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4.

MERENCANAKAN PONDASI STRAUSS DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN

DATA INDIVIDUAL PILE
A. Diketahui : data seperti pada gambar di bawah ini!

= 600 Ton

ML

= 50 T.m

MB

= 30 T.m

B. Ditanya: Rencanakan pondasi tiang Bor (Pondasi Strauss)!

C. Penyelesaian:
1) Menghitung Kapasitas Satu Tiang
52

= 35
Nq= 150 kN/m
D = 1,2 m
Qp1

= AP*50*Nq * tan
1
4

2
= 1,1 *50*150* tan 35

= 498,8 ton
Qp2

= AP x q x Nq*
1
4

2
= 1,1 * ( ( 6 *1,6) + ( 2 *1,6) + (6 * 0,7) + 6 * 0,9) ) *150

= 3191,5 kN
= 319,1 Ton
2) Kapasitas Friksi Satu Tiang
a. Metode
Qf1

= . Cu . p . 1

t
Cu1

7,5

t
Cu2

=8

kN

m2

75

m2

80

1 = 0,65

lihat grafik didapat 2 = 0,6

53

Cu

Qf1

= 10

kN

m2

100

lihat grafikdidapat

= 0,55

= ( 0,65*7,5*3,14*1,1*6) + ( 0,6 *8*3,14*1,1*8) + ( 0,55*1083,14*1,1*6)

= 347,6 Ton

b. Metode
Qf2

= P . L . fav

fav

( ' v + Cu )

Cu rata-rata

( Cu1 * h1 ) + ( Cu 2 * h2 ) + ( Cu3 * h3 )
h1 + h2 + h3

( 7,5 * 8) + (8 * 6

) + (10 * 6)

8 +6 +6

= 8,45 t/m 2

A1

1
* 9,6 *6 = 28,8
2
54

A2

1
*( 9,6 + 12,8) *2 = 22,4
2

A3

1
*(12,8 + 17 ) *6 = 89,4
2

A4

1
*(17 + 22,4)
2

v(rata-rata) =
=

= 118,2

A1 + A2 + A3 + A4
h1 + h 2 + h3 + h 4
28,8 + 22,4 +89,4 +118,2
6 + 2 +6 +6

t
= 12,9

m2

Dari grafik L (panjang pile) = 25 m

fav

maka

= 0,150

= *( v + 2*Cu)
=0,150 * [(12,94 + (2*8,4)]
= 4,476

Qf2

= P*L*fav
=( 3,14*0,4)* (8 + 6 + 6 +5) * 4,476

Qf2

= 386,5 ton

Total Gaya :

Qu

= Qp + Qf

= 319,1 + 347,6

= 666,7 Ton

55

Qu
Qa

= Sf

Qa

666,7
2,5

= 266,7 Ton
n =
N
Qa

=
600
266,7

3 buah

56

jarak Jarak as ke as = 2,5 D = 3 m

Mx * y m
My * x m

2
y2
x

Qm =

N
n

= 600 Ton

= 3 buah

x = 0 m 2
2

= 2(3)

= 18 m 2

ML

= 50 T.m

MB

= 30 T.m

Q1

My * y1
N My * X 1
2
x
y2
n

50(0) 30(3)
600
3
0
18

x 1 = 0 m ; y 1 = 18 m

= 196,67 ton
Q3

My * X 3
Mx * y 3
N
+
+
2
n
x
y 2

30(3)
600 50(0)
+
+
3
0
18

x3=0m;y3 =

3m

= 203,3 ton
57

Q maks = 203,3 ton

Q min = 196,67 ton
Q maks < Qa
203,3 Ton < 266,7 Ton

OK

58

MERENCANAKAN PONDASI TIANG BOR DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN

DATA SONDIR
5.

Hasil Perhitungan Sondir Gedung Rawat Inap Klas 2 RSI UNISMA MALANG

qc

JP

Pg

HP

J.H.P

HS

FR

(m)

(kg/cm

(kg/cm

(kg/cm

(kg/cm)

(kg/cm)

(kg/cm

(%)

0.00
6.396
8.955
19.189
38.377
51.170
63.962
78.034
86.988
102.339
111.294
124.086
134.320
140.716
147.112
149.671
156.067
158.626
162.463
175.256
220.029
245.614
283.991
313.413

)
0.000
0.320
0.128
0.512
0.959
0.640
0.640
0.704
0.448
0.768
0.448
0.640
0.512
0.320
0.320
0.128
0.320
0.128
0.192
0.640
2.239
1.279
1.919
1.471

0
3.998
1.279
4.264
4.361
2.132
1.827
2.606
1.279
2.741
1.791
2.369
2.558
1.777
2.132
0.853
1.881
0.914
1.279
2.132
2.356
1.066
1.279
0.728

0.00
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80
2.00
2.20
2.40
2.60
2.80
3.00
3.20
3.40
3.60
3.80
4.00
4.20
4.40
4.60

0
8
10
12
22
30
35
27
35
28
25
27
20
18
15
15
17
14
15
30
95
120
150
202

0
13
12
20
37
40
45
38
42
40
32
37
28
23
20
17
22
16
18
40
130
140
180
225

0
5
2
8
15
10
10
11
7
12
7
10
8
5
5
2
5
2
3
10
35
20
30
23

0.00
6.396
2.558
10.234
19.189
12.972
12.972
14.074
8.955
15.351
8.955
12.792
10.234
6.396
6.396
2.558
6.396
2.558
3.838
12.792
44.773
25.585
38.377
29.442

59

Qu = Ah* q c ( rata rata ) + As*f s

Dipakai diameter tiang (D)

= 30 cm

a) Menghitung q c ( rata rata ) dan f s

q c ( rata rata ) dihitung dari jarak 8D + 4D

= 8(30) + 4 (30)
= 360 cm
= 3,6 m

q c ( rata rata )

ntitik

=
30 + 35 + 27 + 35 + 28 + 25 + 27 + 20 + 18 + 15 + 15 + 17 + 14 + 15 + 30 + 95 + 120 + 150 + 202
19

918kg / cm 2
19

= 48,3 kg/cm 2
b) Menghitung luas penampang tiang (Ah)
60

Ah

1
d2
4

1
3,14 (30)
4

= 706,5 cm 2
c) Menghtung luas selimut tiang (As)
As

= L*P

L = 460 cm ; D = 30 cm

= 460 *( * d)
= 460 *(3,14*30)
d) Menghitung Rata-rata Hambatan Lekat (HL / f s )
fs

f s .tot
ntitik

307
24

= 12,79 kg/cm
Jadi Qu

= Ah* q c ( rata rata ) + As*f s

= (706,5 *48,3) + (43.332 812,79)
= 588.340,23 kg
= 588,34 Ton

Sf

Qa

Qu
Sf
588,34
2,5

61

= 235,34 Ton

N
= Qa

600
235,34

= 2,5

f)

3 buah

Jarak as ke as = 2,5D = 0,75 m

= 600 Ton

= 3 buah

x = 0 m 2
2

y
ML

= 2(0,75)

= 1,125 m 2

= 50 T.m
62

MB

= 20 T.m

Q1

My * y1
N My * X 1
+
2
x
y2
n

50(0) 20(0,75)
600
1,125
3
0

x 1 = 0 m ; y 1 = 0,75 m

= 213,3 ton
Q3

My * X 3
Mx * y 3
N
+
2
n
x
y 2

20(0,75)
600 50(0)
+
+
1,125
3
0

x 3 = 0 m ; y 3 = 0,75 m

= 186,67 ton
Q maks = 213,3 ton
Q min = 186,67 ton
Q maks < Qa
213,3 Ton < 235,34 Ton

OK

63