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Algae

Algae

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Published by: Agus Dian Pratama on Apr 01, 2010
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06/02/2011

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ALGAE (GANGGANG

)

I. KELAS GANGGANG
• Chyanophyceae (biru) • Chlorophyceae (hijau) • Rhodophyceae (merah) • Chryshopyceae (keemasan) • Phaeophyceae (perang)

II. CIRI-CIRI GANGGANG Thalophyta berkhlorofil, monosel sampai multi sel, antotroph, intinya eukarion kecuali ganggang biru. • Berbiak dengan: - Membelah diri, zoospora, dengan alat khusus - konyugasi

III. BEBERAPA SPECIES
• •

Chyanophyceae : Chroococcum, gloeocapsa, Oscilatoria, Nostok, Rivularia, Anabaena . Chlorophyceae : Chloroccum, Chlorella, Clamidomonas, Englena Volvox. Spoyrogyra, Dedogonium, Hidrodyction, Chara . • Rhodophyceae : Eucheuma spinosum, Gellidium ddan Gracilaria • Chrysophycaea : Ochromonas, Navicula, Vaucheria . • Phaeophyceae : Turbinaria, Fucus, Sargassum, dan Laminaria

LICHENES :
• Simbiosise antara ganggang hijau atau biru dan jamur askomyetes • Berbiak dengan : Fragmentasi, tiap fragmen disebut SOREDIUM

dan Basidiomycetes.

Contoh: Parmelia, Grafis, Usnea

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