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Jawaban contoh soal Transformasi Laplace

F (t ) 1

1
`

L{F (t )} e st 1 f ( s)
0

Lim e st dt
p

lim e st
p
s

1
1

lim 0
p
se
se
0

1
s

1
s

f (s )

F (t ) t

2
`

L{F (t )} e st t dt
0

1
lim t. d e st
p
s
0
p

1
lim te st e st dt
s p
0

1
1

lim te st e st
p

s
s

1
1
1


lim pe sp e sp 0e 0 e 0
s p
s
s

1
1

0 0 0
s
s

1
1
0
s
s
1
s2

F (t ) e at
3
`

L{F (t )} e st t e at dt
0

lim e ( s a ) t dt
p

1
lim e ( s a )t
s a p

1
1
1

lim ( s a ) ( s a ) 0
p

(s a)
s
e

1
sa

F (t ) sin at

L{F (t )} e st sin at dt
0

p
0

Lim e st
p

1
d (cos at )
a
p

1
1
cos at.e st cos atd (e st )
a
a
0

Lim

1
s
cos at.e st cos at.e st dt

a
a
p

Lim

1
s
1
cos at.e st e st . d (sin at )
a
a0
a

Lim

1
s
cos at.e st 2 (e st sin at sin at.d (e st )
a
a
0

Lim

1
s
Lim cos at.e st 2 (e st sin at sin at. se st )
p
a
0
a

1
s
s2
Lim cos at.e st 2 e st sin at 2 sin at.se st )
p
a
a 0
a

a2 1
s
st
st
Lim 2
cos at.e 2 sin at.e
2
p a s
a
a

a 2 cos at s. sin at
2 st

a2 s2
a.e st
a .e

a2
a2 s2

a2 1

a2 s2 a

a
a s2
2

0 0 0
a

F (t ) cos at

L{F (t )} e st cos at dt
0

Lim e st
p

1
d (sin at )
a

1
Lim sin at.e st sin atd (e st )
p
a
0
a

s
Lim sin at.e st sin at.e st dt

p a
a
p

s
1
Lim sin at.e st e st . d ( cos at )
p a
a0
a

p
1

s
Lim sin at.e st 2 (e st ( cos at ) cos at.d (e st )
p
a
0
a

p
1

s st
st

Lim sin at.e 2 (e cos at ) cos at. se st dt )


p
a
0
a

p
1

s st
s2
st

Lim sin at.e 2 (e cos at ) 2 cos at.e st )

p a
a
a 0

Lim
p

a2 1
s

sin at.e st 2 cos at.e st


2
2
s a a
a

a 2 sin at s. cos at
2 st

s 2 a 2 a.e st
a .e

a2
s2 a2

0 0 0 2
a

a2 s

s2 a2 a2

a
s a2
2

L{F (t )} e st F (t )dt
0

6
p

lim e st tdt
p

1
lim t. d (e st )
p
s
0
p

1
lim te st e st dt
s p
0

1
1

lim te st e st
s p
s

1
1
0
s
s

1
s2

f (s )

L{5t 3} L{5t 3a} L{5t} L{3}


7
5 L{t} 3L{1}

1
1
3
2
s
s

5 3

s2 s

L{6 sin 2t 5 cos 2t} L{6 sin 2t} L{5 cos 2t}

8
6 L{sin 2t} 5 L{cos 2t}

2
s
5 2
s 4
s 4
2

12 5s
s2 4

L{( t 2 1) 2 } L{t 4 2t 2 1}
9
L{t 4 } L{2t 2 } L{1}
L{t 4 } 2 L{t 2 } L{1}

4!
s

4 1

2! 1
2 21
s s

24 4 1

s5 s3 s

L{4e 5t 6t 2 3 sin 4t 2 cos 2t}


10
L{4e 5t } L{6t 2 } L{3 sin 4t} L{2 cos 2t}

4 L e 5t 6 L t 2 3L sin 4t 2 L cos 2t
4

1
2
4
s
6 3 3 2
2 2
s 5
s
s 4
s 4

4
12
12
2s
3 2
2
s 5 s
s 16 s 4

L{F (t )}

11 Jika

6
f ( s)
( s 2) 3

L{F (3t )}

maka

3 2
3

12

6 .9
( s 6) 3

L{sin at}

1 s
f( )
3 3

a
f (s)
s a2
2

F ' (t ) a cos at , F ' ' (t ) a 2 sin at

F (t ) sin at

Misal

diperoleh
L{sin at}

sehingga

1
L{F ' ' (t )
a2

Dengan menggunakan sifat transformasi Laplace dari turunan-turunan diperoleh


1

L{sin at} 2 sf ( s) sF (0) F ' (0) f


a

1 2
a

s 2
s (0) a
2
2
a
s a

1
a2

1
a2

as 2 as 2 a 3

s2 a2

as 2
a
2
2
s a

a
s a2
2

L{t sin at}

13 Tentukan
Jawab
L{sin at}

a
s a2
2

, maka menurut sifat perkalian dari pangkat t diperoleh

L{tF (t )} 1

L{t sin at} (1)

d n f ( s)
ds n

, sehingga

d
a
2

ds s a 2

2as
(s a 2 ) 2
2

L{t 2 cos at}


14 Tentukan

d2
s
L{t cos at} (1)

2
2
ds s a 2
2

Menurut sifat di atas,

d a2 s2
2
ds ( s a 2 ) 2

2 s 3 6a 2 s
(s 2 a 2 ) 3

3s
12
3s 12
1
1
L 2
L 2

2
s 9
s 9
s 9

L1

15

s
1
1
12 L 2

s 9
s 9

3L1

3 cos 3t 12

sin 3t
3

1
sinh 3t

t
s 9

L1

16

maka

1
1
1
2 t sinh 3t
L
e
2
3
( s 2 s 13
( s 2) 9

L1

3s 16

2
s s 6

L1

17 Tentukan

Jawab
3s 16
3s 16
1
L

2
s s 6
( s 2)( s 3)

L1

3s 16
A
B

( s 2)( s 3) s 2 s 3

A( s 3) B( s 2)
s2 s 6

( A B) s (2 B 3 A)
s2 s 6

atau A+B = 3 dan 2B-3A = 16 atau 2(3-A)3A=16 sehingga didapat


A = -2 dan B = 5

3s 16
2
5
1

s 2 s 3
( s 2)( s 3)

L1

5
2
1
L

s 2
s 3

L1

2e 2t 5e 3t

s 1

2
( s 3)( s 2 s 2)

L1
18 Tentukan
Jawab

s 1
A
Bs C
1
2
L

2
( s 3)( s 2 s 2)
s 3 ( s 2 s 2)

L1

A
Bs C
A( s 2 2 s 2) ( Bs C )( s 3)

s 3 s 2 2s 2
( s 3)( s 2 2s 2)
`
Sehingga

As 2 2 As 2 A Bs 2 (3B C ) s 3C
( s 3)( s 2 2 s 2)

( A B ) s 2 (2 A 3B C ) s (2 A 3C )

s 1

2
( s 3)( s 2 2 s 2)
( s 3)( s 2s 2)

Diperoleh A+B = 0, 2A+3B+C=1, 2A+3C=-1

Atau A =

4
5

,B=

4
5

, dan C =

1
5

s 1

2
( s 3)( s 2 s 2)

L1

Akhirnya diperoleh

4
4
1

5 5
5
L1

2
s 3 ( s 2 s 2)

4
4
1

5 5
5 4 L1 1 4 ( s 1)
L1

2
5 s 3
5 ( s 1) 2 1
s 3 ( s 2 s 2)

4
4
e 3t e t cos t
5
5