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Irang maulana

Soal dan pembahasan persamaan differensial eksak

1. ( x + 2y ) dx + ( 4y + 2x ) dy = 0

F(x,y)

= (

= (

( )
)

( )

= 2y2 + 2xy + Q(x)


= 2y + Q(x)
x + 2y = 2y + Q(x)
Q(x)

=x

Q(x)

=
= x2

F(x,y) = x2 + 2xy + 2y2

F(x,y)

= (

( )
)

= x2 + 2xy + Q(y)
= 2x + Q(y)
4y + 2x = 2x + Q(y)
Q(y)

= 4y

Q(y)

=
= 2y2

F(x,y) = x2 + 2xy + 2y2

( )

Irang maulana

2. ( x2 + y ) dx + ( 2y2 + x ) dy = 0

F(x,y)

= (

( )
)

( )

= x3 + xy + Q(y)
= x + Q(y)
2y2 + x = x + Q(y)
Q(y)

= 2y2

Q(y)

=
=

y3

F(x,y) = x3 + xy + y3

F(x,y)

= (
= (

( )
)

= y3 + xy + Q(x)
= y + Q(x)
x2 + y = y + Q(x)
Q(x)

= x2

Q(x)

=
= x2

F(x,y) = x3 + xy + y3

( )

Irang maulana

3. ( 2x + 2y ) dx + ( y3 + 2x ) dy = 0

F(x,y)

= (

( )
)

( )

= x2 + 2xy + Q(y)
= 2x + Q(y)
y3 + 2x = 2x + Q(y)
Q(y)

= y3

Q(y)

=
=

y4

F(x,y) = x2 + 2xy + y4

F(x,y)

= (

= (

( )
)

= y4+ 2xy + Q(x)


= 2y + Q(x)
2x + 2y = 2y + Q(x)
Q(x)

= 2x

Q(x)

=
= x2

F(x,y) = x2 + 2xy + y4

( )

Irang maulana

Soal dan pembahasan Faktor integrasi


1. Y dx + ( y + 2x ) dy = 0
-

=1

=2
F(y)

=(

=(

=U

=
=y
U(x,y)M(x,y)dx + U(x,y)N(x,y)dy = 0
y (y) dx + y(y +2x)dy = 0
y2 dx + (y2 + 2xy) dy = 0 (eksak)

Irang maulana

2. 2y dx + x dy = 0
-

=2

=1
F(y)

=(
=(

)
)

=
U

=
=x
U(x,y)M(x,y)dx + U(x,y)N(x,y)dy = 0
x (2y) dx + x(x)dy = 0
2xy dx + x2 dy = 0 (eksak)