Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Tuba fallopi simetris organ tubular dipasangkan yang menghubungkan rongga peritoneum ke dalam rongga endometrium rahim.

Tuba fallopi lebih dari saluran sederhana atau "pipa terbuka." Tuba falopi menangkap sel telur setelah ovulasi dan berfungsi sebagai saluran untuk perjalanan ke arah rahim. Pembuahan sel telur oleh sperma terjadi di tuba fallopi. Setelah pembuahan, zigot berkembang menjadi embrio dan terus melakukan perjalanan melalui tuba fallopi ke dalam rongga rahim, di mana implan pada endometrium. Tuba falopi menyediakan lingkungan dan kondisi untuk konsepsi dan untuk pengembangan awal konsepsi. Selanjutnya, sel telur, zigot, dan embrio tidak memiliki motilitas intrinsik. Tabung fallopi adalah baik saluran dan transporter ovum dan konseptus awal. Fungsi tuba juga membantu transportasi sperma ke tempat fertilisasi. Tuba fallopi demikian penting dan perlu dalam normal, reproduksi alami, tanpa bantuan pada wanita. Beberapa fungsi dan kompleks dari saluran tuba dapat dipengaruhi oleh penyakit, mengakibatkan kemandulan dan, dalam kasus ekstrim, sterilitas. Rekonstruksi tuba fallopi telah menjadi metode tradisional memulihkan fungsi reproduksi pada wanita dengan infertilitas tuba. Hari ini, fertilisasi in vitro (IVF) dan transfer embrio (ET) melewati saluran tuba dalam proses reproduksi dan pilihan tambahan dalam pengobatan pasien.

The fallopian tubes are symmetrical paired tubular organs that connect the peritoneal cavity to the endometrium in the uterine cavity. The fallopian tubes are more than simple conduits or "open pipes." The fallopian tubes capture the ovum after ovulation and serve as a conduit for its travel toward the uterus. Fertilization of the egg by the sperm occurs in the fallopian tube. Following fertilization, the zygote develops into an embryo and continues to travel through the fallopian tube into the uterine cavity, where it implants in the endometrium. The fallopian tubes provide the environment and conditions for conception and for the early development of the conceptus. Furthermore, the ovum, zygote, and embryo have no intrinsic motility. The fallopian tube is both the conduit and the transporter of the ovum and the early conceptus. Tubal function also aids transport of sperm to the site of fertilization. The fallopian tubes are thus essential and necessary in normal, natural, unassisted reproduction in women. The multiple and complex functions of the fallopian tubes can be affected by disease, resulting in infertility and, in extreme cases, sterility. Fallopian tube reconstruction has been the traditional method of restoring reproductive function to women with tubal infertility. Today, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET) bypass the fallopian tubes in the reproductive process and are additional options in the treatment of these patients. Author

Krystene B DiPaola, MD Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Krystene B DiPaola, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Medical Association, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Sigma Xi, and Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. Specialty Editor Board Suzanne R Trupin, MD, FACOG Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign; CEO and Owner, Women's Health Practice; CEO and Owner, Hada Cosmetic Medicine and Midwest Surgical Center Suzanne R Trupin, MD, FACOG is a member of the following medical societies: American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, American Medical Association, Association of Reproductive Health Professionals, International Society for Clinical Densitometry, and North American Menopause Society Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Editor-in-Chief, Medscape Drug Reference Disclosure: Medscape Salary Employment David Chelmow, MD Leo J Dunn Distinguished Professor and Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center David Chelmow, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Medical Association, Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Massachusetts Medical Society, Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, Society for Gynecologic Investigation, and Society for Medical Decision Making Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. Frederick B Gaupp, MD Consulting Staff, Department of Family Practice, Hancock Medical Center Frederick B Gaupp, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Family Physicians Disclosure: Nothing to disclose. Chief Editor Richard Scott Lucidi, MD Associate Professor of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine Richard Scott Lucidi, MD is a member of the following medical societies: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and American Society for Reproductive Medicine Disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Updated: Aug 2, 2011