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ABSTRAK

Skipsi ini berisi tentang gambaran dental anxiety pada dewasa muda yang akan
dilakukan ekstraksi gigi di Rumah Sakit Immanuel Bandung. Sasaran yang
menjadi kajian adalah pasien dewasa muda yang berobat di Rumah Sakit
Immanuel Bandung. Sedangkan fokus permasalahan adalah kecemasan pasien
dewasa muda yang akan berobat ke dokter gigi dan dilakukan ekstraksi gigi.
Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan sampel penelitian
berjumlah 37 orang. Tehnik pengumpulan data melalui kuesioner yang diberikan
kepada pasien pada saat pasien menunggu giliran untuk dipanggil masuk ke
ruangan dokter gigi untuk dilakukan ekstraksi gigi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian di
Rumah Sakit Immanuel Bandung dari 37 orang pasien diperoleh data bahwa
sebanyak 20 orang pasien mempunyai nilai skor 10 yang termasuk memiliki
tingkat kecemasan yang tinggi. Tingkat kecemasan pasien dipengaruhi oleh
pengalaman ekstraksi gigi sebelumnya. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan nilai skor
kecemasan yang lebih tinggi pada pasien yang belum pernah dilakukan
pencabutan gigi. Kesimpulannya adalah pasien dewasa muda yang akan dilakukan
ekstraksi gigi mempunyai tingkat kecemasan tinggi.
Kata kunci : dental anxiety, dewasa muda, ekstraksi gigi

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ABSTRACT
This thesis contains an overview of dental anxiety in young adult tooth extraction
to be performed in Immanuel hospital in Bandung. The target of this study is
young adult patient who are seek treatment in hospitals Immanuel Bandung.
While the focus of the problem is anxiety young adult patients who will be treated
to the dentist and the tooth will be extracted. This research used descriptive
methods with sample research amounted to 37 people. The method of collecting
data trough questionnaires given to patients at the time of the patients waiting to
be called by dentist and then walked into the room to do the extraction. Based on
the research result at Immanuel hospital Bandung from 37 patient obtained data
that 20 people a patient has a value score of 10 that includes having a high level
of anxiety. The level of anxiety of patients affected by the experience of previous
dental extraction. The result showed that anxiety score was higher in patients who
had never performed tooth extractions. The conclusion was that young adult
patients who had a tooth extraction will be carried high level of anxiety.
Key words : dental anxiety, young adult, tooth extraction

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DAFTAR ISI
HALAMAN JUDUL........................................................................................ i
LEMBAR PERSETUAN PEMBIMBING ..................................................... ii
LEMBAR PERNYATAAN MAHASISWA ................................................... iii
ABSTRAK ...................................................................................................... iv
ABSTRACT ...................................................................................................... v
PRAKATA ...................................................................................................... vi
DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR DIAGRAM ..................................................................................... xi
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ................................................................................... xii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang Masalah ............................................................................ 1
1.2 Identifikasi Masalah .................................................................................. 3
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ...................................................................................... 3
1.4 Manfaat penelitian ..................................................................................... 3
1.5 Landasan Teori ........................................................................................... 4
1.6 Metode Penelitian ...................................................................................... 5
1.7 Lokasi dan Waktu Penelitian .................................................................... 5

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


2.1 Tinajuan Umum Anxiety ............................................................................ 6
2.2.Tinjauan Umum Dental Anxiety ................................................................ 7
2.2.1 Etiologi Dental Anxiety .................................................................... 8
2.2.2 Faktor yang mempengaruhi Dental Anxiety .................................... 11
2.2.2.1 Ras ........................................................................................ 11
2.2.2.2 Sosial Ekonomi .................................................................... 11
2.2.2.3 Tingkat Pendidikan .............................................................. 12
2.2.2.4 Usia ...................................................................................... 12
2.2.2.5 Jenis Kelamin ....................................................................... 13
2.3 Penggulangan Dental Anxiety ................................................................... 13

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2.4 Tinjauan Umum Dewasa Muda ................................................................ 15
2.5 Ektraksi Gigi ............................................................................................. 16
2.5.1 Persiapan sebelum pencabutan gigi ................................................. 18
2.5.2 Macam-macam teknik pencabutan gigi ........................................... 19
2.5.3 Tahap Pasca Ekstraksi Gigi .............................................................. 20
2.5.4 Komplikasi Pasaca Ekstraksi Gigi ................................................... 22

BAB III METODE PENELITIAN


3.1 Jenis Penelitian .......................................................................................... 23
3.2 Populasi dan Sampel Penelitian ................................................................ 23
3.3 Alat dan Bahan Penelitian ......................................................................... 23
3.4 Metode Pengumpulan Data ....................................................................... 24

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN


4.1 Hasil Penelitian ......................................................................................... 25
4.2 Pembahasan ............................................................................................... 27

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN


5.1 Kesimpulan ............................................................................................... 31
5.2 Saran .......................................................................................................... 31

DAFTAR PUSTAKA .................................................................................... 32


LAMPIRAN .................................................................................................... 35
DAFTAR RIWAYAT HIDUP ...................................................................... 42

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DAFTAR DIAGRAM

Diagram 4.1 Diagram Nilai Skor Kuesioner Nomor 1-3 ................................ 25


Diagram 4.2 Diagram Hasil Kuesioner Nomor 4............................................. 26
Diagram 4.3 Diagram Hasil Kuesioner Nomor 5............................................. 26

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 Ethical Approval ........................................................................... 35


Lampiran 2 Inform Consent ............................................................................. 36
Lampiran 3 Kuesioner Modifikasi Dental Anxiety .......................................... 37
Lampiran 4 Kuesioner Corah Dental Anxiety ................................................. 39
Lampiran 5 Data Penelitian .............................................................................. 40
Lampiran 6 Hasil Uji Statistik Validitas Kuesioner ......................................... 41

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