055202 0.0003 0.147616 0.999986 0.376095 -2.9E-05 0.264938 16.32355
0.42 390.877512 0.000296 0.155138 0.999985 0.376241 -2.9E-05 0.267091 18.01313
0.44 387.764795 0.000292 0.162663 0.999985 0.376318 -2.8E-05 0.269235 19.7912
0.46 384.715172 0.000288 0.170189 0.999984 0.376327 -2.8E-05 0.27137 21.65847
0.48 381.726839 0.000284 0.177716 0.999984 0.376269 -2.8E-05 0.273494 23.61565
0.5 378.798058 0.00028 0.185241 0.999983 0.376144 -2.7E-05 0.275609 25.66342
0.52 375.927159 0.000277 0.192764 0.999983 0.375953 -2.7E-05 0.277713 27.8025
0.54 373.112533 0.000273 0.200283 0.999982 0.375697 -2.6E-05 0.279808 30.03356
0.56 370.352633 0.00027 0.207797 0.999981 0.375376 -2.6E-05 0.281894 32.35731
0.58 367.645966 0.000266 0.215304 0.999981 0.374992 -2.6E-05 0.283969 34.77443
0.6 364.991096 0.000263 0.222804 0.99998 0.374545 -2.5E-05 0.286034 37.28559
0.62 362.386636 0.00026 0.230295 0.99998 0.374035 -2.5E-05 0.28809 39.89149
0.64 359.831252 0.000257 0.237776 0.999979 0.373464 -2.5E-05 0.290136 42.59279
0.66 357.323654 0.000254 0.245245 0.999979 0.372833 -2.4E-05 0.292172 45.39018
0.68 354.862599 0.000251 0.252702 0.999978 0.372142 -2.4E-05 0.294198 48.28432
0.7 352.446888 0.000248 0.260145 0.999978 0.371391 -2.4E-05 0.296215 51.27587
0.72 350.075363 0.000245 0.267572 0.999978 0.370583 -2.4E-05 0.298222 54.36551
0.74 347.746905 0.000242 0.274984 0.999977 0.369717 -2.3E-05 0.300218 57.55389
0.76 345.460434 0.00024 0.282378 0.999977 0.368795 -2.3E-05 0.302205 60.84167
0.78 343.214905 0.000237 0.289754 0.999976 0.367817 -2.3E-05 0.304183 64.2295
0.8 341.009309 0.000234 0.297111 0.999976 0.366785 -2.2E-05 0.30615 67.71804
0.82 338.842671 0.000232 0.304446 0.999975 0.365699 -2.2E-05 0.308108 71.30794
0.84 336.714047 0.000229 0.31176 0.999975 0.36456 -2.2E-05 0.310055 74.99983
0.86 334.622523 0.000227 0.319052 0.999974 0.363369 -2.2E-05 0.311993 78.79436
0.88 332.567218 0.000225 0.326319 0.999974 0.362127 -2.1E-05 0.313922 82.69216
0.9 330.547276 0.000222 0.333561 0.999973 0.360835 -2.1E-05 0.31584 86.69388
0.92 328.561869 0.00022 0.340778 0.999973 0.359494 -2.1E-05 0.317748 90.80013
0.94 326.610196 0.000218 0.347968 0.999973 0.358105 -2.1E-05 0.319647 95.01156
0.96 324.691481 0.000216 0.35513 0.999972 0.356668 -2E-05 0.321536 99.32878
0.98 322.804971 0.000214 0.362263 0.999972 0.355185 -2E-05 0.323415 103.7524
1 320.949938 0.000212 0.369367 0.999971 0.353657 -2E-05 0.325284 108.2831
1.02 319.125675 0.00021 0.37644 0.999971 0.352085 -2E-05 0.327144 112.9214
1.04 317.331497 0.000208 0.383482 0.999971 0.35047 -2E-05 0.328994 117.668
1.06 315.566741 0.000206 0.390491 0.99997 0.348812 -1.9E-05 0.330833 122.5235
1.08 313.830761 0.000204 0.397468 0.99997 0.347112 -1.9E-05 0.332663 127.4884
1.1 312.122932 0.000202 0.40441 0.999969 0.345373 -1.9E-05 0.334484 132.5634
1.12 310.442648 0.0002 0.411317 0.999969 0.343594 -1.9E-05 0.336294 137.7491
1.14 308.789321 0.000198 0.418189 0.999969 0.341776 -1.9E-05 0.338095 143.0461
1.16 307.162378 0.000197 0.425025 0.999968 0.339922 -1.8E-05 0.339885 148.4549
1.18 305.561264 0.000195 0.431823 0.999968 0.338031 -1.8E-05 0.341666 153.9762
1.2 303.985441 0.000193 0.438584 0.999968 0.336104 -1.8E-05 0.343438 159.6106
1.22 302.434385 0.000192 0.445306 0.999967 0.334144 -1.8E-05 0.345199 165.3585
1.24 300.907587 0.00019 0.451989 0.999967 0.33215 -1.8E-05 0.34695 171.2207
1.26 299.404552 0.000188 0.458632 0.999967 0.330123 -1.8E-05 0.348692 177.1977
1.28 297.9248 0.000187 0.465234 0.999966 0.328066 -1.7E-05 0.350424 183.29
Grafik Hasil Plot Data Simulasi
Profil X, y, dan W pada Reaktor BOLA
1.2 140
1 120
100
0.8
80
0.6
X dan y X y W (lb) 60 W, lb
0.4 40
0.2 20
0 0
0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8
z, ft

Profil X, y, dan W pada Reaktor PIPA


1.2 70
1 60
50
0.8
40
0.6
X dan y X y W (lb) 30 W, lb
0.4 20
0.2 10
0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
z pipa, ft