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# CALCULUS 2

BY:
GUNARTO,M.Eng
Department of Mechanical Engineering

CALCULUS 2
Referensi :
1.Paul A.Foerster, Calculus Concepts and
Applications, Key Curriculum Press, 2005
2.Jerrold Marsden &Alan Weinstein, Calculus
I,II,III, Springer Verlag New York Inc.,1985
3.Paul Dawkin, Calculus II, 2007
4.John Bird,Higher Engineering Mathematics,
5.Benjamin Crowell,Calculus, Light and Matter,
2010
6.K.A.Stroud,
Engineering
Mathematics,
Industrial Press,Inc. New york, 2001
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Find;

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Find;

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Find;

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Find;

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Contoh soal:
1.Tentukanlah integral berikut :
a. x 6 dx

e. sec2 xdx

i. x -3 dx

b. 3e x dx

f. 8 dx

j. 4 x dx

c.

6
dx
x

d . 5 sin xdx

2.a.Tentukanlah I =
apabila x =3
b.Tentukanlah I =
apabila x = 2

g. x1/2dx
h. 2 cos x dx

4 x 2 dx

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Homework!
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

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HOMEWORK!
FIND:

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Homework!

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+C
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+C
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Homework!

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Homework!

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Homework!

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## INTEGRASI DENGAN PECAHAN PARSIAL

7x 8
dx
Pernyataanseperti
tidak
2
2 x 11x 5
muncul
dalam
daftar
integral
standar
penerapan matematis.
Sebenarnya,
7x 8
7x 8
3
1
sehingga
2
2 x 11x 5 ( x 5)(2 x 1) x 5 2 x 1
7x 8
7x 8
3
1
dx
dx
dx
dx
2
2 x 11x 5
( x 5)(2 x 1)
x 5
2x 1
1
3 ln (x 5)
ln(2 x 1) C
2
18/03/2013

Gunarto

## Aturan-aturan dari pecahan parsial adalah sbb:

a.Pembilang dari fungsi yang diberikan harus
memiliki derajat yang lebih rendah daripada
penyebutnya.Jika tidak demikian, maka
pertama-tama bagilah dengan menggunakan
pembagian panjang.
b.Faktorkan penyebutnya menjadi faktorfaktor prima.Ini penting karena faktor-faktor
yang diperoleh akan menentukan bentuk dari
pecahan parsial.

18/03/2013

Gunarto

## c.Faktor linear (ax + b) menjadi pecahan

parsial
A

ax b
d.Faktor linear (ax + b)2 menjadi pecahan
parsial
A
B
ax b

(ax b) 2

## e.Faktor linear (ax + b)3 menjadi pecahan

parsial

A
ax b
18/03/2013

B
(ax b)

C
3
(ax b)
Gunarto

pecahan parsial

Ax B
2
ax bx c

18/03/2013

Gunarto

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Homework!

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Homework!
Determine:

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Above

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Homework!

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below

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figure

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Figure
Figure

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the figure

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the figure

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figure

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Homework!
Determine:
The velocity v of a body t seconds after a certain
instant is: (2t2 + 5) m/s. Find by integration how
far it moves in the interval from t=0 to t=4 s
Sketch the graph y = x3 +2x2 - 5x - 6 between x=-3
and x=2 and determine the area enclosed by the
curve and the x-axis
Determine the area enclosed between the
curves y = x2 +1 and y=7-x
(a) Determine the coordinates of the points of
intersection of the curves y = x2 and y2 = 8x.
(b) Sketch the curves y = x2 and y2 = 8x on the same
axes.
(c) Calculate the area enclosed by the two curves
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Homework!

## The curve y=x2+4 is rotated one revolution

about the x-axis between the limits x=1 and
x=4. Determine the volume of the solid of
revolution produced
Two parabolas y=x2 and y2=8x is rotated
360 about the x-axis and y-axis. Determine
the volume of the solid produced

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## Centroids of simple shapes

Centroids
A lamina is a thin flat sheet having uniform thickness.
The centre of gravity of a lamina is the point where it
balances perfectly, i.e. the laminas centre of mass.
When dealing with an area (i.e. a lamina of negligible
thickness and mass) the term centre of area or centroid
is used for the point where the centre of gravity of a
lamina of that shape would lie.

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## The first moment of area is defined as the product of the area

and the perpendicular distance of its centroid from a given axis in
the plane of the area. In Fig. above the first moment of area A
about axis XX is given by (Ay) cubic units.

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and the x-axis

## The Figure shows an area PQRS bounded by the

curve y=f(x), the x-axis and ordinates x=a and
x=b. Let this area be divided into a large number
of strips, each of width x.
A typical strip is shown shaded drawn at point
(x,y) on f(x).
The area of the strip is approximately rectangular
and is given by yx. The centroid, C, has
coordinates (x, y/2).
Oy= yxx=xyx.

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## Centroid of area between a curve and the y-axis

If x and y are the distances of the centroid of area EFGH in the Figure
from Oy and Ox respectively, then, by similar reasoning as above:

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## Show, by integration, that the centroid of a rectangle

lies at the intersectionof the diagonals

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## Determine by integration the position of the centroid of the area

enclosed by the line y=4x, the x-axis and ordinates x=0 and x=3

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Homework!
Determine the co-ordinates of the centroid of the
area lying between the curve y=5x-x2 and the x-axis
Locate the centroid of the area enclosed by the curve
y=2x2, the y-axis and ordinates y=1 and y=4,
correct to 3 decimal places
Locate the position of the centroid enclosed by the
curves y=x2 and y2=8x

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## The procedure to determine the second moment of area of

regular sections about a given axis is (i) to find the second
moment of area of a typical element and (ii) to sum all such
second moments of area by integrating between appropriate
limits.

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## In Figure, axis GG passes

centroid C of area A. Axes DD
the same plane, are parallel
and distance d apart. The
theorem states:

through the
and GG are in
to each other
parallel axis

D

## Using the parallel axis theorem the second

moment of area of a rectangle about an axis
through the centroid may be determined. In
the rectangle shown in Figure,

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y 2 dA

y 2bdy
h

2
2

y dy
h

y
b
3

h
2

2
3

y
b
3

h
2
h
2

h
2

2b h 3
3 8

bh3
12
150

Ix

y dA

b
h

y
b
w
h
h
h

Ix

b
y
h
h
2

Ix
Ix

b
h

y dy

hy 2

y 3 dy

b hy
h 3

Ix

b h4
h 3

Ix

bh3
12

y
4

h4
4

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## Determine the second moment of area and the radius of

gyration about axes AA, BB and CC for the rectangle

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Homework!
Determine the second moment of area
and radius of gyration for the semicircle
shown in Figure about axis XX

## Determine the second moment of area

the triangle BCD shown in Figure
Find the second moment of area and
rectangle shown in Figure.

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## Second moments of areas of composite areas

Determine the second moment of area and the radius of
gyration about axis XX for the I-section shown in Figure.

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Homework!
For the sections shown in Figure, find the second moment

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