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5 PENGGUNAAN INTERNET UNTUK PERMODELAN MOLEKUL Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free

acces to the sum of all human knowledge. Thats what were doing. Jimmy Wales, pencipta Wikipedia 5.1 Blog Berikut ini beberapa contoh blog yang dapat digunakan sebagai forum diskusi untuk membantu penelitian tentang pemodelan molekul dalam Kimia Medisinal, yaitu: 1. Chemical Blogspace http://wikicubic.uni-koeln.de/cb/index.php Blog ini mengumpulkan data dari beberapa blog tentang kimia. 2. Chemical Forums Blog http://blog.chemicalforums.com, Blog ini menyediakan forum diskusi mengenai masalah-masalah yang berkaitan dengan kimia. 3. Medicinal Chemistry in the Pipeline http://www.corante.com/pipeline Blog ini disusun oleh Derek Lowe, ahli Kimia Medisinal yang telah bekerja di beberapa industry farmasi dan mengerjakan berbagai

proyek penelitian tentang penyakit schizophrenia, Alzheimer, diabetes, osteoporosis, dan lain-lain. 4. The Half Decent Pharmaceutical Chemistry Blog http://the-half-decent-pharmaceutical-chemistry-blog.chemblogs.org/ Blog ini membahas tentang ilmu Farmakologi dan Farmakokimia. 5. Totally Medicinal http://totallymedicinal.wordpress.com/ Blog ini membahas tentang bidang ilmu Farmakokimia. 6. One in Ten Thousand http://walkerma.wordpress.com/ Blog ini membahas tentang bidang ilmu Farmakokimia serta obat. 7. The Molecule of the Day http://scienceblogs.com/moleculeoftheday/ Blog ini membahas tentang obat dan penggunaannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. 5.2 Informasi Senyawa Beberapa database senyawa dapat diakses melalui: 1. Chemical Abstracts (http://www.cas.org) 2. ChemSpider (http://www.chemspider.com/) 3. The National Institute of Health

(http://www.nihroadmap.nih.gov/initiates.asp) 4. PubChem (http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) 5. American Chemical Society (http://acs.org) 6. ChemBank (http://chembank.broad.harvard.edu/) 7. ChemFinder (http://chemfinder.camsoft.com/) Sifat Biologi Senyawa dan Informasi Sifat Metabolitnya. Sifat biologi senyawa dapat diprediksi melalui database struktur 3D senyawa dari The NCI DIS 3D (http://dtp.nci.nih.gov/docs/3d_database/ dis3d.html), The Reciprocal Net project (http://www.iumsc.indiana.edu/), dan http://umbbd.msi.umn.edu/.

DAFTAR PUSTAKA Brzozowski, A. M., A. C. W. Pike, Z. Dauter, R. E. Hubbard, T. Bonn, O. Engstrom, L. Ohmann, G. L. Groene, J. A. Gustafsson, M. Carlquist. 1997. Molecular basis of agonism and antagonism in the oestrogen receptor. Letter to Nature 389:753-757. Goshman, L., et al, 1999, Clinically significant cytochrome P450 drug interactions, Journal of the Pharmacy Society of Wisconsin:23-38 H.J., Bohm and G. Schneider editors, Protein-Ligand Interactions, WileyVCH, Weinheim, 2003. ISBN: 3-527-30521 Hidalgo, M.A., Romeo, A. Figueroa, J., Cortes, P., Concha, I.L., Hancke, J.L., and Burgos, R.A., 2005, Andrographolide interferes with binding of nuclear factor-kB to DNA in HL-60-derived neutrophilic cells, British Journal of Pharmacology, 144: 680-685 Holtje H-D., Sippl, W., Rognan, D., and Folkers, G., Molecular Modeling Basic Principles and Applications, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2008. ISBN: 978-3-527-31568-0 J.K., Gierse, J.J., McDonald, S.D., Hauser, S.H., Rangwala, C.M., Coboldt, and K., Seibert, 1996, The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271 (26): 15810-15814. Jutti Levita, Cahya Nova A., Asari Nawawi, Abdul Mutalib, Slamet Ibrahim, 2010, Radioiodinasi andrografolid dan biodistribusinya

dalam mencit untuk perunut inflamasi, Majalah Farmasi Indonesia, Vol. 21 No.4 ISSN 0126-1037 Leach, A., Molecular Modeling Principles and Applications, Pearson Education Limited, Essex, 2001. ISBN: 978-0-582-38210-7 Levita, J., Novriyanti, M., Muchtaridi, Moektiwardoyo, M., Halimah, E., 2009, Molecular modeling study of andrographolide as an inhibitor of NF-kappaB p50-DNA binding, dipresentasikan di Pekan Ilmiah Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung. Levita, J., Nawawi, A., Mutholib, A., Ibrahim, S., 2010, Andrographolide Inhibits COX-2 Expression in Human Fibroblast Cells Due to its Interaction with Arginine and Histidine in Cyclooxygenase Site, J.Applied Sci., ISSN 1812-5654 http://scialert.net/onlinefirst.php? issn = 1812-565 Mannhold, R., H. Kubinyi, G. Folkers. 2006. Pharmacophere and Pharmacophere Searches. Weinheim: WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 3-13 Nilsson, S., S. Mikell, E. Treuter, M. Tujague, J. Thomsen, G. Andersson,E. Pande, V., Sharma, R.K., Inoue, Jun-Ichiro, Otsuka, M., Ramos, M.J., 2003, A Molecular Modeling Study of Inhibitors of Nuclear Factor-

Kappa B (p50)- DNA Binding, Journal of Computer Aided Molecular Design, 17, 825-836. Sensen, S., Yano, J.K., Reynald, R.L., Schoch, G.A., Griffin, K.L., Stout, C.D., Johnson, E.F., 2007, Adatations for the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exhibited by the structure of human P450 1A2, The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282: 14248-14355 Silverman, R.B., The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego, California, 2004. ISBN-13: 978-0-12-643732 S.P., Dilber, S.Lj., Dobric, Z.D., Juranic, B.D., Markovic, S.M., Vladimirov, and I.O., Juranic, 2008, Molecules, 13: 603-615. Tak, P.P., and Firestein, G.S., 2001, The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 107 (1) Enamurk, K. Petersson, M. Warner, J.A. Gustafsson. 2001. Mechanism of Estrogen Action. Physiological Reviews 81:1536-1565. Xia, Y-F., Ye, B-Q., Li, Y-D., Wang, J-G., He, X-J., Lin, X., Yao, X., Ma, D., Slungaard., A., Hebbel., R.P., Key, N.S., and Geng, J-G, 2004, Andrographolide attenuates inflammation by inhibition of NF-kB activation through covalent modification of reduced cysteine62 of p50, The Journal of Immunology, 4207-4217.

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Zhao, L., Brinton R.D. 2006. Estrogen Receptor as a Therapeutic Target for Promoting Neurogeneis and Preventing Neurodegeneration. Drug Development Research. 66: 103-117