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A.

Pengertian Narrative Text



Narrative Text adalah satu dari 13 jenis teks bahasa inggris (genre) yang lahir dari
kalangan Narration (lihat Types Of Text) sepertihalnya Recount Text, Anecdote Text,
Spoof Text dan News Items Text yang mana berfungsi untuk menceritakan kisah masa
lampau dan untuk hiburan.

B. Tujuan Komunikatif Narrative Text

Tujuan Komunikatif Narrative Text seperti yang dijelaskan di atas adalah untuk
menghibur pendengar atau pembaca tentang suatu kisah atau cerita masa lampau yang
bertalian dengan pengalaman nyata, khayal atau peristiwa-peristiwa pelik yang
mengarah ke suatu krisis, yang pada akhirnya menemukan suatu penyelesaian.

C. Generic Structure Narrative Text

Setiap jenis teks bahasa Inggris (genre) memiliki struktur teks-nya sendiri-sendiri.
Struktur dari Narrative Text terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu :

1. Orientation
Pada bagian Orientation atau pengenalan berisi tentang pengenalan tokoh dalam cerita
serta waktu dan tempat kejadiannya.

2. Complication
Pada bagian Complication berisi tentang gambaran munculnya krisis atau masalah yang
di alami oleh tokoh pada cerita tersebut yang harus dipecahkan.

3. Resolution
Pada bagian Resolution berisi tentang bagaiman tokoh dari cerita tersebut memecahkan
masalah yang ada pada bagian Complication. Biasanya terdapat lebih dari satu
Resolution untuk satu Complication.

Pada beberapa referensi tentang Narrative Text, terdapat tambahan generic structure
pada Narrative Text, yaitu penambahan Coda setelah Resoultion. Jadi susunan
Narrative text adalah Orientiation, Complication, Resolution dan Coda.

Coda adalah bagian terakhir dari structure Narrative Text yang berisi perubahan yang
terjadi pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang dapat dipetik dari cerita tersebut.


D. Ciri Kebahasan Narrative Text

Pada Narrative Text, terdapat beberapa ciri-ciri antara lain sebagai berikut :
Mengunakan Action Verb dalam bentuk Past Tense. Misalnya : Climbed, Turned,
Brought, dsb.
Menggunakan Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan dan benda
tertentu dalam cerita. Misalnya : the king, the queen, dsb.
Menggunakan Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase. Misalnya : long black
hair, two red apples, dsb.
Menggunakan Time Connectives dan Conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian-
kejadian. Misalnya : then, before, after, soon, dsb.
Menggunakan Adverbs dan Adverbial Phrase untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian
atau peristiwa. Misalnya : here, in the mountain, happily ever after, dsb.


E. Contoh Narrative Text

Banyak sudah contoh mengenai Narrative Text yang telah dibuat , anda bisa melihatnya
di Cerita Rakyat Bahasa Inggris. Tapi untuk lebih afdolnya, penulis hadirkan contoh
Narrative Text sebagai berikut beserta contohnya.


A. Definition of Narrative Text

Narrative Text is one of the 13 types of English texts ( genres ) that was born from the Narration ( see
Types Of Text ) Likewise Recount Text , Text anecdote , Spoof News Items Text and Text which serves to
tell the story of the past and for entertainment .

B. Purpose Communicative Narrative Text

Communicative Purpose Narrative Text as described above is to entertain listeners or readers on a story
or stories related to the past experience of the real , imaginary or complicated events that lead to a
crisis , which eventually came to a solution .

C. Generic Structure Narrative Text

Each type of English text ( genre ) has its text structure alone . Structure of Narrative Text consists of
three parts:

1 . The Orientation
In the Orientation section contains an introduction or introduction of a character in the story and when
and where it happened .

2 . Complication
In section contains a description of the emergence Complication of crisis or problems experienced by
the characters in the story that must be solved .

3 . Resolution
In the Resolution section describes how the characters of the story to solve the existing problems in the
Complication . Usually there is more than one for one Complication Resolution .

In some references about Narrative Text , there are additional generic structure in Narrative Text ,
namely the addition of Coda after resoultion . So the composition of Narrative text is orientiation ,
Complication , Resolution and Coda .

Coda is the last part of the Narrative Text structure that contains the changes in the figures and the
lessons to be learned from the story .


D. Characteristics Kebahasan Narrative Text

In Narrative Text , there are some characteristics are as follows :
Using the Action Verb in the Past Tense form . For example : climbed , Turned , Brought , etc. .
Using specific nouns as a personal pronoun , certain animals and objects in the story . For example :
the king , the queen , and so on .
Using adjectives which form the noun phrase . For example : long black hair , two red apples , etc. .
Using connectives and Conjunctions Time to sort events . For example : then , before , after , soon ,
etc. .
Using Adverbs and adverbial Phrase to indicate the location of the incident or event . For example :
here , in the mountain , happily ever after , and so on .


E. Example of Narrative Text

Many are already examples of Narrative Text that has been created , you can see it in English Folklore .
But for more Official would , the authors present the following example of Narrative Text and examples .
1. Snow White

Orientation

Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt
and Uncle because her parents were dead.

(Suatu ketika, hiduplah seorang gadis bernama Snow White. Dia tinggal bersama
paman dan bibinya, karena orangtuanya telah meninggal.)

Complication 1

One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle
because they both wanted to go to America and they didnt have enough money to take
Snow White.

Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best
if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle
were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods.

(Suatu hari dia mendengar paman dan bibinya berbicara tentang rencana
meninggalkan istana karena mereka berdua ingin pergi ke Ameria dan mereka tidak
mempunyai cukup uang untuk membawa serta Snow White.)

(Snow White tidak ingin paman dan bibinya melakukan hal tersebut, sehingga dia
memutuskan akan lebih baik jika dia pergi. Pagi harinya dia pergi dari rumah ketika
paman dan bibi nya sedang sarapan. Dia lari ke dalam hutan.)

Resolution 1

Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside
and fell asleep.


Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There
they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The
dwarfs said, what is your name? Snow White said, My name is Snow White.

Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, If you wish, you may live here with us. Snow White said,
Oh could I? Thank you. Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and finally
Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.

(Kemudian dia melihat gubuk kecil. Dia mengetuk pintu tetapi tidak ada yang
menjawab sehingga dia masuk dan merasa ngantuk.)

(Sementara itu, tujuh kurcaci telah pulang dari pekerjaannya. Mereka masuk. Di sana
mereka menemukan Snow White tertidur. Kemudian Snow White terbangun. Dia
melihat kurcaci tersebut. Kurcaci tersebut berkata "Siapa nama kamu?" Snow White
menjawab, "Nama saya Snow White.")

(Doc, salah satu dari kurcaci tersebut berkata, "Jika kamu mau, kamu bisa tinggal di
sini bersama kami." Snow White berkata, "Oh, bolehkah? Terima kasih." Kemudian
Snow White menceritakan semua kisahnya dan akhirnya Snow White dan 7 kurcaci
hidup bahagian selamanya.)

2. Three Fishes

Orientation
Once, three fishes lived in a pond. One evening, some fishermen passed by the pond and
saw the fishes. 'This pond is full of fish', they told each other excitedly. 'We have never
fished here before. We must come back tomorrow morning with our nets and catch
these fish!' Then the fishermen left.

(Suatu ketika, terdapatlah tiga ikan yang hidup di sebuah kolam. Di suatu sore,
beberapa nelayan melewati kolam tersebut dan melihat ikan-ikan itu. "Kolam ini
penuh dengan ikan", merka berbicara satu sama lian dengan bergairah. "Kita belum
pernah memancing di sini sebelumnya. Kita harus datang lagi besok pagi dengan
jaring kita dan manangkap ikan-ikan ini!" Kemudian nelayan-nelayan tersebut
pergi.)

Complication
When the eldest of the three fishes heard this, he was troubled. He called the other
fishes together and said, 'Did you hear what the fishermen said? We must leave this
pond at once. The fishermen will return tomorrow and kill us all!' The second of the
three fishes agreed. 'You are right', he said. 'We must leave the pond.'

(Ketika ikan yang paling tua mendengar ini, dia gelisah. Dia memanggil ikan-ikan
yang lain dan berkata, 'Apakah kamu dengar apa yang dikatakan nelayan itu? Kita
harus meninggalkan kolam ini. Nelayan itu akan kembali besok dan membunuh kita
semua!' Ikan kedua setuju. 'Kamu benar', dia berkata. 'Kita harus meninggalkan
kolam ini.')

But the youngest fish laughed. 'You are worrying without reason', he said. 'We have lived
in this pond all our lives, and no fisherman has ever come here. Why should these men
return? I am not going anywhere - my luck will keep me safe.'

(Tetapi ikan yang paling muda tertawa. 'Kamu cemas tanpa ada alasan', dia berkata.
'Kita telah tinggal di kolam ini semur hidup kita, dan tidak ada nelayan yang datang
kesini. Kenapa harus orang-orang itu kembali? Saya tidak akan pergi kemana-mana -
keberuntunganku akan menyelamatkan ku.')

Reslution
The eldest of the fishes left the pond that very evening with his entire family. The second
fish saw the fishermen coming in the distance early next morning and left the pond at
once with all his family. The third fish refused to leave even then.

(Ikan tertua meninggalkan kolam tersebut pada sora hari dengan seluruh
keluarganya. Ikan kedua melihat nelayan datang di kejauhan pada pagi hari dan
meninggalkan kolam tersebut dengan seluruh keluarganya. Ikan ketiga tetap menolak
untuk pergi.)

The fishermen arrived and caught all the fish left in the pond. The third fish's luck did
not help him - he too was caught and killed.

(Nelayan tersebut pun datang dan menangkap semua ikan yang tertinggal di kolam.
Keberuntungan ikan ketiga tidak menyelamatkannya - dia juga tertangkap dan
dibunuh.)

The fish who saw trouble ahead and acted before it arrived as well as the fish who acted
as soon as it came both survived. But the fish who relied only on luck and did nothing at
all died. So also in life.

(Ikan yang cemas dahulu dan bertindak sebelum nelayan datang dan ikan yang
tertindak ketika nelayan datang bershasil selamat. Tetapi ikan yang mempercayakan
hanya pada keberuntungan dan tidak berbuat apa-apa semuanya mati. Begitu juga
pada kehidupan.)


Makalah Bahasa Inggris Reading / Tentang Narative Text
Foreword


Assalamualaikum Wr. Wb

Alhamdulillahhirobil'alamin gratitude we pray that the presence of Allah SWT has given
grace and guidance to us all, so that we can finish this paper Reading 3 of Narrative
text.
Furthermore we would like to thank the lecturer for the course of reading 3 who always
provide direction and guidance to facilitate the preparation of this paper. And to friends
who have given us the spirit and encouragement so that this paper can be resolved.
Hopefully this paper can be useful to readers in general and we beg criticism and
suggestions for better progress.
Wassamu'alaikum Wr. Wb.




Metro, 8 Maret 2013


Writter



CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A. The Background of the Analysis
In English there are many different types of text, narrative text, descriptive, report,
etc. In reading the course we will discuss the different types of the text. And one of the
texts which we discuss in this paper is a narrative text.
What is Narrative Text? Narrative Text Narrative text is a text text which contains
about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story that has been exaggerated. There is usually a
moral to be learned at the end of the story. Example of narrative text can be folk tales,
animal stories, legends, myths, short stories, comic, cartoon, and others.
Therefore, on this occasion we will discuss about the Narrative text clearly. ranging
from linguistic characteristics, sentence structure and other components.

B. Purpose
1. To know the definition of Narrative text.
2. To know the Structure Narrative text.
3. To know the characteristics of Narrative text.
4. To know the difference between a Narrative and Recount text.






CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION
A. Definition of Narrative
Narrative text is a text text which contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story
that has been exaggerated. There is usually a moral to be learned at the end of the
story. Example of narrative text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends, myths, short
stories, comic, cartoon, and others.
B. The purpose of text
To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways;
Narrative deal with problem attic event .
C. Generic Structure of Narrative text
They are:
1) Orientation: sets the scene and introduction the participants (Character, place and
time)
2) Complication: crisis arise.
3) Evaluation: Optional.
4) Resolution or also called solution: The crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
5) Reorientation: the cover of the story: optional
6) Coda: changes in the figures and the lessons to be learned from the story
Also sometimes there is a complicated storyline and complex, so the structure of the
story can be shaped:

D. Language Feature of Narrative Text.
They are:
a. Use active verbs.
b. Use past tense.
c. Use conjunction.
d. The first person (I or We) or the third person (He, She, or They).
e. Use specific nouns.
f. Use adjective and adverbs
E. Example: The Legend of Malin Kundang

ORIENTATION Once Upon a time, lived a diligent boy
named Malin Kundang. He lived in the
seashore with his mother. They were
very poor, but they lived quiet and
harmonious.
COMPLICATION One day, a big ship closed to the beach
near their village. They asked peoples to
join work in their ship and went to the
cross island. Malin Kundang wanted to
join with them because he wanted to
improve his familys life. But his mother
didnt permit him. She worried to Malin.
RESOLUTION Malin still kept his argument and finally
he sailed with the bigship.
COMPLICATION Several years later, Malin Kundang
succed and he became rich trader. Then,
he came to his native village with his
beatiful wife, but his wife didnt know
Malins real descent. His happy mother
quickly approached Malin and brought
a plate of village cake, Malins Favorite.
But Malin didnt admit that woman as
his poor mother, and then he kicked the
village cakewhich brought by his mother
until scattered.

RESOLUTION His mother very broken heart because
MAlin rebellious to her, who had growth
him. Then, his mother cursed Malin
became stone.
REORIENTATION AND CODA Suddenly, the bigship which Malins had
was vacillated by a big storm and all of
his crewman tossed aside out. Malin
realized that was his fault that rebellious
his mother. He bowed down and became
a stone.



F. Kinds of Narrative Text:

A. Myth
A traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people.
A story of great but unknown age which originally embodied a belief regarding some
fact or phenomenon of experience, and in which often the forces of nature and of the
soul are personified; an ancient legend of a god, a hero, the origin of a race, etc.; a
wonder story of prehistoric origin; a popular fable which is, or has been, received as
historical.

example:
- The Myth Of Malin Kundang

B. Legends

Legends also stories that have been made, but they are different from the myth.
myth reply questions about the workings of nature, and is set in a time long ago, before
written history. Legend of the people and the actions or deeds. People are living in a
more recent and is mentioned in history. Stories submitted for the purpose and is based
on the facts, but they do not really exist.

example:
- Story Of Lake Tobe

C. Fables
Fables are about animals that can talk and act like a man, or a plant or
forces of nature such as lightning or wind.
Plants may be able to move and speak and natural forces cause things to happen
in the story because of their strength.

example:
- THE WOLF AND THE HOUSE DOG

D. Fairy Tales
Fairy tales are stories written specifically for children, often about magical characters
such as elves, fairies, goblins and ogres. Sometimes animal characters.

example:
- Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs

G. Differences of Narrative Text and Recount Text
Generic Structure dari Narrative Text:
Orientation: It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are
introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau
apa, kapan dan dimana)
Complication: Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan
muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)
Resolution: Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, ---
secara baik "happy ending" ataupun buruk "bad ending".
Reorientation
Coda
Recount Text atau Teks Experiences merupakan teks yang berisi dan menggambarkan
pengalaman masa lalu dengan menceritakan kembali peristiwa dalam urutan yang
terjadi (kronologis). Tujuan dari recount text atau experiences teks adalah untuk
menceritakan kembali peristiwa dengan tujuan baik menginformasikan atau menghibur
audiens.
Generic Structure of Recount

1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time. (Menceritakan siapa saja
yang terlibat dalam cerita, apa yang terjadi, di mana tempat peristiwa terjadi, dan kapan
terjadi peristiwanya)

2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past. (Menceritakan apa
yang terjadi (lagi) dan menceritakan urutan ceritanya)

3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story.
("Reorientation" berisi komentar pribadi penulis cerita dan penutup cerita / akhir cerita)

Language Feature of Recount

Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc

Using chronological connection; then, first, etc

Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc

Using action verb; look, go, change, etc

Using simple past tense


Narrative Text Recount Text
Definisi /
Pengertian

Narrative is a text telling a
story focusing specific
participants. Its social function is
to tell stories or past events and
entertain the readers.

Recount is a text which retells
events or experiences in the
past. Its purpose is either to
inform or to entertain the
audience.
Generic
Structure
1. Orientation: Introducing the
participants and informing the
time and the place
2. Complication: Describing the
rising crises which the
participants have to do with
3. Resolution: Showing the way
of participant to solve the crises,
better or worse
1. Orientation: Introducing the
participants, place and time
2. Events: Describing series of
event that happened in the past
3. Reorientation: It is optional.
Stating personal comment of
the writer to the story
Language
Feature
1. Using processes verbs
2. Using temporal conjunction
3. Using Simple Past Tense
1. Introducing personal
participant;
2. Using chronological
connection; then, first, etc

Jika disimpulkan, maka sebuah narrative text adalah teks yang berisi sebuah cerita
baik tertulis ataupun tidak tertulis dan terdapat rangkaian peristiwa yang saling
berhubungan yang mementingkan adanya sebuah konflik dan solusinya sedangkan
recount adalah sebuah teks yang berisi sebuah cerita dimana didalamnya menceritakan
kembali baik berupa cerita maupun pengalaman yang dialami oleh penulis dan orang
yang diceritakan.











CHAPTER III
CLOSING
A. Summary
Narrative text is a text text which contains about fantasy, fairy tales, or a true story that
has been exaggerated. There is usually a moral to be learned at the end of the story.
Example of narrative text can be folk tales, animal stories, legends, myths, short stories,
comic, cartoon, and others. If concluded, it is a narrative text is a text which contains a
story in the form of written or unwritten, and there is a series of interconnected events
that emphasizes the existence of a conflict and the solution while the recount is a text
that contains a story in which in the form retell stories and the experiences of the author
and the people who described.
REFERENCES
Turmudi, Dedi. (2012). Smart and Skillfull Writer Developing Writing 2 Rivesed Edition.
Bandar Lampung.

Teyeregoh, Adrianus. 2011. Definition of Procedure Text.
http://bahasa.kompasiana.com/2011/01/17/procedure-text/. diakses 9 oktober 2012
.
Anonim. 2013. Narrative Text Pengertian Dan Contoh.
http://www.infopilihan.com/sosial-budaya/narrative-text-pengertian-dan-
contoh/link/123942/ . diakses 13 Maret 13.

Anonim. 2012. Belajar Bahasa Inggris.
http://susipurwanti2.blogspot.com/2013/02/makalah-. bahasa-inggris-narrative-
text.html. diakses 13 Maret 13.