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Nama : Khoirur Rohman

NIM : 161910101022
Kelompok : 11


Title Potential of using water jet peening as a surface treatment

process for welded joints
Journal International Conference on Manufacturing Engineering and
Materials, ICMEM 2016, 6-10 June 2016, Nový Smokovec,
Volume and Page Procedia Engineering 149 ( 2016 ) 472 – 480
Year 2016
Author Madhulika Srivastavaa, Rupam Tripathia, Sergej Hlochb,
Somnath Chattopadhyayaa, Amit Rai Dixita
Reviewer Khoirur Rohman
NIM 161910101022
Date 5 May 2018


Background Research Because WJP uses water to improve residual stress, this is a
potential method for treating various materials. High pressure
water jets tend to cause surface damage if the parameters are
not maintained within. With optimum conditions, optimum
conditions must be determined so that surface treatment can be
performed without causing adverse effects. Therefore, it is
necessary to control the parameters of Nucleus: Jet pressure,
distance Stand off, nozzle geometry, needle capture level and
exposure time. This paper aims to review the work contribution
for the use of water jet peening as a potential surface treatment
Preliminary In recent years, a new technology of water jet was used to
introduce surface pressures. This is a new method of surface
reinforcement processes with a meaningless influence on
surface roughness and surface texture. WJP The process
involves the continuous impact of a high-speed water jet that
overrides the surface of the component. The impact of the
water jet causes local plastic deformation and produces a
compressive stress on the surface and layers near the
This results in increased surface hardness and fatigue life. This
technique is used as a preventative maintenance technique at
nuclear power plants. WJP is characterized by the following
advantages over conventional treatment methods:
1. Workpiece with complex geometry and high notch
sharpness ray can be treated with water proofing.
2. The surface coverage is very wide.
3. Investigation proves no change of roughness after the
water in the intikan.
4. Small is not. process parameters and const. Water quality
simplifies the control process.
5. Low cost for water preparation is an economic advantage
compared to gun shooting.
6. Environmentally friendly process because it does not
produce dust.
The current work focuses on reviewing the application of water
jet use. Nucleation as a process of surface treatment of different
materials. First the mechanism of the jet nucleating process, the
jet structure responsible for repairing residual stresses from
treated surfaces is explained then the effect of different process
parameters which helps in reducing the side effects of residual
pressure is discussed. Next, modify the future in this technique
to get better results.
Mechanism/How to The water jet surveillance mechanism occurs because of the
WJP work release of water droplets on the treated surface. High Syringe
pressure through the nozzle affected on the surface of the
material to be treated. The impact of this high pressure water
jet produces cavitation that collapses after a while and produces
intensive pressure waves. The resulting surface pressure
produces a peak load that exceeds the yield strength of the
material and induces local plastic deformation. Constrained by
surrounding material due to high surface tension residue
developed on the surface.
Influence Parameters 1. Water Jet Preasure
In WJP Process Pressure at the impact center increases the residual
pressure decreases and changes to press. Reported after
simulating high-pressure water drainage and comparing
voltages with and without WJP application which when
maximum impact pressure reaches 1.4 times the yield
strength of 304 stainless steels whose initial tensile stress
is reduced to tap.
2. Distance Between Nozle and Workpiece
In the process using Aluminum Alloys concluded that the
distance of the deadlock accounted for about 28% in
repairing the treated surface residual stress. The smaller
SOD causes the droplet regions to be restricted to smaller
zones with higher droplet velocities resulting in higher
residual stresses.
3. Alignment Level
The value of treated surface hardness reveals that, higher
alignment rates along with pressure result in increased
hardness at higher surfaces with deeper layer hardening.
While exploring the effect of process parameters on
aluminum specimens. observed that the higher straightness
rate resulted in higher hardness of the treated surfaces.
4. Speed While Traversing Workpiece Austenitic Stainless
Steel WJP
observed that a rough surface was produced at a lower
feed rate because the decrease in feed levels allowed more
attenuation of water molecules on the surface thus
increasing surface roughness.
5. Nozzle Shape
to study the effects of WJP processes on steel specimens
with a range of 5s to 10s nuclei and 75 MPa jet pressure. It
was reported that the magnitude of pressured residual
pressure induced at a subsurface depth of 50 microns is
about 15% higher than the hardness of the base material.
The results show that the flat nozzle is more efficient than
the higher pressure residue pressure point induced on the
treated surface.
6. Time Of Evidence
During studying the rest of the residual stresses using WJP
on 304 Stainless Steel. examined the effect of nucleation
time. The nucleation time greater than 4 minutes / meter
produces a residual voltage improvement over 300MPa.
Conclusion Previous researchers have also revealed the application of this
technique to several welded joints. Mochizuki et al. check the
effectiveness of Jet Air Water Joints of austenitic stainless steel
joints welded together. The tests showed that water jet
surveillance techniques prevented crack corrosion of the
tension at the weld joints since no gaps were observed in the
area receiving treatment with water jets. The previously
analyzed data should be further processed, filtered and
interpreted in a perfect and professional manner. From the
research it can be concluded that:
a. WJP is an effective technique for preventing corrosion
cracks and fatigue fractures in components.
b. For the technique of using these Nuclear parameters, jet
pressure, nucleation time, number of passes, geometry
nozzles and deadlock distances shall be controlled.
c. The WJP process under controlled parameters is suitable
for shop floor apps.
d. Has the potential to be used as a preventive maintenance
technique at PLTN.

1. Mechanism Of Water Jet Peening (WJP)

Figure 1. Pressure Upgrading Mechanism With WJP

Figure 2. Jet Structure Changes Viewed From Nozzle

2. Result of WJP Workmanship

Figure 3. SCC Test Result On Plate By Using WJP Or Without Using WJP

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