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PRELIS DALAM LISREL 8.

72 FOR WINDOWS
Oleh :
Abdullah M. Jaubah
Pendahuluan
Lisrel mengandung enam window yaitu Root Window, PSF Window, Text Editor Window, PTH
Window, SPJ Window, dan LPJ Window. Pembahasan ini akan tercurah pada PSF Window
karena dalam PSF Window ini terkandung peluang-peluang pilihan Prelis. PSF Window adalah
sebagai berikut :

Contoh yang dipakai di sini adalah arsip Maintenance.pfs.


Pemakaian PSF Window
Pemakaian PSF Window akan menyajikan pola sebagai berikut :

PSF Window mengandung menu File, Edit, Data, Transformation, Statistics, Graphs, Multilevel,
SurveyGLIM, View, Window, dan menu Help.
Menu File mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai New, Open, Import Data, Export LISREL
Data, Close, Save, Save As, Print, Print Preview, Print Setup, dan Exit. Menu Edit mencakup
peluang pilihan mengenai Undo, Cut, Copy, Paste, dan Format. Menu Data mencakup peluang
pilihan mengenai Define Variables, Select Variables/Cases, Sort Case, Insert Variable, Insert
Cases, Delete Variable, Delete Cases, Weight Cases, dan peluang pilihan mengenai Survey
Design. Menu Transformation mencakup peluang pilihan mengenai Record dan Compute. Menu
Statistics mencakup peluang pilihan mengenai Data Screening, Impute Missing Values, Multiple
Imputation, Equal Threshold, Fix Threshold, Homogeneity Test, Normal Score, Factor Analysis,
Censored Regression, Logistic Regression, Probit Regression, Regression, Two Stage Least
Squares, Bootstrapping, dan peluang pilihan mengenai Output Options. Menu Graphs
mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai Univariate, Bivariate, dan peluang pilihan Multivariate.
Multilevel mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai Linear dan peluang pilihan mengenai NonLinear. Peluang pilihan Linear mencakup peluang pilihan mengenai Title and Option,
2

Identification Variables, Respomsem and Fixed Variables, dan peluang pilihan Random
Variables. Non-Linear mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai Title and Options, ID, Response
and Fixed, Select Model, dan peluang pilihan Select Covariate. Menu Survey GLIM
mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai Title and Options, Distributions/Links, Model
Spesification, dan Survey Design. Menu View mencakup peluang pilihan mengenai Toolbar,
Status Bar, Data Toolbar, Top, Scroll Up One Page, Scroll Down One Page, Bottom, Leftmost,
Scroll Left One Page, Scroll Right One Page, dan peluang pilihan Rightmost. Menu Window
mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai Cascade, Tile, Arrange Icons, dan peluang pilihan Close
All. Menu Help mengandung peluang pilihan mengenai Contents dan About Lisrel.
Tulisan ini disusun dengan tujuan mengungkap kemampuan Prelis dan hanya membahas
mengenai Pemakaian Data Screening, Pemakaian Impute Missing Values, Pemakaian Multiple
Imputation, Pemakaian Equal Threshold, Pemakaian Fix Threshold, Pemakaian Homogeneity
Test, Pemakaian Normal Score, Pemakaian Factor Analysis, Pemakaian Censored Regression,
Pemakaian Logistic Regression, Pemakaian Probit Regression, Pemakaian Regression,
Pemakaian Two Stage Least Squares, Pemakaian Bootstrapping, Pemakaian Output Options.,
Pemakaian Graphs Univariate, Pemakaian Graphs Bivariate, dan Pemakaian Graphs Multivariate
Pemakaian Menu Statistics
Pemakaian menu Statistics dapat memakai peluang pilihan mengenai Data Screening, Impute
Missing Values, Multiple Imputation, Equal Threshold, Fix Threshold, Homogeneity Test,
Normal Score, Factor Analysis, Censored Regression, Logistic Regression, Probit Regression,
Regression, Two Stage Least Squares, Bootstrapping, dan peluang pilihan mengenai Output
Options.
Data Screening
Pemakaian peluang Data Screening atas arsip Maintenance.psf akan menghasilkan informasi
sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 12:33
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
!Contents of PSFFILE:
!-------------------!DA NI=8 NO=2021 MI= -999999 TR=PA
!LA
!MAINTNCE AGE HOUSE RECHOUSE CAR SCHOOLYR INCOME MARGTAX
!CO MAINTNCE
!CO AGE
!CO HOUSE
!CO RECHOUSE
!CO CAR
!CO SCHOOLYR
!CO INCOME
!CO MARGTAX
!End of Contents
!--------------SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
OU XM
Total Sample Size =

2021

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

Mean
---29.937
44.339
0.608
0.236
0.836
10.588
65.724
48.152

St. Dev.
-------65.196
14.393
0.488
0.425
0.370
3.538
29.741
12.579

T-Value
------20.643
138.493
55.929
24.981
101.556
134.545
99.347
172.091

Skewness
-------3.458
0.297
-0.441
1.244
-1.818
0.849
1.387
0.454

Kurtosis
-------15.948
-0.858
-1.807
-0.452
1.308
1.053
4.267
-0.721

Minimum Freq.
------- ----0.000 1329
18.000
1
0.000
793
0.000 1544
0.000
331
1.000
1
0.712
1
21.000
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----666.429
1
80.000
1
1.000 1228
1.000
477
1.000 1690
30.000
1
256.730
1
84.000
5

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Variable Z-Score P-Value

Z-Score P-Value

MAINTNCE 32.429
AGE
5.360
HOUSE -7.773
RECHOUSE 18.189
CAR -23.216
SCHOOLYR 13.686
INCOME 19.583
MARGTAX
7.988

146.526
-7.879
-16.604
-4.155
12.016
9.677
39.209
-6.625

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Skewness and Kurtosis


Chi-Square P-Value
22521.499
90.808
336.119
348.124
683.361
280.951
1920.808
107.704

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Histograms for Continuous Variables

MAINTNCE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1698
84.0
0.000

189
9.4
66.643

68
3.4
133.286

28
1.4
199.929
23
1.1
266.571
6
0.3
333.214
5
0.2
399.857
3
0.1
466.500
0
0.0
533.143
1
0.0
599.786
AGE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
153
7.6
18.000

239
11.8
24.200

305
15.1
30.400

320
15.8
36.600

295
14.6
42.800

207
10.2
49.000

177
8.8
55.200

185
9.2
61.400

112
5.5
67.600

28
1.4
73.800

HOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
793
39.2
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
1228
60.8
0.900

RECHOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1544
76.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
477
23.6
0.900

CAR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
331
16.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
1690
83.6
0.900

SCHOOLYR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
4
0.2
1.000
192
9.5
3.900

693
34.3
6.800

582
359
145
34
4
6
2

28.8
17.8
7.2
1.7
0.2
0.3
0.1

9.700
12.600
15.500
18.400
21.300
24.200
27.100

INCOME
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
114
5.6
0.712

537
26.6
26.314

835
41.3
51.916

346
17.1
77.517

123
6.1
103.119

39
1.9
128.721

14
0.7
154.323
6
0.3
179.925
5
0.2
205.526
2
0.1
231.128
MARGTAX
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1
0.0
21.000
166
8.2
27.300

589
29.1
33.600

150
7.4
39.900

268
13.3
46.200

457
22.6
52.500

167
8.3
58.800

138
6.8
65.100

59
2.9
71.400

26
1.3
77.700

The Problem used

10616 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Hasil di atas mencerminkan bahwa Total Sample Size adalah 2021 dan hasil mengenai
Univariate Summary Statistics untuki variabel-variabel berjenis kuantitatif dan nencakup
variabel-variabel, Mean, Standard Deviation, T-Value, Skewness, Kurtosis, Minimum,
Frequencies, Maximum, dan

Frequencies. Pengujian univariat Normalitas untuk variabel-

variabel berjenis kuantitatif mencakup Z-Score dan P-Value dari Skewness, Z-Score dan P-Value
dari Kutosis, Chi-Square dan P-Value dari Skewness dan Kurtotis. Hasil lain mencermnkan
Histogram untuk variabel-variabel berjenis kuantitatif yang terdiri dari Frequency, Percentage,
dan Lower Class Limit
Imputing Missing Values
Pemakaian Imputing Missing Values menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 12:57
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
IMPUTE (1 3 ) (2 )
OU MA=CM XT XM
Number of Missing Values per Variable After Imputation
MAINTNCE
-------0

AGE
-------0

Total Sample Size =

HOUSE
-------0

RECHOUSE
-------0

CAR
-------0

SCHOOLYR
-------0

INCOME
-------0

MARGTAX
-------0

2021

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

Mean
---29.937
44.339
0.608
0.236
0.836
10.588
65.724
48.152

St. Dev.
-------65.196
14.393
0.488
0.425
0.370
3.538
29.741
12.579

T-Value
------20.643
138.493
55.929
24.981
101.556
134.545
99.347
172.091

Skewness
-------3.458
0.297
-0.441
1.244
-1.818
0.849
1.387
0.454

Kurtosis
-------15.948
-0.858
-1.807
-0.452
1.308
1.053
4.267
-0.721

Minimum Freq.
------- ----0.000 1329
18.000
1
0.000
793
0.000 1544
0.000
331
1.000
1
0.712
1
21.000
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----666.429
1
80.000
1
1.000 1228
1.000
477
1.000 1690
30.000
1
256.730
1
84.000
5

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Variable Z-Score P-Value

Z-Score P-Value

MAINTNCE 32.429
AGE
5.360
HOUSE -7.773
RECHOUSE 18.189
CAR -23.216
SCHOOLYR 13.686
INCOME 19.583
MARGTAX
7.988

146.526
-7.879
-16.604
-4.155
12.016
9.677
39.209
-6.625

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Skewness and Kurtosis


Chi-Square P-Value
22521.499
90.808
336.119
348.124
683.361
280.951
1920.808
107.704

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Histograms for Continuous Variables


MAINTNCE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1698
84.0
0.000

189
9.4
66.643

68
3.4
133.286

28
23
6
5
3
0
1

1.4
1.1
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0

199.929
266.571
333.214
399.857
466.500
533.143
599.786

AGE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
153
7.6
18.000

239
11.8
24.200

305
15.1
30.400

320
15.8
36.600

295
14.6
42.800

207
10.2
49.000

177
8.8
55.200

185
9.2
61.400

112
5.5
67.600

28
1.4
73.800

HOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
793
39.2
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
1228
60.8
0.900

RECHOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1544
76.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
477
23.6
0.900

CAR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
331
16.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
1690
83.6
0.900

SCHOOLYR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
4
0.2
1.000

192
693
582
359
145
34
4
6
2

9.5
34.3
28.8
17.8
7.2
1.7
0.2
0.3
0.1

3.900
6.800
9.700
12.600
15.500
18.400
21.300
24.200
27.100

INCOME
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
114
5.6
0.712

537
26.6
26.314

835
41.3
51.916

346
17.1
77.517

123
6.1
103.119

39
1.9
128.721

14
0.7
154.323
6
0.3
179.925
5
0.2
205.526
2
0.1
231.128
MARGTAX
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1
0.0
21.000
166
8.2
27.300

589
29.1
33.600

150
7.4
39.900

268
13.3
46.200

457
22.6
52.500

167
8.3
58.800

138
6.8
65.100

59
2.9
71.400

26
1.3
77.700

Covariance Matrix

MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

MAINTNCE
-------4250.500
126.499
3.771
1.408
2.262
-19.211
153.141
63.055

AGE
--------

HOUSE
--------

RECHOUSE
--------

CAR
--------

SCHOOLYR
--------

207.149
0.491
1.139
-0.540
-19.269
-29.611
15.774

0.239
0.008
0.053
0.002
1.725
0.100

0.180
0.020
0.104
1.168
0.807

0.137
0.069
0.988
0.388

12.517
37.162
14.571

HOUSE
-------0.608

RECHOUSE
-------0.236

CAR
-------0.836

SCHOOLYR
-------10.588

Covariance Matrix

INCOME
MARGTAX

INCOME
-------884.509
243.419

MARGTAX
--------

MAINTNCE
-------29.937

AGE
-------44.339

158.226

Means

Means
INCOME
-------65.724

MARGTAX
-------48.152

Standard Deviations
MAINTNCE
-------65.196

AGE
-------14.393

HOUSE
-------0.488

RECHOUSE
-------0.425

CAR
-------0.370

SCHOOLYR
-------3.538

Standard Deviations
INCOME
-------29.741

MARGTAX
-------12.579

The Problem used

10616 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Multiple Imputation


Pemakaian Multiple Imputation menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 13:09
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
SE 1 2 3 5
EM CC = 0.00001 IT = 200 TC = 0
OU MA=CM XT XM
------------------------------EM Algoritm for missing Data:
------------------------------Number of different missing-value patterns=
1
**** No missing values detected
**** Please ensure that a missing value code is defined

10

Pemakaian Equal Thresholds


Arsip data Dataex7.sav dipakai dengan cara memakai perintah Import Data. Menu
Statistics diaktifkan dan Equal Thresholds dipakai. Langkah ini akan menyajikan kotak
dialog Equal Threshold Test sebagai berikut :

Semua variabel dipilih dan tombol Add ditekan. Kotak kecil di depan Save thresholds to
diaktifkan dan kolom kosong diisi dengan Thresholds. Arsip ini akan dipakai dalam Fix
Thresholds. Tombol Run ditekan sehingga dihasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/18/2014
TIME: 12:56
P R E L I S

9.1 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

11

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\SPSSEX\DATAEX7.PRL:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\SPSSEX\DATAEX7.LSF'
ET NOSAY VOTING COMPLEX NOCARE TOUCH INTEREST
OU MA=KM XT XM
Number of Missing Values per Variable
NOSAY
-------5

VOTING
-------8

COMPLEX
-------3

NOCARE
-------7

TOUCH
-------14

INTEREST
-------14

Distribution of Missing Values


Total Sample Size(N) =

312

Number of Missing Values


Number of Cases
Listwise Deletion

0
282

Total Effective Sample Size =

1
18

2
5

3
5

4
2

282

Univariate Marginal Parameters


Variable
-------NOSAY
VOTING
COMPLEX
NOCARE
TOUCH
INTEREST

Mean St. Dev.


---- -------0.398
1.010
-0.046
1.016
-0.292
1.128
0.083
0.989
-0.118
0.899
-0.024
0.942

Thresholds
----------0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144

1.966
1.966
1.966
1.966
1.966
1.966

Univariate Distributions for Ordinal Variables


NOSAY Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
29
10.3

2
84
29.8

3
152
53.9

4
17
6.0

VOTING Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
51
18.1

2
129
45.7

3
94
33.3

4
8
2.8

COMPLEX Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
70
24.8

2
151
53.5

3
50
17.7

4
11
3.9

NOCARE Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
42
14.9

2
119
42.2

3
112
39.7

4
9
3.2

TOUCH Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
46
16.3

12

2
3
4

154
78
4

54.6
27.7
1.4

INTEREST Frequency Percentage Bar Chart


1
44
15.6

2
137
48.6

3
95
33.7

4
6
2.1

There are 150 distinct response patterns, see FREQ-file.


The 20 most common patterns are :
18
2
2
2
2
2
2
14
3
2
2
2
2
2
10
3
3
3
3
3
3
10
3
3
2
2
2
2
10
3
3
2
3
3
3
10
2
2
1
2
2
2
9
3
3
2
3
2
3
7
3
2
2
3
3
3
4
3
3
2
3
2
2
4
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
3
3
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
2
2
2
2

Correlation Matrix

NOSAY
VOTING
COMPLEX
NOCARE
TOUCH
INTEREST

NOSAY
-------1.000
0.303
0.260
0.473
0.402
0.430

VOTING
--------

COMPLEX
--------

NOCARE
--------

TOUCH
--------

INTEREST
--------

1.000
0.340
0.296
0.197
0.252

1.000
0.482
0.332
0.395

1.000
0.708
0.718

1.000
0.679

1.000

Total Variance = 6.000 Generalized Variance = 0.101


Largest Eigenvalue = 3.177 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.256
Condition Number = 3.525
Means
NOSAY
-------0.398

VOTING
--------0.046

COMPLEX
--------0.292

NOCARE
-------0.083

TOUCH
--------0.118

INTEREST
--------0.024

VOTING
-------1.016

COMPLEX
-------1.128

NOCARE
-------0.989

TOUCH
-------0.899

INTEREST
-------0.942

Standard Deviations
NOSAY
-------1.010

The Problem used

8136 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

13

Pemakaian Fix Thresholds


Perintah Statistics>Fix Thresholds dipakai. Langkah ini akan menyajikan kotak dialog Fix
Thresholds disajikan sebagai berikut :

Semua variabel dipilih dan tombol Add ditekan. Kolom di bawah File that contains thresholds
diketik Thresholds. Tombol Run ditekan sehingga hasil disajikan sebagai berikut:
DATE: 11/18/2014
TIME: 13:12
P R E L I S

9.1 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

14

The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\SPSSEX\DATAEX7.PRL:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\SPSSEX\DATAEX7.LSF'
FT=Thresholds
NOSAY
FT VOTING
FT COMPLEX
FT NOCARE
FT TOUCH
FT INTEREST
OU MA=KM XT XM
Number of Missing Values per Variable
NOSAY
-------5

VOTING
-------8

COMPLEX
-------3

NOCARE
-------7

TOUCH
-------14

INTEREST
-------14

Distribution of Missing Values


Total Sample Size(N) =

312

Number of Missing Values


Number of Cases
Listwise Deletion

0
282

Total Effective Sample Size =

1
18

2
5

3
5

4
2

282

Univariate Marginal Parameters


Variable
-------NOSAY
VOTING
COMPLEX
NOCARE
TOUCH
INTEREST

Mean St. Dev.


---- -------0.398
1.010
-0.046
1.016
-0.292
1.129
0.083
0.990
-0.118
0.899
-0.023
0.942

Thresholds
----------0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144
-0.880
0.144

1.966
1.966
1.966
1.966
1.966
1.966

Univariate Distributions for Ordinal Variables


NOSAY Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
29
10.3

2
84
29.8

3
152
53.9

4
17
6.0

VOTING Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
51
18.1

2
129
45.7

3
94
33.3

4
8
2.8

COMPLEX Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
70
24.8

2
151
53.5

3
50
17.7

4
11
3.9

NOCARE Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
42
14.9

2
119
42.2

3
112
39.7

4
9
3.2

TOUCH Frequency Percentage Bar Chart

15

1
2
3
4

46
154
78
4

16.3
54.6
27.7
1.4

INTEREST Frequency Percentage Bar Chart


1
44
15.6

2
137
48.6

3
95
33.7

4
6
2.1

There are 150 distinct response patterns, see FREQ-file.


The 20 most common patterns are :
18
2
2
2
2
2
2
14
3
2
2
2
2
2
10
3
3
3
3
3
3
10
3
3
2
2
2
2
10
3
3
2
3
3
3
10
2
2
1
2
2
2
9
3
3
2
3
2
3
7
3
2
2
3
3
3
4
3
3
2
3
2
2
4
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
3
3
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
2
2
2
2

Correlation Matrix

NOSAY
VOTING
COMPLEX
NOCARE
TOUCH
INTEREST

NOSAY
-------1.000
0.303
0.260
0.473
0.402
0.430

VOTING
--------

COMPLEX
--------

NOCARE
--------

TOUCH
--------

INTEREST
--------

1.000
0.340
0.296
0.197
0.252

1.000
0.482
0.332
0.395

1.000
0.708
0.718

1.000
0.679

1.000

Total Variance = 6.000 Generalized Variance = 0.101


Largest Eigenvalue = 3.177 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.256
Condition Number = 3.525
Means
NOSAY
-------0.398

VOTING
--------0.046

COMPLEX
--------0.292

NOCARE
-------0.083

TOUCH
--------0.118

INTEREST
--------0.023

VOTING
-------1.016

COMPLEX
-------1.129

NOCARE
-------0.990

TOUCH
-------0.899

INTEREST
-------0.942

Standard Deviations
NOSAY
-------1.010

The Problem used

8136 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

16

Pemakaian Homogeneity Test


Perintah Statistics>Homogeneity Test dipakai. Langkah ini akan menyajikan kotak dialog
Homogeneity Test sebagai berikut :

Nosay dan Voting dipilih dan tombol Add ditekan. Nosay dipilih, tombol Ctrl ditekan dan
Complex dipilih dan tombol Add ditekan. Nosay dipilih, tombol Ctrl ditekan dan Nocare dipilih
dan tombol Add ditekan. Nosay dipilih, tombol Ctrl ditekan dan Touch dipilih dan tombol Add
ditekan. Nosay dipilih, tombol Ctrl ditekan dan Interest dipilih dan tombol Add ditekan. Tombol
Run ditekan sehingga informasi dihasilkan sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/18/2014
TIME: 13:19
P R E L I S

9.1 (STUDENT)
BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

17

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2012


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\SPSSEX\DATAEX7.PRL:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\SPSSEX\DATAEX7.LSF'
HT NOSAY VOTING
HT NOSAY COMPLEX
HT NOSAY NOCARE
HT NOSAY TOUCH
HT NOSAY INTEREST
OU MA=KM XT XM
Number of Missing Values per Variable
NOSAY
-------5

VOTING
-------8

COMPLEX
-------3

NOCARE
-------7

TOUCH
-------14

INTEREST
-------14

Distribution of Missing Values


Total Sample Size(N) =

312

Number of Missing Values


Number of Cases
Listwise Deletion

0
282

Total Effective Sample Size =

1
18

2
5

3
5

4
2

282

Univariate Marginal Parameters


Variable
-------NOSAY
VOTING
COMPLEX
NOCARE
TOUCH
INTEREST

Mean St. Dev.


---- -------0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000

Thresholds
----------1.266 -0.252
-0.912
0.354
-0.680
0.785
-1.041
0.179
-0.982
0.551
-1.011
0.363

1.552
1.905
1.762
1.853
2.192
2.028

Univariate Distributions for Ordinal Variables


NOSAY Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
29
10.3

2
84
29.8

3
152
53.9

4
17
6.0

VOTING Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
51
18.1

2
129
45.7

3
94
33.3

4
8
2.8

COMPLEX Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
70
24.8

2
151
53.5

3
50
17.7

4
11
3.9

NOCARE Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
1
42
14.9

2
119
42.2

3
112
39.7

18

3.2

TOUCH Frequency Percentage Bar Chart


1
46
16.3

2
154
54.6

3
78
27.7

4
4
1.4

INTEREST Frequency Percentage Bar Chart


1
44
15.6

2
137
48.6

3
95
33.7

4
6
2.1

There are 150 distinct response patterns, see FREQ-file.


The 20 most common patterns are :
18
2
2
2
2
2
2
14
3
2
2
2
2
2
10
3
3
3
3
3
3
10
3
3
2
2
2
2
10
3
3
2
3
3
3
10
2
2
1
2
2
2
9
3
3
2
3
2
3
7
3
2
2
3
3
3
4
3
3
2
3
2
2
4
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
2
3
3
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
2
2
2
2
Homogeneity Tests
Variable
NOSAY
NOSAY
NOSAY
NOSAY
NOSAY

vs. Variable Chi-Squ. D.F. P-Value


vs.
VOTING 53.220
3
0.000
vs. COMPLEX 134.792
3
0.000
vs.
NOCARE 29.270
3
0.000
vs.
TOUCH 94.407
3
0.000
vs. INTEREST 51.844
3
0.000

Correlation Matrix

NOSAY
VOTING
COMPLEX
NOCARE
TOUCH
INTEREST

NOSAY
-------1.000
0.295
0.274
0.466
0.389
0.421

VOTING
--------

COMPLEX
--------

NOCARE
--------

TOUCH
--------

INTEREST
--------

1.000
0.300
0.279
0.181
0.238

1.000
0.449
0.295
0.363

1.000
0.672
0.702

1.000
0.639

1.000

Total Variance = 6.000 Generalized Variance = 0.128


Largest Eigenvalue = 3.076 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.277
Condition Number = 3.332
Means

19

NOSAY
-------0.000

VOTING
-------0.000

COMPLEX
-------0.000

NOCARE
-------0.000

TOUCH
-------0.000

INTEREST
-------0.000

VOTING
-------1.000

COMPLEX
-------1.000

NOCARE
-------1.000

TOUCH
-------1.000

INTEREST
-------1.000

Standard Deviations
NOSAY
-------1.000

The Problem used

8216 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Normal Score


Pemakaian Normal Score menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 13:13
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
NS 1
NS 3
NS 5
NS 7
OU MA=CM XT XM
Total Sample Size =

2021

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

Mean
---29.937
44.339
0.608
0.236
0.836
10.588
65.724
48.152

St. Dev.
-------65.197
14.393
0.488
0.425
0.370
3.538
29.741
12.579

T-Value
------20.643
138.493
55.929
24.981
101.556
134.545
99.347
172.091

Skewness
-------1.170
0.297
-0.441
1.244
-1.818
0.849
0.000
0.454

Kurtosis
-------0.217
-0.858
-1.807
-0.452
1.308
1.053
-0.002
-0.721

Minimum Freq.
------- -----13.690 1329
18.000
1
0.000
793
0.000 1544
0.000
331
1.000
1
-40.045
1
21.000
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----307.704
1
80.000
1
1.000 1228
1.000
477
1.000 1690
30.000
1
171.493
1
84.000
5

20

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Variable Z-Score P-Value

Z-Score P-Value

MAINTNCE 17.425
AGE
5.360
HOUSE -7.773
RECHOUSE 18.189
CAR -23.216
SCHOOLYR 13.686
INCOME
0.000
MARGTAX
7.988

1.997
-7.879
-16.604
-4.155
12.016
9.677
-0.019
-6.625

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.000
0.000

0.046
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.985
0.000

Skewness and Kurtosis


Chi-Square P-Value
307.606
90.808
336.119
348.124
683.361
280.951
0.000
107.704

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.000
0.000

Histograms for Continuous Variables


MAINTNCE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1329
65.8
-13.690

0
0.0
18.449
193
9.5
50.589

222
11.0
82.728

141
7.0
114.868

79
3.9
147.007

38
1.9
179.146

13
0.6
211.286
4
0.2
243.425
2
0.1
275.565
AGE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
153
7.6
18.000

239
11.8
24.200

305
15.1
30.400

320
15.8
36.600

295
14.6
42.800

207
10.2
49.000

177
8.8
55.200

185
9.2
61.400

112
5.5
67.600

28
1.4
73.800

HOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
793
39.2
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
1228
60.8
0.900

RECHOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1544
76.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300

21

0
0
0
0
0
477

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
23.6

0.400
0.500
0.600
0.700
0.800
0.900

CAR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
331
16.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800
1690
83.6
0.900

SCHOOLYR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
4
0.2
1.000
192
9.5
3.900

693
34.3
6.800

582
28.8
9.700

359
17.8
12.600

145
7.2
15.500

34
1.7
18.400

4
0.2
21.300
6
0.3
24.200
2
0.1
27.100
INCOME
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
4
0.2
-40.045
29
1.4
-18.891

123
6.1
2.262

326
16.1
23.416

529
26.2
44.570

528
26.1
65.724

326
16.1
86.878

123
6.1
108.032

29
1.4
129.185

4
0.2
150.339
MARGTAX
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1
0.0
21.000
166
8.2
27.300

589
29.1
33.600

150
7.4
39.900

268
13.3
46.200

457
22.6
52.500

167
8.3
58.800

138
6.8
65.100

59
2.9
71.400

26
1.3
77.700

Covariance Matrix
MAINTNCE

AGE

HOUSE

RECHOUSE

CAR

SCHOOLYR

22

MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

-------4250.594
120.582
5.724
1.867
2.745
-15.835
202.731
82.116

--------

--------

--------

--------

--------

207.149
0.491
1.139
-0.540
-19.269
-47.878
15.774

0.239
0.008
0.053
0.002
1.530
0.100

0.180
0.020
0.104
0.838
0.807

0.137
0.069
1.154
0.388

12.517
37.235
14.571

HOUSE
-------0.608

RECHOUSE
-------0.236

CAR
-------0.836

SCHOOLYR
-------10.588

HOUSE
-------0.488

RECHOUSE
-------0.425

CAR
-------0.370

SCHOOLYR
-------3.538

Covariance Matrix

INCOME
MARGTAX

INCOME
-------884.509
252.810

MARGTAX
--------

MAINTNCE
-------29.937

AGE
-------44.339

INCOME
-------65.724

MARGTAX
-------48.152

158.226

Means

Means

Standard Deviations
MAINTNCE
-------65.197

AGE
-------14.393

Standard Deviations
INCOME
-------29.741

MARGTAX
-------12.579

The Problem used

10616 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Factor Analysis


Pemakaian Factor Analysis menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 13:41
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.

23

7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100


Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
SE 1 3 7
FA
OU MA=CM XT XM

Total Sample Size =

2021

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------MAINTNCE
HOUSE
INCOME

Mean
---29.937
0.608
65.724

St. Dev.
-------65.196
0.488
29.741

T-Value
------20.643
55.929
99.347

Skewness
-------3.458
-0.441
1.387

Kurtosis
-------15.948
-1.807
4.267

Minimum Freq.
------- ----0.000 1329
0.000
793
0.712
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----666.429
1
1.000 1228
256.730
1

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Variable Z-Score P-Value

Z-Score P-Value

MAINTNCE
HOUSE
INCOME

146.526
-16.604
39.209

32.429
-7.773
19.583

0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000

Skewness and Kurtosis


Chi-Square P-Value
22521.499
336.119
1920.808

0.000
0.000
0.000

Histograms for Continuous Variables


MAINTNCE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1698
84.0
0.000

189
9.4
66.643

68
3.4
133.286

28
1.4
199.929
23
1.1
266.571
6
0.3
333.214
5
0.2
399.857
3
0.1
466.500
0
0.0
533.143
1
0.0
599.786
HOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
793
39.2
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700

24

0
1228

0.0
60.8

0.800
0.900

INCOME
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
114
5.6
0.712

537
26.6
26.314

835
41.3
51.916

346
17.1
77.517

123
6.1
103.119

39
1.9
128.721

14
0.7
154.323
6
0.3
179.925
5
0.2
205.526
2
0.1
231.128

Covariance Matrix

MAINTNCE
HOUSE
INCOME

MAINTNCE
-------4250.500
3.771
153.141

HOUSE
--------

INCOME
--------

0.239
1.725

884.509

MAINTNCE
-------29.937

HOUSE
-------0.608

INCOME
-------65.724

HOUSE
-------0.488

INCOME
-------29.741

Means

Standard Deviations
MAINTNCE
-------65.196

Normal Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis


Decision Table for Number of Factors
Factors
------0
1

Chi2
---65.94
0.00

df
-3
0

P
0.000
1.000

DChi2 Ddf
----- --65.94

PD
-0.000

RMSEA
----0.102
0.000

Normal Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis with 1 Factors


Unrotated Factor Loadings

MAINTNCE
HOUSE
INCOME

Factor 1 Unique Var


-------- ---------0.281
0.921
0.422
0.822
0.281
0.921

Unstandardized Unrotated Factor Loadings


Factor 1 Unique Var
-------- ----------

25

MAINTNCE
HOUSE
INCOME

18.300
0.206
8.369

3915.750
0.196
814.494

Minimum Fit Function Chi-Square with 0 Degrees of Freedom = 0.00


The Problem used

3624 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Censored Regression


Pemakaian Censored Regression menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 13:46
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
CO 1 3 5 7
CR 1 3 5 ON 7
OU
Total Sample Size =

2021

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

Mean
---29.937
44.339
0.608
0.236
0.836
10.588
65.724
48.152

St. Dev.
-------65.196
14.393
0.488
0.425
0.370
3.538
29.741
12.579

T-Value
------20.643
138.493
55.929
24.981
101.556
134.545
99.347
172.091

Skewness
-------3.458
0.297
-0.441
1.244
-1.818
0.849
1.387
0.454

Kurtosis
-------15.948
-0.858
-1.807
-0.452
1.308
1.053
4.267
-0.721

Minimum Freq.
------- ----0.000 1329
18.000
1
0.000
793
0.000 1544
0.000
331
1.000
1
0.712
1
21.000
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----666.429
1
80.000
1
1.000 1228
1.000
477
1.000 1690
30.000
1
256.730
1
84.000
5

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Skewness and Kurtosis

26

Variable Z-Score P-Value

Z-Score P-Value

MAINTNCE 32.429
AGE
5.360
HOUSE -7.773
RECHOUSE 18.189
CAR -23.216
SCHOOLYR 13.686
INCOME 19.583
MARGTAX
7.988

146.526
-7.879
-16.604
-4.155
12.016
9.677
39.209
-6.625

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Chi-Square P-Value
22521.499
90.808
336.119
348.124
683.361
280.951
1920.808
107.704

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Variable MAINTNCE is censored below


It has 1329 (65.76%) values = 0.000
Estimated Mean and Standard Deviation based on 2021 complete cases.
Mean = -61.951 (0.028)
Standard Deviation = 143.009 (0.000)
Estimated Censored Regression based on 2021 complete cases.
MAINTNCE = - 97.264 + 0.536*INCOME + Error, R = 0.0108
Standerr
(10.098) (0.126)
Z-values
-9.632
4.246
P-values
0.000
0.000
Variable HOUSE is censored below and above.
It has 793 (39.24%) values = 0.000 and 1228 (60.76%) values = 1.000
Estimated Mean and Standard Deviation based on 2021 complete cases.
Mean = ************ (0.044)
Standard Deviation = ************ (0.057)
Estimated Censored Regression based on 2021 complete cases.
HOUSE = - ******************** + *********************INCOME
Standerr
(Inf)
(Inf)
Z-values
-0.0
0.0
P-values
1.000
1.000
+ Error, R = 3944.662
Variable CAR is censored below and above.
It has 331 (16.38%) values = 0.000 and 1690 (83.62%) values = 1.000
Estimated Mean and Standard Deviation based on 2021 complete cases.
Mean = ************ (0.064)
Standard Deviation = ************ (0.073)

Estimated Censored Regression based on 2021 complete cases.


CAR = ******************** + *********************INCOME
Standerr (Inf)
(Inf)
Z-values
0.0
0.0
P-values
1.000
1.000
+ Error, R = 1.00
Residual Correlation Matrix

MAINTNCE
HOUSE

MAINTNCE
-------1.000
0.141

HOUSE
--------

CAR
--------

1.000

27

CAR

0.087

0.547

1.000

Residual Covariance Matrix


MAINTNCE
HOUSE
CAR
---------------------MAINTNCE 20230.526
HOUSE**********************
CAR*********************************
The Problem used

10616 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Logistic Regression


Pemakaian Logistic Regression atas arsip data usa.psf menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 13:58
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\ORDINAL\usa.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\ORDINAL\usa.PSF'
CO 2
LR 1 3 ON 2
OU

Total Sample Size =

1076

Univariate Distributions for Ordinal Variables


NOSAY Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
AS
101
9.4

A
278
25.8

D
600
55.8

DS
97
9.0

EDUCAT Frequency Percentage Bar Chart
COMP
220
20.4

28

MIDD
HIGH

584
272

54.3
25.3

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------GENDER
AGE

Mean
---1.538
42.102

St. Dev.
-------0.499
17.078

T-Value
------101.155
80.868

Skewness
--------0.153
0.413

Kurtosis
--------1.980
-0.808

Minimum Freq.
------- ----1.000
497
16.000
6

Maximum Freq.
------- ----2.000
579
91.000
1

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Variable Z-Score P-Value


GENDER
AGE

-2.049
5.357

0.040
0.000

Z-Score P-Value
-13.290
-5.425

Univariate Logit Regression for


Standard Parameterization
Thresholds:
NOSAY =
Standerr
Z-values
P-values

-2.289

-0.631

Chi-Square P-Value

0.000
0.000

180.824
58.133

0.000
0.000

NOSAY
2.290

- 0.0144*GENDER + Error, R = 0.0000515


(0.118)
-0.122
0.903

Univariate Logit Regression for


Standard Parameterization
Thresholds:
EDUCAT =
Standerr
Z-values
P-values

Skewness and Kurtosis

-1.624

EDUCAT

0.822

- 0.169*GENDER + Error, R = 0.00709


(0.117)
-1.442
0.149

Pemakaian Probit Regression


Pemakaian Probit Regression menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 14:01
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140

29

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\ORDINAL\usa.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\ORDINAL\usa.PSF'
SE NOSAY EDUCAT
SE GENDER
Covariates GENDER
OU MA=CM XT XM

Total Sample Size =

1076

Univariate Probit Regression for


Standard Parameterization
Thresholds:
NOSAY =
Standerr
Z-values
P-values

-1.324

-0.386

1.334

- 0.00404*GENDER + Error, R = 0.00000405


(0.0671)
-0.0602
0.952

Univariate Probit Regression for


Standard Parameterization
Thresholds:
EDUCAT =
Standerr
Z-values
P-values

NOSAY

-0.971

EDUCAT

0.522

- 0.0936*GENDER + Error, R = 0.00217


(0.0684)
-1.368
0.171

Conditional Covariance Matrix

NOSAY
EDUCAT

NOSAY
-------1.000

EDUCAT
--------

0.235
(0.036)
6.566

1.000

Covariance Matrix

NOSAY
EDUCAT
GENDER

NOSAY
-------1.000
0.235
-0.001

EDUCAT
--------

GENDER
--------

1.002
-0.023

0.249

30

Means
NOSAY
--------0.006

EDUCAT
--------0.144

GENDER
-------1.538

EDUCAT
-------1.001

GENDER
-------0.499

Standard Deviations
NOSAY
-------1.000

The Problem used

3656 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Regression
Pemakaian Regression dengan data maintenance.psf menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 14:05
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\CENSOR\MAINTENANCE.PSF'
RG 1 3 5 ON 7
OU MA=CM SM= XT XM

Total Sample Size =

2021

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------MAINTNCE
AGE

Mean
---29.937
44.339

St. Dev.
-------65.196
14.393

T-Value
------20.643
138.493

Skewness
-------3.458
0.297

Kurtosis
-------15.948
-0.858

Minimum Freq.
------- ----0.000 1329
18.000
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----666.429
1
80.000
1

31

W_A_R_N_I_N_G:
HOUSE has only one value. Error code 219.
RECHOUSE
0.236
0.425
24.981
1.244
-0.452
W_A_R_N_I_N_G:
SCHOOLYR
10.588
INCOME
65.724
MARGTAX
48.152

0.000

1544

1.000

477

CAR has only one value. Error code 219.


3.538
134.545
0.849
1.053
1.000
29.741
99.347
1.387
4.267
0.712
12.579
172.091
0.454
-0.721
21.000

1
1
1

30.000
256.730
84.000

1
1
5

Test of Univariate Normality for Continuous Variables


Skewness

Kurtosis

Variable Z-Score P-Value

Z-Score P-Value

MAINTNCE
AGE
RECHOUSE
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

146.526
-7.879
-4.155
9.677
39.209
-6.625

32.429
5.360
18.189
13.686
19.583
7.988

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Skewness and Kurtosis


Chi-Square P-Value
22521.499
90.808
348.124
280.951
1920.808
107.704

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Histograms for Continuous Variables


MAINTNCE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1698
84.0
0.000

189
9.4
66.643

68
3.4
133.286

28
1.4
199.929
23
1.1
266.571
6
0.3
333.214
5
0.2
399.857
3
0.1
466.500
0
0.0
533.143
1
0.0
599.786
AGE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
153
7.6
18.000

239
11.8
24.200

305
15.1
30.400

320
15.8
36.600

295
14.6
42.800

207
10.2
49.000

177
8.8
55.200

185
9.2
61.400

112
5.5
67.600

28
1.4
73.800

HOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
2021
100.0
0.000

RECHOUSE
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1544
76.4
0.000

0
0.0
0.100
0
0.0
0.200
0
0.0
0.300
0
0.0
0.400
0
0.0
0.500
0
0.0
0.600
0
0.0
0.700
0
0.0
0.800

32

477

23.6

0.900

CAR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
2021
100.0
0.000

SCHOOLYR
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
4
0.2
1.000
192
9.5
3.900

693
34.3
6.800

582
28.8
9.700

359
17.8
12.600

145
7.2
15.500

34
1.7
18.400

4
0.2
21.300
6
0.3
24.200
2
0.1
27.100
INCOME
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
114
5.6
0.712

537
26.6
26.314

835
41.3
51.916

346
17.1
77.517

123
6.1
103.119

39
1.9
128.721

14
0.7
154.323
6
0.3
179.925
5
0.2
205.526
2
0.1
231.128
MARGTAX
Frequency Percentage Lower Class Limit
1
0.0
21.000
166
8.2
27.300

589
29.1
33.600

150
7.4
39.900

268
13.3
46.200

457
22.6
52.500

167
8.3
58.800

138
6.8
65.100

59
2.9
71.400

26
1.3
77.700

Estimated Equations
MAINTNCE = 18.558 + 0.173*INCOME + Error, R = 0.00624
Standerr (3.508) (0.0486)
Z-values
5.290
3.560
P-values
0.000
0.000
Error Variance = 4223.986

HOUSE = 0.0 + 0.0*INCOME + Error, R = 0.0


Error Variance = 0.0

CAR = 0.0 + 0.0*INCOME + Error, R = 0.0

33

Error Variance = 0.0

Covariance Matrix

MAINTNCE
AGE
HOUSE
RECHOUSE
CAR
SCHOOLYR
INCOME
MARGTAX

MAINTNCE
-------4250.500
126.499
0.000
1.408
0.000
-19.211
153.141
63.055

AGE
--------

HOUSE
--------

RECHOUSE
--------

CAR
--------

SCHOOLYR
--------

207.149
0.000
1.139
0.000
-19.269
-29.611
15.774

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.180
0.000
0.104
1.168
0.807

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

12.517
37.162
14.571

HOUSE
-------0.000

RECHOUSE
-------0.236

CAR
-------0.000

SCHOOLYR
-------10.588

HOUSE
-------0.000

RECHOUSE
-------0.425

CAR
-------0.000

SCHOOLYR
-------3.538

Covariance Matrix

INCOME
MARGTAX

INCOME
-------884.509
243.419

MARGTAX
--------

MAINTNCE
-------29.937

AGE
-------44.339

INCOME
-------65.724

MARGTAX
-------48.152

158.226

Means

Means

Standard Deviations
MAINTNCE
-------65.196

AGE
-------14.393

Standard Deviations
INCOME
-------29.741

MARGTAX
-------12.579

The Problem used

10616 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Two Stage Least Squares


Pemakaian Two Stage Least Squares dengan arsip data Klein.psf menghasilkan informasi
sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014

34

TIME: 15:17
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\TUTORIAL\KLEIN.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\TUTORIAL\KLEIN.PSF'
RG 1 ON 10 2 13 WITH 2 8 15 5 6
OU MA=CM XT XM

Total Sample Size =

21

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------C
P-1
W*
I
K-1
E-1
W**
T
A
P
K
E
W
Y
G

Mean
---53.995
16.376
36.362
1.267
200.495
57.986
5.119
6.805
0.000
16.890
201.762
60.057
41.481
58.371
9.914

St. Dev.
-------6.861
4.028
6.304
3.552
9.919
8.919
1.957
2.032
6.205
4.220
9.220
10.617
7.556
10.740
3.910

T-Value
------36.065
18.630
26.431
1.634
92.633
29.794
11.989
15.349
0.000
18.341
100.285
25.922
25.158
24.907
11.619

Skewness
-------0.357
-0.624
0.690
-0.687
-0.311
-0.073
0.374
0.292
0.000
-0.646
-0.406
0.704
0.841
0.471
1.738

Kurtosis
-------0.079
-0.382
1.375
-0.533
-0.383
-0.783
-1.361
0.090
-1.200
-0.139
-0.060
1.259
1.460
0.753
4.009

Minimum Freq.
------- ----41.900
1
7.000
1
25.500
1
-6.200
1
182.600
1
44.300
1
2.700
1
3.800
1
-10.000
1
7.000
1
182.600
1
44.300
1
28.200
1
40.600
1
5.700
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----69.700
1
21.700
1
53.300
1
5.600
1
216.700
1
75.700
1
8.500
1
11.600
1
10.000
1
23.500
1
216.700
1
88.400
1
61.800
1
85.300
1
22.300
1

Estimated Equations
C = 17.187 - 0.0191*P + 0.268*P-1 + 0.789*W + Error, R = 0.974
Standerr (1.596) (0.141)
(0.130)
(0.0488)
Z-values
10.772 -0.135
2.067
16.173
P-values
0.000
0.892
0.039
0.000
Error Variance = 1.241
Instrumental Variables: P-1 T G K-1 E-1

Covariance Matrix

35

C
P-1
W*
I
K-1
E-1
W**
T
A
P
K
E
W
Y
G

C
-------47.071
18.020
42.301
12.137
21.291
53.264
8.642
7.147
28.885
20.712
33.428
70.160
50.943
71.655
19.594

P-1
--------

W*
--------

I
--------

K-1
--------

E-1
--------

16.226
18.344
10.986
6.161
30.047
-0.711
0.416
-0.595
13.075
17.148
31.834
17.633
30.707
2.117

39.745
12.535
18.620
50.531
6.758
5.975
23.045
19.952
31.154
65.673
46.504
66.456
17.596

12.616
-12.996
14.436
-1.618
-1.030
-5.280
13.841
-0.380
25.345
10.916
24.757
-1.026

98.377
42.086
6.497
5.774
29.530
-8.444
85.381
15.950
25.117
16.673
14.152

79.541
6.548
7.519
24.780
23.145
56.521
81.195
57.079
80.225
20.044

T
--------

A
--------

P
--------

K
--------

E
--------

4.127
8.800
-0.406
4.744
9.697
8.863
8.457
6.468

38.500
0.945
24.250
32.790
34.945
35.890
21.085

17.810
5.397
37.356
20.221
38.031
3.073

85.001
41.295
36.033
41.430
13.125

112.726
75.588
112.944
27.136

W
-------57.091
77.312
24.316

Y
--------

G
--------

115.343
27.388

15.289

C
-------53.995

P-1
-------16.376

W*
-------36.362

I
-------1.267

K-1
-------200.495

E-1
-------57.986

W**
-------5.119

T
-------6.805

A
-------0.000

P
-------16.890

K
-------201.762

E
-------60.057

W
-------41.481

Y
-------58.371

G
-------9.914

P-1
--------

W*
--------

I
--------

K-1
--------

E-1
--------

Covariance Matrix

W**
T
A
P
K
E
W
Y
G

W**
-------3.829
2.888
11.900
0.269
4.879
9.915
10.587
10.856
6.720

Covariance Matrix

W
Y
G
Means

Means

Means

Standard Deviations
C
--------

36

6.861

4.028

6.304

3.552

9.919

8.919

T
-------2.032

A
-------6.205

P
-------4.220

K
-------9.220

E
-------10.617

Y
-------10.740

G
-------3.910

Standard Deviations
W**
-------1.957
Standard Deviations
W
-------7.556

The Problem used

25856 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Bootstrapping
Pemakaian Bootstapping menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 15:20
P R E L I S

2.72

BY
Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\TUTORIAL\KLEIN.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\TUTORIAL\KLEIN.PSF'
OU XT XM BS=100 SF=50 BM=mafile ME=mefile SD=sdfile

Total Sample Size =

21

Bootstrap Covariance Matrix


C
P-1
--------------C
42.928
P-1-NaN
15.660
W*-NaN
-NaN

W*
--------

I
--------

K-1
--------

E-1
--------

36.226

37

I-NaN
K-1-NaN
E-1-NaN
W**-NaN
T-NaN
A-NaN
P-NaN
K-NaN
E-NaN
W-NaN
Y-NaN
G-NaN

-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN

-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN

11.135
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN

95.205
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN

76.324
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN

Bootstrap Covariance Matrix


W**
T
A
P
K
E
------------------------------------------W**
3.573
T-NaN
3.826
A-NaN
-NaN
36.678
P-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
15.238
K-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
84.334
E-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
99.863
W-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
Y-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
G-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
-NaN
Bootstrap Covariance Matrix
W
Y
--------------W
52.150
Y-NaN
102.319
G-NaN
-NaN

G
-------13.721

Bootstrap Means
C
-------53.892
W**
-------5.044
W
-------41.322

P-1
-------16.368
T
-------6.669
Y
-------58.330

The Problem used

W*
-------36.278
A
--------0.229
G
-------9.769

I
-------1.339
P
-------17.008

K-1
-------200.189
K
-------201.528

E-1
-------57.784
E
-------59.955

25856 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

Pemakaian Output Options.


Pemakaian Output Option menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :
DATE: 11/12/2014
TIME: 15:21
P R E L I S

2.72

BY

38

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom


This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
7383 N. Lincoln Avenue, Suite 100
Lincolnwood, IL 60712, U.S.A.
Phone: (800)247-6113, (847)675-0720, Fax: (847)675-2140
Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2005
Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.
Website: www.ssicentral.com
The following lines were read from file C:\Lisrel 8.7\TUTORIAL\KLEIN.PR2:
!PRELIS SYNTAX: Can be edited
SY='C:\Lisrel 8.7\TUTORIAL\KLEIN.PSF'
OU MA=CM SM= XT XM

Total Sample Size =

21

Univariate Summary Statistics for Continuous Variables


Variable
-------C
P-1
W*
I
K-1
E-1
W**
T
A
P
K
E
W
Y
G

Mean
---53.995
16.376
36.362
1.267
200.495
57.986
5.119
6.805
0.000
16.890
201.762
60.057
41.481
58.371
9.914

St. Dev.
-------6.861
4.028
6.304
3.552
9.919
8.919
1.957
2.032
6.205
4.220
9.220
10.617
7.556
10.740
3.910

T-Value
------36.065
18.630
26.431
1.634
92.633
29.794
11.989
15.349
0.000
18.341
100.285
25.922
25.158
24.907
11.619

Skewness
-------0.357
-0.624
0.690
-0.687
-0.311
-0.073
0.374
0.292
0.000
-0.646
-0.406
0.704
0.841
0.471
1.738

Kurtosis
-------0.079
-0.382
1.375
-0.533
-0.383
-0.783
-1.361
0.090
-1.200
-0.139
-0.060
1.259
1.460
0.753
4.009

Minimum Freq.
------- ----41.900
1
7.000
1
25.500
1
-6.200
1
182.600
1
44.300
1
2.700
1
3.800
1
-10.000
1
7.000
1
182.600
1
44.300
1
28.200
1
40.600
1
5.700
1

Maximum Freq.
------- ----69.700
1
21.700
1
53.300
1
5.600
1
216.700
1
75.700
1
8.500
1
11.600
1
10.000
1
23.500
1
216.700
1
88.400
1
61.800
1
85.300
1
22.300
1

Covariance Matrix

C
P-1
W*
I
K-1
E-1
W**
T
A
P
K
E
W
Y
G

C
-------47.071
18.020
42.301
12.137
21.291
53.264
8.642
7.147
28.885
20.712
33.428
70.160
50.943
71.655
19.594

P-1
--------

W*
--------

I
--------

K-1
--------

E-1
--------

16.226
18.344
10.986
6.161
30.047
-0.711
0.416
-0.595
13.075
17.148
31.834
17.633
30.707
2.117

39.745
12.535
18.620
50.531
6.758
5.975
23.045
19.952
31.154
65.673
46.504
66.456
17.596

12.616
-12.996
14.436
-1.618
-1.030
-5.280
13.841
-0.380
25.345
10.916
24.757
-1.026

98.377
42.086
6.497
5.774
29.530
-8.444
85.381
15.950
25.117
16.673
14.152

79.541
6.548
7.519
24.780
23.145
56.521
81.195
57.079
80.225
20.044

39

Covariance Matrix

W**
T
A
P
K
E
W
Y
G

W**
-------3.829
2.888
11.900
0.269
4.879
9.915
10.587
10.856
6.720

T
--------

A
--------

P
--------

K
--------

E
--------

4.127
8.800
-0.406
4.744
9.697
8.863
8.457
6.468

38.500
0.945
24.250
32.790
34.945
35.890
21.085

17.810
5.397
37.356
20.221
38.031
3.073

85.001
41.295
36.033
41.430
13.125

112.726
75.588
112.944
27.136

W
-------57.091
77.312
24.316

Y
--------

G
--------

115.343
27.388

15.289

C
-------53.995

P-1
-------16.376

W*
-------36.362

I
-------1.267

K-1
-------200.495

E-1
-------57.986

W**
-------5.119

T
-------6.805

A
-------0.000

P
-------16.890

K
-------201.762

E
-------60.057

W
-------41.481

Y
-------58.371

G
-------9.914

P-1
-------4.028

W*
-------6.304

I
-------3.552

K-1
-------9.919

E-1
-------8.919

T
-------2.032

A
-------6.205

P
-------4.220

K
-------9.220

E
-------10.617

Y
-------10.740

G
-------3.910

Covariance Matrix

W
Y
G
Means

Means

Means

Standard Deviations
C
-------6.861
Standard Deviations
W**
-------1.957
Standard Deviations
W
-------7.556

The Problem used

25856 Bytes (= 0.0% of available workspace)

40

Pemakaian Graphs Univariate


Pemakaian Graphs Univariate dengan arsip usa.psf menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :

41

Pemakaian Graphs Bivariate


Pemakaian Graphs Bivariate menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :

42

43

Pemakaian Graphs Multivariate


Pemakaian Graphs Multivariate menghasilkan informasi sebagai berikut :

Rangkuman
Prelis, secara lengkap, jarang dipakai sehingga kemampuan-kemampuan yang terkandung dalam
Prelis belum banyak disajikan. Pemakaian Data Screening, Pemakaian Impute Missing Values,
44

Pemakaian Multiple Imputation, Pemakaian Equal Thresholds, Pemakaian Fix Thresholds,


Pemakaian Homogeneity Test, Pemakaian Normal Score, Pemakaian Factor Analysis,
Pemakaian Censored Regression, Pemakaian Logistic Regression, Pemakaian Probit Regression,
Pemakaian Regression, Pemakaian Two Stage Least Squares, Pemakaian Bootstrapping,
Pemakaian Output Options., Pemakaian Graphs Univariate, Pemakaian Graphs Bivariate, dan
Pemakaian Graphs Multivariate telah dilakukan tanpa penjelasan atas hasil-hasil pemakaian
tersebut.
Hal ini berarti bahwa Lisrel dapat juga dipakai bukan hanya untuk pemodelan persamaan
struktural akan tetapi juga dapat dipakai untuk melakukan analisis multilevel, analisis regresi,
analisis Generalized Linear Models dan sebagainya.
Pemakaian Prelis ini dapat dianggap sebagai langkah awal dalam usaha melakukan studi dan
penghayatan dan usaha memperkenalkan kemampuan-kemampuan yang terkandung dalam
Prelis.
Penulis, akhirnya, mengharap kritik dari para pembaca atas isi tulisan ini.

Permata Depok Regency, 18 November 2014

45

46