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TRIGONOMETRI

1. cos10 + cos110 + cos130


= 2 cos 60 cos 50 + cos130
= cos 50 + cos130
= 2 cos 90 cos 40
=0
2. 8sin 80 sin 40 sin 20
= 4(cos 40 cos120)sin 20
1
= 4(cos 40 + ) sin 20
2
= 4 cos 40sin 20 + 2sin 20
= 2(sin 60 sin 20) + 2sin 20
= 2sin 60 2sin 20 +2sin 20
= 3
3.

cos 96 + sin 96 tan 48

= cos 2 48 sin 2 48 + 2sin 48 cos 48 .

sin 48
cos 48

= cos 2 48 sin 2 48 + 2sin 2 48


= cos 2 48 + sin 2 48
=1

4.

Jika tan(x y ) =

4
3
, cos( x + y ) = ,
3
5

Tentukan sin 2 x
4
3
tan( x y ) =
cos( x + y ) =
3
5
4
4
sin( x y ) =
sin( x + y ) =
5
5
3
cos( x y ) =
5
sin 2 x = sin[( x y ) + ( x + y )]
= sin( x y ) cos( x + y ) + cos( x y ) sin( x + y )
4 3 3 4
= . + .
5 5 5 5
24
=
25
5.

sin 2 15 cos 2 15

= 1(cos 2 15 sin 2 15)


= 1(cos 30)
1
=
3
2
sin 2 67,5 cos 2 22,5
1 cos135 1 + cos 45
=
(
)
2
2
1 ( cos 45) 1 + cos 45
=
(
)
2
2
1 + cos 45 1 + cos 45
=
(
)
2
2
=0

6.

sin 22,5 cos 22,5 cos 2 22,5


1
1 + cos 45
= sin 45 (
)
2
2
1
1 1
=
2
2
4
2 4
1
=
2

7.

8.

csc10 + csc 50 csc 70

1
1
1
+

sin10 sin 50 sin 70


sin 50sin 70 + sin10sin 70 sin10sin 50
=
sin10sin 50sin 70
1 (cos 20 cos120) + 1 (cos 60 cos80) 1 (cos 40 cos 60)
2
2
= 2
1 (cos 40 cos 60) sin 70
2
1 cos 20 + 1 + 1 1 cos80 1 cos 40 + 1
4
4
2
2
4
= 2
1 cos 40sin 70 1 sin 70
2
4
3 + 1 (cos 20 cos80 cos 40)
2
= 4
1 (sin110 sin(30)) 1 sin 70
4
4
3 + 1 (2sin 50sin(30) cos 40)
2
= 4
1 (sin110 + 1 ) 1 sin 70
4
2
4
3 + 1 (sin 50 cos 40)
2
= 4
1 + 1 sin110 1 sin 70
8
4
4
3 + 1 ( cos 40 cos 40 )
2
= 4
1 + 1 ( sin110 sin 70 )
8
4
3 + 1 (0)
2
= 4
=6
1 + 1 (0)
8
4
9. cos10 cos 50 cos 70
1
= (cos80 + cos 60) cos 50
2
1
1
= cos 50 + cos80 cos 50
4
2
1
1
= cos 50 + (cos130 + cos 30)
4
4
1
1
1
= cos 50 + cos130 +
3
4
4
8
1
=
3
8
=

10. cos 20 cos 40 cos 60 cos80

2sin 20
) cos 20 cos 40 cos 60 cos80
2sin 20
1 sin 40 cos 40 cos80
= .
2
2sin 20
1 1 sin 80 cos80
= . .
2 2 2sin 20
1 1 1 sin160
= . . .
2 2 2 2 sin 20
1
=
8
=(

11. 4 cos 36 sin18


2 cos18
= 4 cos 36sin18(
)
2 cos18
4 cos 36sin 36
=
2 cos18
2sin 72
=
2 cos18
=1
12. sin 20 sin 40 sin 60 sin 80
1
1
=
3. (cos 20 cos 60)sin 80
2
2
1
1
=
3 cos 20sin 80
3 sin 80
4
8
1
1
=
3(sin100 sin(60))
3 sin 80
8
8
1
1
1
=
3 sin100 +
3 sin 60
3 sin 80
8
8
8
3
=
16
13. cos8 15 sin 8 15
= (cos 4 15 sin 4 15)(cos 4 15 + sin 4 15)

((

= (cos 2 15 sin 2 15)(cos 2 15 + sin 2 15) sin 2 15 + cos 2 15 2sin 2 15 cos 2 15


1

= (cos 30).1 1 sin 2 30


2

1
1
=
3 1
2
8
7
=
3
16

x y = 30
Tentukan tan x jika 2sin x = cos y
x y = 30
y = x 30
2sin x = cos y
2sin x = cos( x 30)
2sin x = cos x cos 30 + sin x sin 30
1
1
2sin x =
3 cos x + sin x
2
2
4sin x = 3 cos x + sin x

14.

3sin x = 3 cos x
1
tan x =
3
3
Jika 2 cos( x + 45) cos( x 45) = 0
Tentukan cot x
1
1
cos( x + 45) =
2 cos x
2 sin x
2
2
1
1
cos( x 45) =
2 cos x +
2 sin x
2
2
2 cos( x + 45) cos( x 45) = 0
1
1
1
1
2( 2 cos x
2 sin x) =
2 cos x +
2 sin x
2
2
2
2
2 2 cos x 2 2 sin x = 2 cos x + 2 sin x

15.

2 cos x = 3 2 sin x
cot x =

3 2
=3
2

2
0 a , 0 b , a+b =
3
16.
Jika sin a = 2sin b ,Tentukan tan( a b)

a+b =

2
3

2
a
3
sin a = 2sin b
2
sin a = 2sin(
a)
3
2
2
sin a = 2(sin
cos a cos
sin a)
3
3
sin a = 3 cos a + sin a
b=

3 cos a = 0
cos a = 0

a=
2
2
2
b=
a =
=
3
3 2 6

tan(a b) = tan( )
2 6

= tan = 3
3
17.

sin 25 + sin11 sin 47 sin 61


cos 7

(sin 25 + sin11) (sin 47 + sin 61)


cos 7
(2sin18cos 7) (2sin 54 cos 7)
=
cos 7
2 cos 7 (sin18 sin 54)
=
cos 7
= 2(2 cos 36sin( 18))
2 cos18
= 4 cos 36sin18
2 cos18
4 cos 36sin 36
=
2 cos18
2sin 72
=
2 cos18
= 1
=