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CURAH HUJAN RATA RATA DAERAH ALIRAN

1. Metode Rata Rata Aritmetik

d =

d1 + d2 + d3 + ... + dn
n

No.

Tahun

Pos 1

Pos 2

Pos 3

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

97.62
87.9
48.24
23.23
36.75
26.37
79.23
95.98
57.84
9.28
45.48
71.71
54.19
20.79
34.77
56.36
48.3
83.06
55.35
53.92
80.2
33.49

22.67
53.19
51.5
43.25
34.69
42.63
82.18
6.53
30.69
32.64
51.84
12.61
5.27
24.15
30.92
88.03
55.86
73.82
43.16
86.25
70.16
71.83

21.45
0.31
65.01
47.23
25.42
63.02
24.28
8.59
75.11
11.29
75.83
80.55
30.36
73.94
2.07
48.37
56.23
1.15
63.86
9.83
39.59
79.59

47.247
47.133
54.917
37.903
32.287
44.007
61.897
37.033
54.547
17.737
57.717
54.957
29.940
39.627
22.587
64.253
53.463
52.677
54.123
50.000
63.317
61.637

2. Metode Poligon Thiessen

Menghitung luas poligon pengaruh station ( A )


Perhitungan Luas Wilayah A (A1)
Titik

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
1
36
25

12
11
10.5
9.5
8.5
7.5
6.5
5.5
4.6
4.2
3.85
3.4
5.6
12
Jumlah

2.55
2
1.5
0.9
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.9
1.5
2
2.5
3.1
5.6
2.55

24
16.5
9.45
5.7
4.25
3
5.85
8.25
9.2
10.5
11.935
19.04
14.28
0
141.955

28.05
21
14.25
7.65
4.5
3.25
2.2
4.14
6.3
7.7
8.5
17.36
67.2
0
192.10

A1 =

A - B
2

141,955
192,10
2

25,072
5

25,0725
cm

A1 = 25,0725 cm x skala = 25,0725 x 100.000 = 2.507.250 cm =


250.725.000 mm

Perhitungan Luas Wilayah B (A2)


Titik

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

5.1
6
7
8
9
10
10.8
11.5
12.1
12.8
12.8
12.9
12.8

9.15
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.25
8.4
7.5
6.7
6
5
4.5
4
3.5

47.43
56.4
66.5
74
75.6
75
72.36
69
60.5
57.6
51.2
45.15
38.4

54.9
65.1
75.2
85.5
92.5
90.72
86.25
81.07
76.8
64
58.05
51.2
43.75

24
25
36
11

A2 =

12.5
12
5.6
5.1
Jumlah

A - B
2

3
2.55
5.6
9.15

939,455
1003,88
2

31.875
67.2
51.24
0
939.455

36
14.28
28.56
0
1003.88

32,212
5

32,2125
cm

A2 = 32,2125 cm x skala = 32,2125 x 100.000 = 3.221.250 cm =


322.125.000 mm

Perhitungan Luas Wilayah C (A3)


Titik

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
36
1

3.4
2.7
2
1
0.55
0.4
1
2
3
4
5.1
5.6
3.4
Jumlah

3.1
4
4.75
5
5.5
6.5
7.2
7.9
8.5
8.75
9.15
5.6
3.1

13.6
12.825
10
5.5
3.575
2.88
7.9
17
26.25
36.6
28.56
17.36
0
182.05

8.37
8
4.75
2.75
2.2
6.5
14.4
23.7
34
44.625
51.24
19.04
0
219.58

A3 =

A - B
2

182,05
219,58
2

18,762
5

18,7625
cm

A3 = 18,7625 cm x skala = 18,7625 x 100.000 = 1.876.250 cm =


187.625.000 mm

Luas Wilayah Total (Atotal)


Atotal = A1 + A2 + A3
= 250.725.000 + 322.125.000 + 187.625.000
Atotal = 760.475.000 mm

Menghitung curah hujan rata rata


d =

A1 . d1 + A2 . d2 + A3 . d3 + ... + An . dn
A1 + A2 + A3 + ... + An

A1

= 250.725.000 mm

A2

= 322.125.000 mm

A3

= 187.625.000 mm

Atotal = 760.475.000 mm
No
.

Tah
un

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

10

1989

11

1990

12

1991

13

1992

14

1993

15

1994

16

1995

17

1996

18

1997

Pos
1
97.6
2
87.9
48.2
4
23.2
3
36.7
5
26.3
7
79.2
3
95.9
8
57.8
4
9.28
45.4
8
71.7
1
54.1
9
20.7
9
34.7
7
56.3
6
48.3
83.0
6

Pos
2
22.6
7
53.1
9
51.5
43.2
5
34.6
9
42.6
3
82.1
8
6.53
30.6
9
32.6
4
51.8
4
12.6
1
5.27
24.1
5
30.9
2
88.0
3
55.8
6
73.8
2

Pos
3
21.4
5
0.31
65.0
1
47.2
3
25.4
2
63.0
2
24.2
8
8.59
75.1
1
11.2
9
75.8
3
80.5
5
30.3
6
73.9
4
2.07
48.3
7
56.2
3
1.15

A1.d1

A2.d2

A3.d3

24,475,774,
500
22,038,727,
500
12,094,974,
000
5,824,341,7
50
9,214,143,7
50
6,611,618,2
50
19,864,941,
750
24,064,585,
500
14,501,934,
000
2,326,728,0
00
11,402,973,
000
17,979,489,
750
13,586,787,
750
5,212,572,7
50
8,717,708,2
50
14,130,861,
000
12,110,017,
500
20,825,218,
500

7,302,573,7
50
17,133,828,
750
16,589,437,
500
13,931,906,
250
11,174,516,
250
13,732,188,
750
26,472,232,
500
2,103,476,2
50
9,886,016,2
50
10,514,160,
000
16,698,960,
000
4,061,996,2
50
1,697,598,7
50
7,779,318,7
50
9,960,105,0
00
28,356,663,
750
17,993,902,
500
23,779,267,
500

4,024,556,2
50

47.08
0
51.58
7
53.75
8
37.63
1
33.08
2
42.30
0
66.92
2
36.52
9
50.60
1
19.67
1
55.66
2
48.85
7
27.58
9
35.32
6
25.07
1
67.80
4
53.45
9
58.93
7

58,163,750
12,197,501,
250
8,861,528,7
50
4,769,427,5
00
11,824,127,
500
4,555,535,0
00
1,611,698,7
50
14,092,513,
750
2,118,286,2
50
14,227,603,
750
15,113,193,
750
5,696,295,0
00
13,872,992,
500
388,383,750
9,075,421,2
50
10,550,153,
750
215,768,750

19

1998

20

1999

21

2000

22

2001

55.3
5
53.9
2
80.2
33.4
9

43.1
6
86.2
5
70.1
6
71.8
3

63.8
6
9.83
39.5
9
79.5
9

13,877,628,
750
13,519,092,
000
20,108,145,
000
8,396,780,2
50

13,902,915,
000
27,783,281,
250
22,600,290,
000
23,138,238,
750

Curah Hujan Rata Rata Daerah Aliran ( d )


No
.

Tahun

Aritmat
ik

Thiesse
n

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

47.247
47.133
54.917
37.903
32.287
44.007
61.897
37.033
54.547
17.737
57.717
54.957
29.940
39.627
22.587
64.253
53.463
52.677
54.123
50.000
63.317
61.637

47.080
51.587
53.758
37.631
33.082
42.300
66.922
36.529
50.601
19.671
55.662
48.857
27.589
35.326
25.071
67.804
53.459
58.937
52.286
56.737
65.928
61.104

47.163
49.360
54.338
37.767
32.684
43.153
64.409
36.781
52.574
18.704
56.689
51.907
28.764
37.477
23.829
66.028
53.461
55.807
53.205
53.368
64.622
61.370

11,981,732,
500
1,844,353,7
50
7,428,073,7
50
14,933,073,
750

52.28
6
56.73
7
65.92
8
61.10
4

ANALISA FREKUENSI CURAH HUJAN

1. Metode Gumbel
No.

Tahu
n

xi
( mm )

(xxi )

( x - xi )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

47.163
49.360
54.338
37.767
32.684
43.153
64.409
36.781
52.574
18.704
56.689
51.907
28.764
37.477
23.829
66.028
53.461
55.807
53.205
53.368

0.267
-1.930
-6.907
9.663
14.746
4.277
-16.979
10.649
-5.143
28.726
-9.259
-4.477
18.666
9.954
23.601
-18.598
-6.031
-8.377
-5.775
-5.938

0.071
3.725
47.712
93.368
217.437
18.292
288.298
113.395
26.456
825.204
85.733
20.042
348.407
99.073
557.010
345.899
36.372
70.171
33.346
35.262

21
22

1990
1991

Jumlah

T
5
25
100

64.622
61.370
1043.46
3

-17.192
-13.940

295.570
194.330
3755.17
5

YT

Yn

Sn

(xi / n)

(table 1)

47.430

1.4999
3.1985

(table 2)

Sx

(table 3)

0.5268

SX =

1.0754

KT

(X X )
( n 1)

13.372

4.6001

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

0,4952
0,5236
0,5362
0,5436
0,5485
0,5521
0,5548
0,5569
0,5586
0,5600

Return Priode (T) ,


0,4996 0,5035 0,5070
tahun
0,5252 0,5268 0,5283
0,5371 0,53802 0,5388
0,5442 0,54485 0,5453
0,5489 0,5493
10 0,5497
0,5524 0,5527
20 0,5530
0,5550 0,5552
25 0,5555
0,5570 0,5572
50 0,5574
0,5587 0,5589
100 0,5591
200

Reduced Variate
0,5100 0,5128 0,5157
(Yt)
0,5296 0,5309 0,5320
0,5396 0,3665
0,5402 0,5410
0,5458 1,4999
0,5463 0,5468
0,5501 2,2502
0,5504 0,5508
0,5533 2,9702
0,5535 0,5538
0,5557 3,1985
0,5559 0,5561
0,5576 3,9019
0,5578 0,5580
0,5592 4,6001
0,5593 0,5595
5,2958

Tabel 1. Reduced Variate ( Yt )

Tabel 2. Reduced Mean ( Yn )

XT

Yt Yn
KT =
Sn

X T = X + K T .Sx

0.905
2.484
3.788

59.530
80.652
98.080

0,5181
0,5332
0,5418
0,5473
0,5511
0,5540
0,5563
0,5581
0,5596

0,5202
0,5343
0,5424
0,5477
0,5515
0,5543
0,5565
0,5583
0,5598

0,5520
0,5353
0,5430
0,5481
0,5518
0,5545
0,5567
0,5585
0,5579

Tabel 3. Reduced Standard Deviation ( Sn ).

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

0,9496 0,9697 0,9833


1,0620 1,0696 1,0754
1,1124 1,1159 1,1193
1,1413 1,1436 1,1458
1,1607 1,1623 1,1638
1,1747 1,1759 1,1770
1,1854 1,1863 1,1873
1,1938 1,.1945 1,1953
1,2007 1,2013 1,2020
1,2065

0,9971
1,0811
1,1226
1,1480
1,1658
1,1782
1,1881
1,1959
1,2026

1,0095
1,0864
1,1255
1,1499
1,1667
1,1793
1,1890
1,1967
1,2032

1,0206
1,0915
1,1285
1,1519
1,1681
1,1803
1,1898
1,1973
1,2038

1,0316
1,0961
1,1313
1,1538
1,1696
1,1814
1,1903
1,1980
1,2044

1,0411
1,1044
1,1339
1,1557
1,1708
1,1824
1,1915
1,1987
1,2049

1,0493
1,1047
1,1363
1,1574
1,1721
1,1834
1,1923
1,1994
1,2055

1,0565
1,1056
1,1388
1,1590
1,1734
1,1844
1,1930
1,2001
1,2060

2. Metode Log Person III


N
o.

Tahun

1
1970
2
1971
3
1972
4
1973
5
1974
6
1975
7
1976
8
1977
9
1978
10
1979
11
1980
12
1981
13
1982
14
1983
15
1984
16
1985
17
1986
18
1987
19
1988
20
1989
21
1990
22
1991
Jumlah

xi

log xi

47.163
49.360
54.338
37.767
32.684
43.153
64.409
36.781
52.574
18.704
56.689
51.907
28.764
37.477
23.829
66.028
53.461
55.807
53.205
53.368
64.622
61.370

1.674
1.693
1.735
1.577
1.514
1.635
1.809
1.566
1.721
1.272
1.754
1.715
1.459
1.574
1.377
1.820
1.728
1.747
1.726
1.727
1.810
1.788
36.420

Tabel interpolasi nilai G (tabel 4)

(log xi log x)

(log xi Log x)

(log xi - log
x)

0.018
0.038
0.080
-0.078
-0.141
-0.020
0.153
-0.090
0.065
-0.384
0.098
0.060
-0.197
-0.082
-0.278
0.164
0.073
0.091
0.070
0.072
0.155
0.132

0.0003
0.0014
0.0063
0.0061
0.0199
0.0004
0.0236
0.0081
0.0043
0.1471
0.0096
0.0036
0.0387
0.0067
0.0775
0.0270
0.0053
0.0083
0.0050
0.0052
0.0240
0.0176
0.4458

0.00001
0.00005
0.00050
-0.00048
-0.00281
-0.00001
0.00362
-0.00073
0.00028
-0.05642
0.00094
0.00021
-0.00760
-0.00055
-0.02157
0.00443
0.00038
0.00076
0.00035
0.00037
0.00372
0.00233
-0.07221

Cs
-1.2
-1.223
-1.4

G5
0.844
0.843
0.832

Cs
-1.2
-1.223
-1.4

Log x
T
Log X =

5
25

i =1

Cs
-1.2
-1.223
-1.4

Cs

Sx

Log X

G25
1.282
1.272
1.198

SX =

1.655

( Lo gX Lo gX )

( n 1)

0.146

CS =

n Log X i Log X
i =1

( n 1) ( n 2) ( Sx) 3

-1.223

100

G100
3.149
3.163
3.271

Log XT
XT

(table
interpola
si)

Lo g XT = Lo gX + G Sx

0.843
1.272

1.778
1.841

3.163

2.116

60.013
69.321
130.71
2

Tabel 4. Nilai Faktor Frekuensi ( G ) Log Person III

Skewness
Cs
3,0
2,5
2,2
2,0
1,8
1,6
1,4
1,2
1,0
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0,0

Skewness
Cs

2
50
-0,396
-0,360
-0,330
-0,307
-0,282
-0,254
-0,225
-0,195
-0,164
-0,148
-0,132
-0,116
-0,099
-0,083
-0,066
-0,050
-0,033
-0,017
0,000

10

20
0,420
0,518
0,574
0,609
0,643
0,675
0,705
0,732
0,758
0,769
0,780
0,790
0,800
0,808
0,816
0,824
0,830
0,836
0,842

10
1,180
1,250
1,284
1,302
1,318
1,329
1,337
1,340
1,340
1,339
1,336
1,333
1,328
1,323
1,317
1,309
1,301
1,292
1,282

10

50

20

10

Periode Ulang ( tahun )


25
50
Peluang (% )
4
2
2,278
3,152
2,262
3,048
2,240
2,970
2,219
2,912
2,193
2,848
2,163
2,780
2,128
2,706
2,087
2,626
2,043
2,542
2,018
2,498
1,998
2,453
1,967
2,407
1,939
2,359
1,910
2,311
1,880
2,261
1,849
2,211
1,818
2,159
1,785
2,107
1,751
2,054

100

200

1000

1
4,051
3,845
3,705
3,605
3,499
3,388
3,271
3,149
3,022
2,957
2,891
2,824
2,755
2,686
2,615
2,544
2,472
2,400
2.326

0,5
4,970
4,652
4,444
4,298
4,147
3,990
3,828
3,661
3,489
3,401
3,312
3,223
3,132
3,041
2,949
2,856
2,763
2,670
2,576

0,1
7,250
6,600
6,200
5,910
5,660
5,390
5,110
4,820
4,540
4,395
4,250
4,105
3,960
3,815
3,670
3,525
3,380
3,235
3,090

200

1000

0,5

0,1

Periode Ulang ( tahun )


25
50
100
Peluang (% )
4
2
1

- 0,1
0,017
- 0,2
0,033
- 0,3
0,050
- 0,4
0,066
- 0,5
0,083
- 0,6
0,099
- 0,7
0,116
- 0,8
0,132
- 0,9
0,148
- 1,0
0,164
- 1,2
0,195
- 1,4
0,225
- 1,6
0,254
- 1,8
0,282
- 2,0
0,307
- 2,2
0,330
- 2,5
0,360
- 3,0
0,396
3. Metode Iwaii

0,836
0,850
0,853
0,855
0,856
0,857
0,857
0,856
0,854
0,852
0,844
0,832
0,817
0,799
0,777
0,752
0,711
0,636

1,270
1,258
1,245
1,231
1,216
1,200
1,183
1,166
1,147
1,128
1,086
1,041
0,994
0,945
0,895
0,844
0,771
0,660

1,761
1,680
1,643
1,606
1,567
1,528
1,488
1,448
1,407
1,366
1,282
1,198
1,116
1,035
0,959
0,888
0,793
0,666

No.

Tahun

xi

Log xi

xi + b

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

66.028
64.622

1.820
1.810
1.809
1.788
1.753
1.747
1.735
1.728
1.727
1.726
1.721
1.715
1.693
1.674
1.635
1.577
1.574
1.566
1.514
1.459
1.368
1.272

66.028
64.622
64.409
61.370
56.689
55.807
54.338
53.461
53.368
53.205
52.574
51.907
49.360
47.163
43.153
37.767
37.477
36.781
32.684
28.764
23.329
18.704

Jumlah

Perkiraan Harga b ...

64.409
61.370
56.689
55.807
54.338
53.461
53.368
53.205
52.574
51.907
49.360
47.163
43.153
37.767
37.477
36.781
32.684
28.764
23.329
18.704

36.411

2,000
1,945
1,890
1,834
1,777
1,720
1,663
1,606
1,549
1,492
1,379
1,270
1,166
1,069
0,980
0,900
0,798
0,666

2,252
2,178
2,104
2,029
1,995
1,880
1,809
1,733
1,660
1,588
1,449
1,318
1,197
1,087
0,990
0,905
0,799
0,667

2,482
2,388
2,294
2,201
2,108
2,016
1,926
1,837
1,749
1,664
1,501
1,351
1,216
1,097
1,995
0,907
0,800
0,667

Log (xi +
b)
1.820
1.810
1.809
1.788
1.753
1.747
1.735
1.728
1.727
1.726
1.721
1.715
1.693
1.674
1.635
1.577
1.574
1.566
1.514
1.459
1.368
1.272

{Log (xi +
b)}
3.311
3.277
3.272
3.197
3.075
3.051
3.011
2.986
2.983
2.979
2.961
2.942
2.868
2.801
2.673
2.487
2.477
2.451
2.293
2.128
1.871
1.618

36.411

60.713

3,950
2,810
2,675
2,540
2,400
2,275
2,150
2,035
1,910
1,800
1,625
1,465
1,280
1,130
1,000
0,910
0,802
0,668

1 n
Log x 0 = Log x i =
n i =1

1.6550

x0

= 45.1907

m = n/10 = 22/10 = 2.2 2


m

xs

xt

xs . xt

xs +
xt

18.7
04

66.0
28

1234.987
712

84.73
2

23.3
29

64.6
22

1507.566
638

x0

(xs . xt) x0

2 x0

1 n
Log (x 0 + b)
n i =1

1.6550

Perkiraan Harga 1/c ...


1
2n
2
=
X 2 X 0 = 0,2073
c
n 1

1/T

1/5
1/25
1/10
0

(table
5)

0.595
1
1.237
9
1.645
0

bi

142.88
6
2042.1
90.3
97
81
87.95
-534.630
2.430
219.98
1
2
Jumlah
362.86
7
Jadi, b = bi/m = -362.867/2 = -181.4335 0
-807.209

Perkiraan Harga X0 ...

X0 =

2 x0 - (xs
+ xt)

2
X =

1 n
{ Log (x i + b)} 2 = 2.7597

n i =1

1/c

Log ( x +
b)
= X0 +
(1/c)

x+b

0.123

1.778

60.033

60.033

0.257

1.912

81.585

81.585

0.341

1.996

99.080

99.080

Tabel 5. Variabel normal yang sesuai pada W (x) utama


T

W(x) = 1/T

W(x) = 1/T

500
400
300
250

0.00200
0.00250
0.00333
0.00400

2.0352
1.9840
1.9227
1.8753

30
25
20
15

0.03333
0.04000
0.05000
0.06667

1.2971
1.2379
1.1631
1.0614

5.649

200
150
100
80
60
50
40

0.00500
0.00667
0.01000
0.01250
0.01667
0.02000
0.02500

1.8214
1.7499
1.6450
1.5851
1.5049
1.4522
1.3859

10
8
5
4
3
2

0.10000
0.12500
0.20000
0.25000
0.33333
0.50000

0.9062
0.8134
0.5951
0.4769
0.3045
-