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10/14/2010

Tujuan Pembelajaran
PERENCANAAN AGREGAT
• Mahasiswa mampu menggunakan teknik
(DISAGREGASI) disagregasi
• Mahasiswa mampu menyusun Master
Production Schedule (MPS) atau Jadwal Induk
Kuliah 4 Produksi (JIP).
LSiPro – FT Untirta
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Definisi Kapasitas Definisi Kapasitas Produksi


• the rate of output from an OM system per unit • In general, production capacity is the maximum
of time production rate of an organization (or maximum
conversion rate of a production system) in any
• the rate at which the firm withdraws work given period.
from the system • Sustainable practical capacity is the greatest level
• Jumlah masukan sumberdaya-sumberdaya of output that a plant can maintain:
yang tersedia relatif untuk kebutuhan within the framework of a realistic work
keluaran pada waktu tertentu. schedule
taking account of normal downtime
assuming sufficient availability of inputs to
• Satuan unit : jumlah/waktu atau waktu/unit operate the machinery and equipment in place
Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

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10/14/2010

Definisi Macam-Macam Kapasitas (1) Definisi Macam-Macam Kapasitas (2)


 Design Capacity : tingkat keluaran per satuan  Actual dan atau operating capacity : tingkat
untuk mana pabrik dirancang. keluaran rata-rata per satuan waktu selama
 Rated Capacity ; tingkat keluaran per satuan periode waktu yang telah lewat = kapasitas
waktu yang menunjukkan bahwa fasilitas secara standar ± cadangan-cadangan, penundaan,
teoritik mempunyai kemampuan memproduksi. tingkat sisa nyata.
 Standard capacity : tingkat keluaran per satuan  Peak capacity : jumlah keluaran per satuan waktu
waktu yang ditetapkan sebagai sasaran
pengoperasian bagi manajemen, supervisi dan yang dapat dicapai melalui maksimisasi keluaran
para operator mesin, dapat digunakan sebagai dengan kerja lembur, menambah tenaga kerja,
dasar bagi penyusunan anggaran. mengurangi jam istirahat dan sebagainya.

Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

How a plant/system is organized Capacity in Sequence


Level of output of a plant or system is capacity in sequence: linear operations, is
dependent on how it is organized based on the operation with the lowest
capacity in sequence: linear operations, is amount of capacity.
based on the operation with the lowest Contoh:
amount of capacity Operasi 1 : 20 unit/jam
capacity in parallel: Operasi 2 : 10 unit/jam
multiple alternative operations Operasi 3 : 15 unit/jam
any machine can be used Maka kapasitas sistem adalah 10 unit/jam
Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

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10/14/2010

Capacity in Parallel Definisi Work Center


 capacity that is based on the sum of the capacities of • Section of a production facility where all task
the various machines that make up the operation.
associated with a particular process (such as
 Contoh:
 Operation 3 has 4 machines
assembling, painting, welding) are performed.
 machine 1 - 90 pieces per minute
 machine 2 - 110 pieces per minute Sumber: http://www.businessdictionary.com/
 machine 3 -120 pieces per minute definition/work-center.html#ixzz11xhyQTXS
 machine 4 - 80 pieces per minute
 Total capacity for operation 3 = 400 pieces/min

Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Perhitungan Persentase Perhitungan Persentase


(dengan nilai penjualan) (dengan nilai penjualan)
Perhitungan Persentase
Periode Jan Feb Mar Apr Mei Jun Harga
Produk Periode Jul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Total Persentase
Family X Produk
200 250 400 210 450 255 A 100.00 Produk A 10,000.00 8,000.00 6,500.00 18,000.00 9,000.00 15,000.00 66,500.00 0.27
(hasil forecast 2010) B 200.00
Demand
Produk B 16,000.00 13,000.00 10,000.00 20,000.00 10,000.00 16,000.00 85,000.00 0.34
Forecast
C 150.00 Produk C 18,000.00 17,250.00 12,750.00 18,000.00 15,000.00 16,500.00 97,500.00 0.39
Family X 44,000.00 38,250.00 29,250.00 56,000.00 34,000.00 47,500.00 249,000.00
Data Penjualan Terdahulu (2009)
Periode Jul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Disagregasi Hasil Peramalan
Produk A 100.00 80.00 65.00 180.00 90.00 150.00 Periode Jan Feb Mar Apr Mei Jun
Demand
Produk B 80.00 65.00 50.00 100.00 50.00 80.00 Family X 200 250 400 210 450 255
Forecast
Produk C 120.00 115.00 85.00 120.00 100.00 110.00 Produk A 53.41 66.77 106.83 56.08 120.18 68.10
Demand
Family X 300 260 200 400 240 340 Forecast
Produk B 68.27 85.34 136.55 71.69 153.61 87.05
Produk C 78.31 97.89 156.63 82.23 176.20 99.85

Example : MPS Januari (Produk A) = 200 x 0,27 = 53,41


MPS Januari (Produk B) = 200 x 0,34 = 68,27
MPS Januari (Produk C) = 200 x 0,39 = 78,31
Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

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10/14/2010

Disagregasi Menggunakan Teknik Persentase Disagregasi Menggunakan Teknik Persentase


(dengan pertimbangan nilai conversion) (dengan pertimbangan nilai conversion)
Data Penjualan Terdahulu
Periode Jul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Disagregasi (Persentase dari nilai penjualan)
Produk A 100.00 80.00 65.00 180.00 90.00 150.00 Periode Jan Feb Mar Apr Mei Jun
Demand Family X 200 250 400 210 450 255
Produk B 80.00 65.00 50.00 100.00 50.00 80.00
Forecast Produk A 63.86 79.83 127.73 67.06 143.69 81.43
Produk C 120.00 115.00 85.00 120.00 100.00 110.00 Demand
Produk B 34.22 42.77 68.43 35.93 76.98 43.62
Family X 300 260 200 400 240 340 Forecast
Produk C 101.92 127.40 203.84 107.02 229.32 129.95

Perhitungan Persentase
Waktu Conversi
Produk Periode Jul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Total %
Proses on Example : MPS Januari (Produk A) = 200 x 0,32 = 63,86
A 74.34 0.61 Produk A
61.25 49.00 39.81 110.24 55.12 91.87 407.28 0.32
MPS Januari (Produk B) = 200 x 0,17 = 34,22
B 62.32 0.51
Demand
Produk B
MPS Januari (Produk C) = 200 x 0,51 = 101,92
Forecast 41.07 33.37 25.67 51.34 25.67 41.07 218.21 0.17
C 121.38 1.00 Produk C
120.00 115.00 85.00 120.00 100.00 110.00 650.00 0.51
Family X
222.32 197.37 150.48 281.59 180.79 242.94 1,275.49

Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami