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Name : Monang Sitinjak Class : A PTB

NIM : 5161111032 Study : English for Civil

PLUGGING A WALL
( Menyumpal Dinding )
We often need to fix things to a wall. If the wall is made of wood the job job is easy.
If the wall is made of brick, we must use a plug.

Choose a place between two brick and take out the mortar. Make of hole about 100
mm deep and 50 mm wide.

Split a piece of wood 180 mm long and 50 mm wide. The piece of wood must be just
too thick to go into the hole between the bricks. Cut two opposite corners off one end of the
piece of wood. This end will now go into the hole a little way. Drive the piece of wood in
deeper with a hammer. About 10 mm of the plug will not go into the hole. Cut this piece off
with a saw. Take another piece of wood. Use it as a punch and drive the plug in a little deeper
than the surface of the wall.

Now you can put a screw into the wall by screwing it into the wooden plug. If your
plug is made of dry wood, it will stay in the hole for many years. If it is made of wet wood it
will fall out in a few days.

Meanings..

Kita seringkali butuh memperbaiki sesuatu hal di dinding. Jika dinding dibuat dari
kayu maka pekerjaannya akan mudah. Jika dinding dibuat dari batu bata, kita harus
menggunakan sumpalan.
Pilih sebuah tempat diantara dua buah bata dan keluarkan semen. Buat lubang
dengan kedalaman sekitar 100mm dan lebar 50 mm.
Belah potongan kayu dengan panjang 180mm dan lebar 50 mm. Potongan kayu
harus lebih tebal dilubang diantara batu bata. Potong dua sudut yang saling berhadapan salah
satu sisi ujung potongan kayu. Ujungnya ini akan masuk kedalam alur lubang kecil. Giring
potongan kayu lebih dalam dengan sebuah palu. Sekitar 10 mm sumpalan tidak akan masuk
kedalam lubang. Potong potongan kayu ini dengansbuah gergaji. Ambil potongan lain dari
kayu. Gunakan itu untuk pemukul dan Giring sumpalan sedikit lebih dalam dibanding
permukaan dinding
Sekarang kau dapat memasang sebuah sekrup kedalam dinding dengan
menyekrupnya kedalam sumpalan kayu. Jika sumpalan mu dibuat dari kayu kering, itu akan
tetap tinggal di lubang untuk beberapa tahun. Jika itu dibuat dari kayu yang basah itu akan
jatuh dalam beberapa hari.

1
EXCERCISES
1. vocabulary

Complete ….. .

a. Fill the spaces between the bricks with Mortar.


b. Drive the nail beneath the surface of the wall with a Punch.
c. Put one end of the piece of wood into a vice and cut 30 mm off the Opposite end.
d. Split off the pieces of dry cement on the floor.
e. A well made plug will Stay in place for many years.

2. comprehension
A. the pictures show a man fixing a shelf to a brick wall. Write sentences about the
pictures

1. First, the man is use a sculpting to scrape the mortar out of a brick wall.
2. Then the man put a screw in the wall.
3. After that the man drive the screw beneath the surface of the wall.
4. Next, He is Cut the piece of wood with a saw
5. Then he is take another piece of wood and punch a little deeper tha the surface of
the wall.
6. Finally He is screwing the nails into the wooden plug.

B.Which of the answers a, b, c or d is correct ?

( i ). When do we need to plug a wall ?

c. When we want to fix something into a brick wall.

( ii ). What size should the pieces of wood ?

b. a little larger than the hole.

( iii ). What kind of wood should we use to make a plug ?

c. dry wood.

( iv ). What do we use a punch for ?

c. To scrape mortar out of a brick wall.

2
3.LANGUAGE PRACTICE

A. Read these sentences :

( i ). The piece of wood will not go into the hole. It is too thick.

( ii ). The piece of wood is too thick to go into the hole.

Write these sentences like ( ii )

a. The plug will not stay in the hole. It is too wet.

 The plug is too wet to stay in the hole.

b.The saw will not cut the piece of wood. It is too blunt.

 The saw is too blunt to cut the piece of wood.

c.The paint will not go onto the wall smoothly. It is too thick.

 The paint is too thick to go onto the wall smoothly.

d.The fuse will not make the appliance safe. It is too big.

 The fuse is too big to make the appliance safe.

B,Read these sentences

( i ). If the wall is made of wood, the job is easy.

( ii ). The job is easy if the wall is made of wood.

Write these sentences like ( ii )

a. If you use dry wood, the plug will stay in the hole.

 The plug will stay in the hole if you use dry wood.

b.if you measure accurately, your work will be better.

 Your work will be better if you measure accurately.

c.If you press too hard, the end of the rod will break.

 The end of the rod will break if you press too hard

d.If you move a magnet in and out of a coil of wire, an electric current will flow through the
coil.

 The electric current will flow through the coil If you move a magnet in and out of a
coil of wire.

3
4.COMPOSITION

Write “IF” sentences for these three pictures.

If you’re working with a machine you must take care of your clothes, don’t use your
daily clothes but you must use Safety, That will decrease risk of work. Such as example in
the picture we can see that the tie’s of that man is sucked by machine and that can make a
fatal damage and the consequence is Heavy injury even death.
If you work, you must care of your tools, don’t carelessly put of your tools, because it
will damage your tools and in the example picture we can see that the man hit by nails
because the tools is not neat.
If you want to cut using saw, use the basicly way to cut, don’t be same with the
picture that he put his thumb in front of the saw’s blade that will causes damage.

Jika kamu bekerja menggunakan mesin kamu harus memperhatikan pakaianmu,


jangan gunakan pakaian sehari harimu tetapi gunakanlah pakaian keselamatan kerja. Itu akan
mengurangi resiko kecelakaan kerja. Sebagai contoh dalam gambar kita dapat melihat bahwa
dasi pria itu tertarik oleh mesin yang dapat menyebabkan kerusakan fatal dan konsekuensi
nya adalah luka berat dan bahkan kematian.
Jika kamu bekerja seharusnya kamu memperhatikan peralatanmu, jangan
sembarangan meletakkan peralatanmu karena hal itu dapat menyebabkan kerusakan dan juga
pada contoh gambar terlihat bahwa pekerja itu terkena paku karena peralatannya tidak
dirapikan.
Jika kamu hendak memotong menggunakan gergaji, gunakanlah teknik yang benar
dalam menggegaji, jangan seperti contoh digambar dia meletakkan jempol nya di depan mata
gergaji yang dapat menyebabkan kecelakaan kerja.