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NERACA MASSA

Basis perhitungan toluene dengan mass rate X kg/jam Feed masuk reaktor secara stichiometri Konversi reaksi 80% toluene bereaksi Persamaan reaksi yang terjadi yaitu : C7H8 + H2 C6H6 + CH4

Aliran 4 Toluene (C7H8) = X kg/jam Toluene (C7H8) = Aliran 1 Hydrogen (H2)= Hydrogen (H2)= Aliran 5 <1> + <4> = <5> kg/jam + Reaksi C7H8 Mula2 : Reaksi : Sisa : Maka, Toluene (C7H8) <6> = Toluene (C7H8) <6> = Hydrogen (H2) <6> = Hydrogen (H2) <6> = Benzene (C6H6) <6> = 0.8 = 0.2 kmol/jam 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 + H2 C6H6 + CH4 kg/jam = kg/jam (total flowrate stream <5>) kmol/jam = kg/jam kmol/jam

x92 = 0.2X kg/jam = 0.2 = kmol/jam

kg/jam

kmol/jam

Benzene (C6H6) <6> = 0.8 Metana (CH4) <6> = 0.8 Metana (CH4) <6> = 0.8 Aliran 7,8,9

= kmol/jam x 16 =

kg/jam

kg/jam

stream <6> = stream <7> = stream <8> = stream <9> Aliran 10 Separator memisahkan fase gas dan liquid. Diasumsikan hydrogen dan metana menjadi vapor seluruhnya sedangkan benzene dan toluene menjadi liquid seluruhnya. Maka, Hydrogen (H2) <10> = Hydrogen (H2) <10> = Metana (CH4) <10> = 0.8 Metana (CH4) <10> = 0.8 Aliran 12 Metana yang keluar kadarnya tinggi sehingga digunakan sebagai bahan bakar furnace F110 Hydrogen (H2) <12> = Hydrogen (H2) <12> = Metana (CH4) <12> = 0.8 Metana (CH4) <12> = 0.8 Aliran 13,14 dan 15 Aliran <13> = aliran <14> = aliran <15> Toluene (C7H8) <13> = Toluene (C7H8) <13> = Benzene (C6H6) <13> = 0.8 Benzene (C6H6) <13> = 0.8 = 0.2 kmol/jam = 0.2 = kmol/jam x 16 = kg/jam kmol/jam = 0.2 = kmol/jam x 16 = kg/jam kmol/jam

kg/jam

kg/jam

x92 = 0.2X kg/jam kmol/jam = kg/jam

Aliran 17 Split fraction pada H-420 = Sehingga, Toluene (C7H8) <17> = Toluene (C7H8) <17> = Benzene (C6H6) <17> = 0.8 Benzene (C6H6) <17> = 0.8 = 0.2 kmol/jam

x92 = 0.2X kg/jam kmol/jam = kg/jam