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SMK SEKSYEN 7, SHAH ALAM, SELANGOR

PENILAIAN KURIKULUM 1 / PENTAKSIRAN SUMATIF 1


2015

SAINS
TINGKATAN 3
1 JAM

NAMA :

_____________________________________ TINGKATAN : ______________

Jawab semua soalan / Answer all questions


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(a) Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan sistem respirasi manusia. Tulis bronkus, trakea dan
bronkiol untuk melabel setiap bahagian sistem respirasi dalam rajah di bawah.
(a) Diagram 1.1 shows the human respiratory system. Write bronchus, trachea and
bronchioles to label each part of respiratory system in the diagram below.

(3 markah/3marks)
(b) Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan struktur P di mana pertukaran gas berlaku.
(b) Diagram 1.2 shows structure F, where exchange of gases takes place.

Rajah 1.2 / Diagram 1.2

(i)

Tandakan (/) satu penyesuaian yang terdapat pada P


Tick (/) one adaptation that is found in P.
Dinding yang tebal dan lembap
Thick and moist walls
Satu jaringan kapilari darah
A network of blood capillaries
(1 markah/ 1mark)

(ii) Tuliskan Benar atau Palsu untuk pernyataan tentang X dan Y yang berikut.
Write True or False for the following statements on X and Y.
X menunjukkan darah terdeoksigen mengalir ke struktur P.
X shows deoxygenated blood flowing to structure P
Y iaIah darah yang berwarna merah pudar.
Y is blood that is dull red in colour.
(2 markah / 2 marks)

Rajah 2.1 /Diagram 2.1


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(a) Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan model sistem respirasi manusia. Dengan menggunakan
model dalam Rajah 2.1, terangkan mekanisma penghembusan nafas.
Diagram 2.1 shows a model of the human respiratory system. Using the model in
Diagram 2.1, explain the mechanism of exhalation.
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(2 markah / 2marks)
(b) Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan model sistem respirasi manusia dan sistem respirasi
manusia. Berdasarkan Rajah 2.2, lengkapkan jadual berikut untuk memadankan
bahagian berlabel system respirasi manusia dengan abjad yang digunakan pada
model.
Diagram 2.2 shows a model of human respiratory system and the human respiratory
system. Based on Diagram 2.2, complete the following table to match the labelled
parts of the human respiratory system to the letters used in the model.

Rajah 2.2 / Diagram 2.2


P

S
(4 markah / 4 marks)

(a) Padankan bahan kepada kesan berbahaya terhadap sistem respirasi manusia.
Match the substance to its harmful effect on the human respiratory system.
Bahan / substance
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Kesan berbahaya
Harmful effect
(a) Sakit kepala yang serius
Corrodes respiratory system
(b) Menghakis system respirasi
Corrodes respiratory system
(c) Batuk kering
Tuberculosis

Sulfur dioksida
Sulphur dioxide
Karbon dioksida
Carbon dioxide
Habuk
Dust

(b) Padankan bahan kimia dalam rokok dengan kesan berbahaya terhadap kesihatan
manusia.
Match the chemicals in cigarattes to its harmful effect on the human health.

Bahan / substance
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Nikotina
Nicotine
Tar
Tar
Karsinogen
Carcinogen

Kesan berbahaya
Harmful effect
(a) Peparu menjadi hitam
Blackens the lungs
(b) Menyebabkan kanser peparu
Causes lung cancer
(c) Salur darah menjadi keras
Hardens blood vessels
(6markah / 6 marks)

(a) Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan keratan Jantung manusia.


Diagram 4.1 shows a section through the human heart.
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Rajah 4.1 / Diagram 4.1


Tandakan () huruf yang betul pada Rajah 4.1 untuk menunjukkan tempat di mana
terdapatnya darah beroksigen.
Tick () the correct alphabet on Diagram 4.1, shows the place where oxygenated
blood is found.
(3 markah / 3 marks)

(b) Tandakan () fungsi yang betul untuk bahagian berlabel E.


Tick () the correct functions of the part labelled E.

Membawa darah ke seluruh badan kecuali peparu


Carries blood to all parts of body except the lungs
Membawa darah beroksigen
Carries oxygenated blood
Menghalang darah daripada bercampur
Prevents blood from mixing
Menghalang darah daripada mengalir balik
Prevents blood from flowing backwards
(2
markah / 2 marks)

(d) Apakah nama struktur yang memisahkan atrium daripada ventrikel?


What is the name of structure that separates the artrium from ventricle
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(1 markah/1marks)

(a) Jadual di bawah menunjukkan kumpulan darah bagi empat orang murid
Tingkatan 3 Marikh
The table below shows the blood group of four students from Form 3 Marikh.

(i)

Kumpulan darah

Murid

Blood Group

Student

Anita

Muthu

AB

Wei Chong

Jenifer

Anita terlibat dalam satu kemalangan. Dia kehilangan darah yang banyak.
Berdasarkan jadual, siapakah yang boleh mendermakan darah kepada dia?
Anita involved in an accident. She has a great loss of blood. Based on the
table, who can donate blood to her?
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(1markah/1mark)
(ii)

Apakah yang akan berlaku sekiranya Muthu mendermakan darahnya kepada


Anita?
What will happen if Muthu donates his blood to Anita?
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(1markah / 1mark)

(iii)

Berdasarkan sistem pengesahan ABO, Wei Chong dan Jenifer boleh dikenali
sebagai:
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Based on the ABO identification system, Wei Chong and Jenifer are known
as:

(2markah / 2marks)

(b) Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan keratan rentas akar.


Diagram 5.1 shows the cross-section of a root.
(i)
Namakan struktur X.
Name structure X.
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(ii)

Rajah 5.1/Diagram
5.1

Apakah fungsi struktur X?


What is the function of structure X?
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(2 markah/ 2 marks)

Puan Norma dan keluarganya telah bercuti di Cameron Highlands. Dia telah membeli
beberapa pasu pokok bunga dan berniat untuk menanam semula di rumahnya.
Apabila tiba di rumah, dia mendapati bahawa beberapa batang tumbuhan herba itu
telah layu.
Puan Norma and her family went to Cameron Highlands for a vacation. She bought
several pots of flowers which she intended to replant at her home. When she
reached home, she discovered that several of the potted herbaceous plants had
wilted.

(a) Lengkapkan pernyataan di bawah.


Complete the statement below.
Tumbuhan herba adalah tumbuhan yang mempunyai batang yang tidak berkayu
dan _________________.
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Herbaceous plants is a plant that have non woody and ___________________.


(1markah/1mark)
(b) Terangkan mengapa tumbuhan herba di dalam pasu itu layu.
Explain why the potted herbaceous plants had wilted.
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(2markah/2marks)

(c) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji faktor-faktor yang
mempengaruhi kadar transpirasi.
The diagram below shows an experiment carried out to investigate the factors
that affect the rate of transpiration.

Berdasarkan pemerhatian dalam rajah di atas, lengkapkan jadual di bawah.


Based on the observations in the above diagram, complete the table below.

(2markah/2marks)
(d) Berdasarkan jadual di atas, cadangkan cara yang sepatutnya dilakukan oleh
Puan Norma untuk mengangkut pokok herba dalam pasu supaya tidak layu.
Terangkanjawapan anda.
Based on the observations shown above, suggest how Puan Norma should have
transported the potted herbaceous plants to prevent them from wilting. Explain
your answer.
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(2markah/ 2marks)
(e) Nyatakan tiga faktor lain yang mempengaruhi transpirasi dan huraikan.
State another three factors that affect transpiration and explain.
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(3markah/3marks)

(a) Graf di bawah menunjukkan punca kanser peparu bagi sesetengah negara.
The graph below shows the causes of lung cancer of a certain country.
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Berdasarkan graf di atas, nyatakan punca utama kanser peparu di negara tersebut.
Wajarkan jawapan anda.
Based on the graph shove above, state the main cause of lung cancer in the country.
Explain your answer.
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(2markah/2marks)
(b) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk menunjukkan kesan
merokok ke atas peparu.
The diagram below shows an experiment carried out to demonstrate the effect of
smoking on the lungs.

(i)

(ii)

Nyatakan perubahan yang berlaku ke atas kapas, suhu dan penunjuk


hidrogen karbonat dalam eksperimen ini.
State changes occur on cotton, temperature and hydrogen carbonate
indicator in this experiment.
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(3markah/3marks)
Apakah bahan dalam asap rokok yang menyebabkan perubahan warna pada
penunjuk hidrogen karbonat? Terangkan kesannya ke atas peparu.
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What is the substance in cigarette smoke which causes the change in the
colour of the hydrogen carbonate indicator? Explain its effect on the lungs.
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(2markah/2marks)
(iii)

Terangkan mengapa seseorang yang merokok boleh menyebabkan


ketagihan.
Explain why a person who smokes is addicted to smoking.
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(3markah/3marks)
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT
END OF QUESTION PAPER

Disediakan oleh

ZAIDA BINTI TAHIRUDDIN


GURU MATAPELAJARAN
SAINS

Disemak oleh

Disahkan oleh

PN. ZAHARINA BINTI ABD


GHANI
KETUA PANITIA SAINS

PN. SHARIFAH ATTASHAH


BINTI SYED AHMAD
GURU KANAN
MATAPELAJARAN SANS
DAN MATEMATIK

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