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JABATAN PELAJARANNEGER]JOHOR

PEPERIKSAANPERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARANMALAYSIA2OO9
PHYSICS
Kertas 1
Ogos/September
1/ , jam Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INISEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

l. Kertas soulan ini odalah dulam dwibah&sa.

2. ,\oalan dulam Bahosa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadun dalam Bahasa U[elavu.

J. Culon dikehendaki rnembaca maklumat di halsman belakanp kertas soalun ini.

Kertassoalanini mengandungi
31 halamanbercetakdan t halamantidak bercetak

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The followinginformation
maybeuseful.The symbolshavetheirusualmeaning.
Maklumatberikutmungkinberfaedah.simbol-simbolmempunyaimaknayang biasa

1. a=v-u
t
2. rl=tl+2as

3. s=ut+14a(

4. Momentum= my

5. F=ma

6. KineticenergyI Tenagakinetik=% mf

7. potentialenergyI Tenagakeupayaangraviti= mgh


Gravitational
8. ElasticpotentialenergyI Tenagakeupayaan
kenyal= 1f,
'2
m
v. P=v
10. PressureI Tekanan,p = hpg

11. PressurelTekanan,p=+
A

12. Heat/Haba,Q=mcfi
13. Heat/Heat,Q=ml
n\ /

14. *= constant/pemalar
I

' f 5, E= mc z
16 v = f)"
enersv
17. Power,P=
time
p = teoa9a
t1

Kuasa,
masa
18 . 1 =1*1
fuv

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lY, "ax
A = _
D
sin i
z u. n= _
s i nr
realdePth
2i. n=
apparentdepth

dalam nyata
n_
dalam ketara

22. Q = / f

23. V = lR

24. P ow e rl Ku a s a ,P= l V

25 . N "=4
Np vp

26. EfficiencyI Kecekapan: l-L xloook


' lov,

27, g= 10 m s -2

28. c = 3. 0 x 1 0 8 ms -1

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A car is movingwith velocity60 km h-1.


Sebuafi kereti bergerakdenganhala.1u 60 km j'1
What is the velocitYin m s-1?
Berapakahhalaiuinidatamm s-'?

A 0.17
B l.o/
c 10.0
D 16.7

Whichmeasurefllenthas the greatestvalue?


lJkuran manakahyang mempunyainilaipaling besafi

A 1.13x 108mm
B 1.13x 108cm
C 1.13x 108pm
D 1.13x 10onm

Diagram1 showsthe scaleof a voltmeter.


Rajah1 menuniukkanskalabagivoftmeter

Diagram1
Raiah1

What is the accuracyof the voltmeter?


Berapakah keiituan voltmeter2

A 0.20v B 0. 1 0v
c 0.02v D 0. 0 1v

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Which graph shows constant acceleration?


Graf manakah yang menunjukkan pecutan seragam?

A v/mst v/m s't


t
I
I

f'
i\
t\ ---'-
|
L -,

c v/m s-t y/m s-t


D
t|
-'/
l,/
t/
t/
Diagram2 showstrolleyA andtrollevB of samemass.
Rajah 2 menunjukkantroliA dan trotiB yang mempunyaijisimyang sama.
Beforecollision Aftercollision
Sebelumperlanggaran Se/epaspeflanggaran
Plasticine
tlt Plastisin
At rest
-_) i Pegun
-._->

e _J i f-*-
TrolleyA TrolleyB TrolleyA TrolleyB
TroliA TroliE TroliA TroliB

Diagram2
Rajah2

which comparisons
are truefor the velocityof trolleysA and B aftercollision?
PerbandinganmanakahadalahbenarmengenaihatajutroliA dan B se/epas
peflanggaran"
- -
iI TrolleyA
rrotteyA I rroileyB-* |
IT -__-.'..--.' ...- - _j T
L ro ti A
TrotiA I r r oie I
I1 Increases
Increases I Increases I
I
I Eertambah
n ar-lcmhah
__,l Bertambah I
B i n cre a -se s--'l _ '-_o.ffi- - 1
L-
c i ---Y\euPeh - --l j --_--_' Pp!<serc- J1
?ecreases increases
i - --Fj4<uratg - --l- _Bpftaplg!_ i
D j Unchanged j Unchanged--
L ___JjdqU9J!t9!_ ___,r-- ridakberubah l
I
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Diagram3 showsa heavytrailer.


Rajah3 menunjukkansebuahtreleryangberat.

Diagram3
Rajah3

It is difficultto changethe direction


of thisvehicle
Adalahsukaruntukmenukararahkenderaanini.
Thisstatement is refersto
Pernyataanini adalahmerujukkepada

A the conceptof inertia


konsepinersia
B the conceptof equilibriumof forces
konsepkeseimbangan daya
c the principle
of conservatron of energy
prinsip keabadian tenaga
D the principle
of conservation of momentum
prinsipkeabadianmomentum

Diagram 4 shows a car of mass 800 kg with a forward thrust of 3600 N and a
frictionalforce of 2000 N.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan sebuah kereta berjisim800 kg, dengan daya tujah ke
hadapan 3600 N dan daya geseran 2000 N.

3600N

Diagram4
Rajah4

Whatis the acceleration


of thecar?
Berapakahpecutankeretaitu?

A 2.0m s'2
B 2.5m s-2
C 4.5m s-2
D 7.0m s-2

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Diagram5 showsthe pathof a ballrollingdowna smoothslope.


Rajah5 menunjukkanlintasansebijibolayangbergulingmenurunisuatucerun
yang licin.

Diagram5
Rajah5
The ball has the greatestchange in gravitationalpotentialenergy between the
positions
Bola itu mengalami perubahan tenaga keupayaan graviti yang maksimum di
antara kedudukan

A P and R
P dan R
B Q and S
O dan S
C P and S
P dan S
D Rand T
Rdan T

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9 Diagram6 showsa picturehangingstationary


on a wall.
Rajah6 menunjukkansekepinggambartergantungpegun dl dinding

Diagram6
Rajah6
Whichdiagramrepresentsthe forcesactingon the picturecorrecfly?
Rajahmanakahyang betuluntukmewakilidaya-dayayang bertindakke atas
gambaritu?

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10 Diagram7 shows a car involvedin an accident.


Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebuah keretayang terlibatdalam kemalanqan

Diagram7
Rajah7
Why is its frontand rearsectionsdesignedto crumpleeasily?
Mengapakahbahagianhadapandan berakangnyadirekabentuk supaya
mucrah
remulQ

A To increasefriction
Untuk menambahkan eeseran
B To decreaseimpulse
Untuk mengurangka n impuls
C To decreasemomenrum
Untuk mengurangkan momentum
D To increaseimpacttime
Untukmenambahkan masahentaman

11 DiagramB showsa rabbitpracedon threedifferent


arrangement of springs,p, e
and R consisting
of identical
springs.
Rajah 8 menunjukanseekor arnab ditetakkan pada tiga susunan
spnng yang
berbeza,P, Q dan R yang mengandungispring_springserupa.

Diagramg
Rajah B

Whichcomparisonis correclaboutthe extension,


x, of p, e and R?
Perbandinganmanakahyang betuttentangpemanjangan,x bagip,
e dan R?
A X p > X q > xo
B x o ) X R> Xp
C X p > X 6 > Xp
D X p > Xq > Xp

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'12 Diagram9.1 showsa ladywearinghighheelsand Diagram9.2 showsher


wearingsportshoes.
Rajah9.1 menunjukkanseorangwanitamemakaikasutbertumittinggidan Rajah
9.2 rnenunjLtkkan
dia memakaikasutsukan.

Diagramg1 Diagram9.2
Rajah91 RajahI2

Whichcomparisonis correct?
Perbandingan
manakahyang betul2

A Pressureon X = Pressure
on Y
TekanandiX = TekanandiY
B Pressureon X < Pressure
on Y
Tekanandi X < Tekanandi Y
C Pressureon X > Pressure
on Y
TekanandiX> Tekanan diY

13 Diagram10.1showsobjectX in liquidR andDiagram10.2showsthesame


objectin liquidS.
Rajah10.1menunjukkanobjekx dalamcecairRdan Rajah10.2menunjukkan
objekyang samadalam cecairS.

L i q u i dR Li qui dS
CecairR Cecarr S

Diagram10.1 Diagram10.2
Rajah10.1 Rajah1O.2

Whichstatement
explainthe abovesituations?
Pernyataanmanakahyang menerangkansituasirJiatas?

A LiquidR is lessdensethanobjectX
CecairR adalahkurangtumpatdaripadaobjekX
B LiquidS is lessdensethanliquidR
CecairS aclalahkurangtumpatdaripadacecair R
C LiquidS is denserthanobjectX
CecairS adalahlebih tunpat daripadaobjekX
D LiquidS is denserthantiquidR
CecairS adalahlebihtumpatdaripadacecairR
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14 Diagram11 showsa simplemercury


barometer.
Rajah11 menunjukkansebuahbarometer
merkuriringkas,

V acuum
Vakum

4
lc
v
+

iD
f
I

, iii
, tf l{ ,

[-_
L:t
I
BI Mercury
Merkuri
D i a g ram11
Rajah11

WhichheightA, B, C or D measure pressure?


theatmospheric
Ketinggian
A, B, C atauD yangmanakahmengukurtekananatmosfera?

15 jack.
Diagram12 showsa hydraulic
Rajah12 menunjukkansebuahjek hidraulik.

l-
Y' Load
Beban

PistonR PistonS
Omboh R amboh S
o it

D i a g ra m1 2
Rajah12

Which comparisonis correctaboutpressureand force?


Perbandinganmanakahyang betul tentangtekanandan daya?

A The force on pistonR is smallerthanthe weightof the load


Daya omboh R lebih kecilclaripadaberat beban
B The force on pistonR is greaterthan the weightof the load
Daya onboh R lebih besardaripadaberat beban
C T he p re s s u reo n p i s to nR i s s ma l te r thanthe pressureon S
Tekananpada omboh R adalahlebih kecil daripadatekananpada S
D T he p re s s u reo n p i s to nR i s g re a te rt hanthe pressureon pi stonS
Tekananomboh R lebrh besardaripadatekananpada S

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16 Diagram13 showsan objectbeingremovedfrom the beaker.


Rajah13 menunjukkansatuobjek dialihkandari bikar.

Springbalance
Neraca spring

Diagram13
Rajah13

What happensto the readingof the springbalance?


Apakah yang berlakukepadabacaanneracaspring?

A Increases
Beriambah
B Decreases
Be*urang
C Remainsconstant
Tidakberubah

17 Diagram14 showsliquidX floatingon top of waterin a U{ube.


Rajah14 menunjukkancecairXterapungdi atasair datamtiub-U.

LiquidX
CecairX

Water
Air
Diagram14
Rajah14

The densityof wateris 1000kg m-3


Whatthe densityof liquidX?
Ketumpatanair ialah1000kg m'3^
BerapakahketumpatangepairX?
t1
A 1500kg rn'3
B 1000kg m-:'
C 800kgm3
D 500kgm3

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18 Diagram15 showsa ping-pong ballplacedundera streamof water.


Rajah15 menunjukkansebijibolapingpongdiletakkandi bawahaliranau.

Waterflow
P i n gp o ng bal l
Aliran air

D i agram15
Rajah 15

Which explainsthe above observation?


Manakah yang menerangkanpemerhatiandi atas?

A P a s c a l ' sPri n c i o l e
Prinsip Pascal
B B e rn o u l l i ' sP ri n c i p l e
Prinsip Bernoul!i
C Arc h i me d e sPri ' nciple
PrinsipArchimedes
D Principleof Conservationof Momentum
Prinsip Keabadian Momentum

19 Diagr a m1 6 s h o w sa th e rmo me te r.
Rajah 16 menunjukkansebatang termometer.

Bulb C api l l arytube


Bebuli Tiub kapilari
D i agram16
Ralah 16

Whichdesignfeatureswillincreasethesensitivity
of thisthermometer?
ciri-cirireka bentukmanakahyangakanmeningkatkan kepekaantermometerinft

Bulb Capillary
tube
Bebuli Tiub
thinglass
kaca niois
thrnglass w i de
kasar
c th i c kg l a s s narrow
kaca tebal halus
D thickglass w i de
kacatebal kasar
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20 Diagram17 showstwocopperblocks,p ande touchingeachother.


of P and e are 60 oc and 30 oc respectivelv.
The initialtemperature
Rajah17 menunjukkan duablokkuprum,p dan e yang salingbersentuhan
Suhu awal P dan Q masing-masing adalah60 oCdan 30 oC.

i;i
tll

it i/-'^ r--\
t t O"i
\t
\ -- \--.-_ ..'
Diagram17
Rajah17

Whichstatement
is correctwhenP andQ areat thermalequilibrium?
Pernyataanmanakahyang betulbilaP dan e beradadalantkeseintbangan
terma?

A T e mp e ra tu reo f P i s h i g h e rth an Q
Suhu P lebih tinggi dariQ
B T h e q u a n ti tyo f h e a t i n P i s s ame as i n e
Quantity haba pada P sama dengan Q
c Net rate of heat flow betweenP ano Q is zero
Kadar pengaliran haba bersihantara P dan e adalah sifar
D Rate of change in temperatureof P is higherthan that of e
Kadar perubahan suhu P lebih tinggi berbanclinge

21 50 g of waterat 10 oCis addedto 100g of waterat 40 oC.


50 g air pada suhu 10,C ditambahkepacta100g air pada suhu40 oC
Whatis thefinaltemperature of the mixture?
Apakahsuhuakhir bagicampuran?
lAssumethereis no heatlostto the surroundings/
[Anggaptiadahaba hilangke persekitaran]
A 1 OO C
B 15 OC
c 200c
D 30"C

22 Whatis thetemperature
of thesubstancewhenit is absorbing
latenthealof
fusion?
Apakahsultu suatubahanbilaia sedangmenyeraphabapendampelakuran?

A at its boilingpoint
pada takatdidihnya
B at its meltingpoint
pada takatleburnya
C aboveits boilingpoint
di atas takatdidihnya
D betweenitsmeltingpointandboilingpoint
di antaratakatleburdan takatdidihnva

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23 Diagram18 showsan air tightflaskat roomtemperature.The flask is then placed


in meltingice.
Rajah 18 menunjukkansatukelalangkedap udarapada suhubilik. Kelatanq
tersebut kemudiannya dimasukkanke dalam aisyang sedang melebur.

li
ll
,/\
Air Meltingice
Udara
Ais yang melebur

D i agram18
Rajah1B

What happensto the air pressureand the speedof the air molecules?
Apakah yang berlaku kepada tekanan udara dan kelajuan molekul-malekut
udara?

Pressure I SpeeAof rnotecutes


Tekanan 1 Kelajuanmolekul
A Decrease Increase
Bertambah
B

Increase Increase
Bertambah Bertambah
lncrease Decrease
Berlambah BerJgtplg__

24 Diagram'19 showslightwave passingthroughthreemediums.


Rajah19 menunjukkangelombangcahayamerambatmolatui tigamedium.

It4ediun2

Vediurn3
D i a gram19
Rajah19
Whichstatementis correctaboutthe refractiveindex.n. of the mediums?
Pernyataanmanakahyang betul tentang indeks biasan,n. medium-medium
tersebufi

A 1 11> O2> t1s


B l '13> 112> O1
c O2> l) 1 > fi3
D l \> t11 > fi2

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25 Diagram20 showsthe sidemirrorof a car.


Rajah20 menunjukkancerminsisi sebuahkereta.

Side view mirror


Cermin sisi

Diagram20
Rajah20

Whicharethe characteristics
of the imageformedby the mirror?
Yangmanakahciri-ciriimageyang dibentukoleh cermin sisikeretaitu?

A Realand inverted
Nyatadan songsang
B Realand magnified
Nyatadan dibesarkan
c Virtualandsamesize
Mayadan samasaiz
D Virtualanddiminished
Maya dan dikecilkan

26 Diagram2'1showsa lightbulbplacedat thefocalpointof a convexlens.


Rajah21 menunjukkansebuahmentoldiletakkanpac\atitikfocussebuah kanta
cembung.

Diagram21
Rajah21

This set up will produces


Susunan ini akan menghasilkan

A a p a ra l l e lb e a m o f l i g h t
sinarcahaya selari
B a d i v e rg i n gb e a m o f ti g h t
sinar cahaya mencapah
C a c o n v e rg i n gb e a m o f l i g h t
sinar cahaya menumpu

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27 whichphenomenonis related
to theprinciple
of totalinternal
reflection?
Fenomenayangmanakahberkaitandenganprinsippanturandatai pe,nunz
A ar ^r ,d
Observer
-VPemerhati
- ;1 - - .

.-'i-.'.-- Poolof air


Lopak air
B

G Wall
Dinding

9-&*'0"
D

--.-r::: Seabed
,,,;ji3$}j'Dasar taut

28 What is similarbetweenmicroscopeand telescope?


Apakah persamaanantara mikroskopdengan teteskop?

A The final imageseen is realand inverted


, lmage akhir kelihatannyata dan songsang
B Both microscopeand telescopeuse concavelens
Kedua-dua mikroskop dan teleskopmenggunakan kanta cekung
G The objectivelensesof both microscopeand terescopeform rea'iimages
_ Kanta objekti.fbagi kedua-duanya menghasilkan imej nyata
D The distancebetweenthe two lensesislhe sum of focailengthof objective
lens and eyepiece
Jarak di antara dua kanta ialah iumlah jarak fokus kanta objektifdan kanta
mata

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29 Diagram22 showsa springis shakensidewav.


Rajah22 menunjukkansebuahspringdihayttnkan
secaramerintanq

Directionof oscillation 03m


Arah ayunan

Diagram22
Rajah22
The velocityof thewaveformedby the springis 3.0 m s-1.
Calcuiatethe frequencyof theoscillation.
felajuan gelombangyang dibentukoleh springlalah3 0 m s'1
HitunqkarrfreAuensiayunanspring

A 0.3Hz
B 0.9 Hz
C 5.0Hz
D 10 0 Hz

30 Diagram23 showsthedispracement-time
graphof an oscilratingspring.
Rajah23 menunjukkangraf sesaran-masiuntuk suatuspring
i"rg nuruy*

Displacemenl

Ti me
Masa
r-oao
i-.)
Beban

Diagram23
Rajah23
Theoscillatingspringundergoes
Spring berayun mengalami

A damping
pelembapan
B resonance
resonan
C interference
interferen
D forcedoscillation
ayunanyang dipaksa

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31 24 showswaterwavestravelling
froma deepareap to
?l:9r:r
drcdu_
a sha'ow
Rajah24 menunjukkangetambangair merambatcJari
kawasandalam p ke
kawasan cetek e.

S hal l owarea e
Kawasan celek, e

c
D
D e e p a re a ,P ,'
Kawasandalam.p
Diagram24
Rajah24
Which direction,,A,B, C or D is correct?
A r ahy a n g m a n a k a h A
, , B , C a ta u D , a dal ahbetup

32 Diagram25 showswaterwavespassesa wooden


rog.
Rajah25 menunjukkangeronbang air meramiat
merepasisebatanq batak

Directionof waterwaves
Arah perambatangelombang

Wooden log
Kayu balak

D i a g ram2S
R a j ah25
lf the waves encountersa rongerwoodenrog,
the effectof diffractionis
Sekiranyagelombangmenemui batang Oatif yang
tebihpanjang, kesan
pembelauanadalah

A m or e o b v i o u s
lebih jelas
B les so b v i o u s
kurang jelas
C unc ha n g e d
tidak berubah

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33 Diagram26 showstheyellowfringesformedby Young'sdouble-slits


experiment
Rajah26 menunjukkan
pinggir-pinggir
kuningyang dibentukoleh eksperimen
dwiceiah Young.
Y el l owfri nges
Pinggir-pingg ir kun ing
t,,
,/

llll
Diagram
Rajah26
26

The separationbetweenfringescan be increasedby


Jarakantarajalur-jalurbolehditingkatkan
dengan

A increasing
the separation betweenslits
meningkatkanjarak antaracelah.
B replacing
theyellowlightwithredtight
menggantikan cahayakuningdengancahayamerah.
C increasing
theintensityof theyellowlight
meningkatkan keamatancahayakuning.
D decreasingthe distancebetweenthe doubleslitsand the screen
mengurangkan prak antaradwicelahdenganskrin.

34 A transmitter
emitsultrasonic
wavesto detectunderwater objects.
Diagram27 showsthetracesof a transmittedpuiseanditsecho
suatupemancarmemancarkan gelombang ultrasonik
untukmengesanobjek
dalamair.
Rajah27 menunjukkan paparanclenyutan
yang clipancarkan
dan gemanya.
Transmitted
pulse
Denyutdipancar

Echo
Gema

i .. .. 25s.. . ' ,

Diagram 27
R aj ah27

lf t he u l tra s o n i cw a v e s tra v e l sw i th a speedof ' 1500m s' ' i n w ater, how far i s the
object?
Jika gelombang ultrasonicnterambat dengan halaju 1500 m s't dalam air, berapa
jatthkah objek itu?

A 600m
B 1200m
C 1875m
D 3750m
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35 Whichgraphshowsthe relationshipbetweenpotentiald'rtterence,
v and current,I
for an ohmicconductor?
Grafmanakahyang menunjukkanhubunganantarabezakeupayaan,v dan
arus, I bagi suatukonduktorohm?

,l B

II
I,

1
tl\.,
\
which circuitcan be usedto determine
the erectromotive
forcea battery?
Litarmanakahborehdigunakanuntukmenentukandayagera* eteiirix
suatu
batei?

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SULIT
SULIT 7) 453I /l

37 Diagram28 showsa circuit.


Rajah28 menunjukkansebuahlitar

l+
in
i\--lA l I?
l -l
H
*u/-
I /-.\ |

Diagram28
Rajah28

Whathappensto the readingof theammeterandthe readrng


of the voltmeter
whenthe rheostatis adjusted?
Apakahyangberlakukepadabacaanammeterdan bacaanvoltmeterapabila
reostalitu diIaraskan?

A Unchanged Unchanged
Tidakberubah Tidakberubah
B Changes U nchanged
Berubah Tidak berubah
c Changes
-nanges Ii unanges
Changes
Renthah I
i Berubah
D I Unchanged l Changes
i--,,, l
i Tidak berubah
In a K D e ru D a n Ii Berubah*_r

38 Whichof theseelectricalappliances thegreatestamountof energy?


consumes
Peralatanelektrikyang manakahmenggunakanpalingbanyaktenaga?

A 0.6 kW. 1 5 hours B 0.2kW 10 minutes


.tn

c U
0.5 kW.2 hours 1.'lkW. 3 hours

wi*
{53 1/ | " lno( rllr k ( ipr rll' \ I SULIT
STJLTT )1
1531/l

39 Diagram29 showscurrentflowingthrougha solenoid.


Rajah 29 menunjukkan arusmengalirmetatui satu solenoid.

solenoid

Retortstand Switch
Kaki retort Suis

Batteries
Bateri-bateri

Diagram29
Rajah 29

Which diagramshowsthe magneticfield producedby the current?


Rajahyang manakah menunjukkan nterlanmagnet yang dihasilkanoleh
arusitu?

@
R
vr
c

@
ffi
,*jr

4 53 1/lc 2o o9ilak a ipn. il' Nt


ILi hat sebel ah
S U I,IT
453ltl

Which diagramshowsthe applicationof the forceon a currentcarryingconductor


in a magneticfield?
Rajahmanakahyang menunjukkanaplikasidayayang beftindakke atas
konduktorpembawaarusdalam satumedanmagnet?

Transformer

Electricbell
Loceng elektrik

c
Relayswitch
Gegantielektrik

D
Movingcoilammeter
Ammeter gegeIung bergerak

4531/l o 2oo9HakciotaJPNJ SULIT


SULIT 25 4531/r

41 Diagram30 showsan experiment


to inducecurrentin a magnetic
fierd.
Rajah30 menunjukkansatuekpeimen untukmengaruharis dalamsuaru medan
magneL

Galvanometer

Copperrod
Rodkupnrm
Permanentmagnet
Magnetkekal

Diagram30
Rajah30

The directionof the currentinducedcan be determinedby


Arah arus aruhan boleh ditentukan oleh

i1)\
i,i
/: l ._- <+

I :.
.

/.,.-\
;f,\

:i,\
- \r
.-\
F--7 \-,l
)--. 1:.- '

Fleming'sLeft Hand Rule Fl emi ng' sR i ghtH and R ul e


Pelua Tangan Kiri Fleming Petua Tangan Kanan Fleminq

Rig h tH a n d G ri p R u te Maxwell'sScrew Rule


Petua Genggaman Tangan Kanan Petua Tangan Kiri Fleming

4531/1<t 2oo9Ilak CioraJpNJ


ILi hat sebel ah
SULIT'
ST]LIT 26 4531/L

42 of electricity
Whichtypeof currentandvoltageis usedin the transmission over
longdistances?
Apakahjenis arusdan voltanyang digunakandalampenghantaranbekalan
elektik melaluijarakiauh?

Type of current Voltage of cables


Jenisarus Voltan dalam kabel
Allernatingcurrent Highvoltage
Arusulangalik Voltantinggi
Alternatingcurrent Low voltage
Arusulangalik Voltan rendah
Directcurrent High voltage
Arus terus Voltan tinggi
D Direclcurrent H i gh vol tage
Arus ferus Voltan tinggi

43 Diagram31 showsa transformer.


Rajah31 menunjukkansebuahtransformer,

a.c source
Sumbera.c
Secondarycoil
Gegelungsekunder
Primarycoil
Gegelungprimer

Diagram31
Raiah31

is correct?
aboutthe transformer
Whichstatement
Pernyataanmanakahyangbetulmengenaitransformeritu?

A lts outputpoweris alwaysgrealerthanits inputpower


Kuasaoutputnyaselalumelebihikuasainputnya

B is increased
lts efficiency by usinglaminated
steelcore
Kecekapannya denganmenggunakanteraskeluliberlamina
ditingkatkan

C ls usedto alterthe potential of directcurrent


difference
Digunakanuntukmengubahbezakeupayaanarus ferus

D lts operatingprinciple induction


is basedon electromagnetic
Prinsipoperasinyaberdasarkan aruhanelectromagnet

453 I /1 (,..2oo9Hakcipta.tl'NJ SULIT


SULIT )1
433U1

44 Diagram32 showsthe displayof a cathoderayoscilloscope.


Rajah32 menunjukkanpaparanosiloskopsinarkatod.

Diagram32
Rajah32
Whichstatementis trueaboutthe display?
Pernyataanmanakahyang betultentangpaparantersebu?

Type of current Time-base


Jenis arus Dasarmasa
Directcurrent off
Arusterus ryup-
Directcurrent On
Arusterus
Alternatingcurrent off
Alternating
current

45 Diagram33 showsthe molecularstructureof a p-typesemiconduclor.


Rajah33 menunjukkanstrukturmolekulsemikonduktorjenisp.

Key
Kunci
Siliconatom
\11 Atom silicon

\-y Boronatom
Atom boron

a Electron
Elektron

r') Hole
Diagram33 Lohong
Rajah33

This processis knownas


Prosesini dikenalisebagai

A doping
pendopan
B modulation
modulasi
C amplification
amplifikasi
D rectification
rektifikasi
4531/1o 2oo9rlak CiptaJpNJ
[Lihat sebelah
SULIT
STJI,T'T 28 4531/1

46 Diagram34 showsa logicgate,A and its truthtable.


Rajah34 menunjukkansebuahget logikA daniadual kebenarannya

-l
l-p-r b R
,-b1- l l-l--
L --6
- - q- --l--t-]
i -1 -r
i--s:l--l-
1 -l___l*_
l,__ _T__q_J
Diagram34
Rajah34

Whatis get logicA?


Apakahget logikA?

A AND gate
Get DAN
B NOTgate
Get TAK
C NOR gate
Get lAK ATAU
D NANDgate
Get TAK DAN

47 Diagram35 showsan automatic switchcircuitto lightup a bulbduringthe day.


Rajah35 menunjukkanlitar suisautomatikuntukmenghidupkanlampupada
waktusiang.

Diagram35
Rajah35

Whathappensif the positionof the LDRand resistor,R is reversed?


Apakahyang akan berlakujika kedudukanLDRdan peringtang,R diterbalikkan?

A The bulblightsup duringnighttime


Lampumenyalapada waktuntalarn
B The bulblightsup duringdaytime
Lampumenyalapada waktu stang
C The bulblightsup alltftetime
Lampumenyalasepan1ang ntasa
D The bulbwillnotlightsup
Lamputidakakan menyala
453I/t ri:,2oo(rIlakL ipre.it'NJ SULIT
STJLIT 29 4531/l

48 Threetypes of radioactiveemissionmovethroughan erectricfield


Tiga jenis sinaranradioaktifbergerakmelalui saturneclanelektrrk.
Which diagramsshowsthe correctpathof the radioactiveemission?
Raiah manakah menunjukkanlintasanyang betut bagi sinaran radioaktifitu?

A4u B
, | .vp
-r, -:_::=:,*//
'
,/ /v
_-----..-.--aJ,,
, -_-_:-->r
| /)

c'!l D
iZ
_::=__-_-/ --L --7'

---T---- --l :J

49 Diag ra m3 6 s h o w sh o w th e th i c k n e ssof al umi ni umsheeti s standardi sed.


Rajah 36 ntenunjukkanproses bagaimanaketebalartkeranjangaluminiunt
dipiawaikan.

Rr'lller
S ourceof gammaparti cl es
Rotla
Srimberzarah gantna
w
Aluminium
sheet
M
. Keranlang
alttnrinium
LJeteclor
Pengesan
D ragram36
Rajah3e

This processuses gamma rays becauseit


Proses ini ntenqettrralansinarqantmakeranaia

A has a long half-life


rnentpunyaiseparuhhayatyano paqanq
B w i l l s te ri l i s eth e a i u m i n i u ms h e e t
akan men sterilkan keranjanclalurninttt tri
C can penetratealumirriurn sheet
boleh menembusikeran1angaluminiurn
D ma k e sth e a l u m i n i u ms h e e ts tro nger
menjadikankeranjangalumrntumiebrh kuat

4 5 3 1 / l t t l ( r 0 9 I I;r k( .ip ta.tp N.!


ILihat setrelah
STILIT
SULIT 30 4531/l

S0 the total lossof mass in the


In the fissionreactionfor an atomof uranium-235,
reactionis 3.22x 10-28 kg.
Dalamtindak balaspembelahannukleusbagi satuatom uranium-23|,iumlah
kehitanganjisimdalamtindakbalasitu ialah3.22x 1A''"kg.

What is the energythat is released?


Berapakahtenagayang dibebaskan?

A 9.66x 10-12
J
B 2.90x 10-11
J
c 9.00x 1016J
D 3.00x 108 J

PAPER
ENDOF QUEST]ON
KERIAS SOATANTAMAT

4s3l/l co 2ooeHakoiptaJPNJ SULIT


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJILPELAJARANMALAYSIA2OO9
PHYSICS
Kertas 1
Ogos/September
S ULI T

rttli
NO KAD PENGENALAN
r r i L-]_i- --i l l l l l li
lil
ANGKA GILIRAN lil I-l
L-,]---l

JABATAN PELAJAR,ANNEGERIJOHOR

PEPERIKSAANPERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARANMALAYSIA2OO9 4531t2
PHYSICS
Keftas 2
September2009
2'/z lam Dua jam tiga puluh minit

J A N G A N B U K A KE R T A SS O A L ANIN IS E H IN GGAD IB E R ITA H U

1 . T ult s k annomb o r k a d p e n g e n a l a nd a n Kod Pemeriksa


angka giliran anda pada ruang yang Markah Markah
disediakan. B ahagi an S oal an
P enuh Dioeroleh
1
2 Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam
q
dwibahasa,
-7
lnggeris
3
Soalan dalam Bahasa
mendahului soa/an yang sepadan 4 7
dalan Bahasa Melayu. A
6 1

Calon dibenarkan menjawab


b o
keselurtthan atau sebahagian soalan
sama ada dalam Bahasa lnggeris atau 10
Bahasa Melayu
8
Calon dikehendakimembacamaklumat
I 20
di halaman belakang kertas soalanini. B
10
11 20
c
12 20

Juml ah

i halamanbercetakdan t halamantidak bercetak


K er t ass oala ni n i me n g a n d u n g27

4 5 3 1 1 2 @ 2 o o sH a kcip ta JPNJ [Li hat sebel ah


S U LIT
S ULI T 4531t2
The followinginformationmay be useful.The symbolshave their usual meaning.
Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah. simbol-simbolmempunyai makna yanq biasa

n 1'-u
^ - 17 rt -,*:g!!:t9t,:!,
I uppurent deltth
2. f =u2*2as
tlolant nyoto
,? = -,:-
I
3. s=uf+ 'aF dalorn keluru
2
4. Momentum= rny
js . l- = ' * 1
/uu
5. F=ma

6. KineticenergyI Tenagakinetik 19 LinearmagnificationI


= /" mt/
P embesaranl i near,m= !
u
7. Gravitational
potential
energy/
20. v= fA
Tenagakeupayaangraviti= mgh
. (LX
z t. A= -
I)
B. Elasticpotentialenergy/
I
22. Q= /t
Tenaga keupayaan kenyal = -rx
1
2'1, tr = l/i
eltergv
9. P ower ,P =
trm e
24.V = l R
tenaaa
KUaSa, P = ---L
masa 25. P ow erl K uasa,P = l V
m-
1Op=
V to g = 10 ms' 2

11.Pressure p= L
I Tekanan,
A N, = !.,,-,
27
N t, l'/t,
1a
IL PressureI Tekanan,P= hpg
28 EfficiencyI Kecekapan
IV
r*'
IJ Heat.
lHaba,Q=mc9 = X 1A0o/o
I,1"

t.+ HeatlHaba,Q=ml 29 E=M C -

PV 30. c = 3.0x 10"ms-'


15 -= constanllpemalar
l

sini
to n=-
sln r

453112 @ 2oo9HakciptaJpNJ S U LIT


S ULI T 4531t2

Section A
BahagianA

160marksl
16Amarkahl

An s w e ra l l q u e sti oni n thi s secti on.


iawab semua soalancldam bahagianini.

Diagr anr1 s h o w s l i q h tra y s p a ra l l ew


l i th the pri nci palaxi s di rectecj
to a concave
m ir r or .
Rajah 1 menunjttkkansinarancahayayang selaridengan paksiutama ditulukan ke
sebuahcernrn cekung.
C oncavemi rror
tin cekttng

P ri nci palaxi s
Paksi utarna

D i agram1
R a j ah1

( a) Com p l e teth e s e n te n c eb e l o wb y ti c ki ng(i ) the correctbox.


Lengkapkanayat di bawaltdenganrnenanda(r) dalam kotak yang betul

The light rays reflectedby the mirrorwill


Sinaran cahaya yang dipantulkanoleh cermin itu akan

at a pointF.
Converge
Menumpuke titikF. tl
rl
froma pointF
Diverge
Mencapahdaripadatiik F ll

Lr
| 1 markl
l1 markahl
(b ) Comp l e teth e ra y d i a g ra mo n D i a g r am1 and mark ' F' on the pri nci palaxi s.
Lengkapkanrajah sinarpada Rajah1 clantandakan 'F'pada paksiutama.
11markl
11markah)
(c) W ha t i s th e c h a ra c te ri s tiocf i ma g ef ormedby the mi rrori n D i agram" 1
?
Apakah ciri-ciriirnel yan91dibentuk oleh cerntin clalant Rajalt 1?

[2 ntarks)
12markahl

453112 @ ZooeHakciptaJrNJ [Lrhatsebel ah


S U LIT
SULIT 4531t2

Diagram2.1 shows two constantanwires P and Q of the same length but of <jifferent
c r os s - s e c ti o n aalre a , b e i n gu s e dto c a rr yout an expenment.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan dua dawai konstantanp dan e dengan panjang yang sama
tetapi luas keratan rentasberbeza cligunakandatam menjalankan saiu exspertnten.

Diagram21
Rajah2.1
lnitiallythe experimentis carriedout with P placedacrossXy After that p is
replaced withQ andtheexperiment is repeated.
The v-tgraphin Diagram2 2 shows
the resultsobtainedfromtheexperiment.
Pada asalnya, P disambungkanmerentasixy. Kemudian, eksperintencliulang
dengan menggunakanQ. Graf V-l dalam Rajah 2 2 menttnjukkanhasil yang
diperolehidalameksperimentersebut.

V /V

I/A
34 56 78 9 10
Diagram2.2
Rajah2.2

\ d, Basedon Diagram
2.1,compare thecross-sectional
areaof wiresP andQ
Berdasarkan
Rajah2.1, bandingkanluaskeratanrentasdawaiP dan Q.

[1 mark]
[1 markah)

453112 @ 2ooeHakciptaJeNJ S U LIT


S ULI T
4531t2

( b) Basedon Diagram2.2:
BerdasarkanRajah2.2.
(') statehowthe resistance
of theconstantant
wirescan be obtaineo.
Nyatakanbagaimanarintangandawai konstantan
dapatditentukan

11mark)
11markahl
( ii ) Determinethe resistance
of conductor
e. Showon yourgraph
Tentukanrintanganbagikonduktore.Tunjurkkan
padagraf anda.

[3 marks]
[3 markah)
Diagram3 shows two identicalfeedingbotiles
submergedin liquidsp and e
respectivelv.
Raiah3 menunjukkandua botol susuyang sama
dan masing-masingdirendamkan
dalamcecairp dan e.

L i q u i dP Liquide
\,ecatr P Cecaire
Diagram3
Rajah3

\d) ( i) Drawand labertwo forcesthatact on the feedingbotfles


whentheyare
subrnerged in liquidp
Lukisdan raberkan dua dayayangbeftindakke atas botorsusuapabira
direndamkandalam cecair p.
[2 marks]
12markah]
( il) statethe rerationship
betweenthetwoforcesin youranswerfor 3(a)(r).
Nyatakan perhubungancli antara dua daya tersebut
jawapanandadatam3(a)(D. berdasarkan

[1 mark)
[1 markah]
453112 @ 2oo9HakciptaJeNJ
l Li hatsebetah
S U LIT
S ULI T 4531t2

( b) S ta teth e p h y s i c a p
l ri n c i p l eth a t i nvol vedi n the si tuati ongi ven i n dragram.
Nyatakan prinsip fizik yana berkaitan clenclan.sl|traslyang Ciberrkan cialant
ra.1ah.

i ' natrkl
l t, rrr;:rxal i l
S o me c o n te n to f th e fe e d i n gb o ttl esubmergedi n l i qui d p i s poured out -l he
bo ttl ei s a g a i ns u b me rg e di n l i q L ri P
d
Sedlktlkandunganbotol y'ang direnclantkan dalarncecair p rlikeluarkan. Bc,!::i
ittt direndamkansemula dalamcecairP.

( i) Sta tew h a t h a p p e n sto th e bottl e.


Nyatakan apa yang berlaku kepitda hotesl

I rrl atki l
1,1rnarkahl

(ri) T h e b o ttl ei s p u t i n to a d enserl i qui d S tate w hat happensto the bottl e


E x p l a i ny o u r a n s w e r.
Botol dimasukkan ke dalam cecair yang lebih tumpat. Nyatakan apa
yang berlaku kepada batol. Terangkanjawapan anda.

l2 ntarks)
[2 ntarkali]

Diagr am s4 .1 s h o w sa p re s s u rec o o k e rfor cooki ngfood at hi gh temperature


Raiah 4 1 menunjttkkansebuahperiuk tekananuntuk mentasakntakanan parla suhu
tit'tggt.

Safetyvalve Mai nval ve


lnjap keselamatan t/ tnl apttttama

Lid ---..---*---; Steam


Penutrrp .'-/ Slirn

H anci l e
Qrtrfano nf linlid
Penteclancl
Pennukaancccair

D i agram4 1
Rajah 4 1

453112 @ 2ooeHakciptaJPNJ S U LIT


S ULI T 4531t2

(a) Whatis meantby pressure?


Apakahyang dimaksudkandengantekanan?

11markl
11narkahl
( b) (4 Explainwhy the gas pressureincreaseswith the increaseof the
temperature.
Terangkanmengapatekanan gas menlngkat dengan perlambahan
suhu.

[2 marks]
12markahl

( ii ) Basedon the answerin a(b)(t),statethe gas law involved


jawapan dalam4(b)(i1,nyatakanhukumgas yang terlibat.
Berdasarkan

l1 markl
l1 markahl

(iii) State the effectof highgas pressure


on the boilingpoint.
Nyatakankesantekanangas yangtinggikepadatakatdidih.

11markl
11ntarkahl

(c) The air pressure


of the pressure
cookeris 1 x 10s Pa, at the temperature of
27'C. Whatis the temperatureof the air,whenthe air pressureis 1.5 x 10s
Pa?
Tekananudaradalamperiuktekananialah 1x 105Pa, pada sultu27 "C.
Berapakahsuhubilatekananudaramenjadil.5x 10' Pa?

12marksl
12markahl

453112 @ 2oo9HakciptaJPNJ [Lihatsebelah


S U LIT
S ULI T 4531t2

and infra-redare differenttypes of radiattonin the


X-ray, microwave,ultraviolet
electromagnetic
spectrum.
Srnar-X, gelombangmikro, ultra-ungudan infra-merahadalah ienis sinaranyang
berldnandalamspektrumgelombangelektromagnet.

(a) wavegivenin ascendingorderof vravelength


Arrangethe electromagnetic in
Diagram5.
Susungelombangelectromagnetyang diberikandalamsusunanmenarkdalant
Rajah5.

Shortestwavelength Longestw avel engi h


Panjang gelombang Panjang gelomban_o
terpendek terPanJang

Diagram5
Raiah5
[2 marks]
12markahl

(b) Statetwo commonpropertiesof all radiations spectrum.


in the electromagnetic
Nyatakan dua sifatyang sama bagi semua jenis sinaran dalam spektrLtm
elektromagnet.

L.

12marksl
12markah)

(') State one applicationof microwave.


Nyatakan satu aplikasigelombang mikro

11nark)
11narkah)
(iD Ex p l a i nth e a n s w e ri n 5 (c )(t).
Terangkanjawapan dalant 5(c)(i7

[2 marks]
l2 markahl

4 5 3 1 1 2 @ 2 o o 9Ha k cip ta JPNJ S U LIT


S ULI T 453'il2

6 Diagram6 showsa circuitusedas a safetysystemin a house.


Raiah6 menunjukkanlitaryang digunakanuntuk sistemkeselamatandalamrumah.

Mainswitch
Suisutama
A
B
Hiddenswitch
Suls
tersembunyi
Diagram6
Rajah6

( a) Name logicgate R.
Namakan get logik R

[1 nark]
l1 markahl
(b) Usingtwo switches,
two dry cellsand a bulb,drawa circuitthat equivalent
to
l n n in
lvl,Iv
nalo Q
v.
:,g\v

Menggunakandua suls, dua sel kering dan sebiji mentol, lukis litar yang
menyerupaiget logik S.

12marksl
12 markahl
(c) Thetruthtablerepresents
the logicgatein the Diagram6 above
Jadual kebenarandi bawahmewakiliget logikdalim Rajah6 di atas.

A B M
0 n

0 1
I
I
n
1 1
Table1
Jadual1

453112 @ 2oosHakctptaJeNJ ILihatsebelah


SULIT
'10 453112
S ULI T

(/) thetruthtableabove'
Complete
iadualkebenarandl atas
Lengkapkan
[2 marks]
i2 narkah)
i s cl osed?
(i0 W h a t h a p p e n sto th e d o o r a nd the gal e w hen the matn sw i tch
kepada pi,tu clan pintu pagar apabila suis utama clittitttp')
npa terjiii

lt. narkl
11ntarxattl

( iii ) S ta te tw o me th o d s to o p e n thedoorandthegatesi mu| taneous| y'


Nyata dua kaedahttntttkmembukaprntudartpirttttpagar serentak

2
12marksl
12markahl

horizontal
P andQ on a frictionless
trolleys runway
Diagram7.1showstwo identical
with
TrolleyP is loaded bars.
steel
atas landasan
napi LI mentrnitkkandua buah troli yang serupa P clan Q di
beberapa
mengufuktanpageseran.TroliP cliletakkan bongkah kelulidi atasnya'

runwaY
Horizontal
Landasanrnengufuk

D i agram7.1
Rajah7 .1
l rc eo f 1 0 N a c t o n tro l l e yP and Q'
A hor iz o n tafo
Daya mengtfuk fi N yang bertindakke atas troli P dan Q

(a) (i) TrolleyQ moves fasterthan trolleyP


E x P l a i nYo u ro b s e rv a ti o n ?
froll Q bergerak tebih lalttdaripada troli P'
Terangkan Pemerhatian anda'

11rnarkl
11ma kahl
(a)(i )
(i i ) S ta teth e p h y s i c a l a w th a t expl ai nsyour answ eri n
Nvatakan' htikun fizik yang nlenerangkan pwapan ancladalam ('a)(t)

l1 narkl
11markahl

SULIT
453112 @ 2ooeHakciptaJPNJ
S ULI T 11 453112

( b) Trolley Q then moves down the frictionlessslope as shown in Diagram 7.2


There is air resistanceactingon the trolleywhen it moves down the slope.
Troti Q kemudiannyamenuruni lanclasancondong tanpa geseran seperli dalam
Rajah7.2. Rintanganudara bertindakke atas troli ketika menuruni landasan.

Frictionless
Slope
Landasancondong
tanpageseran

70,0cm

Rough surface
Permukaan kasar

D iagram7.2
Rajah 7.2

O n th e D i a g ra m7 .2 , w h e n th e tro l l eyQ i s movi ngdow n the fri cti onl esssl ope,
labe l ,
Pada Rajah 7.2, ketika troli Q menurunilandasan condong terpampas geseran,
labelkan,

(/) the directionof the force due to gravity.


arah daya disebabkangravitl.

(10 the directionof the force due to air resislance.


arah daya disebabkanrinlanganudara.
11markl
l1 markahl

(c) State the effect of the air resistanceto the motionof trolleyO along frictionless
s lop e i n D i a g ra m7 .2 ,
Nyatakan kesanrintanganudara terhadapgerakan troli Q sepanjang landasan
condong tanpa geseran pada Raiah7 .2,

l1 mark)
11markahl

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S ULI T 12 4531t2
(d) comparethe motionof trolleye at the frictionless
slopeand the roughsurface
BandingkanpergerakantroliQ pada landasancondongtanpa geserandan
permukaankasar

11markl
l1 markahl
(e) (0 The mass of trolleyQ is 500 g. calculatethe gravitationalpotential
energyof trolleyQ, at thetop of the slope.
Jisim troliQ ialah 500g. Kirakantenaga keupayaangraviti bagi troti e ,
pada kedudukantertinggilandasan.

12 marks]
'.2markahl
(0 The kineticenergyof the trolleye at the top of the stope is 3.0 J.
Calculate
the totalenergyof thetrolley.
Tenagakinetic troli Q pada kecludukanatas cerun ialah 3.0 J. Kirakan
jumlah tenagatroli itu.

13marks)
[3 markahl

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S ULI T 1?
4531t2
8 Diagram 8 shows an undergroundwater pipe that is leaking.The radioactive
salt
contains radioisotopeis used to detect the leakaqe.
Raiah 8 menunjukkan satu paip air di bawah -tanah
yang bocor. Garam radioaktif
yang mengandungi radioisotop digunakan untuk mengesai kebocoran.

Radioactivedetector Counter
Pengesan sinaran Pembilang

Groundlevel
Permukaan tanah

Water leaked out from the pipe


eir nocor daripaip
,

Water pipe Water treatedwith radioactivesalt


Paip air Air yang dicampurkan dengan garam radioaktif

Diagram8
RaiahB

Table 8 shows four radioisotopes


with their respectiveproperties.
Jadual 8 menunjukkanempat radioisotopdengan sifat'marsing_masing.

Type of radiation Half-life Physicalstate


Jenissinaran Separuhhayat Keadaanfizikal
Cobalt-60 5.27years Soiid
5,27tahun
zas vEis --l sorio
28.5tahun pepejat
I
15 hours I Li qui d
15jam Cecair
' 14.3days Li qui d
14.3hari Cecair

Table8
Jadual B

( d/ What is meant by half-life?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan separuhhayat ?

[1 mark ]
[1 markah ]
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S U LIT
S ULI T 14 4531t2
( b) Basedon the TableB, statethe suitableproperties
of the radioisotope
to detect
the leakage.
Givereasonfor thesuitability
of the properties.
BerdasarkanJadual 8, nyatakan sifat-sifatradioisotopyang sesuai untuk
mengesankebacoranpadapaip.
Berisebabmengapasifat-sifat itu sesuai.
(0 Typeof radiation
I Jenissinaran

Reason/ Sebab

l2 marksl
[2 markahj
(in Half-lifeI Separuhhayat

Reason/ Sebab

l2 marksl
l2 markahl
(iii) Physicalstate/ Keadaan fizikat

R e a s o n/ Se b a b

[2 marks]
l2 markah)
Determinethe most suitablera d i oi sotopethat can be used to detect the
leakage.
Tentukan radioisotop yang paling sesuai digunakan untuk mengesan
kebacoranpadapaip.

11nark l
11markah l

453112 @ 2ooeHakcipraJnNJ SULIT


suLlT 15 4531t2
(d) The radioisotope in 8(c)hasan initialcountrateof 1600countsper minute.
Calculatethe timetakenfor the radioisotope in the waterto become100counts
perminute.
Radioisotopdalam 8(c) mempunyaikadar bilang awal sebanyak fta} bilang
per minit. Kirakan masauntukradioisotopdalamair menjadi 10Obilanganper
minit.

[2 marks]
l2 markahl
(e) Cobalt-60emits gamma ray.
Kobalt-60memancad<ansinargama.

(,) State one propertyof the gamma ray.


Nyatakan salu sr'fafsinargama.

| 1 markl
l1 markah)
(o Comparethe speed of gammaray and speedof lightin the vacuum.
Bandingkan kelajuan sinargama dan kelajuan cahaya dalam vakum.

[ 1 markl
| 1 markahl

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SectionB
BahagianB

i2A marksl
l2Amarkahl
Answeranyone questionfromthissection.
Jawabmana-manasatu saalandaripadabahagianini.

Diagram9.1 showsa lightray passingfromair intoglass.


Diagram9.2showsa lightraypassing fromairintowater.
index: Glass= 1.50;Water = 1.33]
[Refractive
Rajah 9.1 menunjukkansatu sinarcahaya merambatdari udara ke dalam
kaca.
Rajah 9.2 menunjukkansatu sinarcahayamerambatdari udarake dalam air.
llndeksbiasa, kaca= 1.5:air = 1.331

A ir
Udara

:,.,1 l 'i ).,


r\)(,.ljli(
Glass
Kaca

Diagram9.1 DiagramI 2
Rajah9.1 Rajah9.2

( a) (i) Namethe phenomenon


of lightas shownin Diagram9.1and Diagram
9.2. l1 markl
Namakanfenomenacahaya seperliyang ditunjukkandalam Rajah
9.1dan Rajah9.2 11markah)
(ii) Whatis the meaningof refractive
index 11markl
Apakahmaksudindeksbiasan 11markuhl

9.1and Diagram
( b) UsingDiagram 9 2,
Rajah9.1 dan RajahI 2,
Menggunakan

indexof the glassandthewater.


(i) comparethe refractive l1 markl
Bandingkanindekbiasanbagikacadan air. 11ntarkah)

anglein theglassandthatin the water.


(ii) comparethe refracted
11markl
Bandingkansudut biasandi dalamkacadan di dalamair.
11markahl

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State the relationship


betweenthe refractiveindex with the anole of
refraction 11markl
Nyatakanhubunganantaraindekbiasandengansudutpembiasan.
11markahl
(c) Namethe physicslawthatrelatesthe angleof incidence
and the angleof
refraction [1 mark]
Namakanhukumfizik yang menghubungkaitkan
sudut tuju dengan sudut
biasan. 11markahl
(d) With the aid of labeldiagram,explainhow the mrrageoccurs on the hot
surface of a road [4 marksl
Dengan bantuan gambar rajah berlabel, terangkan bagaimana logamaya
boleh terbentuk di ataspermukaanjalanraya yang panas. 14 markahl
(e) You are given two pieces of identicalprism with internalangle 450 g00,
45" and two converginglensesto make a binocular.

Anda diberi dua keping prisma kaca serupa yang berukuran 4So.900, 450
dan dua kanta penumpu untuk membina sebuah binakular ringkas.

Using the materialsstated above, explain how you are goi ng to bui l d a
simole binocular. [6 marks]
Dengan menggunakanradas yang dinyatakan di atas, terangkan
bagaimanaanda membinasebuahbinokularringkas. [6 markahl
Suggest modificationsneed to be done on the simple binocular to
producebrighterand biggerimage. [4 marks)
Cadangkan pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan terhadap binocular
ringkas itu untuk menghasilkan imej yang lebih terang dan lebih besar.
14markahl

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10 Diagram'10.'land Diagram10.2showmagnersbeingpushedwiththe samespeed


intowirecoilsconnected
to galvanometers.
Raiah 10 1 dan Raiah10.2menunjukkanm.agnefsedangclitolax
yang samake daramgegerungdawaiyang crisambungkai ctenganketajuan
kepaoaqaitanometer

}.}ei|*rN*N{i*{ii

Diagram10.1
Rajah10.1

'*f*;i

Diagram10.2
Rajah10.2
(a) Whatis the meaningof electromagnetic
induction?
Apakahmaksudaruhanelektromagnet? 11markl
[1 markah]
(b) UsingDiagram10.1and Diagram10.2,compare the numberof magnets,the
densityof the magneticflux and angleof deflection
of the galvlnometer
pointer.

Menggunakan Rajah i0.1 dan Rajah 10.2,bancringkanbl"rgurL3,#.jif:tl,


ketumpatanfluksmagnetdan sudutpesonganjarump-enunjuk
galvanometer.
[3 markahl

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19
4531t2
t.c) Statethe relationshipbetween
Nyatakan h ub urtgan a ntara

( t ) th e n u m b e ro f m a g n e tsa n d th e
densi tyof the magneti cfl ux,
bilangan magnet dengan ketumpatanitux,
*"giit
(ii) the densityof the magneticflux
and the magnitudeof inducedcurrent
flow
ketumpatanfluks magnet clenganmagntud
a!iran arusaruhan.
[2 marksl
[2 markah]
( d) Dia g ra m1 0 .3s h o w sth e p a rts
o f a m ovi ngcoi lgal vanometer.
men uniukkan oa nagian-tainZgiansu atu ga
f:!r\: r::, tva nometer gegetung

Scale
S kal a

P o i n te r
Jarum penunjuk Softironcore
Ieras besllembut
Permanent
magnet
Magnet kekal
Wirecoils
Gegelungdawai

Currenl C ontrolspri ng
Arus Springkawalan

D i agram10 3
Rajah 10.3

( i) Explain.theworkingp1:?fle of-lhemovingcorlgalvanometer.
Terangkanprinsip kerjagalvanometerge[elung [4 marks]
bergerak itu. p marxahl
( ii) coir garvanometeris found to be unabre to
Jl^"-T"ilq
ch a n g e so f i n d u c e ccj u rre n t. detect smar/

Galvanom,eteritu didapati tidak dapat mengesan perubahan


yang kecil. arusaruhan

su.ggest and exprain the modificationsthat need


to be done on the
gatvanometer to increaseits sensitivtty.

cadang. dan terangkan pengubahsuaian ke


atas garvanometeruntuk
meningkatkan kepekaannya.

[10 marksl
[10 narkah]
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S U LIT
SULIT 20 453112

SectionC
Bahagian C

[20 marks]
[20 markahJ
Answeranyone question
fromthissection,
Jawabmana-mana
satusoalandaripadabahagian ini.
11 Diagram11.1showstwo archersshootinga targetusingthe differentbows,but with
sameinitiallengthof elasticcords.The pullingforce,F icting on the etastjccordsis
identical.

Rajah 11.1 menunjukkan dua arang pemanah memanah sasaran denoan


menggunakananak panah yang berlainan,tetapi panjang asal tali kenyal aaJtan
sama.Daya tarikan,F, yangdikenakanke alas keclua-duatalikenyaladalah sama.

BowA
AnakpanahA Bow B
AnakpanahB
Force,F
Daya,F Force,F
Daya,F

lasticcord A Elasticcord B
TalikenyalA Tali kenyalB

Diagram11.1
Rajah11.1

(a) Whatis meantby etasticity? 11markl


Apakahyang dimaksudkandengankekenyalan? 11markahl
(b) (i) Using the conceptof elasticity,identifythe similaritiesand differences
betweenthetwosituations 14marksl
Menggunakan konsep kekenyalan,kenalpasti kesamaan dan perbezaan di
antara kedua-dua sl/uasi.
[4 markah)
(ii) sketch on the same graph of force against extension for the two elastic
cords A and B. 11markl
Pada graf daya melawan pemanjangan yang sama, lakarkan graf bagi
kedua-dua tali kenyal A dan B. I markahl

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Diagram1'1.3 shows a catapultused to projectan object.Force F pulls back


the
object,creatingtensionin the rubbercords.-

Rajah 11.3 menunjukkan sebuah lastikdigunakan untuk melastikobjek. Daya


F
menarik objek ke belakang,menghasirkanregangan paclatatigetah

Rubbercord
Taligetah

D i agram11.3
R aj ah1a,3

D i agram11.4
Rajah 11.4

The tensionforce in each rubbercord is 20 N and the two cords are at 60. to
each otheras shownin Diagram11.4.
Determinethe magnitudeand directionof the resultantforce of these rensron
forces using parallelogramof forces method.
[Use the scale 1 cm : 2.5 N] 14 marksl
Daya regangan pada setiap tali getah ialah20 N dan kecJua-eluatali berada
ttada
60" antara satu samalain sepertiyang ditunjukkandalam Rajah 11.4.
Tentukan magnitud dan arah daya paduan untuk daya-claia reganqan dengan
menggunakankaedah segiempatselaridaya.
[Gttnakanskala1 cm : 2 5 N] [4 markahl

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SULIT
S ULI T 22 4531t2

(d) Table 11 shows four arm exerciseequipments,P, Q, R and S, with different


specifications.
You are askedto investigate
the characteristics
of the arm exerciseequipment
as shownin Table11.

Jadual 11 menunjukkanlima alat senaman tangan, P, Q, R dan S, dengan


spesifikasiyang berbeza.
Anda diminta untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri alat senaman tangan sebagaimana
ditunjukkandalamJadual11.

Explainthe suitabilityof eachfeatureof the arm exerciseequipmentin Table11.


Determinethe mostsuitablearm exerciseequipmentto be used.

Give reasonsfor yourchoice. 110ma*s!


Terangkankesesuaransetiapciri alat senamantangandalam Jadual 11.
Tentukanalat senamantanganyang palingsesualuntuk digunakan.
Beri sebabbagipilihananda.
110markahl

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-- -*- -i
i,
i A rm e x e rc i s ee o u i o me n lP i Tni n w i res
Alat senanan tanglanP 1 Dawai nipis
i
S p ri n gme ta rra lSte e i
Jenis-hahan spring' KelLtii i
I I rrco r i i :m ofer eni l
Springarrangernent:Series i Lrngkarandiameter besar
Susrirtansprin<ySeslrl i
'--1
Thinwires
Armexerciseequipment,
Q Dawainipis
Alat senaman
tangan,Q

Springmetarial:
Copper
JenisbahanspringKupnrm

I arge di ametercoi l
Lingkaran d iameter he sar

Arnr exerciseequiprnentR 'j-irick


Alat senamantangan,F. wires
Dawai le!:a!
S p ri n gm e ta ri a lC
' opper
Jonis bahan spfl/lq. Kuprurrt
S mal ldi ametercoi l
S p ri n ga rra n g e rn e nSe
t rre s Lingkaran diameter kecil
Susurran.spdng.Seslri

A rn i e x e rc i s ce q u i Pmc rtt!l
Thrckwires
Alat senamantangan.S
Dawaitebal

S p ri n gme ta ri a iSte e l
Jenis t.taltans;tring Keitiit

S n ri n l ;a rra ' tg e i )e i ' tP a ra l r+ , S nral ldi arnetercorl


Susunan sprtngyS;r:iari L-inqkaran d ia meter keci!

i abl e 11
,Jatlual11

4 5 3 1 1 2 6 , ? i r o sHa k ciDr a.r p N.t [Li hatsebel al r


S U LIT
S ULI T 24 4531t2

'12 Diag ra m1 2 .1 (a )a n d D i a g ra m1 2 1 (b)show photographs of tw o el ectrrcci rcui ts.E ach


c ir c u i tc o n ta i n stw o i d e n ti c adl ry c e l l sof e.m.f1.5v, a i esi storR and an
ammerer.
R,ajah12.1(a1dan Raiah 12 1(b) menunjukkanfotagraf bagi clua litar
etektrik setiap
litar mengandungidua seryang serupadengan cl g.e r 5 V, sa/u perir-tta,g
R cransatu
ammeter.

)
['',

i.,''
1.,
D i a g ra m1 2 .1 (a ) D i agranr121(b)
R a j a h1 2 .1 (a ) R aj ah 12 1(b)

D i agram12.1
R ai ah12.1

(a) W hat i s me a n tb y e .m .f.?


lt markl
Apakah maksud cl.g.e. ?.
11markahl
(b) (i) Draw two electricalcircuit diagrams for photographsI n D i agram 121(a)
and
D i a g ra m1 2 .1 (b ).
[2 ntarks]
Lukis dua rajah litar elektrik bagi fotograph dalam Rajah 12 1(a) dan Rajah
1 2 .1 (b ).
[2 markah]

(ii) N a m e th e d ry c e l l sc o n n e c ti o n
for D i agram12.1(a).
Namakanjenissambunganselkeringdalam Rajah12 1(.a) 11narkl
11markah)

(iii) S ta teth e a d v a n ta g eo f D i a g ra m12 1(b)as comparedto D agranr12 1(a)

Nyatakan satukelebihan Rajah 12.1(b)berbancling


clenganRajah 12 1G)11''u'kl
[1 markahl

4 5 3 1 1 2 @ 2 o o sHa k cip ta Je NJ
S U LIT
S ULI T 25 4531t2

(c) Table12 showsfour rampsp, e, R and s withdifferentspecifications.


Youare askedto investigate
thecharacteristicsof tne rampsas ,no*n in Table12.
Jadual12menunju.kkanrimarampu,p, e, R dan s, denganspesifikasiyangberbeza.
Anda dimintauntukmengkaiiciri-cirilampu sebagaimaiaaitinjixxan
datamJaduat 12.
Explainthe suitabilityof eachfeatureof the lampin Table12. Determine
the most
suitablelampto be usedas a readinglamp.

Givereasonsfor yourchoice.
110marksl
Terangkankesesuaiansetiapcirilampu dalamJaduat12.
TentukanlampuyangpatingsesuaiuntukdigunakanseoagaiIampu membaca.
Beri sebabbagi pilihan
anda.
[10 markahl

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SULIT
S ULI T 26 4531t2

l-ampP
Lampu P fffiuterrcY75 'rr.,
Powerrating Kecekapan
Cost Kuasaelektrik
300w, 240v 400C hours
i .rfeti rne
Xos ianqke hayat 40AO1am
RM 70

Lam p Q
Lampu Q 80 %
Efficiency
Kecekapan
Powerrating
Cost Kuasaelektrik
Lifetime8000hours
Kos
RM 30
36 W, 240V Jarrykalteyal8000jam I

i Lampu R I
i,
Efficiency60 %
i Kecekapatt
i Cost Po w e i ' ra ti n g
I Kos Kuasa elekUik 6000 houi " s
L-i fel i me
IRM15 1 0 0w , 2 4 0 v
Jarrykafiayaf 6000 jam
I i
l
t-
I
I LampS 50 %
Efficiency
iI Lampu S i
frn Kecekapetrr
P o w e r ra rti n g
I lll
i I Kua,saelektrik fP,
Cost I 60u/. 240v ri.X/ 1000nours
Lifetinre
I
Kos -FH Jangkahayttt10001am
\7
RM 1O I

1 ----* ---r - , . - - - -- --TauG-iz


iacittal 12

(I The power ratingof Lanip P is 200 !V, 244 V .

LamptrP clilabeldenllan kuasaelektrtk200 W 244 \'/

(i) State the change of errergyin l-arttpP 11nrark)

Nyatakanperuhahantenagarlalam LantpuP t1 rnarkahl

( ii) Cal c u l a teth e e i e c tri cc u rre n ta n d resi stancei oi i -artrp-' [4 rnarks]

Kirakanaruselekhik tlan tintanqanL arr4tttt') 14 ntarkahl

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SULIT 4s31/2(PP)

SULIT
4531/2(PP)
Fizik
Kertas 2
September
2009

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERIJOHOR

PEPERIKSAANPERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARANMALAYSIA 2OO9

FIZIK

Kertas2

PERATUR,AN
PEMARKAHAN

453 1/2(FP)(Lft{ak cipia.lPN-t II ihat sebelah


SULIT
STJLIT 4s31/2(PP)

SECTIONA
l-i-Ta) I Convergeat a pointF

(b) A.nypointat the princ;ipal


axisin frontof the mirror

(c) Real,invefledanddiminished
i i i ta V -2 ma rks,2 " t-1r nar k,' 1r r - 0mar k)

ft I crosJeectional-or
Pt;iGs sectronitot o
ff I
(u) f'l ! Gradient
ofV-lgrap
h
] 1 I
ill
I i l (i i ) l D ra w a tri a n g l e
i i i (e 0 -0 )/(5 0 -" 0 )
i I
- i=16ohmiA"/A''
--
-l---
'-- ( a) l- r-- --- - -
i3 l(i) | r
ilillnu oyan t force!lupthrust
lr li
ilil'
l l l iw e i q h t
llll I
| (ii) | Buoyantforce= weightof ob.yect.
lr
I (b) I
l\ / i Archimedes'Principle
I
ti
i /n\
I (i) j The bottleis subnrerged
<leeper.
i tt

I I i (ii) | Subnnerged
less
Thegreaterthedensity,
thegreaterthebuoyant
force.
I .'l i
I
i- i- . 7mark;-
a-it "l I I Forceper unitarea iI '- '
r ( b) i (i) | Increase
thetemperature willincreasethe kineticenengy of 1
I I molec;ules
Therateof collision thegasmolecules
betw'een andthewalls 1
thusthe pressure
increase, of the gasincrease.

(ii) PressirreLaw 1

(iii) highgaspressure
willincreasethe boilingpoint I

(c) P-L- = Pz 1
T-
| r t2
_ 1

l -rl -d = 1 5 x 105
(273 r27) 1'2_

T2 = 450 K ll 177 "C


_l
453 | / 2 (PP)ilii I ak ci pta JPn'.1
Sr-t11t
gUI,IT 4s3r/2(PP)

-lFr
crT x-rays,
u[ittiolet.rnfia-reo
rI "l
l
anOmicrowCve
(41- 2marks,3v - 1 ma rk , 2 1 @. v1 - 0 ma rk ) l
rl'
t1
(b) I -s 1
I 1 thespeedof lightis 3.0x 10 ms

I i 2. cantransfer
energybutdo not requirea medrurn

3.Transverse
wave

4, the wavecan produceinterference


effects,reflection,
refraction
anddiffraction Ma x: 2
(c) (i) Telecornrnunication
isatellite
cornmunication 1
(ii) | Long wavelength 1

ji
ii i easy be diffraction
r- -- L-
1i
,- , l
t ;-o It marks ,
__l
i( a ) i
-]7_,
inno
t

]'''i
S-__,

i r -l
ll | _r_
l--
l_
rt
il,
i__-__l
l__.,
lr
I t-l
ll
il it--------€\-
l
il
I L- -r9\--- - -l
- . -l --_r4:l
i-- r._-__i--__q_ -0 -1 -b---1 - -0-
t----q-., I- - - --l- l
(c) (i ) t c- i i-- :' li - - "_
o 1 - - -i i- i- -r -Il
[ - - T - - ,' :- o -
t-- -i--- i---*1- 1-,.-- L -[--_-1----]

(ii) The door and the gate will open

( d) 1. When switchesA and B are closed


2. When switchesA closed and B open

L-+-r_ _I1 -f--


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I

1s3l/2(PP) STJLIT
4s31/2(PP)

Air resistance

Weighl'r

(c) Air resistancedecreasethe accelerationof tfre trolleyi/trolley


move slower
( d) Trolleymove slowerat rough surfacethan at frictionlessslope
ip\ (i) GPE = mgh
=0.5x10x0.7
=.J 5J
=35J
I i I ] I '
I I I , , ,,,
i i I (ii) energy= ,,f
totatenergy
tiil |I Tr:tal (E
11Etoe , GPE
toe+ GPE
^nr I
|I 1,
II I II Ii =30+35
=3.0+3.5 j
I 1
1
=6.5J 1
I
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1 I
for the number
of un decayed in
nuclei a to
sample
marks
10ma
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Total
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rks
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I I I be reducedto halfof its orrginalnumber I
il

(b) (i) Gamma 1


oower,so can penetratethroughthe ground
High penetrating 1

(ii) Short half-life 1


// Does not stay too long in
Provideenc,ughtirnefor investigation 1
the water

(iii) L.iquid
Can be niixed easilvwith water

(c) Sodium-24

( d) 1600to 100 4rtn


: f[i:]''
(e) I til high frequency//s
wave//very
Electromagnetic gth
hortwavelen

iririil -1 qgryle,qpged
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4531/2(PP) ILihat sebelatt


SULI'I'
SUI,IT 4 4531/2(PP)

Paper 2 SectionB
--l__Li
r c lr s n l(ii)
_ Refractive
-- ---_--- to the sin of 1
indexis the ratioof sin angleof incidence
I I I | |
L__l I refraction
iel]sl_9_of _ __f
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refraction water I 1 i
is largerthantheangleof refraction
L -1--1---l,nsleeq.{lvLqerqrqq ,-J--l
L__| _J_r_!ejie!qrther,efractj_ye_jl{el gtreli_?qlqt
1!1q.,g11alleMger]gtg il_-
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1 /c ) ii Snell's
.:-.. Sneli' s Law
I ar r u _ _ -lli
I l''i{=- i
--c.q,{qir

Hotsurfaceroad

l"he iayersr:f the air near the ground are hotterwhen heated by the
sun // diagram
The air at higher layers is cooler and denser compare to the air at
lolverlayer.
Lightfrom the sKypassingthroughthese differencedensitylayersof air
wiil refractedgraduallytoward the horizon
Total lnternalreflectionoccurwhen criticalangle larger than incidence
angie

--1__ ___J

4531/2(PP) ELILIT
suLu 4531/2(I'P)

Objective
T
lens
Totalinternal
reflection

Prisrn

Totalinter
reflection
Eyepiece
lens

Distributionof marks:
1 mark -- Labeled900prism
1 mark -- Arrangernentof prisms--- facing each other
1 mark -- Locationof objectivelens
1 mark -- Locationof the eyepiecelens
1 mark -- Light ray with 2 times total internalreflectionat the '1*1,prism
1 mark -- Lightray with 2 timestotalinternalreflectionat the 2ndprisrn
Ir- --t----' I __l
l--
I ir'-.--
II
i------

I I Objective
modifrcation
lenswithlarger
I Reason
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I
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i diameter.
lidiameter. - I| __. _ I
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rensw-iirr I sncrteriocattengthT/ higherpower7- T
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20l l
____l

4 s3 ii2 (P P i ILihat sebelah


SULIT
ST]LIT 4s3l/2(PP)

I 1l
ii

l*-
l
I
magneticflux has o

permanentmagnetproducing
a pairof forcesthatturnsthewire
coilstogetherwith the pointer.
- The controlspringwill produceforcesopposing the movement
of the coil forcingthe coil to conre to a stop
- When the currentstops,the tur.ning forcesoecomezero, and the
controlspringsreturn the coil and the pointer back to its initiat

(ii) I he sensitivity
of themovingcoilgalvanomeiei cZnOeincreasedby
- rncreasing the strengthof the radialmagneticfield
> increasethe force betweenthe currentcarryingcoil and
nragneticfield.
usinghairspring of lowerstiffness
> smalleropposing forcesto stoptheturningof the coil

i1
usinga lighterpointer
F smallerinertia,easierto move
usinga coilof lightermass
F smallerinertia, ableto moveeasily
rncreasingtheareaof the coil
i morechangesto the nragnetic fiux,a tliggerforcets
produced.

t_

,t531/2(I'P) S UL I T
SUT,IT 7 453u2(t>P)

Paper 2 Section C

1 1 (a) ElastiCity is a biopertt


biopertvoimatiertnat enaniJs;n objecato ieturn to its- T-'
qrgila!,9jz9glll9hqp9tryhq! that-acllgo1 it _q1e_19119v_e{
llqlg-Lqgq l____l
(b) (i) I - Boththe elastic cordshavesamenatural lengthand pulledby 1 '
Il- ., thesameamount offorce. I
-i.heelasticcordfor bowB is extendedmorethanbowA.
i - I t I
| - For a same amountof force, the elasticcord for bow B is | 1 i
j stretchedrnorethanbowA.
I - The elasticcordfor bowA is stifferthanthe etasticcordfor bow I i
I B // Elasticcordfor bowA has largerstiffnessconstantthan the | 1 |
__i_
I elasticcordfor bowB. I
(ii)
I oorce,F/N I i
t
I Etastic
cordA
| .,'
l,/
| ,/ ElasticcordB
-
| ,/--t'
Va- _.--* Extension,x/cm
i
I

I 1 mark for correctparallelogram


1 mark for correctdiagonalline.
lines(measurement & angle)

i
l
II iI 1 mark for directionof the resultantforce.
4
I mark for magnitude with correctunit : 13.BcmX 2.5 = 34.5N
I
L- __L I li
tl

4531/2(tlP) ILihat sebelah


SULIT
SULIT 4531/2(1'P)

I
I
-t l--l--
(4 I I Characteristics
I ||
SnrinSmadeo

I il
I rrangedin parallel
| | SpringarranEe The springsystem is stiffer// Less
extension// less elastic

Spring with thicker wires The spring is stifferli Less extension//


iess elastic// wire not easilybreak
i // less ] t
-|i"Jirwith smalterdiameter lncreasethe stiffnessof the spring
I I Sorinq
hisherforcet! i i 2 |
Ii // canwithstand
i exrensir:n
I i--- --1 qaYs'P?eq
, -- ' --l i
ll
I S is tt'l"rnostsuitablearm exerclseequipment. i 1 I
springwireis thick
in parallel, i
I sir'.g s ffi;; of steet,springsarranged i ,'
andspringwithsrnaller diameterof coil I '
rl
l_. +
i
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(ii) Parallelconnecllon ,1

(iii) Diagram12.1(b)Provideshighervoltagesupply// highertotalemf il I

i I I lrighercurrent. i 4
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SLJLIT
4s3r/2(PP)
SULIl' 45J l/2(PP)

t- Answerwithcorrectunit- 1 mark

ENDOF MARKINGSCHEME

453U2(PP) ILihat sebelah


SULIT
S ULI T 4531t3

NO KAD PENGENALAN:
ll
li iiiii
ii L --i t rll'
ANGKAGILIRAN:
r--TT*:-.-.-"..]T.--.'....-
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JABATANPELAJARANNEGERIJOHOR
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJILPELAJARANMALAYSIA2OO9
4531/3

PHYSICS
Kertas 3
Ogos/Sept.2009
1T,iam S atuj am ti ga pul uh mi ni t

J A N GA NBU KA K ER T ASSOA L A NIN IS E FIIN GGA


D IB E R ITA H U

Tulisnomborkad pengenalandan
angka giliran anda pada ruang yang Untuk Kequnaan Pemeriksa
disediakan.
Kod Pemeriksa
Kertassoalanini adalahdalam
dwibahasa. Markah Markah
B ahagi an Soalan
P enuh Dioerolehi
Soalandi bahagianatasdalam
bahasalnageris.Soalandi bahagian
1 16
bawah yang sepadandalambahasa A
Melayu. a
12
Calon diben arkan menjawab
keseluruhanatau sebahagiansoalan J 12
sama ada dalam bahasalnggeris B
atau bahasaMelayu. 12

Calondikehendakimembaca
maklumatdi halaman2 atau 3.
Juml ah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi14 halamanbercetakdan 2 halamantidak bercetak

[Lihat sebelah
453213 (: ?r|08t{{k ( iDraJtrJ S U LIT
S ULI T :1" 4531/3

SectionA
BahagianA
[28 marksi 28 markahl

Answerall questionsin thrssection.


Jawabsemua soalanclalambahagianini.

1. A studentcarriesout an experiment to investigatethe relationship


betweenthe
resistance,
R, of a wire and the temperature,
0, of the resistor,
Diagram1.1 showsthe circuitusedln the experiment.

Seorangpelajar menjalankan satueksperimenuntuk mengkajihubungan di antara


rintangan,R, bagi seulas dawaiperintangdengansuhu,8,bagi dawai itu.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkanIitaryang diglunakandalameksperimenitu.

a Rheostat/ Reoslal
H,;Lr-., I
I
i ,.,.
--] {-- vvte I uawat

Qti rro r /
' -------)
-""v'

Pengacau
Thermometer,/
Termometer
Resistor
/
Dawaiperintang
B unsenburner/
P enunuB unsen

D i agraml l l R aj ahl .l

The Bunsenburneris usedto heatup the waterand the temperature of rvateris equalto
the temperature of the resistor.€ -- 20 0C The rheostatis adjustedto obrarna suitable
current.The current./ and the potential difference, V, acrossthe wtreare measuredby
an ammeterand a voltmeterrespectively. Diagram1.2showsthe readirgsof the
ammeterand voltrneter.
The procedureis repeatedfor temperature of the resistor.I = 30'C 40 cC,50 0Cand
60 "C. The corresponding readingsof the ammeterand the voltmeterare shownin
Diagr ams1 .3 ,1 .4 ,1 .5a n d 1 6

PenunuBunsendigunakanuntukmemanaskanair dan suttuair bersamaandengan


suhudawai perrntang,0 = 20aC Reostaldilaraskan untukmemperolehsatunilaiarus
yang sesuai.Arus,l, dan beza keupayaan,V, merenfasidawaiitu masing-masingdiukur
oleh ammelerdan voltmeter Ralah1 2 menunjLtkkan bacaanamrneterdan voltmeter.
Prosedttr
itu diulangbagisuhuctawai,0 = 30 i'C,40 0C.50 oCdan 60 JC.Bacaan-Dacaan
sepadanbagi ammeterdan voltmeterdrtttnjukkan dalarn Rajalr1 3, 1 4. 1 5 dan 1.6.

453213 o 2()olIrnk( ipra ,lr,\J S U LIT


S ULI T 4531t3

':i . lgraruoaRo

s.4 4.0
tlt rtrl,
t*}uu,\t,11"'
"'l' tt,t,8
o\.,t'\N' ""'/',,.;!'o
\ Stripof mirror
A Jal urcermi n

Temperature / Suhu,0 = 20"C


D i a g ra m1 .2I R al ah1.2

ST ANDAF IO

0.1 0.6
t""t"
or$-'t-'-\ "fil,r,,,/o
:
;.J^ "':-t^:.,r-E\..i_": .

T e mp e ra tu re/ S tthuI = 30' C


D i a g ra m1 .3I R aj ah1.3

ST ANBAF lD

0.4 0.6
"''""'""'"
o'^rl'1u"\ttul, "f;l''"
''") no
1S'' |

" r ?a

Temperature / Suhu.g = 40oC


D i a g ra ml 4 l R aj ahl 4

ILi hatsebel ah
4531/3 . q : o ( ) sIn k L r p r rr lN I S U LIT
S ULI T 4531/3

gTANOAFIC'

0.4 0.6
1| rht t tl,'1
\\il\\\\1r "

AI
I

T e mp e ra tu re/ Suhu,6= 50oC


D i a g ra m1 5 l R ai ah1.5

g T I\NDAF | D

0,4 0,6
$lr,rr,\,.'l' l
"'ltt' ",7,,,.f;8,
s "/'"1o
'..J- A I

Temperature / Suhu,g = 60oC


D i a g ra m1 .6| R aj ah1.6

( a) For the experimentdescribedon page 2,3 and 4 identify:


Bagieksperimenyang diterangkandi halaman2.3 dan 4 kenal pasti

( i) T h e ma n i p u l a tevda ri a b l e ,
PembolehubahdimaniPu lasikan,

11mark)
11markahl
(ii) T h e re s p o n d i nvga ri a b l e ,
Pembolehubah bergerak balas

l1 nark)
l1 markah)
(iii) A constantvariable.
Satupembolehubahdimalarkart

11mark)
[1 markah)

4531/3 - r ' s ll.:k( ,rr ' ,.r 1 '|\ S U LIT


SULIT 4531/3

(b) What is the functionof the stripof mirrorbelowthe scale of the voltmeteras shown
in Di a g ra m1 .2 ?
Apakah kegunaanialur cermin di bawah skalavoltmeteritu sepeftiditunjukkan
pada Rajah 1.2?

11maftl
11markahl
( c ) B as e do n D i a g ra ms1 .2 ,1 .3 ,1 .4 ,1 .5a nd 1.6on pages3 and4, determi ne
the
current,/ and potentialdifference,v for the correspondingtemperatureof wire, 0.
For each value of 0, calculatethe resistance,R of the wire.
The resistance, usingthe tormula,R = I
R, is calculated
I
Tabulateyour resultslor 0, l, V and R in the space below.

BerdasarkanRajah 1.2, 1.3,1.4, 1.5dan 1.6di halaman3 dan 4, tentukan arus,l,


beza keupayaan,V, yang sepadandengansuhu dawai,0. Bagi setiapnitai0,
hitungkanrintangan,Rbagi dawai itu.
Rintangan,
R, dihitung denganmenggunakan
,uru". n =\
I
Jadualkankeputusananda bagi 0, l, V dan R pada ruang di bawah.

[5 marks]
[5 markahl
(d) On the graphpaperon Page6, plota graphof R against0.
Pada keftasgraf di halaman 6, lukiskangraf R melawan 0.
15ma*sl
[5 markahl
(e) Basedon yourgraph,statethe relationship
betweenR and 0.
Berdasarkangraf anda. nyatakanhubunganantara R dan 0.

l1 markl
11markahl
(f) Stateoneprecautionthatshouldbetakento obtainaccuratereadingsof V.
Nyatakansatulangkahberjaga-jagayangperludiambiluntukmendapatkan
bacaanV yanglebihjitu,

[1 markl
l1 markahl
[Lihatsebelah
4531/3 o2oo8uakc jptal'NJ SULIT
S ULI T 453113

!
-l

I
i i
I
SULIT 4531/3

2. A studentcarriedout an expenmentto investigate the relationship


beiweenthe
temperatures of a heatedsolid,d.and the heatingtime t. The studentusedthe same
jmmersionheaterto heatup the solidof a constantmass.The initial
temperature
of the
solid,1ic,and the frnaltemperature of the solidafterbeingheated.{ are recorded.
Seorangpelajarrnenjalankansatueksperimenuntukmenyiasatperkaitandi aniara suhu
pepeialapabiladipanaskandan masa pemanasan,t. Pelajaritu menggunakan
bagl sLtatLt
pemanasrendantyang samauntuk pemanasandan ltsimpepejatitu adalahtetai. Sunu
awal, 0o, dan suhu akhir, (l bagi pepejal itu dicatatkan.

T he r es ulto f th e e x p e rl m e ni st s h o w nrnth e graphof dagai nstI as show nrn D i agram2.1.


Keputusaneksperimenini ditunjukkanrlalamgraf 0 melawanI seperli Raiah2.1.

() ,/o(.:
Graphof //againstI
Graf0 melawant
!
I

l"i.
I
1fi
))
/-
-)a
r l

(
-t
ll
i:

/
/
3i)
i
r
l9

27

LO

_) i /mtn
Diagram21
Raiah2 1

[Lihat sebelah
4531/3 r r t i ! 8 n a klr fr i Jl) \.r
S U LIT
SULIT 453113

( a) B as edo n th e g ra p hi n D i a g ra m2 .1 :
Berdasarkangraf dalam Rajah2.1:

(i) Determinethe initialtemperature,


do,of the solid.
Showon the graphhow you determinedoand writethe valuebelow"
Tentukansuhu awal, bagi pepejal itu. Tunjukkanpada graf bagaimana
anda menentukannyadan tulisjawapan anda di bawah.

0o= [2 marks]
12markahl
(ii) What happento dwhen f increases?
Apakah yang berlaku kepada 0 apabilat meningkat2

11markl
11markahl
(iii) Determinethe temperature, d, of the heatedsolidwhen the heatingtime,t,
is 2 .5 mi n .
Showon the graphhow you determinethe valueof d.
Tentukansuhu, 0, bagi pepejalyang dipanaskanitu apabila masa
pemanasan,t, ialah 2.5 ninit.
Tunjukkanpada graf bagaimanaanda menentukan nilai 0.

Q= 12marksl
12markah)

(b) The specificheatcapacity,c, of the solidis givenby the equation;


Muatan haba tentu, c bagi pepejal diberikanoleh persamaan;

2.16x 103
K
wherek is the gradientof the graph.
di mana k ialah kecerunangraf.

(i) Calculatethe gradient,k, of the graphdagainstf.


Showon the graphhow you determinek.
Kirakan kecerunan,k, bagi graf 0 melawant. Tunjukkanpada graf bagaimana
kamu menentukannilaik.

13 marksl
13markahj

4531 / 3 g : o u 8 I t J k( In r JJr ,\J SULIT


SULIT 9 4531/3

(ii) Calculatethe valueof the specificheatcapacity,c, of the solid


Kirakan nilai muatan haba tentu, c, bagi pepejal itu.

12marksl
12markahl

(c) Statetwo precautions


thatcanbe takento improvethe accuracyof the readings
inthisexperiment.
Nyatakandua langkahberjaga-jagayangdiambiluntukmemperbaiki kejituan
bacaandalameksperimenini.

12marksl
12narkahl

[Lihat sebelah
4531/3 (:'2008HakCipurl,NJ SULIT
S ULI T l ft 4531/3

Section B
Bahagian B

[1 2 marks]
112 rnarkahl

Answerany one questionfrom thrssection


Jawab mana-tnatlasatu soa/andaripadabahagian ini

r a t i s ro l l i ngdow na w oodenpl ankfrom a smal ll orry.


3. Dr agr am3 .' l s h o w sa c y l i n d eth
Diagram3 2 showsthe same cylinderthat rs r-olhng down the same woodenplankfrom a
big lorry lt is noticedthat the cylinderis rollingfasterfrom the big lorry
Rajah3 1 menunjukkan.saluse/inderplastikyang sedang bergolekturun dari sebuah lori
kecildenganmenggunakansekepingpapan tebal.
Rajah3.2 menunjukkansatu selinderplastikyang samayang bergolekturun dari sebuah
lori besardenganmenggunakan papantebalyang sama Drdapatibaltawaselinderitu
bergolek turun lebih laju dari lort besar.

Sn ra l kl rrrl ' i
Lrtri kct'il [ 'l u 'l i e c r l i i t d e r i
J t l t r : r i ks tl i n d a r
u- =-l
ti \

:=-\l
tl

\ \ 'o o d c n I l r r n l --r'

D i a g ram31 I R al ah3 1

l l i g l o rrl ,

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D i a g ram31 | R aj ah3 1

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'snleleddeleqlo pue ,{a11ot1
'tar-ur1
lo)i3t}se qcnssnleieddeJoasn aql Ll}lM(c)

lqe4tew yl
Iryew tl
'/ersas6ue'{ srsalodrqnles ue4ele4N
.crc:rnndl rr .,^ol !fl S
A U O A l el s (q,)

fue4teu yl
[ryew il
./ensas6uel suetelu
nps ue4e1e{61
'asuajalutalqelrnsouo otels (eJ

:sele p uerleqtewaduep leurnplew uuilesepJeg


:a^oqeuolleruosqopue uotleu-ljolut
aqt uo psseg

e/lt9t II It''tns
S ULI T l2 4531/3

4. Diagram4.1 and Diagram4.2 showsan electricbell.


In Diagram4.1, when it is connectedto two batteries,the
beilwirrring.
ln Diagram4.2,when it rs connectedto four batteries,
the belr*irr iin!- rouder.
Whenthe bell ringslouder,the forceexertedon the hammer
is great6r.
+! dan Rajah4.2 menunjukkan suatu tocengetektrik
lafn
Dalam Rajah4.1, bitadisambuigkan kepadadua bateri,roceng
akanberbunyi.
4.2,bita
disambun-skan
xe,paai
iua bateri,
roc'nlg)iuitr"rnrnyi
densan
flZifri\yr
Bil.a,locengberbunyidenganrebihkuat, daya yang bertindakke
atas pengetukadarah
lebih besar.

Iron core lroncore


Ieras besi
Hammer Ierasbesl H ammer
Pengetuk tuk
;y \,
\el '/)
Loceng \ a"rr
Diagram
4.1 D i agram4.2
Rajah4.1 R aj ah4.2

Basedon theinformation
andobservation:
Berdasarkanmaklumatdanpemerhatian
tersebut.
(a,)Stateone suitableinference.
Nyatakansatu inferens yang sesuai
[1 mark]
(b/ Stateone suitablehypothesis. [1 markah)
Nyatakansatu hrpolesis
yang sesuai.
11markl
ll markah|
(c/ with theuseof apparatus
suchas batteries,ironcore,insulated copperwire,connecting
wiresandothersapparatus,describeoneexperiment to invesiigaiJine
in 4 (b). nypotnesisstated
Denganmenggunakan radasseperti
bateri,terasbesl dawaikuprumbertebat,dawai
penyambung danradaslain,terangkansatu eksperimen untur iiiiyiasat hipotesis
yang
dinyatakan di 4(b).

453113 , ' : , r ' 8 t rJk( r l{ .r .tp \J


S U LIT
S ULI T iJ 4531/3

! yourdescription,
stateclearlythe following:
Dalampenerangananda,nyatakan denganlelasperkaraberikut:
(i) The aim of the experiment.
Tujuaneksperimen.

(r) The variablesin the experiment.


Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.

(iii) The listof apparatusand materiats.


Senarairadasdan bahan.

(iv) The arrangement


of the apparalus.
Susunanradas.

(v) The procedureof the experiment,


whichshouldincludeone methodof
controlling
the manipulated
variabieand one methodof measuringthe
responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimenyang mestitermasuk satu kaedah mengawal
pembolehubahdimasipurasi dan satu kaedahmengukurpem6obhubah
bergerakbalas.

(vi) The way you tabulatethe data.


Cara anda menlaclualkandata.

(vii) The way you analysethe data.


Caraanda menganalisis data.
[10 marks]
[14 ma*ah]

ENDOF QUESTIONPAPER
KERTASSOALANTAMAT

453113 arl008Hat Cipra.rpNJ


SULIT
SULIT 4531/3

JABATANPELAJARANNEGERIJOHOR
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJILPEI-AJARANMALAYSIA2OO9
4531/3(PP)
PHYSICS
Kertas 3
PeraturanPemarkahan
Ogos/Sept.2009
-..........''....r-

UNTUKKEGUNAANPEMERIKSASAHAJA

AMARAN

Peraturanpemarkahanini SULIT dan Hak Cipta Jabatan Pelajaran


NegeriJohor.
Kegunaannyakhusus untuk pemeriksa yang berkenaan sahaja.
Sebarang maklumat dalam peraturan pernerkahanini tidak boleh
dimaklumkankepadasesiapa. Peraturanpemarkahanini tidak boleh
dalamapa-apabentukmedia
dikeluarkan

Ke*as soalan ini mengandungl 6 halarnan bercetak dan 2 halarnan tidak bercetak

[Lihat sebelah
453213(PP) c 2ootHak( ipia ,ll'\J sul-fT
SULII 4531/3
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2OO9
I'HYSICS3
QuestionI
I (a) Statethe correct manipulatedvariable
//0
Temperature
Statethe correctrespondingvariable
/ R li PotentialdiflerenceI V ll CurrentI I
Resistance
Stateone fixed variablecorrectlY
areaof the wire llType of wire
f)iameterof the wire ii Cross-sectional
(b) State the cellect use of the mirror
Avoid narallax error
(0) "l'abulate0, tr, V and R correctlY

Givea tick (r'; basedon thefbllowing:


A o Columns A, I, V anrl R

B o Correcl units.fttr 0, I, L' and R

C o All values rtf I <:orrect

D t All values oJ'I consistent tr.t2 cl'p.

E t All values ofV torrect

F o All values o.f V r:onsistentto I or 2 d.p.

G e All values of R correcl

H o All values of R consislenl to 2' -7or 4 d-|s-

- Rio - l
*l
r-ir
- -* l i. t t -l I
L?
- - - " " '_l
" - 2.20
;';; "'-]|
I
/.. t+ I
-
1 tq--l
1:- _ _- J

Note tbr G : Aceepte.c.f"from C andE

Marks awarded :
--
f-- r.ru-nif"'r;f / I -_
tvt
,--__f_--_:ll __
_

Total marks: 5

Draw correctly a graph of ,fragaittstI

Give a tick {/) basedon thelbllowing:

A . R at the 0 at thex-axis
-Y-axis,

4531/3 SIILIT
SULTT 4531/3
B r Correctunits at both axes '/
C o lJniformscaleat bothaxes '/
D o 5 pointsplottedcorrectly '/ '/
[Note: 3 or 4 pointsplottedcorrectly: /J
E o Beststraightline {

F o Minimum sizeof graph5 x 4 big squares '/


(Bigsquare:2cmx2cm)
(F'rornthe originto the lastpoint)

Marks awarded:
---M-.k. -l
-_ j ./ -A7--*l
f-*i,i"mbfi
- - - . - 1 - --- --I
i ||t--
- ---'J*!--
-- --t- --.'-+< ----l
-----+--_--:,-----.--.1
I IL__----'t:S-l--
s -t r ' --l I --- {---,-] I
I t- --]:!-! - - i -- -i ------l
II ff----z-",
I
-'-:i---:-r--j
| r' - , - - - I - - I,----.t
I
rotal marks: 5
i
I
| .-,_,__'____
Statethe correctrelationshipbasedon the straightline drawn
I
f.rr straightline with positivegradientpassingthroughthe origin,
I "
to temperature
proportional
is ilirectl""- to 0 i R u
/ R directlyproportiorral
I Resistance
t0
I
| tro* a straighttinewith positivegradientthat doesnot passthroughthe origin'
I Resistance linearlywith 0.
incrcases
L---*.---,--

I Stateone suitablePrecaution
eye
I Cc,ne,rtthe zeroerrorby calibratingthe z-eroadjustmentscrew// Positionof the
to the readingscaleto avoidparallaxerror/i Repeal
I rnrrstL'eperpendicular
the averagei,/Ail connectionof the circuitmustbe tight
i experimentarrcicalc:ulate

__ _.
=auq$I!{l}r_?_
L ryg.j -Ybt\inequq:',q--
I 2(aXD I Statethe valuc of d,within the acceptablerange
] i - sttowgraphicaiextrapolatir:n correctly
I I - stetethe valuervithin28 r 0-2"C
I i - ignore unit anddecimal Places
l____,., _ _I*.--.--- ----,_

i (ii) | Statethe chungescorrectly


- increases
I i
t- rlil1 s;Ah;ffi;;f tn*,"""pGul"-'*e"
B*ad,i"
I I - showgraphicalextrapolatiorr correctl,v
i I - statethe valuewithin 3 l"Cl
- statethe valuei answerwith conectunit
I i
L____
_.._r_._-_-

ILihat setrelah
4531/3 SI.JI,IT
SULIT 4 453113
---
I Olil]c-*ht" th" gdie;[/,, stateflrenarueof-nwitLi"ih"- l--
range "nd
I I acceptable I
I j - Drawsufficiently
largetriangle> 4 sqx 4 sq I

34-28=1.20('min-r
I
5l
-__-----l l
|t ' t-,t--f*i.ulut* u,".*ru" or * ,rrithi"tl,e;;"ptabfifise
---*1
I
Il t" ' l
|
I ,' =2.r6xro'r
:-A I
I
I I .=zr9{{
1 .2
I I .=l.tlx lo3 (w/ounit)
-stat.
I t.l--i r*o pd;ili"*----
"ot*"t / tissuepaperto prevelrt
I i - Wrapthe solid rvithwool i krwel/ polystyrene
I I heatloss/released to thesurrounding.
| | - The eyemustbeperpcndicular to the scaleof the thermometer to avoid
I i parallaxerror.
I I - Repeatreadingsandcalculateaverage'
I I - Ensurethehr:ateris fully intmersein the solid.

-QVEIU-oN-l-
i| ._ No . .. Ii A nsw er -M4rEe--]
--'--: -
!ensl4.i'9l-tL"-!gsblstrbe-{qp-
[j_*__j_ry9._yg1;!ry1'peeg,/4eseler{l-qll,I!]s-!e]- --- I
--*--.-
--_-1 I fu.!is!s {p-!ieichl-lhp--sr*-tqrt!'s'v4ryiry1lls-ell{qss:eigqltgl
L--p--
t betweenvelocitl of thetrolley andheightof
G) T;i^i;rtigate tiie relationship
| ! incline of,a plane -)
i tiit *-rip"i.t-i""tlnre:Ileight 1
i variable:Velocily
Ilesponriing )

/.lonstatltvitriable: lnasliol'the trolleyi/friction


(iii) Tici.erlinrer,tickertape,ht-rlley. supply,metre
inclinedplane.l2 V a.cp<,rwer
rule,runu'ay"wttodenblock
(iv) timer
Tickertrmsl
I'ickef

(!')

" The troilei' is placedon the inclinedplaneat heighth - 20 cm


o The tickertapeis
I'hctickertin.reris switchedon andthe rolley is released.
anal.vscd to dr:tenninethe velocity.v.
o 'ftrs stepsarerepeate'J lbr theheight,h - 25 cm, 30 cnr,35 cm and40 cm

_L_

4531i3 SULIT
SULIT 4531/3

V/C ffi S I

is plotted
v/ cms-l

i
i

II
I
I
TOTi\L
___L_
t2
:--l
The st.e gth; Ftfr" Cf i gri"i?efirid s,rn ttre-maenitudeof rtre
* ffi i ti-^;m
" ".t*
-9ql{94-t.!'19}v,*
Wn.nifrecur.entl";etr;iJG tt",Gh ttth;;lectroriagleiiiimagnetincreases.
c) (i) To fi*fitg"t- th. ,elatio*hip b.fi*" tl*t$hof and
the elec-tromagnetic/magnet

MV : Current
I{V : Numberof pinsattracti:d

RV : Numberof coil/nrrns/fype of oore/diamelerof wire/ diameterof solenoid

brftries, b^tr-.y-frofrfo:.fr.ustatini"l"t-aliotper----onnJt-trng wGi, ut*-.t"t,


paperclips.softironcoreiironnail,beaker.retortstand,swifch

lron core/lron Retort stand

$olenoid-
i

Y
#
PapersliPs -'. "" I'
I

i I
I
L*d-*it -'n':- r 2*-'*'- L

Rlreostat Switch

-----,- , --l ----


-__iti - -1-
The apparatrrs is setup as shownabove
i I i
I I i Z. Tlre switchis turnedorr.adjust the rheostatso that the current flow is 0.1 A
I I
I
fI II l.
.,. The
I rrl nurnber of paper
vr t.'rl'v! clipsthat are attractedto the iron core is counted.
'rsrrrvlr
I i i +. 'fhe sreps aboveirJ repeaiedby usingdifferentvaluesofcurrentby adjusting
Ir ' ' r |
' i therheostat i.e:0.2A,0'3A,0'4A and 0'5'A(n > 4 readings)
Lr-- -------l -----.,,---1",------ ='-

ILihat sebelah
4531/3 SULIT
453113

- Drau' the graph: tiltmber of clips altractedagainstcurrent./i

Nunrberof papercliPs

I Current

END OI,'MARK SCHEMII

SULI'T
4531/3