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Lembar Kerja

Lembar Kerja Siswa


Perpindahan Kalor
Nama : 1. ...................................

2. ...................................

3. ...................................

4. ...................................

1. Berdasarkan hasil pengamatan, jelaskan pengertian perpindahan kalor secara konduksi,

konveksi dan radiasi!

Jawab :

Konduksi : ..........................................................................................................

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Konveksi : ..........................................................................................................

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Radiasi : .............................................................................................................

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2. Faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi hantaran

kalor seperti gambar di samping?

Jawab :

(1) .......................................................

(2) .......................................................

(3) .......................................................

(4) .......................................................

3. Secara matematis persamaan untuk hantaran kalor secara konduksi dapat ditulis sebagai :

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4. Ada 2 (dua) jenis konveksi, yaitu konveksi alamiah dan konveksi paksa. Berikan contoh masing-

masing!

Konveksi alamiah, contohnya : ..................................................................................

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Konveksi paksa, contohnya : .....................................................................................

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5. Perhatikan gambar berikut!

Jelaskan peristiwa-peristiwa di atas berdasarkan hantaran kalor yang terjadi!

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6. Secara matematis, persamaan hantaran kalor secara konveksi dapat ditulis sebagai:

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7. (a) Mengapa pada siang hari yang terik, kita lebih nyaman memakai baju berwarna putih

daripada baju berwarna hitam?

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(b) Suhu kopi atau teh panas akan bertahan lebih lama dalam suatu cangkir yang permukaan

dalamnya mengkilap daripada dalam cangkir yang permukaan dalamnya gelap. Mengapa

demikian?

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8. Tiga buah balon berukuran sama. Balon (1), (2),

dan (3) berturut-turut berwarna seperti gambar di

samping. Pada siang hari yang terik ketiga balon di

bawa ke lapangan terbuka. Jika ketiga balon

dilepas pada saat yang bersamaan, balon manakah

yang akan naik paling cepat? Jelaskan! (1) (2) (3)


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9. Sebutkan bunyi Hukum Stefan – Boltzmann tentang radiasi kalor!

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10. Berdasarkan Hukum Stefan – Boltzmann, secara matematis persamaan hantaran kalor secara

radiasi dapat ditulis sebagai:

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11. Luas penampang ujung batang aluminium (k = 50 kal/ms oC) adalah 1 cm2. Ujung-ujung batang

bertemperatur 0oC dan 20oC. Jika panjang batang 1 m, tentukan banyaknya kalor yang

merambat tiap sekon pada batang tersebut!

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12. Dua batang logam disambung seperti pada gambar berikut.

Apabila koefisien konduktivitas logam P ½ kali koefisien konduktivitas logam Q, serta AC = 2 CB,

tentukan suhu sambungan kedua logam di C!

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13. Sebatang perunggu pada suhu 127oC meradiasikan kalor dengan laju 20 J/s. Jika suhunya

dinaikkan menjadi 527oC, tentukan laju radiasi kalor batang perunggu itu sekarang!

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