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# Hanifah Atsariyana

(XII IA 5 / 10)
TUGAS MATEMATIKA MATRIKS

π₯βπ¦ 2π₯ β 1 45 9
1. Nilai x yang memenuhi persamaan matriks ( )+ ( )=
β3 5 4π¦ β 3 π₯ + π¦
40 50
94 60
Jawab :

2x + 1 + 9 = 50
2x = 50 - 10
x = 20 (D)

π₯ 1 3 2 1 0
2. Diketahui matriks = ( ) , π΅= ( ) , πππ πΆ = ( ) . Nilai x+y yang
β1 π¦ 1 0 β1 2
Jawab :
3π₯ + 2 2π₯ + 0
β π΄π΅ = ( )
β3 + π¦ β2 + 0
3π₯ + 2 2π₯
=( )
β3 + π¦ β2

6 4
β 2π΅ = ( )
2 0
β π΄π΅ β 2π΅ = πΆ
3π₯ + 2 2π₯ + 0 6 4 1 0
( )β( )= ( )
β3 + π¦ β2 + 0 2 0 β1 β2

βΊ 2π₯ β 4 = 0
π₯=2
βΊ β3 + π¦ β 2 = β1
π¦=4

βπ+π=π (πͺ)

cos π₯ sin π₯
3. Jika π = ( ) dan I matriks identitas berordo 2 x 2 P2 β I = β¦
π πππ₯ πππ π₯
Jawab :
cos π₯ sin π₯ cos π₯ sin π₯ 1 0
π2 β πΌ = ( )( )β( )
π πππ₯ πππ π₯ π πππ₯ πππ π₯ 0 1
2 2
= ( πππ  π₯ + π ππ π₯ π πππ₯πππ π₯ + π πππ₯πππ π₯ )
π πππ₯πππ π₯ + π πππ₯πππ π₯ πππ  2 π₯ + π ππ2 π₯
0 2π πππ₯πππ π₯
=( )
2π πππ₯πππ π₯ 0
π ππππ
= πππππ ( ) (E)
ππππ π
3 2
4. Jika π΄ = ( ) maka A2 β A= β¦
0 3
Jawab :
9 12 3 2
π΄2 β π΄ = ( )β( )
0 9 0 3
π ππ
=( ) (π¨)
π π

2 1
5. Jika π΄ = ( ) dan A2 = mA + nI, dengan I matriks identitas ordo 2 x 2, nilai m dan
β4 3
Jawab :
π΄2 = ππ΄ + ππΌ
2 1 2 1 2 1 1 0
( )( ) = π( )+π( )
β4 3 β4 3 β4 3 0 1
0 5 2π π π 0
( )=( )+( )
β20 5 β4π 3π 0 π
βΊ π=5

βΊ 2π + π = 0

π = β10

(5;-10) (C)

## π πππ₯ βπππ π₯ π πππ₯

6. Diketahui persamaan matriks ( ) π΄ = (πππ π₯ ). Matriks 3A= β¦
πππ π₯ π πππ₯
Jawab :
π πππ₯ βπππ π₯ π πππ₯
( )π΄ = ( )
πππ π₯ π πππ₯ πππ π₯
1 π πππ₯ πππ π₯ π πππ₯
π΄ = π ππ2 π₯+πππ 2 π₯ ( )( )
βπππ π₯ π πππ₯ πππ π₯
π ππ2 π₯ + πππ  2 π₯
=( )
βπππ π₯π πππ₯ + πππ π₯π πππ₯

= (10)

π
ππ¨ = ( ) (π¨)
π
π 4
7. Diketahui persamaan matriks A=2Bt dengan π΄ = ( ) πππ π΅ =
2π 3π
2π β 3π 2π + 1
( ). Nilai c= β¦
π π+7
Jawab :
2π β 3π π
π΅π‘ = ( )
2π + 1 π+7
4π β 6π 2π
2π΅ π‘ = ( )
4π + 2 2π + 14
π΄ = 2π΅ π‘
π 4 4π β 6π 2π
( )=( )
2π 3π 4π + 2 2π + 14
β 2π = 4 ο¨a=2

β 4π + 2 = 2π ο¨ b = 5

β 4π β 6π = π ο¨ π = π (π)

4 π₯β2 β6 8 3 1 0 3
8. Jika ( )+( ) = 2( )( ) , maka nilai x = β¦
3 2 β11 β6 β2 4 β1 1
Jawab :
4 π₯β2 β6 8 3 1 0 3
( )+( ) = 2( )( )
3 2 β11 β6 β2 4 β1 1
β2 π₯ + 6 β1 10
( ) = 2( )
β8 β4 β8 β4
π₯ + 6 = 20

π = ππ (π«)

log π log π
9. Diketahui A = ( ), dengan a dan b bilangan bulat. Jika det A=1, nilai a dan b
β1 1
Jawab :
log π log π
π΄=( )
β1 1
|π΄| = 1

log π β (β log π) = 1

log ππ = log 10

ππ = 10

## ππππ’πππ ο¨ (βπ; ππ) (π)

4
log π¦ π₯ 2
log π¦ log π§ 2
10. Nilai x yang memenuhi persamaan matriks ( 3 ) = ( 1 ) adalah ...
1 log π¦ 1 2
Jawab :
4
π₯
log π¦ π§
log π§ log π§ 2
( 3 ) = ( 1)
1 log π¦ 1
2
2
βΊ log π§ = 2 ο¨ π§ = 4
1
βΊ 3log π¦ =
2
1
3
log π¦ = 3log 32 ο¨ π¦ = β3

βΊ 4log π§ = π₯log π¦
4
log 4 = β3log
β3 ο¨ π± = βπ (A)

3 6
11. Jika matriks A = ( ) maka nilai x yang memenuhi persamaan |π΄ β π₯πΌ| = 0 dengan I
7 2
matriks satuan dan |π΄ β π₯πΌ| determinan dari A- xI adalahβ¦.
Jawab :
|π΄ β π₯πΌ| = 0
3 6 1 0
|( )βπ₯( )| = 0
7 2 0 1
3βπ₯ 6β0
|( )| = 0
7β0 2βπ₯
(3π₯)(2π₯) β 42 = 0

6 β 3π₯ β 2π₯ + π₯ 2 β 42 = 0

π₯ 2 β 5π₯ + 36 = 0

(π₯ β 9)(π₯ + 4)

π₯ = 9 | π₯ = β4 ο¨ β π; π (π)

3 2 3 β2 π π
12. Diketahui P= ( ) dan Q = ( ). Jika π β1 π = ( ) maka nilai dari a + d =
2 2 β1 1 π π
Jawab :
π π
π β1 π = ( )
π π
1 1 2 3 2 π π
( )( )=( )
1 1 3 2 2 π π
3+4 2+4 π π
( )=( )
3+6 2+6 π π
7 6 π π
( )=( )
9 8 π π
π + π = 7 + 8 = ππ (π¬)
1 2 4 3
13. Matriks P berordo 2 x 2 yang memenuhi persamaan ( ) π= ( ) adalah β¦.
3 4 2 1
Jawab :
1 4 β2 4 3
π= ( )( )
4 β 6 β3 1 2 1
1 12 10
=β ( )
2 β10 β8
βπ βπ
=( ) (πͺ)
π π

4 3
14. Diketahui matriks π΄ = ( ) dan A2 = xA+yI ; x, y bilangan real, I matriks
β2 β1
identitas dengan ordo 2 x 2. Nilai x β y= β¦
Jawab :
A2 = xA + yI
10 9 4 3 1 0
( ) = π₯( )+π¦( )
β6 β5 β2 β1 0 1
10 9 4π₯ 3π₯ π¦ 0
( )= ( )+( )
β6 β5 β2π₯ βπ₯ 0 π¦

3π₯ + 0 = 9 ο¨ x = 3

4π₯ + π¦ = 10 ο¨ y = β2

βΊ π₯ β π¦ = 3 β (β2) = π (π¬)

0 3 1 β5 7 2
15. Diketahui matriks A = ( ), π΅= ( ) ,πΆ = ( ) . Nilai k yang
4π + 5 β1 2 8 3 1
Jawab :
A + B = Cβ1

0 3 4 3 1 1 β2
( )+( )= ( )
β2 β1 β2 β1 1 β3 7
4π + 5 + 2 = β3

4π = β10
π
π = βπ (π«)
π
2 1 1
16. Persamaan matriks (1 π₯) ( ) ( ) = 0 mempunyai dua akar positif x1 dan x2. Jika
π 2 π₯
x1=4x2 maka nilai p= β¦
Jawab :
2 1 1 βΊ π₯1 = 4π₯2
(1 π₯) ( )( ) = 0
π 2 π₯
π₯1 = 2
1
(2 + π₯π)(π₯ + 2π₯) ( ) = 0
π₯ βπ
π₯1 + π₯2 =
π
2 + π₯π + (π₯ + 2π₯ 2 ) = 0
1 β(1 + π)
2π₯ 2 + (1 + π)π₯ + 2 = 0 2+ =
2 2
π 5 = β1 β π
βΊ π₯1 β π₯2 =
π
π = βπ (π¨)
2
π₯1 β π₯2 =
2
4π₯2 β π₯2 = 1
1
π₯22 =
4
1
π₯2 =
2

β1 0 1 0
17. Jika ( ) πππ ( ) maka A2 β 6A + 3I= β¦
0 β1 0 1
Jawab :
π΄2 β 6π΄ + 3πΌ = 1(πΌ) + 6πΌ + 3πΌ

= 10πΌ

2 3 β1 β4 2 3π + 2
18. Diketahui matriks π΄ = ( ) ,π΅ = ( ) , πππ πΆ ( ). Nilai n yang
5 1 2 3 β6 β18
Jawab :
A Γ B = C + At
2 3 β1 β4 2 3π + 2 1 β3
( )( )=( )+( )
5 1 2 3 β6 β18 β5 2
4 1 3 3π β 1
( )=( )
2 3 β11 β6
3π β 1 = 1
π
π = π (πͺ)
1 2 3 2
19. Jika π΄ = ( ) πππ ( ) maka A-1B = ...
1 3 2 2
Jawab :
1 3 β2 3 2
π΄β1 π΅ = ( )( )
1 β1 1 2 2
9β4 6β4
=( )
β3 + 2 β2 + 2
π π
βπ π

1 β1 4 π₯ β3
π¦
20. Jika X adalah penyelesaian dari persamaan (3 1 β2) ( ) = ( 12 )
2 1 β3 π§ 11
Jawab :
1 β1 4 π₯ β3
(3 1 β2) (π¦) = ( 12 )
2 1 β3 π§ 11
π₯ β π¦ + 4π§ β3
(3π₯ + π¦ β 2π§) = ( 12 )
2π₯ + π¦ β 3π§ 11

βΊ π₯ β π¦ + 4π§ = β3
2π₯ + π¦ β 3π§ = 11
+
3π₯ + π§ = 8

βΊ 3π₯ + π¦ β 2π§ = 12
2π₯ + π¦ β 3π§ = 11
β
π₯+π§ = 1

βΊ 3π₯ + π§ = 8
π₯+π§ =1
7 β
π₯=2

βΊ π₯+π§ =1
5
π§= β
2

βΊ π₯ β π¦ + 4π§ = β3
7 5
β π¦ + 4 (β ) = β3
2 2
7 20
π¦= β +3
2 2
7
π¦= β
2
π π, π
βΊ (π) = (βπ, π) (π¬)
π βπ, π