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Latihan Topikal Persamaan Linear II

Diberi 5s + 1 = 3t, cari nilai bagi s jika t = 3.


[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Diberi 6x + 8 = 4y, cari nilai bagi x jika y = 8.


[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Diberi 5m + 8 = 2n, cari nilai bagi m jika n = -9.


[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Diberi 2m 10 = 2n, cari nilai bagi m jika n = -3.


[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Diberi 6s 10 = t, cari nilai bagi s jika t = -4.


[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Hasil tambah dua nombor ialah 78. Perbezaan antara dua nombor ialah 2. Cari nilai bagi dua nombor
itu.
[3 markah]
Jawapan:

3 biji tembikai dan 2 biji nanas berharga RM16.70. Nuraizah membeli sebiji tembikai dan 4 biji nanas.
Dia membayar RM16.90. Cari harga sebiji nanas.
[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Diberi s t = 9 dan 5s + 7t = 9, cari nilai s dan t.

[3 markah]
Jawapan:

Diberi 2m 8n = 16, cari


(a) nilai m apabila n = -7,
(b) nilai n apabila m = -4,
[4 markah]
Jawapan:

10

Diberi s + 4t = 6 dan 4s t = 10, cari nilai bagi t.


[3 markah]
Jawapan:

11

Zaini membeli sebuah bakul durian dengan kos RM155. Dia menjual x kg durian yang bersaiz besar
dengan harga RM7 per kg dan y kg durian yang bersaiz kecil dengan harga RM3 per kg. Jika dia
menerima keuntungan RM30, tulis satu persamaan linear untuk menyambung x dan y.
[3 markah]
Jawapan:

12

Diberi x y = 3 dan 3x 2y = 6, cari nilai bagi x.


[2 markah]
Jawapan:

13

Hasil tambah dua nombor ialah 16. Perbezaan antara dua nombor ialah 92. Cari nilai bagi dua nombor
itu.
[2 markah]
Jawapan:

14

2 biji tembikai dan 3 biji nanas berharga RM17.00. Farah membeli sebiji tembikai dan 4 biji nanas. Dia
membayar RM17.50. Cari harga sebiji nanas.
[2 markah]
Jawapan:

15

Diberi 5s t = 15 dan 9s 4t = 6, apakah nilai bagi s t.


[2 markah]
Jawapan:

16

Diberi 3s 4t 4 = 0 dan s + 2t + 42 = 0, cari nilai s dan t.


[4 markah]
Jawapan:

17

Diberi 4(2s + 2t) = 8 dan 4t = 5, apakah nilai bagi .


[4 markah]
Jawapan:

18

Diberi 2p q = 12 dan 3p 2q = 20, apakah nilai bagi p q.


[2 markah]
Jawapan:

19

Diberi s 3t 18 = 0 dan 9s + 4t + 55 = 0, cari nilai s dan t.


[4 markah]
Jawapan:

20

Diberi 4(2x + y) = 4 dan y = 2, apakah nilai bagi .


[4 markah]
Jawapan:

Answer:
1

5s + 1 = 3(3)
5s + 1 = 9
5s = 9 1
5s = 10
s = 2

6x + 8 = 4(8)
6x + 8 = 32
6x = 32 8
6x = 24
x=4

5m + 8 = 2(9)
5m + 8 = 18
5m = 18 8
5m = 10
m=2

2m 10 = 2(3)
2m 10 = 6
2m = 6 + 10
2m = 4
m=2

6s 10 = 1(4)
6s 10 = 4
6s = 4 + 10
6s = 6
s=1

Biarkan dua nombor itu adalah m dan n.


m + n = 78
n = 78 m ------------ (1)
m n = 2 ------------ (2)
m (78 m) = 2
m 78 + m = 2
2m = 80
m = 40
n = 78 40
n = 38
m = 40, n = 38

Biarkan tembikai = p dan nanas = q.


3p + 2q = 1 670 ---------- (1)
p + 4q = 1 690
p = 1 690 4q ---------- (2)
3(1 690 4q) + 2q = 1 670
5 070 12q + 2q = 1 670
10q = 3 400
q = 340
Harga sebiji nanas = RM3.40

s t = 9
s = 9 + t -------------- (1)
5s + 7t = 9 ------------- (2)
5(9 + t) + 7t = 9
45 + 5t + 7t = 9

12t = 36
t = 3
s = 9 + (3)
s=6
s = 6, t = 3
9

(a) 2m 8n = 16
2m 8(7) = 16
2m + 56 = 16
2m = 72
m = 36
(b) 2m 8n = 16
2(4) 8n = 16
8 8n = 16
8n = 8
n=1

10

s + 4t = 6 ------------ (1)
(1) 4
4s + 16t = 24 ------------ (2)
4s t = 10 ------------ (3)
(2) (3),
17t = 34
t=2

11

(7x + 3y) 155 = 30


7x + 3y = 185

12

x y = 3
x = 3 + y ------------ (1)
3x 2y = 6 ------------ (2)
3(3 + y) 2y = 6
9 + 3y 2y = 6
y = 3
x = 3 + (3)
x=0

13

Biarkan dua nombor itu adalah s dan t.


s + t = 16
t = 16 s ------------ (1)
s t = 92 ------------ (2)
s (16 s) = 92
s 16 + s = 92
2s = 108
s = 54
t = 16 54
t = 38
s = 54, t = 38

m + 4n = 1 750
m = 1 750 4n ---------- (2)
2(1 750 4n) + 3n = 1 700
3 500 8n + 3n = 1 700
5n = 1 800
n = 360
Harga sebiji nanas = RM3.60
15

5s t = 15
t = 5s + 15 --------------- (1)
9s 4t = 6 --------------- (2)
9s 4(5s + 15) = 6
9s 20s 60 = 6
11s = 66
s = 6
5(6) t = 15
t = 15
s = 6, t = 15

16

3s 4t 4 = 0 ------------ (1)
s + 2t + 42 = 0 ------------ (2)
(1) 1, 3s 4t 4 = 0
3s 4t = 4 ------------- (3)
(2) 2, 2s + 4t + 84 = 0
2s + 4t = 84 ------------- (4)
(3) + (4)
3s + 2s = 4 + (84)
5s = 80
s = 16
3(16) 4t 4 = 0
4t = 48 4
4t = 52
t = 13
s = 16, t = 13

17

4(2s + 2t) = 8
8s + 8t = 8 ------------- (1)
4t = 5
s 8t = 10 ------------- (2)
(1) + (2),
8s + s = 8 + 10
9s = 18
s=2
8(2) + 8t = 8
8t = 8
t = 1
= = 2

q = 2p + 12 --------------- (1)
3p 2q = 20 --------------- (2)
3p 2(2p + 12) = 20
3p 4p 24 = 20
p = 44
p = 44
2(44) q = 12
q = 76
p = 44, q = 76
19

s 3t 18 = 0 ------------ (1)
9s + 4t + 55 = 0 ------------ (2)
(1) 4, 4s 12t 72 = 0
4s 12t = 72 ------------- (3)
(2) 3, 27s + 12t + 165 = 0
27s + 12t = 165 ------------- (4)
(3) + (4)
4s + 27s = 72 + (165)
31s = 93
s = 3
1(3) 3t 18 = 0
3t = 3 18
3t = 21
t = 7
s = 3, t = 7

20

4(2x + y) = 4
8x + 4y = 4 ------------- (1)
y = 2
4x 4y = 8 ------------- (2)
(1) + (2),
8x + 4x = 4 + 8
12x = 12
x=1
8(1) + 4y = 4
4y = 4
y = 1
= = 1