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B A H A N K O N S TR U K S I TEK N IK

K IM IA

INTRODUCTION
S ITI S A LA M A H /LU K H I M U LIA S
TEK N IK K IM IA
U N IV ER S ITA S A H M A D D A H LA N

Kontrak Perjanjian
1.

2.

3.
4.

5.

Apabila Dosen hadir terlambat hingga 15 menit


tanpa ada pemberitahuan sebelumnya, maupun
pemberitahuan mendadak/hari ini, maka
perkuliyahan DITIADAKAN
Apabila mahasiswa terlambat hingga 15 menit,
maka yang bersangkutan boleh ikut kuliyah
namun tidak bisa tanda tangan DAFTAR HADIR,
SOLUSI SURAT IZIN
Selama PBM HP di silent . Jika diketahui
menggunakan HP maka Hp harus dikumpulkan .
ApaBila pada waktu Ujian Mid dan Ujian Ahir
diketahui MENCOTEK catatan, maka jawaban
tidak akan DIKOREKSI , Nilai untuk ujian yang
berlansung 0
Koordinator kelas : Aji Ridho No Hp :
082280564868

References
Lawrence H. Vlack, V., (1995), Element of

Material Science and Engineering, Addison-West


Publishing Company, Inc. New York. Alih
terjemah Ilmu dan Teknologi Bahan Erlangga
Jakarta
Callister, William D. Jr. Material Science
Engineering
Tata Surdia, Saito Shinroku, 2005, Pengetahuan
Bahan Teknik, Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta
Fontana, M.G., and Greene, N.D. 1978 Corrosion
Engineering, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, Inc.
New York

Aspek Penilaian
UAS
UTS

= 30%
= 25%
Tugas
= 20%
Keaktifan mahasiswa,
kehadiran
= 15%
Quis
= 10%

Tugas
Tugas diberikan di dalam kelas dan

di kerjakan di rumah ( Home


Work )

Tugas Kelom pok


Berkunjung ke suatu usaha

pemrosesan bahan industri,


Contoh : pembuatan Logam
(besi,baja , perak, tembaga dan
sejenisnya ) batako, bata merah,
keramik dll
Tugas akan di persentasikan pada
minggu ke 13 dan 14

D eskripsisingkat m ata kuliah


Bertujuan untuk memahami teori dan

konsep tentang sifat-sifat bahan konstruksi


pabrik kimia dan perilaku bahan.
Menjelaskan tentang sifat dan struktur zat
padat/logam, sifat mekanis, pembuatan
bahan paduan, bahan non logam,keramik,
polimer dan besi
Menjelaskan tentang dasar-dasar korosi,
faktor penyebab korosi, bentuk korosi, teori
korosi modern dan pencegahan korosi

Tujuan InstruksionalKhusus
Setelah mempelajari BKTK, diharapkan
Mahasiswa dapat memahami dan
menguasai teori, konsep tentang sifat2
bahan sehingga dapat memperkirakan
kesesuainya dengan penggunaan dalam
Industri yaitu untuk kontruksi peralatan
industri .

IN D U STRIKIM IA

Teknik (Engineering)
suatu Profesi dimana pengetahuan

mate-matika, Ilmu Pengetahuan


alam (Natural Scient) yang
diperoleh dengan Studi, latihan
dan pengalaman digunakan
Secara BIJAKSANA untuk
mengembangkan Cara-cara
memanfaatkan bahan bahan dan
sumber daya alam secara
ekonomik untuk kesejahteraan

Teknik Kim ia

Bahan baku

Proses
(Perubahan
komposisi
dan
kandungan
energi)

Produk

What is
material?

Basic substance that have mass and occupy space


It can be natural or human made
There are now about 300,000 different known

materials

What is materials science and


engineering?
materials science
investigating the
relationships that exist
between the structures
and properties of
materials

materials
engineering

basis of these structure


property correlations,
designing or engineering
the structure of a material
to produce a
predetermined set of
properties

C LA SSIFIC ATIO N O F
EN G IN EER IN G M ATER IA LS

---

Metals
Ceramics
Polymers
Composites

M etals
Metals are materials which composed of one or more

metallic elements
For example: iron,aluminum, copper, titanium, gold,

and nickel), and often also nonmetallic elements (for


example, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen) in relatively
small amounts.

(alumunium)
(titanium)

(copper)

Figure 1.8 Fam iliarobjects thatare m ade ofm etals and m etalalloys:(from leftto right)
silverw are (fork and knife),scissors,coins,a gear,a w edding ring,and a nutand bolt.(Photograpy
by S.Tanner

Characteristic ofm etals


relatively stiff and strong
resistant to fracture
ductile (i.e., capable of large amounts of

deformation without fracture)


Metals are extremely good conductors of
electricity and heat
not transparent to visible light

C eram ics
Ceramics are compounds between metallic and

nonmetallic elements. For example: aluminum oxide (or


alumina,Al2O3), silicon dioxide (or silica, SiO2), silicon
carbide (SiC), silicon nitride (Si3N4)

Figure 1.9 Common objects that are made of ceramic materials: scissors, a china tea cup, a
building brick, a floor tile, and a glass vase. (Photography by S. Tanner.)

Characteristic ofceram ics


relatively stiff and strong
extremely brittle (lack ductility)
highly susceptible to fracture
low electrical conductivities
more resistant to high temperatures and harsh

environments than metals and polymers


transparent, translucent, or opaque

Q uiz
Why are metals mostly ductile and

ceramics brrittle at room


temperature?

P olym ers
Polymers include the familiar plastic and rubber materials.

Many of them are organic compounds that are chemically


based on carbon, hydrogen, and other nonmetallic
elements (viz.O,N, and Si).

Figure 1.10 Several common objects that are made of polymeric materials: plastic tableware
(spoon, fork, and knife), billiard balls, a bicycle helmet, two dice, a lawnmowerwheel (plastic hub
and rubber tire), and a plastic milk carton. (Photography by S. Tanner.)

Characteristic of P olym ers


have very large molecular structures
have low densities (e.g. are polyethylene (PE),

nylon, poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC),


polycarbonate (PC), polystyrene (PS), and
silicone rubber)
not as stiff nor as strong as other material
types
extremely ductile and pliable (i.e., plastic)
relatively inert chemically and unreactive in a
large number of environments

C om posites
A composite is composed of two (or more)

individual materials, which can come from


metals, ceramics, and polymers.
For example, some of the common composites
are fiberglass (glass fiber-reinforced polymer),
carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP),

textiles, vehicle tires, wood, etc

C om posites

fiberglass

tires

textiles

CFRP

Table 1.Exam ples ofrepresentative,applications & properties ofeach


type ofm aterials

A dvanced M aterials
Advanced materials are materials that are

utilized in high-technology (or high-tech)


applications.
These advanced materials are typically
traditional materials whose properties have
been enhanced, and, also newly developed,
high-performance materials.
Examples : liquid crystal displays (LCDs), fiber
optics

Biomaterial
s
Semiconduct
ors

Advanced
Materials
Materials of
the Future :
- Smart
Materials
Nanoengineere
d Materials

Sem iconductors
Semiconductors have electrical

properties that are intermediate


between the electrical conductors
(viz. metals and metal alloys) and
insulators (viz. ceramics and
polymers)

B iom aterials
Biomaterials are employed in

components implanted into the


human body for replacement of
diseased or damaged body parts

Sm art M aterials
Smart (or intelligent) materials are a group of new and

state-of-the-art materials now being developed that will


have a significant influence on many of our technologies
Components of a smart material (or system) :
a. Sensor : detects an input signal
b. Actuator : performs a responsive and adaptive
Four types of materials are commonly used for actuators:
shape memory alloys,
piezoelectric ceramics
magnetostrictive materials
electrorheological/magnetorheological

Tugas 1
Buatlah makalah tentang aplikasi material

logam (metal), keramik, komposit, polimer


atau advanced material pada kehidupan
sehari-hari dan jelaskan alasan pemilihan
material yang diaplikasikan
Dikumpulkan minggu depan (12 september
2016, paling lambat jam 24.00 WIB, format
PDF) via email : lukhi.mulia@che.uad.id
Format file : Nama-NIM
Subject email : TugasBKTK1-nama-nim

Contoh:kaleng m inum an
bersoda
Material : polimer (Aluminium Alloy & PET,
Polypropylene

Alasan :
a. beratnya ringan
b. Memiliki daya tahan korosi yang tinggi
c.
d.
e.
f.

terhadap berbagai logam


Biaya lebih rendah
Kekuatan cukup tinggi
Mudah dibentuk
Tidak larut menjadi unsur yang berbahaya
pada kondisi tertentu