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Manual Desain Jembatan Baja (Oleh GILANG ADITYA)

Manual Desain Jembatan Baja (Oleh GILANG ADITYA)

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Boleh diDownload tapi kirimin juga keemail saya (gmail_civil@yahoo.co.id) apa saja tentang teknik sipil.terima hasih........."SEMOGA BERMANFAAT"
Boleh diDownload tapi kirimin juga keemail saya (gmail_civil@yahoo.co.id) apa saja tentang teknik sipil.terima hasih........."SEMOGA BERMANFAAT"

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Published by: Gilang aditya on Jun 22, 2010
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01/12/2015

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DISAIN JEMBATAN RANGKA BAJA

2 SIPIL 1 PAGI
UNTUK MELENGKAPI TUGAS BAJA



OLEH:
GILANG ADITYA.P
DANIEL HASIBUAN
SADDAM FIRGIAWAN
















DEPOK,15 JUNI 2010

PEMODELAN STRUKTUR

TAMPAK DEPAN


TAMPAK ATAS


SEPESIFIKASI JEMBATAN
-Jembatan rangka baja
-Panjang bentang 24 meter
-Lebar jembatan 8 meter
-Tinggi jembatan 3 meter

PERHITUNGAN GAYA-GAYA DALAM

*Reaksi Perletakan


= Ravx24 –
=
24Rav = 72P
Rav = 3P

Rav = Rbv maka Rbv = 3P


*Gaya-Gaya Batang


BUHUL A
0
1
1.0, 6 3 0
2
2, 5
1
0, 6
1 4,17
V
P S P
P
S
S P
∑ =
− − + =

− =


0
1 53 2 0
2 4,17 .0, 8
2 3, 33
H
S SIN S
S P
S P
∑ =
+ =
= −
= −



BUHUL B

0
1 53 3 6 14 0
4,17 .0, 6 3 3, 44.0, 24 0
3 3, 33
V
S COS S S SIN
P S
S P
∑ =
+ + =
+ + =
= −

0
1 53 6 14 0
4,17.0, 8 6.0, 97 0
3, 33
6 3, 44
0, 97
H
S SIN S COS
P S
P
S P
∑ =
− + =
− + =
= =



BUHUL C
0
3 5 26, 6 0
3, 33 50, 45 0
2, 33
5
0, 45
5 5,18
V
P S S SIN
P P S
P
S
S P
∑ =
− − − =
− + − =

=

=

0
2 4 5 26, 6 0
3, 33 4 5,18 .0, 89 0
4 7, 96
H
S S S COS
P S P
S P
∑ =
− + + =
+ + =
= −



BUHUL D
0
7 5 63, 4 6 76 0
7 5,18 .0, 45 3, 44 .0, 24 0
7 1, 5
V
S S COS S COS
S P P
S P
∑ =
+ − =
+ − =
= −

0
10 5 63, 4 6 76 0
10 5,18 .0, 89 3, 44 .0, 97 0
10 7, 97
H
S S SIN S SIN
S P P
S P
∑ =
− − =
− − =
=





BUHUL E



0
4 8 9 26, 6 0
7, 96 8 1,11 .0, 89 0
8 9
H
S S S COS
P S P
S P
∑ =
− + + =
+ + =
= −






BUHUL F










P S
S P
V
− =
= − −
= ∑
11
0 11
0
0
7 9 26, 6 0
1, 5 9.0, 45 0
0, 5
9 1,11
0, 45
V
P S S SIN
P P S
S P
∑ =
− − − =
− + − =
= =

TABEL GAYA BATANG
BEBAN MATI ,HIDUP DAN BERJALAN


TABEL BEBAN HIDUP DAN BEBAN MATI

NO.BATANG GAYA JENIS
S1 4,17P TARIK
S2 -3,33P TEKAN
S3 -3,33P TEKAN
S4 -7,96P TEKAN
S5 5,18P TARIK
S6 3,44P TARIK
S7 -1,5P TEKAN
S8 -9P TEKAN
S9 1,11P TARIK
S10 7,97P TARIK
S11 -P TEKAN























GAYA YANG BEKERJA




GAYA AXIAL



GAYA GESER




MOMEN









TABEL BEBAN BERJALAN


GRAFIK BEBAN BERJALAN

TOTAL GAYA YANG BEKERJA DISETIAP BATANG



PERENCANAAN RANGKA UTAMA

Tebal trotoar = 20 cm
Lebar trotoar = 100 cm
Panjang segmen = 4 m
Tinggi rangka = 3 m
Lebar jembatan = 8 m
Beban jalur = 9 kN/m
Beban garis = 49 kN/m


PEMBEBANAN PADA DIAFRAGMA
2

ker 24 4 0, 5 24 /
22 4 0, 05 4, 4 /
28, 4 /
1
max 28, 4 8 227, 2 .
8
1, 4 max 1, 4 227, 2 318,1 .
Beban mati
Berat per asan x x kN m
Berat aspal x x kN m
qdl kN m
M x x kN m
Mu xM x kN m

− = =
− = =
=
= =
= = =







BEBAN MATI
B.mati +diafragma = RA x factor beban
= 113.6 x 1.1 =124,96 kN
B.trotoar = Bj beton x t x I x λ x factor beban
= 24 x 0,2 x 1 x 4 x 1,3 =24,96kN +

PDl = 149,92 kN
BEBAN HIDUP
B.lajur = 9 x 6 x 4 x 2 x 0,5 = 216 kN
B.pejalan kaki = 5 x 1 x 4 x2 = 40 kN
B.genangan air = 0,5 x 6 x 4 x 1 x 0,5 = 6 kN
+
qll = 262 kN
BEBAN BERJALAN
B.garis (KEL) = 49 x 6 x 1,4 x 2 x 0,5 = 411,6 kN

DISAIN BATANG TARIK

Pu = 4014,11 kN (s10)
φ tarik = 0,9
φ fraktur = 0,75

2 2 2
2 2 2
290 290 / 0, 29 / 29 /
500 500 / 0, 5 / 50 /
50 5
Fy Mpa N mm kN mm kN cm
Fu Mpa N mm kN mm kN cm
baut mm cm φ
= = = =
= = = =
= =


Preliminary disain ;
2
. .
4380, 74
0, 9 29
167,8
Pu Pn
Pu Fy Ag
Pu
Ag
Fy x
Ag cm
φ
φ
φ

=
= =
=


Dicoba menggunakan profil IWF 400x400
Tw = 13 mm
Tf = 21 mm
R = 22 mm
Ag = 218,7 cm2
Ix = 66600cm4
Iy = 22400 cm4
ix = 17,5 cm
iy= r min= 10,1cm
Sx =3330 cm3
Zx = 3672,35 cm3


Cek kuat leleh tarik
4380, 74 0, 9 .
4380, 74 0, 9 29 218, 7
4380, 74 5708, 07 .........( )
Pu Pn
xFy Ag
x x
kN OK
φ ≤





Cek kuat leleh fraktur

2
0, 75 .
4( lub )
21870 10(21 (20 1))
17460
17460 0, 9 15714
Pu Pn
Pn xFu Ag
An Ag luas ang
An x
An mm
Ae AnxU
Ae x
φ
φ

=
= −
= − +
=
=
= =

0, 75 0, 5 15714
5892, 75
4380, 74 5892, 75 .............( )
Pn FuxAe
Pn x x
Pn kN
Pu Pn
kN OK
φ φ
φ
φ
φ
=
=
=





DISAIN BATANG TEKAN

2 2 2
2 2 2
4942, 08 .......( 8)
0,85
290 290 / 0, 29 / 29 /
500 500 / 0, 5 / 50 /
0, 7
4 400
200.000
70
Nu kN s
Tekan
Fy Mpa N mm kN mm kN cm
Fu Mpa N mm kN mm kN cm
kc
L m cm
E Mpa
Fr Mpa
φ
= −
=
= = = =
= = = =
=
= =
=
=


Dicoba menggunakan profil IWF 400x400

Tw = 13 mm
Tf = 21 mm
R = 22 mm
Ag = 218,7 cm2
Ix = 66600cm4
Iy = 22400 cm4
ix = 17,5 cm
iy= r min= 10,1cm
Sx =3330 cm3
Zx = 3672,35 cm3




Cek kelangsingan penampang

.
140
min
0, 7 400
140
10,1
27, 7 140.........( )
kc L
r
x
OK





Cek local buckling

400
9, 52
2. 2 21
170 170
9, 98
290
370 370
24, 9
290 70
........
b
tf x
p
Fy
r
Fy Fr
p Penampang kompak
λ
λ
λ
λ λ
= = =
= = =
= = =
− −
∴ < ⇒


Cek lateral buckling

2 2 400 2 21 2 22
24,15
13
1680 1680
98, 65
290
2550 2550
171, 9
290 70
.......... kompak
H tf r x x
tw
p
Fy
r
Fy Fr
p Penampang
λ
λ
λ
λ λ
− − − −
= = =
= = =
= = =
− −
∴ < ⇒


Cek kuat tekan nominal

2
2
0,33
.
min.
0, 7 400 290
10,1 3,14 200000
8, 83 0, 038
0, 33 1, 5
;
4942, 08 (0, 66 ) .
4942, 08 0, 85(0, 66 )218, 7 29
4942, 08 5152, 45 ...........( )
c
kc L Fy
c
r E
x
c
x
c x
c
Maka
Nu Nn
kN Ag Fy
kN x kN
kN kN OK
λ
λ
π
λ
λ
λ
φ
φ
=
=
=
= <






DISAIN SAMBUNGAN DENGAN BAUT

BUHUL A
2
2289, 38 2289380 .....( 1)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
2289380
5
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 3, 8 4
90400
Baut = ⇒


BUHUL B
2
4376, 5 4376500 .....( 4)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
4376500
59
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 7, 4 8
0400
Baut = ⇒

BUHUL C
2
4942, 08 4942080 .....( 4)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
4942080
5
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 8, 4 10
90400
Baut = ⇒


BUHUL D
2
4942, 08 4942080 .....( 8)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
4942080
5
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 8, 4 10
90400
Baut = ⇒



BUHUL H
2
2289, 38 2289380 .....( 1)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
2289380
5
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 3, 8 4
90400
Baut = ⇒


BUHUL I
2
4380, 62 4380620 .....( 10)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
4380620
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 7, 4 8
590400
Baut = ⇒



BUHUL J
2
4380, 62 4380620 .....( 10)
20
1256
:
1 40
2 140
40
. 20
21
0.75
410

2, 4. . . . .
2, 4 0, 75 20 (20 2) 410.
4380620
Pu kN N s
Dbaut mm
Abaut mm
Jumlah baut
S mm
S mm
S mm
t pelat mm
tf mm
f
Fu Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd f d tp Fu n
Rd x x x x x n
n
φ
φ
= =
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
= 7, 4 8
590400
Baut = ⇒


• CEK BLOCK SHEAR
2
2
2
2
4. . 4.40.21 3360
lub
4. . 4
2
21
4 40 21 4 21 2478
2
4( 1 3 2). 4(40 3.140).21 38640
4( 1 3 2). 4 3, 5 lub .
38640 4 3, 5 21 21 32466
500 2
Agt S tf mm
D ang
Ant S tf tf
x x mm
Ags S S tf mm
Ans S S tf x D ang tf
x x x mm
FuAnt x
= = =
= −
= − =
= + = + =
= + −
= − =
= 478 1239000 1239
0, 6 0, 6 500 32466 9739800 9739,8
0, 6 .......
( 0, 6 )
0, 75(0, 29 3360 9739, 8)
0, 75 10714, 2

Mpa kN
FuAns x x Mpa kN
FuAns FuAnt RETAK GESER LELEH TARIK
Pn FyAgt FuAns
x
x kN
φ φ
= =
= = =
> ⇒ −
= +
= +
=
8035, 65 ................( ) kN OK =





Cek kuat leleh fraktur

2
0, 75 .
10( lub )
21870 10(21 (20 1))
17460
17460 0, 9 15714
Pu Pn
Pn xFu Ag
An Ag luas ang
An x
An mm
Ae AnxU
Ae x
φ
φ

=
= −
= − +
=
=
= =


0, 75 0, 5 15714
5892, 75
4380, 74 5892, 75 .............( )
Pn FuxAe
Pn x x
Pn kN
Pu Pn
kN OK
φ φ
φ
φ
φ
=
=
=































LAMPIRAN 1


















GAMBAR DETAIL SAMBUNGAN





































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