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# Menghitung Momen, Gaya Lintang, dan Gaya Normal pada Portal dengan

## Ukuran Balok (30/50), Kolom (40/40)

Langkah Penyelesaian:
1. Menentukan momen primer
1
1
q l2 = - (3.679)(52) = -7.664 TM
12
12
1
1
b. MFFE = MFKJ =
q l2 =
(3.679)(52) = 7.664 TM
12
12
1
1
c. MFFG = MFKL = q l2 = - (3.616)(4.852) = -7.088 TM
12
12
1
1
d. MFFG = MFKL =
q l2 =
(3.616)(4.852) = 7.088 TM
12
12

a. MFEF = MFJK = -

1
1
q l2 = - (1.787)( 52) = -3.723 TM
12
12
1
1
f. MFPO =
q l2 =
(1.787)( 52) = 3.723 TM
12
12
1
1
g. MFPQ = q l2 = - (1.757)(4.852) = -3.443 TM
12
12
1
1
h. MFQP =
q l2 =
(1.757)( 4.852) = 3.443 TM
12
12

e. MFOP = -

## 2. Menentukan jumlah momen primer di titik kumpul

a. E = J = MFEF = MFJK = -7.664 TM
b. F = K = MFFE + MFFG = MFKJ + MFKL = 7.664 + (-7.088) = 0.576 TM
c. G = L = MFGF = MFLK = 7.088 TM
d. O = MFOP = -3.723 TM
e. P = MFPO + MFPQ = 3.723 + (-3.443) = 0.280 TM
f. Q = MFQP = 3.443 TM

## 3. Menentukan kekakuan balok dan kolom

IB =

1
1
(b)(h3) =
(30)(503) = 312500 cm4
12
12

IC =

1
1
(b)(h3) =
(40)(403) = 213333 cm4
12
12

K = 1000 cm3
a. Kekakuan balok bentang 500 cm
Kb = IB/500 = 625 cm3

= 0.625

## b. Kekakuan balok bentang 485 cm

Kb = IB/485 = 644.33 cm3

= 0.644

## c. Kekakuan balok bentang 100 cm

Kb = IB/100 = 3125 cm3

= 3.125

## d. Kekakuan balok bentang 115 cm

Kb = IB/115 = 2717.4 cm3 = 2.717
e. Kekakuan kolom tinggi 400 cm
Kc = IC/400 = 533.33 cm3

= 0.533

## f. Kekakuan kolom tinggi 380 cm

Kc = IC/380 = 561.4 cm3

= 0.561

## 4. Menentukan nilai , , dan m(0)

a. (jumlah kekakuan pada masing-masing titik kumpul)
1) E = 2 x (0.625 + 3.125 + 0.533 + 0.533) = 9.633
2) F = 2 x (0.644 + 0.625 + 0.533 + 0.533) = 4.672
3) G = 2 x (2.717 + 0.644 + 0.533 + 0.533) = 8.857
4) J = 2 x (0.625 + 3.125 + 0.561 + 0.533) = 9.689
5) K = 2 x (0.644 + 0.625 + 0.561 + 0.533) = 4.728
6) L = 2 x (2.717 + 0.644 + 0.561 + 0.533) = 8.913
7) O = 2 x (0.625 + 3.125 + 0.561) = 8.623
8) P = 2 x (0.644 + 0.625 + 0.561) = 3.661
9) Q = 2 x (2.717 + 0.644 + 0.561) = 7.846
b. Menentukan nilai
1) Titik E
EF =

k EF

EJ =

k EJ

= (0.625/9.633)

E
E

= (0.533/9.633)

= 0.065
= 0.055

2) Titik F
FE =
FG
FK

k FE

= (0.625/4.672)

F
k
= FG = (0.644/4.672)
F
k
= FK = (0.533/4.672)
F

= 0.134
= 0.138
= 0.114

3) Titik G
GF =
GL

k GF

= (0.644/8.857)

G
k
= GL = (0.533/8.857)
G

= 0.073
= 0.060

4) Titik J
JE =

k JE

= (0.533/9.689)

J
k
JK = JK = (0.625/9.689)
J
k
JO = JO = (0.561/9.689)
J

= 0.055
= 0.065
= 0.058

5) Titik K
KF =

k KF

KJ =

k KJ

= (0.533/4.728)

= 0.113

= (0.625/4.728)

= 0.132

K
k
KL = KL = (0.644/4.728)
K
k
KP = KP = (0.561/4.728)
K

= 0.136
= 0.119

6) Titik L
LG =

k LG

= (0.533/8.913)

L
k
LK = LK = (0.644/8.913)
L
LQ =

k LQ

= 0.060
= 0.072

= (0.561/8.913)

= 0.063

= (0.561/8.623)

= 0.065

7) Titik O
OJ =

k OJ

O
k
OP = OP = (0.625/8.623)
O

= 0.072

8) Titik P
PK =
PO

k PK

= (0.561/3.661)

P
k
= PO = (0.625/3.661)
P

PQ =

k PQ

= 0.153
= 0.171

= (0.644/3.661)

= 0.176

= (0.561/7.846)

= 0.072

= (0.644/7.846)

= 0.082

9) Titik Q
QL =

k QL

QP =

k QP

Q
Q

1) mE(0) =

E
7.664
=
= 0.796
E
9.633

2) mF(0) =

F
0.576
=
F
4.672

= -0.123

3) mG(0) =

G
7.088
=
G
8.857

= -0.800

4) mJ(0) =

J
7.664
=
= 0.865
J
9.689

5) mK(0) =

K
0.576
=
K
4.728

= -0.122

6) mL(0) =

L
7.088
=
L
8.913

= -0.795

7) mO(0) =

O
3.723
=
= 0.432
O
8.623

8) mP(0) =

P
0.280
=
P
3.661

= -0.076

9) mQ(0) =

Q
3.443
=
Q
7.846

= -0.439

## 6. Perhitungan Momen Akhir

a. ME
1) MEA = KEA (2 ME + MA) + MFEA = 0.533 (2(0.758)+0)+0

= 0.808 tm

## 2) MEF = KEF (2 ME + MF) + MFEF = 0.625 (2(0.758)-0.109)-7.664 = -6.784 tm

3) MEJ = KEJ (2 ME + MJ) + MFEJ = 0.533 (2(0.758)+0.809)+0

= 1.240 tm

## 4) MED = KED (2 ME + MD) + MFED = 3.125 (2(0.758)+0)+0

= 4.736 tm

Jumlah

= 0 Ok

b. MF
1) MFB = KFB (2 MF + MB) + MFFB = 0.533 (2(-0.109)+0)+0
2) MFG = KFG (2 MF + MG) +

MFFG =

= -0.116 tm

## 3) MFE = KFE (2 MF + ME) + MFFE = 0.625 (2(-0.109)+0.758)+7.664 = 8.002 tm

4) MFK = KFK (2 MF + MK) + MFFK = 0.533 (2(-0.109)-0.073)+0
Jumlah

= -0.175 tm
= 0 Ok

c. MG
1) MGC = KGC (2 MG + MC) + MFGC = 0.533 (2(-0.749)+0)+0
2) MGF = KGF (2 MG + MF) +

MFGF =

= -0.799 tm

= -4.071tm

## 4) MGL = KGL (2 MG + ML) + MFGL = 0.533 (2(-0.749)-0.718)+0

= -1.182 tm

Jumlah

= 0 Ok

d. MJ
1) MJE = KJE (2 MJ + ME) + MFJE = 0.533 (2(0.809)+0.758)+0
2) MJK = KJK (2 MJ + MK) +

MFJK =

= 1.267 tm

= -6.723 tm

= 1.123 tm

Jumlah

= 0.721 tm

= 1.187 tm

= 4.589 tm

= -6.816 tm

## MJI = 1.123 (2JI x 0.721) = 1.123 (2 (0.323) x 0.721)

= 1.040 tm

Jumlah

= 0 Ok

e. MK
1) MKF = KKF (2 MK + MF) + MFKF = 0.533 (2(-0.112)-0.109)+0

= -0.177 tm

## 2) MKL = KKL (2 MK + ML) + MFKL = 0.644 (2(-0.112)-0.718)-7.088 = 8.029 tm

3) MKJ = KKJ (2 MK + MJ) + MFKJ = 0.625 (2(-0.112)-0.134)+7.664 = -7.695 tm
4) MKP = KKP (2 MK + MP) + MFKP = 0.561 (2(-0.112)-0.057)+0
Jumlah

= -0.158 tm
= 0 Ok

f. ML
1) MLG = KLG (2 ML + MG) + MFLG = 0.533 (2(-0.718)-0.749)+0

= -1.166 tm

## 2) MLK = KLK (2 ML + MK) + MFLK = 0.644 (2(-0.718)-0.112)+7.088 = 6.090 tm

3) MLM = KLM (2 ML + MM) + MFLM = 2.717 (2(-0.718)+0)+0

= -3.903tm

## 4) MLQ = KLQ (2 ML + MQ) + MFLQ = 0.561 (2(-0.718)-0.383)+0

= -1.021 tm
= 0 Ok

Jumlah
g. MO
1) MOJ = KOJ (2 MO + MJ) + MFOJ = 0.561 (2(0.383)+0.809)+0

= 0.884 tm

## 2) MOP = KOP (2 MO + MP) + MFOP = 0.625 (2(0.383)-0.057)-3.723 = 2.395 tm

3) MON = KON (2 MO + MN) + MFON = 3.125 (2(0.383)+0)+0

= -3.280 tm
= 0 Ok

Jumlah
h. MP
1) MPK = KPK (2 MP + MK) + MFPK = 0.561 (2(-0.057)-0.112)+0

= -0.127 tm

## 2) MPQ = KPQ (2 MP + MQ) + MFPQ = 0.644 (2(-0.057)-0.383)-3.443 = 3.891 tm

3) MPO = KPO (2 MP + MO) + MFPO = 0.625 (2(-0.057)+0.383)+3.723 = -3.764 tm
Jumlah

= 0 Ok

i. MQ
1) MQL = KQL (2 MQ + ML) + MFQL = 0.561 (2(-0.383)-0.718)+0

= -0.833 tm

## 2) MQP = KQP (2 MQ + MP) + MFQP = 0.644 (2(-0.383)-0.057)+3.443 = 2.913 tm

3) MQR = KQR (2 MQ + MR) + MFQR = 2.717 (2(-0.383)+0)+0
Jumlah

= -2.080tm
= 0 Ok

= 0.404 tm

= -0.058 tm

= -0.400 tm

## 7. Menentukan perletakan momen maksimum, menghitung momen maksimum, dan

menentukan perletakan momen minimum (M=0)
a. Batang EF
P = 3.85 T

P = 4.2 T

6.784 tm

q = 3.679 t/m

8.002 tm

F
5.00 m

RE => MF = 0

RF => ME = 0

## -5RF + 45.9875 6.784 +8.002 = 0

RE = (44.7695 / 5) = 8.954 T

RF = (47.2055 / 5) = 9.441 T

Kontrol
R = Q
RE + RF = q.l
8.954+ 9.441 = (3.679 x 5)
18.395 = 18.395 Ok

## 1) Posisi momen maksimum

Dari titik E
Mmax = RE (x1) qx12 - MEF
= 8.954x1 1.8395x12 6.784

dM max
=0
dx
8.954 -3.679x1 = 0

## ==> x1 = (8.954/3.679) = 2.434 m

Dari titik F
Mmax = RF (x2) qx22 MFE
= 9.441x2 1.8395x22 8.002

dM max
=0
dx
9.441 -3.679x2 = 0

## ==> x2 = (9.441/3.679) = 2.566 m

10

2) Momen maksimum
Dari titik E
Mmax = 8.954x1 1.8395x12 6.784
= (8.954)(2.434) - (1.8395)(2.4342) 6.784
= 21.794 10.898 6.784 = 4.112 tm

Dari titik F
Mmax = 9.441x2 1.8395x22 8.002
= (9.441)(2.566) - (1.8395)(2.5662) 8.002
= 24.226 12.112 8.002 = 4.112 tm
3) Posisi momen minimum (M=0)
Dari titik E
M(0) => 8.954x1 1.8395x12 6.784 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a
(8.954) 8.954 2 4(1.8395)(6.784)
x(a,b) =
2(1.8395)
x(a,b) =

(8.954) 5.501
3.679

xa

= 0.94 m

xb

= 3.93 m

Dari titik F
M(0) => 9.441x2 1.8395x22 8.002

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a

x(a,b) =
2(1.8395)
x(a,b) =

(9.441) 5.500
3.679

xa

= 1.07 m

xb

= 4.06 m

11

b. Batang FG
P = 4.2 T

P=4T

7.710 tm

6.053 tm

q = 3.616 t/m

G
4.85 m

RF

=> MG = 0

RG

=> MF = 0

## RG = (40.872 / 4.85) = 8.427 T

Kontrol
R = Q
RF + RG = q.l
9.111+ 8.427 = (3.616 x 4.85)
17.538= 17.538 Ok

## 1) Posisi momen maksimum

Dari titik F
Mmax = RF (x2) qx22 MFG
= 9.111x2 1.808x22 7.710

dM max
=0
dx
9.111 -3.616x2 = 0

## ==> x2 = (9.111/3.616) = 2.52 m

Dari titik G
Mmax = RG (x1) qx12 MGF
= 8.427x1 1.808x12 6.053

dM max
=0
dx
8.427-3.616x1 = 0

## ==> x1 = (8.427/3.616) = 2.33 m

12

2) Momen maksimum
Dari titik F
Mmax = 9.111x2 1.808x22 7.710
= (9.111)(2.52) - (1.808)(2.522) 7.710
= 22.96 11.482 7.710 = 3.768 tm

Dari titik G
Mmax = 8.427x1 1.808x12 6.053
= (8.427)(2.33) - (1.808)(2.332) 6.053
= 19.635 9.815 6.053 = 3.767 tm
3) Posisi momen minimum (M=0)
Dari titik F
M(0) => 9.111x2 1.808x22 7.710 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a
(9.111) 9.1112 4(1.808)(7.710
x(a,b) =
2(1.808)
x(a,b) =

(9.111) 5.22
3.616

xa

= 1.08 m

xb

= 3.96 m

Dari titik G
M(0) => 8.427x1 1.808x12 6.053 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a

x(a,b) =
2(1.808)
x(a,b) =

(8.427) 5.22
3.616

xa

= 3.77 m

xb

= 0.89 m

13

c. Batang JK

P = 3.85 T

P = 4.2 T

6.816 tm

q = 3.679 t/m

8.029 tm

K
5.00 m

RJ

RK => MJ = 0

=> MK = 0

## -5RK + 45.9875 6.816 +8.029 = 0

RJ = (44.7745 / 5) = 8.955 T

RK = (47.201 / 5) = 9.440 T

Kontrol
R = Q
RJ + RK = q.l
8.955+ 9.440 = (3.679 x 5)
18.395= 18.395 Ok

## 1) Posisi momen maksimum

Dari titik J
Mmax = RJ (x1) qx12 MJK
= 8.955x1 1.8395x12 6.816

dM max
=0
dx
8.955 -3.679x1 = 0

## ==> x1 = (8.955/3.679) = 2.434 m

Dari titik K
Mmax = RK (x2) qx22 MKJ
= 9.440x2 1.8395x22 8.029

dM max
=0
dx
9.440-3.679x2 = 0

## ==> x2 = (9.440/3.679) = 2.566 m

14

2) Momen maksimum
Dari titik J
Mmax = 8.955x1 1.8395x12 6.816
= (8.955)(2.434) - (1.8395)(2.4342) 6.816
= 21.796 10.898 6.816 = 4.082 tm

Dari titik K
Mmax = 9.440x2 1.8395x22 8.029
= (9.440)(2.566) - (1.8395)(2.5662) 8.029
= 24.223 12.112 8.029 = 4.082 tm
4) Posisi momen minimum (M=0)
Dari titik J
M(0) => 8.955x1 1.8395x12 6.816 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a
(8.955) 8.955 2 4(1.8395)(6.816)
x(a,b) =
2(1.8395)
x(a,b) =

(8.955) 5.481
3.679

xa

= 0.94 m

xb

= 3.92 m

Dari titik K
M(0) => 9.440x2 1.8395x22 8.029 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a

x(a,b) =
2(1.8395)
x(a,b) =

(9.440) 5.481
3.679

xa

= 1.08 m

xb

= 4.06 m

15

d. Batang KL
P = 4.2 T

P=4T

7.695 tm

6.090 tm

q = 3.616 t/m

L
4.85 m

RK

=> ML = 0

RL

=> MK = 0

## RL = (40.924 / 4.85) = 8.438 T

Kontrol
R = Q
RK + RL = q.l
9.100+ 8.438 = (3.616 x 4.85)
17.538= 17.538 Ok

## 1) Posisi momen maksimum

Dari titik K
Mmax = RK (x2) qx22 MKL
= 9.100x2 1.808x22 7.695

dM max
=0
dx
9.100 -3.616x2 = 0

## ==> x2 = (9.100/3.616) = 2.52 m

Dari titik L
Mmax = RL (x1) qx12 MLK
= 8.438x1 1.808x12 6.090

dM max
=0
dx
8.438-3.616x1 = 0

## ==> x1 = (8.438/3.616) = 2.33 m

16

2) Momen maksimum
Dari titik K
Mmax = 9.100x2 1.808x22 7.695
= (9.100)(2.52) - (1.808)(2.522) 7.695
= 22.932 11.482 7.695 = 3.755 tm

Dari titik L
Mmax = 8.438x1 1.808x12 6.090
= (8.438)(2.33) - (1.808)(2.332) 6.090
= 19.661 9.815 6.090 = 3.756 tm
3) Posisi momen minimum (M=0)
Dari titik K
M(0) => 9.100x2 1.808x22 7.695 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a
(9.100) 9.100 2 4(1.808)(7.695 )
x(a,b) =
2(1.808)
x(a,b) =

(9.100) 5.21
3.616

xa

= 1.08 m

xb

= 3.96 m

Dari titik L
M(0) => 8.438x1 1.808x12 6.090 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a

x(a,b) =
2(1.808)
x(a,b) =

(8.438) 5.21
3.616

xa

= 3.77 m

xb

= 0.89 m

17

e. Batang OP
P = 3.4 T

P = 3.7 T

3.280 tm

q = 1.787 t/m

3.891 tm

P
5.00 m

RO

RP => MO = 0

=> MP = 0

## -5RP + 22.3375 3.280 +3.891 = 0

RO = (21.7265 / 5) = 4.345 T

RP = (22.9485 / 5) = 4.59 T

Kontrol
R = Q
RO + RP = q.l
4.345+ 4.59 = (1.787 x 5)
8.935= 8.935 Ok

## 1) Posisi momen maksimum

Dari titik O
Mmax = RO (x1) qx12 MOP
= 4.345x1 0.8935x12 3.280

dM max
=0
dx
4.345 1.787x1 = 0

## ==> x1 = (4.345/1.787) = 2.431 m

Dari titik P
Mmax = RP (x2) qx22 MPO
= 4.59x2 0.8935x22 3.891

dM max
=0
dx
4.59 - 1.787x2 = 0

## ==> x2 = (4.59/1.787) = 2.569 m

18

2) Momen maksimum
Dari titik O
Mmax = 4.345x1 0.8935x12 3.280
= (4.345)(2.431) - (0.8935)(2.4312) 3.280
= 10.563 5.280 3.280 = 2.003 tm

Dari titik P
Mmax = 4.59x2 0.8935x22 3.891
= (4.59)(2.569) - (0.8935)(2.5692) 3.891
= 11.792 5.897 3.891 = 2.004 tm
5) Posisi momen minimum (M=0)
Dari titik O
M(0) => 4.345x1 0.8935x12 3.280 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a
(4.345) 4.345 2 4(0.8935)(3.280)
x(a,b) =
2(0.8935)
x(a,b) =

(4.345) 2.675
1.787

xa

= 0.93 m

xb

= 3.93 m

Dari titik P
M(0) => 4.59x2 0.8935x22 3.891 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a

x(a,b) =
2(0.8935)
x(a,b) =

(4.59) 2.676
1.787

xa

= 1.07 m

xb

= 4.07 m

19

f. Batang PQ
P = 3.7 T

P = 3.5 T

3.764 tm

2.913 tm

q = 1.757 t/m

Q
4.85 m

RP

=> MQ = 0

RQ

=> MP = 0

## RQ = (19.8135 / 4.85) = 4.085 T

Kontrol
R = Q
RP + RQ = q.l
4.435+ 4.085 = (1.757 x 4.85)
8.52= 8.52 Ok

## 1) Posisi momen maksimum

Dari titik P
Mmax = RP (x2) qx22 MPQ
= 4.436x2 0.8785x22 3.764

dM max
=0
dx
4.436 -1.757x2 = 0

## ==> x2 = (4.436/1.757) = 2.525 m

Dari titik Q
Mmax = RQ (x1) qx12 MQP
= 4.085x1 0.8785x12 2.913

dM max
=0
dx
4.085-1.757x1 = 0

## ==> x1 = (4.085/1.757) = 2.325 m

20

2) Momen maksimum
Dari titik P
Mmax = 4.436x2 0.8785x22 3.764
= (4.436)(2.525) - (0.8785)(2.5252) 3.764
= 11.201 5.601 3.764 = 1.836 tm

Dari titik Q
Mmax = 4.085x1 0.8785x12 2.913
= (4.085)(2.325) - (0.8785)(2.3252) 2.913
= 9.4976 4.7488 2.913 = 1.836 tm
3) Posisi momen minimum (M=0)
Dari titik P
M(0) => 4.436x2 0.8785x22 3.764 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a
(4.436) 4.436 2 4(0.8785)(3.764 )
x(a,b) =
2(0.8785)
x(a,b) =

(4.436) 2.54
1.757

xa

= 1.08 m

xb

= 3.97 m

Dari titik Q
M(0) => 4.085x1 0.8785x12 2.913 = 0

b b 2 4ac
x(a,b) =
2a

x(a,b) =
2(0.8785)
x(a,b) =

(4.085) 2.54
1.757

xa

= 3.77 m

xb

= 0.88 m

21

## 8. Menghitung gaya lintang

a. DED = q . l P7 = (1.56)(1) 3.85 = - 2.29 T
b. DEF = REF P7 = 8.954 3.85

= 5.104 T

= 5.241 T

= 4.911 T

= 4.427 T

## f. DGH = q.l P9 = (1.794)(1.15) 4 = - 1.94 T

g. DJI = q.l P4 = (1.56)(1) 3.85

= - 2.29 T

= 5.105 T

= 5.240 T

= 4.900 T

= 4.438 T

## l. DLM = q.l P6 = (1.794)(1.15) 4 = - 1.94 T

m. DON = q.l P1 = (0.758)(1) 3.4 = - 2.64 T
n. DOP = ROP P1 = 4.345 3.4

= 0.945 T

= 0.890 T

= 0.736 T

= 0.585 T

## 9. Menghitung gaya normal

a. Balok
1)

NEF =
=

(M EA M AE M EJ M JE ) (M FB M BF M FK M KF )
4
0.808 0.404 1.240 1.187 0.116 0.058 - 0.175 - 0.177
4

## = 0.78 ton (tarik)

2)

NFG =
=

- (M FB M BF M FK M KF ) (M GC M CG M GL M LG )
4
- 0.116 0.058 0.175 0.177 0.799 0.400 1.182 1.166
4

## = 1.02 ton (tarik)

3)

NJK =

(M JE M EJ ) (M KF M FK ) (M JO M OJ ) (M KP M PK )
+
4
3.8
22

4
3.8

## = 0.94 ton (tarik)

4)

NKL =
=

- (M KF M FK ) (M LG M GL ) - (M KP M PK ) (M LQ M QL )

4
3.8
- 0.177 0.175 1.166 1.182 - 0.158 0.127 1.021 0.833

4
3.8

## = 1.24 ton (tarik)

5)

NOP =
=

6)

NPQ =
=

(M OJ M JO ) (M PK M KP )
3.8
0.844 1.040 0.127 0.158
= 0.42 T (tarik)
3.8

- (M PK M KP ) (M QL M LQ )
3.8
- 0.127 0.158 0.833 1.021
= 0.56 T (tarik)
3.8

b. Kolom
1) NEA = REF + RED P7 = 8.954 + 1.560 3.85 = 6.664 T (tarik)
2) NFB = RFE + RFG P8 = 9.441 + 9.111 4.2 = 14.352 T (tarik)
3) NGC = RGF + RGH P9 = 8.427 + 1.794 4
4) NJE = RJI + RJK P4

= 6.221 T (tarik)

## 5) NKF = RKJ + RKL P5 = 9.440 + 9.100 4.2 = 14.34 T (tarik)

6) NLG = RLK + RLM P6 = 8.438 + 1.794 4

= 6.232 T (tarik)

## 7) NOJ = ROP + RON P1 = 4.345 + 0.758 3.4 = 1.703 T (tarik)

8) NPK = RPO + RPQ P2 = 4.59 + 4.436 3.7

= 5.326 T (tarik)

23

## 10. Gambar bidang momen, gaya lintang, dan gaya normal

1) Gambar bidang momen

24

25

## 3) Gambar bidang gaya normal

26

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