DISAIN JEMBATAN RANGKA BAJA

2 SIPIL 1 PAGI
UNTUK MELENGKAPI TUGAS BAJA

OLEH:
GILANG ADITYA.P
DANIEL HASIBUAN
SADDAM FIRGIAWAN

DEPOK,15 JUNI 2010

PEMODELAN STRUKTUR

TAMPAK DEPAN

TAMPAK ATAS 
SEPESIFIKASI JEMBATAN
-Jembatan rangka baja
-Panjang bentang 24 meter
-Lebar jembatan 8 meter
-Tinggi jembatan 3 meter 
PERHITUNGAN GAYA-GAYA DALAM
*Reaksi Perletakan

= Ravx24 –
=
24Rav = 72P
Rav = 3P
Rav = Rbv

maka Rbv = 3P

*Gaya-Gaya Batang

BUHUL A

∑V = 0
1
− P − S1.0, 6 + 3P = 0
2
−2,5P
− S1 =
0, 6
S1 − 4,17 P

∑H =0
S1SIN 53 + S 2 = 0
S 2 = −4,17 P.0,8
S 2 = −3,33P

BUHUL B

∑V = 0
S1COS 53 + S 3 + S 6SIN14 = 0
4,17 P.0, 6 + S 3 + 3, 44.0, 24 = 0
S 3 = −3,33P

∑H =0
− S1SIN 53 + S 6COS14 = 0
−4,17.0,8P + S 6.0,97 = 0
3,33P
S6 =
= 3, 44 P
0,97

BUHUL C
∑V = 0

− P − S 3 − S 5SIN 26,6 = 0
− P + 3,33P − S 50, 45 = 0
−2,33P
S5 =
−0, 45
S 5 = 5,18 P

BUHUL D
∑V = 0

S 7 + S 5COS 63, 4 − S 6COS 76 = 0
S 7 + 5,18P.0, 45 − 3, 44 P.0, 24 = 0
S 7 = −1,5 P

∑H =0
− S 2 + S 4 + S 5COS 26, 6 = 0
3,33P + S 4 + 5,18P.0,89 = 0
S 4 = −7,96 P

∑H =0
S10 − S 5SIN 63, 4 − S 6SIN 76 = 0
S10 − 5,18P.0,89 − 3, 44 P.0,97 = 0
S10 = 7,97 P

BUHUL E

∑V = 0

∑H =0

− P − S 7 − S 9SIN 26,6 = 0
− P + 1,5P − S 9.0, 45 = 0

− S 4 + S 8 + S 9COS 26, 6 = 0

S9 =

0,5
= 1,11P
0, 45

BUHUL F
∑V = 0
− P − S11 = 0
S11 = − P

7,96 P + S 8 + 1,11P.0,89 = 0
S 8 = −9 P

TABEL GAYA BATANG
BEBAN MATI ,HIDUP DAN BERJALAN

TABEL BEBAN HIDUP DAN BEBAN MATI

NO.BATANG

GAYA

JENIS

S1

4,17P

TARIK

S2

-3,33P

TEKAN

S3

-3,33P

TEKAN

S4

-7,96P

TEKAN

S5

5,18P

TARIK

S6

3,44P

TARIK

S7

-1,5P

TEKAN

S8

-9P

TEKAN

S9

1,11P

TARIK

S10

7,97P

TARIK

S11

-P

TEKAN

GAYA YANG BEKERJA

GAYA AXIAL

GAYA GESER

MOMEN

TABEL BEBAN BERJALAN

GRAFIK BEBAN BERJALAN

TOTAL GAYA YANG BEKERJA DISETIAP BATANG

PERENCANAAN RANGKA UTAMA       

Tebal trotoar
Lebar trotoar
Panjang segmen
Tinggi rangka
Lebar jembatan
Beban jalur
Beban garis

= 20 cm
= 100 cm
=4m
=3m
=8m
= 9 kN/m
= 49 kN/m 

PEMBEBANAN PADA DIAFRAGMA
∴ Beban mati
− Berat per ker asan = 24 x 4 x0,5 = 24kN / m
− Berat aspal
= 22 x 4 x0, 05 = 4, 4kN / m
qdl = 28, 4kN / m
1
M max = x 28, 4 x82 = 227, 2kN .m
8
Mu = 1, 4 xM max = 1, 4 x 227, 2 = 318,1kN .m 

BEBAN MATI
B.mati +diafragma = RA x factor beban
= 113.6 x 1.1
B.trotoar = Bj beton x t x I x λ x factor beban
= 24 x 0,2 x 1 x 4 x 1,3
PDl

=124,96 kN
=24,96kN
= 149,92 kN 

BEBAN HIDUP
B.lajur = 9 x 6 x 4 x 2 x 0,5
= 216 kN
B.pejalan kaki = 5 x 1 x 4 x2
= 40 kN
B.genangan air = 0,5 x 6 x 4 x 1 x 0,5 = 6 kN
+
qll

= 262 kN 

BEBAN BERJALAN
B.garis (KEL) = 49 x 6 x 1,4 x 2 x 0,5 = 411,6 kN 
DISAIN BATANG TARIK
Pu
= 4014,11 kN (s10)
φ tarik
= 0,9
φ fraktur = 0,75

Fy = 290Mpa = 290 N / mm 2 = 0, 29kN / mm 2 = 29kN / cm 2
Fu = 500Mpa = 500 N / mm 2 = 0,5kN / mm2 = 50kN / cm2
φ baut = 50mm = 5cm 
Preliminary disain ;
Pu ≤ φ Pn
Pu = φ .Fy. Ag
Pu 4380, 74
Ag =
=
φ Fy 0,9 x 29
Ag = 167,8cm2 

Dicoba menggunakan profil IWF 400x400 
Tw
= 13 mm 
Tf
= 21 mm 
R
= 22 mm 
Ag
= 218,7 cm2 
Ix
= 66600cm4 
Iy
= 22400 cm4 
ix
= 17,5 cm 
iy= r min= 10,1cm 
Sx
=3330 cm3 
Zx
= 3672,35 cm3 

+ 

Cek kuat leleh tarik
Pu ≤ φ Pn
4380,74 ≤ 0,9 xFy. Ag
4380,74 ≤ 0,9 x 29 x 218, 7
4380,74 ≤ 5708,07 kN .........(OK ) 
Cek kuat leleh fraktur

Pu ≤ φ Pn
φ Pn = 0, 75 xFu. Ag
An = Ag − 4(luas lub ang )
An = 21870 − 10(21x(20 + 1))
An = 17460mm 2
Ae = AnxU
Ae = 17460 x0,9 = 15714 

φ Pn = φ FuxAe
φ Pn = 0, 75 x0,5 x15714
φ Pn = 5892,75kN
Pu ≤ φ Pn
4380,74 ≤ 5892, 75kN .............(OK )

DISAIN BATANG TEKAN
Nu = −4942, 08kN .......( s8)
φTekan = 0,85
Fy = 290Mpa = 290 N / mm2 = 0, 29kN / mm 2 = 29kN / cm 2
Fu = 500Mpa = 500 N / mm2 = 0,5kN / mm 2 = 50kN / cm 2
kc = 0, 7
L = 4m = 400cm
E = 200.000 Mpa
Fr = 70Mpa 
Dicoba menggunakan profil IWF 400x400          

Tw
= 13 mm
Tf
= 21 mm
R
= 22 mm
Ag
= 218,7 cm2
Ix
= 66600cm4
Iy
= 22400 cm4
ix
= 17,5 cm
iy= r min= 10,1cm
Sx
=3330 cm3
Zx
= 3672,35 cm3 

Cek kelangsingan penampang

kc.L
≤ 140
r min
0, 7 x 400
≤ 140
10,1
27, 7 ≤ 140.........(OK ) 
Cek local buckling
b
400
=
= 9,52
2.tf 2 x 21
170
170
=
= 9,98
λp =
Fy
290

λ=

λr =

370
370
=
= 24,9
Fy − Fr
290 − 70

∴ λ < λ p........ ⇒ Penampang kompak 

Cek lateral buckling
H − 2tf − 2r 400 − 2 x 21 − 2 x 22
=
= 24,15
13
tw
1680 1680
λp =
=
= 98,65
Fy
290

λ=

λr =

2550
2550
=
= 171,9
Fy − Fr
290 − 70

∴ λ < λ p.......... ⇒ Penampang kompak 

Cek kuat tekan nominal

λc =

kc.L
r min .π

Fy
E

0, 7 x 400
290
10,1x3,14 200000
λ c = 8,83x0, 038
λ c = 0,33 < 1,5
Maka;
Nu ≤ φ Nn

λc =

2

4942, 08kN ≤ φ (0, 66λ c ) Ag.Fy
2

4942, 08kN ≤ 0,85(0, 660,33 )218, 7 x 29kN
4942, 08kN ≤ 5152, 45kN ...........(OK ) 

DISAIN SAMBUNGAN DENGAN BAUT 
BUHUL A

Pu = 2289,38kN = 2289380 N .....( s1)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0,75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

2289380
= 3,8 ⇒ 4 Baut
590400 

BUHUL B

Pu = 4376,5kN = 4376500 N .....( s 4)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4376500
= 7, 4 ⇒ 8 Baut
590400 

BUHUL C

Pu = 4942, 08kN = 4942080 N .....( s 4)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4942080
= 8, 4 ⇒ 10 Baut
590400 

BUHUL D

Pu = 4942, 08kN = 4942080 N .....( s8)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4942080
= 8, 4 ⇒ 10 Baut
590400 

BUHUL H

Pu = 2289,38kN = 2289380 N .....( s1)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0,75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

2289380
= 3,8 ⇒ 4 Baut
590400 

BUHUL

I

Pu = 4380, 62kN = 4380620 N .....( s10)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4380620
= 7, 4 ⇒ 8 Baut
590400 

BUHUL J

Pu = 4380, 62kN = 4380620 N .....( s10)
Dbaut = 20mm
Abaut = 1256mm 2
Jumlah baut :
S1 = 40mm
S 2 = 140mm
S = 40mm
t. pelat = 20mm
tf = 21mm

φ f = 0.75
Fu = 410Mpa
Sambungan tipe tumpu
Rd = 2, 4.φ f .d .tp.Fu.n
Rd = 2, 4 x0, 75 x 20 x(20 x 2) x 410.n
n=

4380620
= 7, 4 ⇒ 8 Baut
590400

• CEK BLOCK SHEAR

Agt = 4.S .tf = 4.40.21 = 3360mm 2
D lub ang
tf
2
21
= 4 x 40 x 21 − 4 21 = 2478mm 2
2
Ags = 4( S1 + 3S 2).tf = 4(40 + 3.140).21 = 38640mm 2
Ant = 4.S .tf − 4

Ans = 4( S1 + 3S 2).tf − 4 x3,5 D lub ang.tf
= 38640 − 4 x3,5 x 21x 21 = 32466mm2
FuAnt = 500 x 2478 = 1239000 Mpa = 1239kN
0, 6 FuAns = 0,6 x500 x32466 = 9739800Mpa = 9739,8kN
0, 6 FuAns > FuAnt....... ⇒ RETAK GESER − LELEH TARIK

φ Pn = φ ( FyAgt + 0, 6 FuAns)
= 0, 75(0, 29 x3360 + 9739,8)
= 0, 75 x10714, 2kN
= 8035, 65kN ................(OK ) 

Cek kuat leleh fraktur

Pu ≤ φ Pn
φ Pn = 0, 75 xFu. Ag
An = Ag − 10(luas lub ang )
An = 21870 − 10(21x(20 + 1))
An = 17460mm 2
Ae = AnxU
Ae = 17460 x0,9 = 15714

φ Pn = φ FuxAe
φ Pn = 0, 75 x0,5 x15714
φ Pn = 5892,75kN
Pu ≤ φ Pn
4380,74 ≤ 5892, 75kN .............(OK )

LAMPIRAN 1

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