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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji dan syukur kami panjatkan kehadirat Allah SWT yang telah melimpahkan
rahmatNya sehingga makalah Teknologi Minyak Bumi yang berjudul Unit Pengolahan
II & III ini dapat kami selesaikan.
Pada makalah ini akan membahas Kilang Minyak yang mempunyai peranan
penting dalam industri terutama Unit Pengolahan II & III. Pembahasan mengenai proses
pengolahan minyak mentah, peralatan yang digunakan serta hasil produk dari unit
pengolahan tersebut.
Sebagai manusia biasa, yang tak pernah lepas dari kesalahan, saran dan kritikan
yang bersifat membangun selalu kami harapkan dari berbagai pihak agar kami dapat
lebih baik lagi dalam penulisan berikutnya.
Akhirnya, semoga makalah ini dapat memberi manfaat dan pengetahuan bagi
kita semua, terutama dalam memahami Unit Pengolahan II & III sebagai produsen
pengolahan minyak bumi di Indonesia.

Palembang, Maret 2014


Penulis

DAFTAR ISI
KATA PENGANTAR ....................................................................................
DAFTAR ISI ...................................................................................................
DAFTAR GAMBAR ......................................................................................
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN
I.1 Latar Belakang Masalah .............................................................
I.2 Tujuan Penulisan.........................................................................
I.3 Rumusan Masalah .......................................................................
I.4 Sistematika Penulisan .................................................................
BAB II ISI
II.1 Pengertian Elektrokimia ............................................................
II.2 Penggolongan Elektrokimia ......................................................
BAB III INSTRUMENTASI
III.1 Potensiometri............................................................................
III.2 Voltametri ................................................................................
III.3 Coulometri................................................................................
III.4 Konduktometri .........................................................................
III.5 Oscillometri ..............................................................................
III.6 Kronopotensiometri..................................................................
III.7 Pemisahan Potensial Terkendali ..............................................
BAB IV APLIKASI INSTRUMEN
III.1 Potensiometri............................................................................
III.2 Voltametri ................................................................................
III.3 Coulometri................................................................................
III.4 Konduktometri .........................................................................
III.5 Oscillometri ..............................................................................
III.6 Kronopotensiometri..................................................................
III.7 Pemisahan Potensial Terkendali ..............................................
BAB V PENUTUP
V.1 Kesimpulan ...............................................................................
V.2 Saran ..........................................................................................
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

SEL GALVANI ............................................................................................... 4


DERET VOLTA .............................................................................................. 7
POTENSIOMETER ......................................................................................... 10
SIMBOL POTENSIOMETRI .......................................................................... 11
POTENSIO KONDISI AWAL ........................................................................ 11
POTENSIO DIGERAKKAN KE KANAN ..................................................... 11
BAGIAN-BAGIAN POTENSIOMETER ....................................................... 12
ELEMEN POTENSIOMETRI ......................................................................... 13
MACAM POTENSIOMETRI ......................................................................... 14
POTENSIOMETRI LILITAN KAWAT TINGGI........................................... 15
VOLTAMETRI ............................................................................................... 18
COULOMETRI .............................................................................................. 19
TEMBAGA COULOMETER ......................................................................... 21
KONSTRUKSI COULOMETRI .................................................................... 23
KONDUKTOMETER .................................................................................... 24
OSCILLOMETER .......................................................................................... 25
PH METER ..................................................................................................... 27
ELEKTRODA ................................................................................................. 28
ELEKTRODA ................................................................................................. 28
SKEMA BIOSENSOR ................................................................................... 38
APLIKASI KRONOPOTENSIOMETRI ....................................................... 48

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