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Perencanaan Rangka Baja/Gable Frame

Ukuran gudang
Bentangan kuda - kuda
Panjang gudang
Kemiringan atap ( )
Tinggi kolom ( h )
Jarak kuda - kuda
Sifat
Bahan atap
( Asbest gelombang 6 ft )
Muatan angin
Beban air hujan
Beban terpusat sementara
Modulus elastisitas baja

= 42 x 60 m
= 42 m
= 60 m
= 20
=
6m
=
6m
= Terbuka
= 11 kg/m2
= 40 kg/m2
= 25 kg/m2
= 100 kg (Beban tukang)
=
2100000

I Perhitungan Gording
Mengingat panjang asbest, maka jarak gording yang dipakai
Jarak kuda - kuda
Direncanakan C kanal ukuran
= 150.75.20.4,5
Dari tabel diperoleh data :
150.50.20.4,5
Ix
Iy
Wx
Wy
ix
iy
A

=
489
= 99.2
= 65.2
= 19.8
= 5.92
= 2.66
= 13.97

cm4
cm4
cm3
cm3
cm
cm
cm2

hb
bs
ts
tb
g
ex
ey

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

150
75
4.5
4.5
11
0
25

cm
cm
cm
cm
kg/m
cm
cm

Peninjauan beban searah sb y - y


1 Berat sendiri gording
q1 = 11 Cos 20
= 10.34 kg/m
1
M1 =
( 10 )( 6 )
8
= 46.53 kgm
2 Berat sendiri atap
q2 = 11 . 1.5 Cos 20
= 15.5 kgm
1
M2 =
( 15.5 )( 6 )
8
= 69.77 kgm
3 Muatan angin
Diambil w = 40 kg/m2
Untuk keadaan I :
W1 = -1.2 ( 1.5 ) ( 40 )
1
M3 =
( -72 )( 6 )
8
W2 = -0.4 ( 1.5 ) ( 40 )

-72

kg

= -324 kg
=

-24

kg

= 1.5 m
= 6 m

M4 =

1
(
8

-24

)( 6 )

Untuk keadaan II :
W2 = 0.8 ( 1.5 ) ( 40 )
1
M5 =
( 48 )( 6 )
8
4 Muatan angin
Beban kebetulan : (orang)
M6 =
=

1
( 100 )( 6
4

Sehingga Mmax
=

48

kg

216 kg

100 kg

Cos 20

141 kg

Kombinasi Pembebanan :
M1 + M2 + M3 = 46.53
M1 + M2 + M4 = 46.53
M1 + M2 + M5 = 46.53
M1 + M2 + M6 = 46.53

= -108 kg

+
+
+
+

69.77
69.77
69.77
69.77

+
+
+
+

-324
-108
216
141

=
=
=
=

-207.70
8.30
332.30
257.26

332.30 kgm

332.30
M
=
= 509.666 kg/cm2
65.2
Wx

Peninjauan arah sb x - x
Dipakai 2 buah trekstang.
1
L' =
( 6 ) = 2 m
3
1 Akibat berat sendiri gording + atap
1
M1x = ( 11 + ( 11 . 1.5 ) )
8
= 4.70

= 17.10

Sin

20 (

kgm

2 Akibat beban tukang


1
M2x = ( 100 ) ( 2
4

Sin

20

kgm

3 Akibat angin : Tidak ada


Kombinasi Pembebanan :
M1x + M2x
= 4.70 + 17.10 = 21.80 kgm

kgm
kgm
kgm
kgm

M
=
Wy

21.80
19.8

Kontrol tegangan

= 110.12

dan

kg/cm2

2 )

= x + y
= 110.1 + 509.7
= 619.79 kg/cm2
= 619.79 < 1400
Tegangan izin
= 1400 kg/cm2
Profil aman terhadap tegangan maximum pembebanan ===> Perlu Kontrol Lendutan
Kontrol terhadap penurunan
Syarat lendutan izin

L
500

600
500

= 1.2 cm

Rumus
5
q.l^4
1 P.L^3
+
)
384
EI
48 E.I
Dimana q = Berat sendiri gording + atap
P = Berat tukang

= (

fy =

5
384

(27.5).(10^ -2.)(600)^4
(2100000 . 489)

= 11 + (11)(1.5)
= 100 kg

27.5 kg/m

1
48

(100)(600)^3
(2100000 . 489)

) Cos 20

1
48

(100)(200)^3
(2100000 . 99.2)

= ( 0.452 + 0.438 ) Cos 20


= 0.836 cm

fx =

5
384

= ( 0.028 +

(27.5).(10^ -2.)(200)^4
(2100000 . 99.2)
0.08 ) Sin

20

= 0.037 cm
Sehingga lendutan total

= (
fx^2 +
fy^2 )^0.5
= ( 0.836^2 + 0.037^2 )^0.5
= 0.837 cm

Karena 0.837 cm < 1.2 cm, maka profil aman terhadap lendutan izin

Sin 20