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PERENCANAAN GORDING, TREKSTANG, DAN IKATAN ANGIN

A. PERENCANAAN GORDING
JARAK MIRING GORDING R
JARAK MENDATAR GORDING
JARAK TEGAK GORDING

=
=
=

2.697
2.500
1.011

m
m
m

JAK

DICOBA PROFIL
Berat
Sx
Sy
Ix
Iy
Mutu Baja

=
=
=
=
=
=

5.000
1.240
0.233
1.850
0.247
37.000

lb/ft
in
in
in
in
Fu
Fy

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1. Beban Mati
a. Penutup Atap
W Asbes
W Penutup Atap x R
Beban Sendiri
qD

=
=
=
=

11.000
29.666
7.382
48.047

kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m

=
=
=
=

qd x sin 22
18.018
kg/m
qd x cos 22
44.540
kg/m

=
=
=
=

25
0.02
0.04
-0.4

kg/m
x
kg/m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

c Tekan
0.04
1.011
0
c Hisap
-0.4
-10.113

=
=
=
=
=

qdy
qdx

2. Beban Angin
W Angin
Koefisien Angin Tekan
Koefisien Angin Hisap
Wx Tekan

Wy Tekan
Wx Hisap

3. Beban Hujan
H

Hx

=
=

22
5

7.382
20.320
3.818
77.003
10.281
370.000
240.000

kg/m
cm
cm
cm
cm
Mpa
Mpa

0.4

x
x
kg/m

W
25

x
x

h
1.011

x
x
kg/m

W
25

x
x

h
1.011

40
40
60.413

kg/m

0.8
0.8

x
x

22

H
60.413

x
x

Sin 22
0.375

=
=
=
=

22.655
H
60.413
56.003

kg/m
x
x
kg/m

Cos 22
0.927

=
=
=
=

100
P
100
92.7

kg
x
x
kg

Cos 22
0.927

Py

=
=
=

=
=
=
=
=

5
25

m
m2

139.188

x
kg.m

44.540

25

Mwtekan x

=
=
=

3.160

x
x
kg.m

W tekan
1.011

x
x

L
25

Mwhisap x

=
=
=

-31.604

x
x
kg.m

W hisap
-10.113

x
x

L
25

Mhujan x

=
=
=

70.796

x
x
kg.m

Hx
22.655

x
x

L
25

M Lx

=
=
=

115.875

x
x
kg.m

Px
92.7

x
x

l
5

387.8231693

kg.m

0.273
0.258
240
370

in
in
Mpa
Mpa

Hy

4. Beban Hiidup
P
Px

Bidang Momen
L
L
MDlx

Kombinasi Pembebanan
1,4 D
= 194.8626 kg.m
1,2 D + 1,6 L + 0,5 H
= 387.8232 kg.m
1,2 D + 1,6 H + 0,8 W
= 282.8274 kg.m
1,2 D + 1,3 W + L + 0,5 H
= 322.4067 kg.m
Dari kombinasi pembebanan diatas Beban yang=terbesar
Mux
= 387.8232
Mux < Mn
Mn tergantung pada kelangsingan batang ()
Diket
: tf
=
tw
=
Fy
=
Fu
=

=
=

Flens

h
b
W

p
r

Badan

p
r

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Karena < p, maka termasuk penampang kompak


Mn=Mp
= Z.fy
= 23367,9 x 240
= 5608309 Nmm
Mux < Mn
387.8231693 < 0,9.Mn
387.8231693 < 0.9
x
387.8231693 < 504.7478 kg.m
Cek Lendutan
LX
E
qx
qy
Px
Py
Ly
max
x

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

500
21000000
44.54001
18.0178
92.7
37.5
160
L/240
2.083
5
384
5
384
0.013021
0.224154
5
384
5
384
0.013021
0.007123

cm
N/cm
kg/m
kg/m
kg
kg
cm
=
cm
x
x
x

1.625
1
1.24
b/(2.tf)
2.743589744
170/fy
10.97
370/fy-fr
28.46
hw/tw
6.298449612
1680/fy
108.44
2250/fy
145.23

in
in
in
=

=
=
=
b/(26,9342)

170/240

370/240-70

41,275/6,5532

1680/240

2250/240

=
=

1,15.W
23367.95

5608308.783
ok

(jarak kuda-kuda)

(jarak trekstang)
500/240
qx.l
EI
27837507382
1617059088
17.21489807

+
+
+

1
48
1
48
0.020833

cm
x
x
x
cm

qy.l
EI
118081481.2
215899240.5
0.546928655

+
+
+

1
48
1
48
0.020833

max

=
=
=

>
2.083 >

x
+
=0.050245015
+
0.224
cm

y
0.00005073712900

0.224

ok

AN IKATAN ANGIN
sin 22
cos 22
m

)
)

0.375
0.927

R
2.697

P
100
37.5

x
x
kg

6.9342
6.5532

mm
mm

sin 22
0.375

41.275
mm
38.0492 mm
20319.96 mm
b/(26,9342)

370/240-70
41,275/6,5532
1680/240
2250/240

mm

x
x
x
x
x
x

px. L
EI
139050
1617059088
0.0000860
py. L
EI
18000
215899240.5
0.00008337222

C. PERENCANAAN IKATAN ANGIN


W angin
c angin tekan
c angin hisap
L (jarak kuda-kuda)
h ( jarak vertikal gording ) x 3
h
h
beban angin pada kuda-kuda
W
mutu baja 37

R1=R2

=
=

1/2.W.L
5.056875

Cos

0.855

=
=
=
=

25
0.04
-0.4
5

=
=
=
=
=
=
fu
fy

(R.sin).2
(3.sin 22).2
2.02275 m
c.w.h
2.02275
=
=

kg/m

kg/m
370
240

Mpa
Mpa

=
=

37
24

tg

=
=
=

h/L
0.40455
31.25

gaya yang bekerja pada ikatan angin


S1
=

S2

=
=
=

Nu
Nu
7.688816
Ag
Ag
0.355964
d
d

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.3.S
0,9 (Ag.fy)
0,9 (Ag.24)
0.355964 mm
1/4..d
1/4..d
0.453457
0.673392 mm

Nu
7.688816
7.688816
Ag
Ag
0.369433
d
d

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0,75(0,75.Ag)fu
0,75(0,75.Ag)37
20.8125 Ag
0.369433 mm
1/4..d
1/4..d
0.470615
0.686014 mm

kg/mm
kg/mm

R1/cos
5.914474
7.688816

0.026512 Inchi

tersedia ukuran 1/16

0.027008 Inchi

tersedia ukuran 1/16

dari dua haasil kombinasi Nu tersebut di ambil yang terbesar, jadi


untuk ikatan angin ini di pakai Profil Baja bulat dengan diameter

0.0625

inchi

tersedia ukuran 1/16

tersedia ukuran 1/16

0.0625

inchi

0.0625 inchi

B. PERENCANAAN TREKSTANG
Atap asbes
=
hujan
=

jarak trekstang
jarak miring antar gording
mutu baja 37
fu
fy
beban gording

11
H

jumlah beban (PU)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Nu

fy
fu
Nu
Nu
68.49939
Ag
Ag
3.171268
d
d

=
=
<
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Nn
0,9. (Ag.fy)
0,9.(Ag.24)
3.171268 mm
1/4..d
1/4..d
4.039832
2.009933

Nu

0.75(0,75.Ag)fu

beban atap

kg/m
(40-0,8)R
=
=
(40-0,8.22) 2.697
=
60.4128
kg/m
1.6
m
2.697
m
370
Mpa
240
Mpa
q gording x jarak antar trekstang
7.382
x
1.6
11.811
kg
q atap x jarak antar trekstang x jarak antar gording
29.666
x
1.6
x
2.5
118.664 kg
beban goding + beban atap
11.811
+
118.664
130.475 kg
1,4D
=
1,4.59.277
=
182.665 kg
Psin
=
182.665 x sin 22
=
68.49939 kg
kg/mm
240
Mpa
=
24
kg/mm
370
Mpa
=
37

mm

0.079131 inchi

68.49939
68.49939
Ag
Ag
3.291262
d
d

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.75(0.75.Ag)37
20.8125 Ag
3.291262 mm
1/4..d
1/4..d
4.19269
2.047606 mm

Dari hasil kombinasi Nu tersebut di ambil yang terbesar, jadi


untuk trekstang ini dipake profil baja bulat dengan diameter

0.080614 inchi

0.125

inchi

tersedia ukuran

1/8

0.125

inchi