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ANALISIS REGRESI DENGAN SPSS

LATIHAN KE 12A
Oleh :
Abdullah M. Jaubah

Pendahuluan
Analisis regresi ini memakai data yang tersedia dalam SPSS yaitu data Car_sales.sav,
german_credit.sav, advert.sav, dan arsip data virus.sav. Pemakaian ketiga arsip data ini
mencakup pemakaian dalam analisis regresi, analisis faktor, penyajian grafik melalui Chart
Builder, Ordinal Regression, dan Curve Estimation.
Cara pemakaian SPSS mencakup cara pemakaian point and click berdasar atas menu. Cara ini
akan mencipta perintah-perintah sintaksis dan hasil-hasil lain. Perintah-perintah sintaksis
yang dicipta kemudian dikumpulkan ke dalam arsip sintaksis. Arsip sintaksis ini kemudian
dilaksanakan setelah dimuat dalam Syntax Editor dengan cara memakai perintah Run>All.
Cara point and click tidak dijelaskan di sini karena tulisan ini disusun dengan tujuan
memperkenalkan sintaksis SPSS. Interpretasi atas hasil-hasil dari sintaksis ini juga tidak
dijelaskan.
Arsip Sintaksis SPSS
Arsip sintaksis SPSS adalah sebagai berikut :
******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS22\car_sales.sav'.
REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=ENTER type price engine_s horsepow wheelbas width length curb_wgt fuel_cap mpg.
REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=ENTER ztype zprice zengine_ zhorsepo zwheelba zwidth zlength zcurb_wg zfuel_ca zmpg.
******************************************************
***** Factor Analysis

******************************************************
FACTOR
/VARIABLES ztype zprice zengine_ zhorsepo zwheelba zwidth zlength zcurb_wg zfuel_ca zmpg
/MISSING LISTWISE
/ANALYSIS ztype zprice zengine_ zhorsepo zwheelba zwidth zlength zcurb_wg zfuel_ca zmpg
/PRINT INITIAL EXTRACTION ROTATION
/CRITERIA FACTORS(10) ITERATE(25)
/EXTRACTION PC
/CRITERIA ITERATE(25)
/ROTATION VARIMAX
/SAVE REG(ALL)
/METHOD=CORRELATION.
******************************************************
***** Regression Analysis
******************************************************
REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=ENTER FAC1_1 FAC2_1 FAC3_1 FAC4_1 FAC5_1 FAC6_1 FAC7_1 FAC8_1 FAC9_1 FAC10_1.
REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=STEPWISE FAC1_1 FAC2_1 FAC3_1 FAC4_1 FAC5_1 FAC6_1 FAC7_1 FAC8_1 FAC9_1 FAC10_1
/SCATTERPLOT=(*SDRESID ,*ZPRED )
/RESIDUALS HIST(ZRESID) ID( model )
/CASEWISE PLOT(ZRESID) OUTLIERS(2)
/SAVE ZPRED ZRESID COOK LEVER .
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FAC1_1 ZRE_1 model MISSING=LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FAC1_1=col(source(s), name("FAC1_1"))
DATA: ZRE_1=col(source(s), name("ZRE_1"))
DATA: model=col(source(s), name("model"), unit.category())
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Standardized Residual"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FAC1_1*ZRE_1), label(model))
END GPL.
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=LEV_1 COO_1 model MISSING=
LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: LEV_1=col(source(s), name("LEV_1"))
DATA: COO_1=col(source(s), name("COO_1"))
DATA: model=col(source(s), name("model"), unit.category())
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Centered Leverage Value"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Cook's Distance"))
ELEMENT: point(position(LEV_1*COO_1), label(model))
END GPL.
******************************************************

***** Chart Builder


******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=LEV_1 COO_1 model MISSING=
LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: LEV_1=col(source(s), name("LEV_1"))
DATA: COO_1=col(source(s), name("COO_1"))
DATA: model=col(source(s), name("model"), unit.category())
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Centered Leverage Value"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Cook's Distance"))
ELEMENT: point(position(LEV_1*COO_1), label(model))
END GPL.
******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS22\german_credit.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
.
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=chist COUNT()[rename=
"COUNT"] MISSING=LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: chist=col(source(s), name("chist"), unit.category())
DATA: COUNT=col(source(s), name("COUNT"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Account status"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Count"))
SCALE: cat(dim(1), include("1.00", "2.00", "3.00", "4.00", "5.00"))
SCALE: linear(dim(2), include(0))
ELEMENT: interval(position(chist*COUNT), shape.interior(shape.square))
END GPL.
******************************************************
***** Ordinal Regression
******************************************************
PLUM
chist BY numcred othnstal housng WITH age duration
/CRITERIA = CIN(95) DELTA(0) LCONVERGE(0) MXITER(100) MXSTEP(5)
PCONVERGE(1.0E-6) SINGULAR(1.0E-8)
/LINK = CLOGLOG
/PRINT = FIT PARAMETER SUMMARY TPARALLEL
/SAVE = PREDCAT .
******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS22\advert.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Curve Estimation
******************************************************
.
CURVEFIT /VARIABLES=sales WITH advert
/CONSTANT
/MODEL=LINEAR QUADRATIC
/PLOT FIT
/SAVE=PRED RESID .
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder

******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_1 ERR_1 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_1=col(source(s), name("FIT_1"))
DATA: ERR_1=col(source(s), name("ERR_1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",
" MOD_1 LINEAR"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Error for sales with advert from CURVEFIT, ",
"MOD_1 LINEAR"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FIT_1*ERR_1))
END GPL.
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_2 ERR_2 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_2=col(source(s), name("FIT_2"))
DATA: ERR_2=col(source(s), name("ERR_2"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",
" MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Error for sales with advert from CURVEFIT, ",
"MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FIT_2*ERR_2))
END GPL.
******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS\virus.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Curve Estimation
******************************************************
* Curve Estimation.
TSET NEWVAR=NONE.
CURVEFIT
/VARIABLES=infected WITH time
/CONSTANT
/MODEL=CUBIC
/PLOT FIT.

/SAVE=PRED RESID .
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
* Chart Builder.
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_1 ERR_1 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_1=col(source(s), name("FIT_1"))
DATA: ERR_1=col(source(s), name("ERR_1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",
" MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Error for sales with advert from CURVEFIT, ",
"MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FIT_1*ERR_1))
END GPL.

Sintaksis di atas mencakup sintaksis dari analisis regresi, analisis faktor, analisis regresi, tiga
chart builder, ordinal regression, chart builder, Curve Estimation, dan chart builder. Hal ini
berarti bahwa analisis regresi berhubungan pula dengan analisis faktor atas variabel-variabel
berjenis scale, dan juga analisis regresi ordinal berdasar atas variabel berjenis ordinal.
Pelaksanaan sintaksis di atas dilakukan dengan cara menuat arsip sintaksis tersebut ke dalam
Syntax Editor kemudian perintah Run>All dipakai. Langkah ini akan menyajikan sintaksis
dan hasil-hasil dari tiap kelompok sintaksis.
Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis
Hasil pelaksanaan sintaksis di atas adalah sebagai berikut :
******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS22\car_sales.sav'.
REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=ENTER type price engine_s horsepow wheelbas width length curb_wgt fuel_cap mpg.
Variables Entered/Removeda
Variables
Model
1

Variables Entered

Removed

Fuel efficiency, Length, Price in thousands, Vehicle type, Width,

Method
. Enter

Engine size, Fuel capacity, Wheelbase, Curb weight, Horsepower b


a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales
b. All requested variables entered.

Model Summary
Model
1

R Square
,697

,486

Adjusted R Square
,449

Std. Error of the Estimate


,98960

a. Predictors: (Constant), Fuel efficiency, Length, Price in thousands, Vehicle type, Width, Engine size, Fuel capacity,
Wheelbase, Curb weight, Horsepower

ANOVAa
Model

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Regression

130,300

10

13,030

Residual

138,082

141

,979

Total

268,383

151

Sig.
,000b

13,305

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales


b. Predictors: (Constant), Fuel efficiency, Length, Price in thousands, Vehicle type, Width, Engine size, Fuel capacity,
Wheelbase, Curb weight, Horsepower

Coefficientsa
Unstandardized
Coefficients

Model

B
(Constant)
Vehicle type
Price in thousands

Standar
dized Coeffi
cients

Std. Error

-3,017

2,741

0,883

0,331

-0,046

0,013

Correlations
t

Sig.
Zeroorder

Beta

Partial

Part

Tolerance

-1,101

0,273

0,293

2,67

0,008

0,274

0,219

0,161

0,304

-0,502

-3,596

-0,552

-0,29

-0,217

0,187

Engine size

0,356

0,19

0,281

1,871

0,063

-0,135

0,156

0,113

0,162

Horsepower

-0,002

0,004

-0,092

-0,509

0,611

-0,389

-0,043

-0,031

0,112

1 Wheelbase

0,042

0,023

0,241

1,785

0,076

0,292

0,149

0,108

0,2

Width

-0,028

0,042

-0,073

-0,676

0,5

0,037

-0,057

-0,041

0,313

Length

0,015

0,014

0,148

1,032

0,304

0,215

0,087

0,062

0,178

Curb weight

0,156

0,35

0,075

0,447

0,655

-0,041

0,038

0,027

0,131

Fuel capacity

-0,057

0,047

-0,167

-1,203

0,231

-0,016

-0,101

-0,073

0,189

0,081

0,04

0,262

2,023

0,045

0,121

0,168

0,122

0,217

Fuel efficiency

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales


Collinearity Diagnosticsa
Variance Proportions
Mode
l

Dimension

Eigen
value

Condition
Index

(Cons
tant)

Vehicle
type

Price in
thousands

Engine
size

Horse
power

Wheel
base

Width

Length

Curb
weight

Fuel
capacity

Fuel
effi
ciency

9,92

0,733

3,678

0,28

0,259

6,193

0,07

0,01

0,01

0,05

14,051

0,12

0,3

0,14

0,02

0,019

22,589

0,27

0,01

0,1

0,07

0,03

0,18

0,05

0,008

35,942

0,26

0,62

0,73

0,01

0,01

0,05

0,005

44,275

0,05

0,01

0,01

0,29

0,78

0,13

0,003

58,48

0,01

0,24

0,03

0,17

0,07

0,01

0,03

0,59

0,02

0,42

0,002

76,175

0,18

0,07

0,03

0,01

0,11

0,11

0,07

0,25

10

0,001

130,747

0,06

0,1

0,03

0,01

0,67

0,08

0,8

0,02

0,01

0,01

11

148,267

0,75

0,16

0,07

0,05

0,15

0,8

0,08

0,05

0,08

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP

/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=ENTER ztype zprice zengine_ zhorsepo zwheelba zwidth zlength zcurb_wg zfuel_ca zmpg.

Variables Entered/Removeda
Model

Variables Entered

Variables Removed

Zscore: Fuel efficiency, Zscore: Length, Zscore: Price

Method
. Enter

in thousands, Zscore: Type, Zscore: Width, Zscore:


Engine size, Zscore: Fuel capacity, Zscore: Wheelbase,
Zscore: Curb weight, Zscore: Horsepowerb
a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales
b. All requested variables entered.

Model Summary
Model

R Square
,697

Adjusted R Square

,486

Std. Error of the Estimate

,449

,98960

a. Predictors: (Constant), Zscore: Fuel efficiency, Zscore: Length, Zscore: Price in thousands, Zscore: Type,
Zscore: Width, Zscore: Engine size, Zscore: Fuel capacity, Zscore: Wheelbase, Zscore: Curb weight, Zscore:
Horsepower

ANOVAa
Model
1

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Regression

130,300

10

13,030

Residual

138,082

141

,979

Total

268,383

151

13,305

Sig.
,000b

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales


b. Predictors: (Constant), Zscore: Fuel efficiency, Zscore: Length, Zscore: Price in thousands, Zscore: Type, Zscore:
Width, Zscore: Engine size, Zscore: Fuel capacity, Zscore: Wheelbase, Zscore: Curb weight, Zscore: Horsepower

Model

Unstandardized
Coefficients

Standardized
Coefficients

Sig.

Correlations

Collinearity
Statistics

Std.
Error

B
(Constant)
Zscore: Type

3,293

0,08

40,974

Partia
l

Part

Toler
ance

VIF

0,389

0,146

0,293

2,67

0,008

0,274

0,219

0,161

0,304

3,293

-0,666

0,185

-0,502

-3,596

-0,552

-0,29

-0,217

0,187

5,337

Zscore: Engine size

0,372

0,199

0,281

1,871

0,063

-0,135

0,156

0,113

0,162

6,159

Zscore: Horsepower

-0,122

0,24

-0,092

-0,509

0,611

-0,389

-0,043

-0,031

0,112

8,896

Zscore: Price in thousands

Zeroorder

Beta

Zscore: Wheelbase

0,318

0,178

0,241

1,785

0,076

0,292

0,149

0,108

0,2

4,997

Zscore: Width

-0,097

0,143

-0,073

-0,676

0,5

0,037

-0,057

-0,041

0,313

3,193

Zscore: Length

0,196

0,19

0,148

1,032

0,304

0,215

0,087

0,062

0,178

5,605

Zscore: Curb weight

0,099

0,221

0,075

0,447

0,655

-0,041

0,038

0,027

0,131

7,644

Zscore: Fuel capacity

-0,22

0,183

-0,167

-1,203

0,231

-0,016

-0,101

-0,073

0,189

5,303

Zscore: Fuel efficiency

0,348

0,172

0,262

2,023

0,045

0,121

0,168

0,122

0,217

4,604

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

Collinearity Diagnosticsa
Variance Proportions
Mod
el

Zscor
e:
Type

Zscore:
Price
in
thousa
nds

Zscor
e:
Engi
ne
size

Zscore:
Horsepo
wer

Zscore:
Wheelb
ase

Zscor
e:
Widt
h

Zscor
e:
Leng
th

Zsco
re:
Curb
weig
ht

Zscor
e:
Fuel
capac
ity

Zscore:
Fuel
efficien
cy

Dimens
ion

Eigenva
lue

Conditi
on
Index

5,994

0,01

1,654

1,903

0,03

0,04

0,02

0,02

0,01

1,127

2,306

0,03

0,1

0,02

0,02

0,04

0,01

0,02

0,996

2,453

0,97

0,339

4,206

0,12

0,08

0,08

0,33

0,02

0,01

0,03

0,01

0,254

4,857

0,04

0,05

0,13

0,03

0,02

0,41

0,05

0,02

0,08

0,02

0,199

5,484

0,36

0,06

0,01

0,02

0,12

0,08

0,05

0,01

0,06

0,38

0,155

6,225

0,03

0,18

0,01

0,15

0,08

0,02

0,09

0,19

0,51

0,13

6,793

0,05

0,03

0,02

0,02

0,08

0,09

0,4

0,59

10

0,091

8,137

0,37

0,25

0,14

0,48

0,05

0,55

0,14

0,04

0,02

11

0,061

9,874

0,04

0,66

0,34

0,76

0,04

0,02

0,17

0,32

0,03

(Consta
nt)

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

******************************************************
***** Factor Analysis
******************************************************
FACTOR
/VARIABLES ztype zprice zengine_ zhorsepo zwheelba zwidth zlength zcurb_wg zfuel_ca zmpg
/MISSING LISTWISE
/ANALYSIS ztype zprice zengine_ zhorsepo zwheelba zwidth zlength zcurb_wg zfuel_ca zmpg
/PRINT INITIAL EXTRACTION ROTATION
/CRITERIA FACTORS(10) ITERATE(25)
/EXTRACTION PC
/CRITERIA ITERATE(25)
/ROTATION VARIMAX
/SAVE REG(ALL)
/METHOD=CORRELATION.
Communalities
Initial

Extraction

Zscore: Type

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Price in thousands

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Engine size

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Horsepower

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Wheelbase

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Width

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Length

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Curb weight

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Fuel capacity

1,000

1,000

Zscore: Fuel efficiency

1,000

1,000

Extraction Method: Principal Component Analysis.

Total Variance Explained


Extraction Sums of Squared
Loadings

Initial Eigenvalues
Componen
t

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Total
5,99
4
1,65
4
1,12
3
0,33
9
0,25
4
0,19
9
0,15
5
0,13
0,09
1
0,06
1

Rotation Sums of Squared


Loadings

% of
Variance

Cumulative
%

Total

% of
Variance

Cumulative
%

Total

% of
Variance

Cumulative
%

59,938

59,938

5,99

59,9

59,938

2,611

26,114

26,114

16,545

76,482

1,65

16,5

76,482

24,536

50,65

11,227

87,709

1,12

11,2

87,709

16,947

67,597

3,389

91,098

0,34

3,39

91,098

9,69

77,287

2,541

93,64

0,25

2,54

93,64

6,723

84,01

1,994

95,633

0,2

1,99

95,633

5,642

89,653

1,547

97,181

0,16

1,55

97,181

5,523

95,176

1,299

98,48

0,13

1,3

98,48

2,736

97,912

0,905

99,385

0,09

0,91

99,385

0,118

1,179

99,092

0,615

100

0,06

0,62

100

0,09
1

0,908

100

2,45
4
1,69
5
0,96
9
0,67
2
0,56
4
0,55
2
0,27
4

Extraction Method: Principal Component Analysis.

Component Matrixa
Component
Zscore: Type
Zscore: Price in thousands

0,471

0,533

-0,651

4
-0

-0,1

0,217

-0,003

8
0,054

10
0,1

-0,02

0,58

-0,729

-0,092

0,27

0,13

0,115

-0,062

0,053

0,014

-0,12

0,871

-0,29

0,018

-0,2

-0,23

0,044

0,161

-0,041

-0,112

-0,09

Zscore: Horsepower

0,74

-0,618

0,058

-0

-0,14

0,08

-0,038

-0,06

0,101

0,16

Zscore: Wheelbase

0,732

0,48

0,34

0,21

-0,07

0,154

-0,133

-0,081

-0,14

0,028

Zscore: Width

0,821

0,114

0,298

-0,3

0,29

0,101

-0,08

0,007

0,036

-0,01

Zscore: Length

0,719

0,304

0,556

0,11

-0,14

-0,103

0,05

0,091

0,159

-0,06

Zscore: Curb weight

0,934

0,063

-0,121

0,08

0,11

-0,064

0,13

0,227

-0,095

0,096

Zscore: Fuel capacity

0,885

0,184

-0,21

0,14

0,17

-0,112

0,153

-0,23

0,04

0,002

-0,863

0,004

0,339

0,08

0,08

0,264

0,238

-0,005

0,024

0,024

Zscore: Engine size

Zscore: Fuel efficiency

Extraction Method: Principal Component Analysis.

a. 10 components extracted.
Rotated Component Matrixa
Component
1

-0,061

0,112

0,976

0,06

Zscore: Price in
thousands

0,973

0,011

0,011

0,07

Zscore: Engine size

0,594

0,306

0,188

0,28

Zscore: Horsepower

0,873

0,184

0,001

0,19

Zscore: Wheelbase

0,066

0,894

0,268

0,19

Zscore: Width

0,252

0,501

0,135

0,78

Zscore: Length

0,117

0,919

0,012

0,2

Zscore: Curb weight

0,434

0,439

0,416

0,27

Zscore: Fuel capacity

0,324

0,408

0,476

0,23

-0,415

-0,247

0,465

-0,2

Zscore: Type

Zscore: Fuel efficiency

5
0,1
2
0,0
8
0,2
0,1
7
0,0
8
0,1
4
0,11
0,2
4
0,2
3
0,6
6

10

0,051

0,094

0,043

0,013

-0,012

0,112

0,086

0,011

-0,15

0,614

0,115

0,083

0,005

0,016

0,267

0,057

0,008

-0,02

0,258

0,042

0,12

0,026

0,258

-0,01

0,153

0,129

0,075

0,003

0,013

0,146

0,092

0,085

0,155

0,259

0,471

0,113

0,61

0,115

0,006

0,004

-0,173

-0,19

-0,097

0,001

-0,01

0,225
0,006

0,029
-0

Extraction Method: Principal Component Analysis.


Rotation Method: Varimax with Kaiser Normalization.
a. Rotation converged in 6 iterations.

Component Transformation Matrix


Component

0,515

0,529

0,358

0,34

0,28

0,235

0,243

0,153

0,004

10
0,027

-0,768

0,433

0,444

0,05

-0,01

-0,118

0,077

0,017

0,042

-0,03

-0,078

0,609

-0,713

0,2

-0,21

0,03

-0,142

-0,062

-0,042

0,037

0,263

0,326

0,014

-0,7

-0,15

-0,502

0,238

0,107

0,102

-0,16

-0,006

-0,215

-0,116

0,58

-0,14

-0,544

0,412

0,232

0,07

-0,23

0,221

0,04

0,346

0,18

-0,72

-0,016

-0,353

-0,211

0,325

-0,01

-0,086

-0,069

-0,009

-0,1

-0,55

0,488

0,449

0,377

-0,3

0,002

0,036

0,032

0,089

0,02

0,02

-0,14

-0,601

0,691

-0,319

-0,17

0,104

0,035

0,156

0,08

-0,13

-0,311

0,015

-0,362

-0,786

0,31

10

-0,015

-0,031

-0,028

-0

-0,03

-0,165

0,024

0,335

0,258

0,889

Extraction Method: Principal Component Analysis.


Rotation Method: Varimax with Kaiser Normalization.

******************************************************
***** Regression Analysis
******************************************************
REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA COLLIN TOL ZPP

10

/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=ENTER FAC1_1 FAC2_1 FAC3_1 FAC4_1 FAC5_1 FAC6_1 FAC7_1 FAC8_1 FAC9_1
FAC10_1.

Variables Entered/Removeda
Model
1

Variables Entered

Variables Removed

REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 9

Method
. Enter

for analysis 1, REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1, REGR


factor score 7 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for
analysis 1, REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1, REGR
factor score 4 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 3 for
analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR
factor score 1 for analysis 1b
a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales
b. All requested variables entered.

Model Summary
Model

R Square
,697

Adjusted R Square

,486

Std. Error of the Estimate

,449

,98960

a. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1, REGR factor
score 8 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
5 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for
analysis 1, REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

ANOVAa
Model
1

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Regression

130,300

10

13,030

Residual

138,082

141

,979

Total

268,383

151

F
13,305

Sig.
,000b

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

11

b. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 8
for analysis 1, REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 5 for analysis
1, REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR
factor score 1 for analysis 1

Coefficients
Standardiz
Unstandardized
ed
Coefficients
Coefficien
ts

Model

Std.
Error

B
(Constant)

3,289

0,08

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

-0,714

0,081

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

0,414

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

0,307

REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1

1 REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

Collinearity
Statistics

Correlations
t

Sig.
Zeroorder

Beta

Partial

Tole
rance

Part

VIF

40,976

-0,535

-8,863

-0,54

-0,598

-0,535

0,081

0,31

5,138

0,31

0,397

0,31

0,081

0,23

3,809

0,23

0,305

0,23

-0,008

0,081

-0,006

-0,1

0,921

-0,01

-0,008

-0,006

-0,174

0,081

-0,131

-2,161

0,032

-0,13

-0,179

-0,131

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

0,182

0,081

0,136

2,258

0,025

0,136

0,187

0,136

REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1

-0,135

0,081

-0,101

-1,677

0,096

-0,1

-0,14

-0,101

REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1

-0,005

0,081

-0,004

-0,065

0,948

-0

-0,005

-0,004

REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1

0,034

0,081

0,026

0,428

0,669

0,026

0,036

0,026

REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1

0,072

0,081

0,054

0,898

0,371

0,054

0,075

0,054

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

Collinearity Diagnosticsa
Variance Proportions

(Consta
nt)

REG
R
factor
score
1 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
2 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
3 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
4 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
5 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
6 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
7 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
8 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
9 for
analys
is 1

REG
R
factor
score
10 for
analys
is 1

0,49

0,51

0,28

0,32

0,06

0,02

0,01

0,01

0,29

0,5

0,02

0,01

0,46

0,27

0,7

0,01

0,01

0,03

0,02

0,54

0,25

0,06

0,07

0,02

0,19

0,14

0,67

0,08

0,01

0,91

Mod
el

Dimensi
on

Eigenval
ue

Conditi
on
Index

12

0,01

0,01

0,97

0,01

10

0,01

0,98

11

0,5

0,02

0,01

0,46

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

REGRESSION
/MISSING LISTWISE
/STATISTICS COEFF OUTS R ANOVA
/CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10)
/NOORIGIN
/DEPENDENT lnsales
/METHOD=STEPWISE FAC1_1 FAC2_1 FAC3_1 FAC4_1 FAC5_1 FAC6_1 FAC7_1 FAC8_1 FAC9_1
FAC10_1
/SCATTERPLOT=(*SDRESID ,*ZPRED )
/RESIDUALS HIST(ZRESID) ID( model )
/CASEWISE PLOT(ZRESID) OUTLIERS(2)
/SAVE ZPRED ZRESID COOK LEVER .
Variables Entered/Removeda
Model
1

Variables Entered

Variables Removed

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

Method
. Stepwise (Criteria: Probability-of-F-to-enter
<= ,050, Probability-of-F-to-remove >= ,100).

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

. Stepwise (Criteria: Probability-of-F-to-enter


<= ,050, Probability-of-F-to-remove >= ,100).

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

. Stepwise (Criteria: Probability-of-F-to-enter


<= ,050, Probability-of-F-to-remove >= ,100).

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

. Stepwise (Criteria: Probability-of-F-to-enter


<= ,050, Probability-of-F-to-remove >= ,100).

REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

. Stepwise (Criteria: Probability-of-F-to-enter


<= ,050, Probability-of-F-to-remove >= ,100).

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

Model Summaryf
Model

R Square

Adjusted R Square

Std. Error of the Estimate

,535

,287

,282

1,12975

,619b

,383

,375

1,05423

,660c

,436

,424

1,01138

,455

,440

,99793

,472

,453

,98558

,674

,687

a. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1


b. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1
c. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
3 for analysis 1
d. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

13

e. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1
f. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

ANOVAa
Model
1

Sum of Squares
Regression

df

Mean Square

76,932

76,932

Residual

191,451

150

1,276

Total

268,383

151

Regression

102,783

51,392

Residual

165,599

149

1,111

Total

268,383

151

Regression

116,995

38,998

Residual

151,388

148

1,023

Total

268,383

151

Regression

121,990

30,497

Residual

146,393

147

,996

Total

268,383

151

Regression

126,564

25,313

Residual

141,818

146

,971

Total

268,383

151

Sig.

60,275

,000b

46,240

,000c

38,126

,000d

30,624

,000e

26,059

,000f

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales


b. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1
c. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1
d. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
3 for analysis 1
e. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1
f. Predictors: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR factor score
3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

14

Coefficientsa
Unstandardized
Coefficients

Model

B
(Constant)
1

3,289

0,092

-0,714

0,092

3,289

0,086

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

-0,714

0,086

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

0,414

0,086

(Constant)

3,289

0,082

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

-0,714

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

Sig.

Beta
35,89
7,764
38,46

-0,535

-8,32

0,31

4,823

0
0

0,082

-0,535

0,414

0,082

0,31

40,09
8,672
5,027

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

0,307

0,082

0,23

3,727

(Constant)

3,289

0,081

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

-0,714

0,081

-0,535

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

0,414

0,081

0,31

40,63
8,789
5,095

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

0,307

0,081

0,23

3,778

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

0,182

0,081

0,136

2,24

0,027

(Constant)

3,289

0,08

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1

-0,714

0,08

-0,535

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

0,414

0,08

0,31

41,14
8,899
5,159

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

0,307

0,08

0,23

3,825

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

0,182

0,08

0,136

2,268

0,025

REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

-0,174

0,08

-0,131

-2,17

0,032

REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1


(Constant)

Std. Error

Standardized
Coefficients

-0,535

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

15

Excluded Variablesa
Model

Collinearity Statistics
Tolerance

4,823

0,367

,230

3,456

0,001

0,272

REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1

-,006

-0,087

0,931

-0,007

REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

-,131b

-1,91

0,058

-0,155

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

,136

1,998

0,048

0,162

-,101

-1,474

0,143

-0,12

REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1

-,004

-0,057

0,955

-0,005

REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1

,026b

0,374

0,709

0,031

REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1

,054

0,786

0,433

0,064

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

,230c

3,727

0,293

REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1

-,006

-0,093

0,926

-0,008

-,131

-2,051

0,042

-0,166

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

,136

2,145

0,034

0,174

REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1

-,101c

-1,582

0,116

-0,129

REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1

-0,061

0,952

-0,005

REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1


REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1
REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1

,026
,054c
-,006d

0,401
0,842
-0,097

0,689
0,401
0,923

0,033
0,069
-0,008

1
1
1

REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

-,131d

-2,14

0,034

-0,174

REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

,136

2,24

0,027

0,182

REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1

-,101

-1,65

0,101

-0,135

REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1

-,004d

-0,063

0,95

-0,005

REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1

,026

0,418

0,677

0,034

REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1

,054

0,878

0,381

0,072

REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1

-,006e

-0,099

0,922

-0,008

REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

-,131

-2,17

0,032

-0,177

REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1

-,101

-1,673

0,097

-0,137

REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1

-,004e

-0,064

0,949

-0,005

REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1

0,423

0,673

0,035

0,89
-0,1

0,375
0,921

0,073
-0,008

1
1

REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

Partial
Correlation

REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1

Sig.

,310

REGR factor score 3 for analysis 1

t
b

REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

Beta In

REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1


REGR factor score 4 for analysis 1

-,004

,026

,054
-,006f

16

REGR factor score 7 for analysis 1

-,101f

-1,694

0,092

-0,139

REGR factor score 8 for analysis 1

-,004

-0,065

0,948

-0,005

,026

0,428

0,669

0,036

,054

0,901

0,369

0,075

REGR factor score 9 for analysis 1


REGR factor score 10 for analysis 1
a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

b. Predictors in the Model: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1


c. Predictors in the Model: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1

d. Predictors in the Model: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR
factor score 3 for analysis 1

e. Predictors in the Model: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR
factor score 3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1

f. Predictors in the Model: (Constant), REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 2 for analysis 1, REGR
factor score 3 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 6 for analysis 1, REGR factor score 5 for analysis 1

Casewise Diagnosticsa
Case
Number

Model

Std. Residual

Log-transformed sales

Predicted Value

Residual

84

3000GT

-4,896

-2,21

2,6185

-4,82576

109

Cutlass

-3,828

,11

3,8792

-3,77301

116

Breeze

-2,025

1,66

3,6520

-1,99570

132

SW

-2,191

1,65

3,8121

-2,15907

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

Residuals Statisticsa
Minimum

Maximum

Mean

Std. Deviation

Predicted Value

-,0305

5,6405

3,2890

,91552

152

Std. Predicted Value

-3,626

2,569

,000

1,000

152

,098

,571

,183

,070

152

-,0926

5,6665

3,2948

,92272

152

-4,82576

1,88817

,00000

,96912

152

Std. Residual

-4,896

1,916

,000

,983

152

Stud. Residual

-5,020

1,949

-,003

1,006

152

-5,07281

1,95479

-,00576

1,01595

152

-5,500

1,968

-,007

1,030

152

Mahal. Distance

,487

49,708

4,967

6,137

152

Cook's Distance

,000

,291

,008

,030

152

Centered Leverage Value

,003

,329

,033

,041

152

Standard Error of Predicted Value


Adjusted Predicted Value
Residual

Deleted Residual
Stud. Deleted Residual

17

a. Dependent Variable: Log-transformed sales

18

******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FAC1_1 ZRE_1 model MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FAC1_1=col(source(s), name("FAC1_1"))
DATA: ZRE_1=col(source(s), name("ZRE_1"))
DATA: model=col(source(s), name("model"), unit.category())
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("REGR factor score 1 for analysis 1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Standardized Residual"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FAC1_1*ZRE_1), label(model))
END GPL.

19

******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=LEV_1 COO_1 model MISSING=
LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: LEV_1=col(source(s), name("LEV_1"))
DATA: COO_1=col(source(s), name("COO_1"))
DATA: model=col(source(s), name("model"), unit.category())
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Centered Leverage Value"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Cook's Distance"))
ELEMENT: point(position(LEV_1*COO_1), label(model))
END GPL.

20

******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=LEV_1 COO_1 model MISSING=
LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: LEV_1=col(source(s), name("LEV_1"))
DATA: COO_1=col(source(s), name("COO_1"))
DATA: model=col(source(s), name("model"), unit.category())
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Centered Leverage Value"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Cook's Distance"))
ELEMENT: point(position(LEV_1*COO_1), label(model))
END GPL.

21

******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS22\german_credit.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
.
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=chist COUNT()[rename=
"COUNT"] MISSING=LISTWISE REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: chist=col(source(s), name("chist"), unit.category())
DATA: COUNT=col(source(s), name("COUNT"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Account status"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Count"))
SCALE: cat(dim(1), include("1.00", "2.00", "3.00", "4.00", "5.00"))
SCALE: linear(dim(2), include(0))
ELEMENT: interval(position(chist*COUNT), shape.interior(shape.square))
END GPL.

22

******************************************************
***** Ordinal Regression
******************************************************
PLUM
chist BY numcred othnstal housng WITH age duration
/CRITERIA = CIN(95) DELTA(0) LCONVERGE(0) MXITER(100) MXSTEP(5)
PCONVERGE(1.0E-6) SINGULAR(1.0E-8)
/LINK = CLOGLOG
/PRINT = FIT PARAMETER SUMMARY TPARALLEL
/SAVE = PREDCAT .

PLUM - Ordinal Regression


Case Processing Summary
N
Account status

No debt history

Marginal Percentage
40

4,0%

23

No current debt

# of existing credits

Other installment debts

49

4,9%

Payments current

530

53,0%

Payments delayed

88

8,8%

Critical account

293

29,3%

1,00

633

63,3%

2,00

333

33,3%

3,00

28

2,8%

4,00

0,6%

139

13,9%

47

4,7%

NONE

814

81,4%

RENT

179

17,9%

OWN

713

71,3%

FREE

108

10,8%

1000

100,0%

BANK
STORES

Housing

Valid
Missing

Total

1000

Model Fitting Information


Model

-2 Log Likelihood

Intercept Only

2249,888

Final

1896,552

Chi-Square

df

Sig.

353,336

,000

Link function: Complementary Log-log.

Goodness-of-Fit
Chi-Square

df

Sig.

Pearson

4688,724

3131

,000

Deviance

1796,915

3131

1,000

Link function: Complementary Log-log.

Pseudo R-Square
Cox and Snell

,298

Nagelkerke

,328

McFadden

,149

Link function: Complementary Log-log.

Parameter Estimates
Estimat
e
Threshol
d

[chist = 1,00]

-3,549

Std.
Error
0,667

95% Confidence Interval


Wald
28,32
3

df

Sig.
1

Lower
Bound
-4,856

Upper Bound
-2,242

24

Location

[chist = 2,00]

-2,72

0,656

[chist = 3,00]

-0,137

0,649

[chist = 4,00]

0,199

0,649

age

0,015

0,004

duration
[numcred=1,00
]
[numcred=2,00
]
[numcred=3,00
]
[numcred=4,00
]
[othnstal=1,00]

-0,002

17,16
7
0,044

-4,006

-1,433

0,833

-1,408

1,135

0,759

-1,072

1,471

0,007

0,023

0,003

0,094
15,12
8
0,379

0,538

-0,009

0,005

-1,134

0,594

3,645

0,056

-2,298

0,03

0,367

0,598

0,376

0,54

-0,805

1,538

0,981

0,711

1,902

0,168

-0,413

2,374

0a

-0,397

0,118

11,389

0,001

-0,627

-0,166

[othnstal=2,00]

-0,469

0,193

5,913

0,015

-0,848

-0,091

[othnstal=3,00]

[housng=1,00]

-0,082

0,165

0,249

0,617

-0,406

0,241

[housng=2,00]

0,132

0,139

0,897

0,344

-0,141

0,404

[housng=3,00]

Link function: Complementary Log-log.


a. This parameter is set to zero because it is redundant.

Test of Parallel Linesa


Model

-2 Log Likelihood

Null Hypothesis

1896,552

General

1588,614b

Chi-Square

307,938c

df

Sig.

27

,000

The null hypothesis states that the location parameters (slope coefficients) are the same across response categories.
a. Link function: Complementary Log-log.
b. The log-likelihood value cannot be further increased after maximum number of step-halving.
c. The Chi-Square statistic is computed based on the log-likelihood value of the last iteration of the general model.
Validity of the test is uncertain.

******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS22\advert.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Curve Estimation
******************************************************
.
CURVEFIT /VARIABLES=sales WITH advert
/CONSTANT
/MODEL=LINEAR QUADRATIC
/PLOT FIT
/SAVE=PRED RESID .

25

Model Description
Model Name

MOD_1

Dependent Variable

Detrended sales

Equation

Linear

Quadratic

Independent Variable

Advertising spending

Constant

Included

Variable Whose Values Label Observations in Plots

Unspecified

Tolerance for Entering Terms in Equations

,0001

Case Processing Summary


N
Total Cases

24

Excluded Casesa

Forecasted Cases

Newly Created Cases

a. Cases with a missing value in any variable are excluded from the analysis.

Variable Processing Summary


Variables
Dependent

Independent

Detrended sales

Advertising spending

Number of Positive Values

24

24

Number of Zeros

Number of Negative Values

User-Missing

System-Missing

Number of Missing Values

Model Summary and Parameter Estimates


Dependent Variable: Detrended sales
Equation

Model Summary
R Square

df1

Linear
0,839 114,548
1
Quadrati
0,908 104,213
2
c
The independent variable is Advertising spending.

Parameter Estimates
df2

Sig.

Constant

b1

22

6,584

1,071

21

3,903

2,854

b2

-0,245

26

******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_1 ERR_1 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_1=col(source(s), name("FIT_1"))
DATA: ERR_1=col(source(s), name("ERR_1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",
" MOD_1 LINEAR"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Error for sales with advert from CURVEFIT, ",
"MOD_1 LINEAR"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FIT_1*ERR_1))
END GPL.

27

******************************************************
***** Chart Builder
******************************************************
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_2 ERR_2 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_2=col(source(s), name("FIT_2"))
DATA: ERR_2=col(source(s), name("ERR_2"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",
" MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Error for sales with advert from CURVEFIT, ",
"MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FIT_2*ERR_2))
END GPL.

28

******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS\virus.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Curve Estimation
******************************************************
CURVEFIT /VARIABLES=infected WITH time
/CONSTANT
/MODEL= CUBIC
/PRINT ANOVA
/PLOT FIT
/SAVE=PRED RESID .

29

Model Description
Model Name

MOD_3

Dependent Variable

Proportion of infected messages

Equation

Cubic

Independent Variable

Hours since detection

Constant

Included

Variable Whose Values Label Observations in Plots

Unspecified

Tolerance for Entering Terms in Equations

,0001

Case Processing Summary


N
Total Cases

42

Excluded Casesa

Forecasted Cases

Newly Created Cases

a. Cases with a missing value in any


variable are excluded from the analysis.

Variable Processing Summary


Variables
Dependent

Independent

Proportion of

Hours since

infected messages

detection

Number of Positive Values

42

42

Number of Zeros

Number of Negative Values

User-Missing

System-Missing

Number of Missing Values

Proportion of infected messages


Model Summary
R

R Square
,885

Adjusted R Square

,783

Std. Error of the Estimate


,766

,083

The independent variable is Hours since detection.

30

ANOVA
Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Regression

,949

,316

Residual

,263

38

,007

1,212

41

Total

Sig.

45,736

,000

The independent variable is Hours since detection.

Coefficients
Standardized
Unstandardized Coefficients
B
Hours since detection

Coefficients

Std. Error

Beta

Sig.

,088

,011

6,305

7,888

,000

Hours since detection ** 2

-,004

,001

-12,111

-6,363

,000

Hours since detection ** 3

4,399E-5

,000

5,638

4,780

,000

-,123

,056

-2,187

,035

(Constant)

* Chart Builder.
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_1 ERR_1 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_1=col(source(s), name("FIT_1"))
DATA: ERR_1=col(source(s), name("ERR_1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",

31

" MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))


GUIDE: axis(dim(2), label("Error for sales with advert from CURVEFIT, ",
"MOD_1 QUADRATIC"))
ELEMENT: point(position(FIT_1*ERR_1))
END GPL.

Rangkuman
Hubungan adalah sangat akrab antara cara point and click dan cara perintah sintaksis.
Hubungan ini tercermin dalam kemampuan cara point and click berdasar atas menu untuk
mencipta sintaksis secara otomatis. Sintaksis yang telah dicipta itu kemudian dikumpulkan
melalui Syntax Editor untuk menyimpan arsip sintaksis. Arsip sintaksis ini dapat dipakai
setiap saat diperlukan dengan cara membuka arsip sintaksis dan menyajikan isi sintaksis ini
dalam Syntax Editor. Perintah Run>All dalam Syntax Editor dipakai dan langkah ini akan
menghasilkan sintaksis dan hasil-hasil lain sesuai dengan sintaksis bersangkutan.
Cara point and click dan interpretasi atas hasil-hasil belum dilakukan di sini karena tujuan
dari penyusunan tulisan ini adalah untuk memperkenalkan perintah-perintah sintaksis dalam

32

SPSS. Langkah memperkenalkan perintah sintaksis ini dilakukan karena banyak buku SPSS
yang telah diterbitkan di Indonesia berlum menjamah pemakaian perintah sintaksis.
Perintah sintaksis dapat dipakai secara mandiri atau secara gabungan. Contoh di atas
merupakan contoh dari pemakaian arsip gabungan yang mencakup empat arsip data. Contoh
arsip mandiri adalah sebagai berikut :
******************************************************
***** Abdullah M. Jaubah
******************************************************
GET
FILE='D:\SPSS\virus.sav'.
******************************************************
***** Curve Estimation
******************************************************
CURVEFIT /VARIABLES=infected WITH time
/CONSTANT
/MODEL= CUBIC
/PRINT ANOVA
/PLOT FIT
/SAVE=PRED RESID .
* Chart Builder.
GGRAPH
/GRAPHDATASET NAME="graphdataset" VARIABLES=FIT_1 ERR_1 MISSING=LISTWISE
REPORTMISSING=NO
/GRAPHSPEC SOURCE=INLINE.
BEGIN GPL
SOURCE: s=userSource(id("graphdataset"))
DATA: FIT_1=col(source(s), name("FIT_1"))
DATA: ERR_1=col(source(s), name("ERR_1"))
GUIDE: axis(dim(1), label("Fit for sales with advert from CURVEFIT,",

Penulis mengharap kritik dari para pembaca atas isi tulisan ini.
Daftar Kepustakaan
IBM Corporation 1989, 2013. IBM SPSS Regression 22.
_______________________. IBM SPSS Statistics 22 Command Syntax Reference
_______________________. IBM SPSS Statistics Base 22
________________________. IBM SPSS Advanced Statistics 22
_______________________. IBM SPSS Statistics Case Studies
Permata Depok Regency, 16 Juli 2016

33