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UNIT KEGIATAN BELAJAR MANDIRI

(UKBM 3.4/4.4/3/1.1)

1. Identitas
a. Nama Mata Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris Wajibi
b. Semester : 3 / Ganjil
c. Kompetensi Dasar :

3.4 Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa
teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta
informasi terkait isu aktual, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.

4.4 Teks eksposisi analitis

4.4.1 Menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
dan unsur kebahasaan teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis, terkait isu
aktual

4.4.2 Menyusun teks eksposisi analitis tulis, terkait isu aktual, dengan
memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara
benar dan sesuai konteks

d. Materi Pokok : Teks Eksposisi Analitis


e. Alokasi Waktu : 10 x 45 Menit ( 5 x Pertemuan)
f. Tujuan Pembelajaran :

Melalui kegiatan pembelajaran dengan metode diskusi, tanya jawab, penugasan,


presentasi dan analisis, peserta didik dapat membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis dengan memberi
dan meminta informasi terkait isu aktual, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya serta
terampil dalam menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
dan unsur kebahasaan teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis, terkait isu aktual dan
menyusun teks eksposisi analitis tulis, terkait isu aktual, dengan memperhatikan fungsi
sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai konteks serta dapat
mengembangankan kemampuan berpikir kritis, berkomunikasi,
berkolaborasi, berkreasi (4C).

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


g. Materi Pembelajaran
Lihat dan baca pada Buku Teks Pelajaran (BTP): Buku Siswa Bahasa
Inggris XI Wajib. Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

2. Peta Konsep
Social function

Generic Structure
Exposition
text

Language Features

3. Kegiatan Pembelajaran
Pendahuluan
Look at the picture below!

1. What is the picture about?


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2. What do you think of the issue “Smoking should be banned?”
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a. Kegiatan Inti
i. Petunjuk Umum UKBM
1. Baca dan pahami materi pada Buku Teks Pelajaran Buku Siswa Bahasa
Inggris XI Wajib. Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


2. Setelah memahami isi materi dalam bacaan, berlatihlah untuk berfikir tinggi
melalui tugas-tugas yang terdapat pada UKBM ini baik bekerja sendiri maupun
bersama teman sebangku atau teman lainnya.
3. Kerjakan UKBM ini dibuku kerja atau langsung mengisikan pada bagian yang
telah disediakan.
4. Kalian dapat belajar bertahap dan berlanjut melalui kegiatan ayo berlatih,
apabila kalian yakin sudah paham dan mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan-
permasalahan dalam kegiatan belajar 1, 2, 3, 4 dan 5 kalian boleh sendiri atau
mengajak teman lain yang sudah siap untuk mengikuti tes formatif agar
kalian dapat belajar ke UKBM berikutnya.
ii. Kegiatan Belajar
Ayo……ikuti kegiatan belajar berikut dengan penuh kesabaran dan konsentrasi !!!

Kegiatan Belajar 1

Read the following text, then answer the following questions correctly!

Cars Should be Banned in The City


Cars should be banned in the city. As we all know, cars create
pollution, and cause a lot of road deaths and other accidents.
Firstly, cars, as we all know contribute the most of pollution in the
world. Cars emit a deadly gas causes illnesses such as bronchitis, lung
cancer, and trigger of asthma. Some of these illness are so bad that
people can die from them.
Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander every where and
cars commonly hit pedestrians in the city, which causes them to die.
Cars today are our roads biggest killers.
Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it
hard to sleep at night, or concentrate in your homework, and
especially talk to someone.
In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the reasons

SMAN 1listed.
PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)
1. What is the topic of the text?
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2. Why do cars contribute the most of pollution in the world?
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3. Why do cars become the roads biggest killers?
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4. Why should cars be banned in the city?
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5. What is the conclusion of the text?
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Read the following text then answer the questions below correctly!
Integrated Pest Management
There is no best way to deal with pests in agriculture. Pesticides which are
commonly used may cause many problems. I think combining different
management operations is the most effective way to control pests.
Firstly, the chemicals in the pesticides may build up as residues in the
environment and in the soil which absorbs the chemicals. This reduces the
quality of product.
Secondly, pests can gradually become resistant to pesticides. This means that
newer and stronger ones have to be developed.
Lastly, some pesticides affect non target plants and animals such as fish and bees.
This affects the ecology and environment as well.
So, understanding of ecology of an area helps a lot in pest control. Integrated pest
management is a safe and more effective option to fight pest in agriculture and
livestock.

1. Why do the pesticides reduce the quality of farm product?


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2. Explain 3 reasons why pesticides can cause many problems!

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


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3. What is the coclusion of the text above?
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4. What kinds of tense used in the text above?
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5. Mention the generic structures of the text above!
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Jika sudah memahami, lanjutkan pada kegiatan berikut. Let’s Continue

Kegiatan Belajar 2

Answer the following questions by crossing a, b, c , d or e correctly. Then


give the reasons!

The Government Should Provide Rehabilitation Program for Drug Users

Drug users are actually ill people who need help. Rehabilitation is one of the
main things they should get. Instead of punishing drug users in prisons, the
government should provide rehabilitation for them.

Most users are actually victims of persuasive peddlers and they suffer from
consuming the drugs. Therefore, by rehabilitating them, we are actually helping
them out from traps, which they might accidentally step on.

If we only arrest drug users and send them to jail, this doesn't solve the problem
as drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to
them. Providing rehabilitation programs for drug users and forcing them to
participate in the programs is better than only arresting them and doing nothing
to their illness. Only drug dealers, traffickers, and wholesalers should be
imprisoned.
1. Most drug users get drugs from ....
a. jails
b. peddlers

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


c. traffickers
d. wholesalers
e. rehabilitation center
2. Sending the drug users to prison is not a good solution because ....
a. They can't consume harmful drugs.
b. They are treated normally.
c. They may still be infected with harmful drugs.
d. They can be freed as soon as possible.
e. They are given the whole recovery program.
3. "...drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to
them." (Paragraph 3) The underlined word is closest in meaning to ....
a. Influenced
b. Treated
c. Forced
d. Burdened
e. Implemented
Read the following text to answer questions number 4 to 6.
Everybody should change their way of life to reduce global warming. There are
several things that we can do. One of them is by buying and consuming fresh
local groceries as much as possible. It of course includes local vegetables, fruits,
bread, etc.
Local groceries don’t need much transportation to get it into the market. It of
course means, the amount of carbon dioxide produced is less than the groceries
from other region. Therefore, by buying local groceries we are helping reduce
the amount of carbon dioxide produced.
Consuming fresh groceries instead of frozen ones are healthier for us.
Furthermore, fresh food or groceries means no requirements for it to be freeze
up. It means that no electricity is needed and saving energy means reducing
carbon dioxide and money.
So, from now on we should consume fresh local groceries to reduce global
warming.

4. The text gives us information about ….

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


a. The ways to minimize global warning
b. The ways to increase global warning
c. The effects of global warning
d. The importance of consuming local groceries
e. The importance of knowing global warning
5. To reduce the global warming we should ….
a. buy import product
b. buy expensive clothes
c. consume frozen foods
d. consume fresh foods
e. not use electricity efficiently
6. We are helping reduce the amount of global warming” (Paragraph 2) The
underlined word can be replaced by ….
a. Increase
b. Decrease
c. Improve
d. Add
e. Maximize
Read the following text to answer questions number 7 to 10.
The use of formalin and other dangerous preservatives in food has been
serious problem for three reasons. Firstly, formalin is not for human beings, but
it is for biological specimens and experiments. Formalin in Biology is a 10%
solution of formaldehyde in water which is usually used as a disinfectant or to
preserve biological specimens. Thus, it is not for food preservatives. Of course
when it is used for food preservative, it will be very dangerous to human’s body.
The second reason is that there is no tight control from the government.
This condition makes the people’s health is really in a threat. When the control is
weak and the use formalin was spread wide all over the Indonesian regions, and
these days it has really happened, the citizen's bodies will be badly contaminated
with the poisons. Fish or food traders still sell their products which contain
formalin and dangerous preservatives. Can you imagine that our digestive
system absorbs the substance that should be for the human and animal corpses?

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


Considering the reasons, we can make a conclusion that the use of
formalin and other preservatives is really a serious problem if it is not resolved
immediately.

7. Why is formalin dangerous for human`s body?


a. It is not food preservatives
b. It is a disinfectant for human beings
c. It is used to preserve biological specimens
d. It is 10% solution of formaldehyde in water
e. It is controlled flighty from the government
8. The main idea of paragraph two is ....
a. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
b. The government has not controlled the use of formalin firmly
c. The weak control of using formalin is not threatening the human
d. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
e. The use of formalin is known all over the regions
9. Based on the facts above, the writer suggest that..............
a. People have to avoid consuming formalin in their food
b. The use of formalin is necessary to control the food
c. People should add 100% solution of formaldehyde in water
d. The food preservative is required to make the food delicious
e. Food seller is supposed to pour formalin for vegetables and food products
10. What is the generic structure of the text?
a. Arguments-Recommendation-Thesis
b. Thesis-Argument-Recommendation
c. Thesis-Argument-Reiteration
d. Thesis-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Reiteration
e. Reiteration-Arguments-Thesis
Read the following text to answer questions number 11 to 15.
The Importance of Reading
I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life. Why do I
say so? Firstly, by reading we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


the world such as Science, technology, sports, arts, culture, etc. written in books,
magazine, newspaper, etc.
Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something
happening in any parts of the world which can we see directly.

Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too. When we are tired, we read
books, newspaper or magazine on the entertainment column such as comedy,
short story, quiz, etc. To make us relaxed.
The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the world. By reading a book
about Irian Jaya, we may feel we’re really sitting in the jungles not at home in our
rooms.
From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge,
information and also entertainment. Or in summary we can say reading is truly
important in our life.

11. Why is reading very important in our life? Because…..


a. By reading, we can get a lot of friends, relatives, experience, etc.
b. By reading, we can get little knowledge but a lot of entertainment.
c. By reading, we are always relaxed.
d. By reading, we are always happy.
e. By reading we can get a lot of knowledge, news, information and
entertainment
12. If we want to get knowledge, what should we do?
a. buy a lot of books
b. borrow a lot of books
c. look for newspaper and magazine
d. sell and buy many expensive books
e. read a lot of books and other printed materials.
13. What does the text tell us about?
a. The description of reading
b. The function of reading
c. The importance of reading
d. The disadvantages of reading

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


e. The purpose of reading
14. What is the social function of the text?
a. To tell a story
b. To describe the reader
c. To entertain the reader
d. To give information
e. To persuade the reader
15. Paragraph…. In the text is the thesis.
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
e. 5

Apabila kalian sudah mampu mengerjakan latihan-latihan Let’s Continue


ini, maka kalian bisa melanjutkan pada kegiatan belajar 3.

Kegiatan Belajar 3

Arrange the paragraphs below into a good order!


Text 1
Smoking in Restaurant
6. Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurant is the harm it
can do to others. Passive smoking that is breathing in smoke made by a
smoker can lead to asthma attacks and even cancer.
7. Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smokers. Cigarettes
cause heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not
just in restaurants.
8. Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a
health risk to the smokers and should not be allowed in any restaurants.
9. Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite. The smell of the smoke affects
all people and can turn them off their food. People pay to taste good food
and not to be put off by foul smelling smoke.

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


10. Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is
rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.

The correct arrangement of the text above is

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Write the reasons why smoking should not be allowed in the restaurant!

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Text 2
Writing is a Great for Money Online
1. Blog writing is an increasingly popular way to earn money online determined
by the owner of the blog. There are many free websites out there that will help
you set up your own blog if you choose to go that route because blog plus
advertisement is potential money.
2. Therefore, writing takes some time to gain credibility through but once it's
done, earning potential can become very powerful.
3. The emergence of the internet has given internet entrepreneurs many ways to
make money. Writers are one group that have benefited from their talents as a
result in the rise of internet based jobs.
4. Article writing is also good to earn money online. Make sure to optimize your
articles to promote and advertise you own business ventures. These articles

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


are a free way to market the products and services you offer for free. The most
effective advertising with these articles comes from the dialogue box that is
inserted at the end of each article. These dialogue boxes contain links to
basically any website you would like to drive traffic to. For instance, you might
have one link in your dialogue box to a product you are selling and one to a
blog where you are promoting a discussing other products.

The correct arrangement of the text above is

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Write the reasons why writing is a great for money online!

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Text 3
The Unhealthy Fast Food
1. It is not the calories in fast food which damage health and waistline. It is the
chemical additives such as aspartame and MSG (monosodium glutamate).
Studies show that the chemical additives lead to weight and disease issues.
2. Fast food is highly processed with a wide array of additives. To ensure fast
food’s low cost, the fast food products are made with highly-processed
ingredients to give it shelf-life, to hold consistency, and to enhance flavor.
Fast food is altered from its original healthy form.
3. Fast food, nowadays, is considered as a normal eating venture. People are
not just eating out on special occasions or weekends anymore. It means that
all the time they mostly eat fast foods. However is fast food good for health?

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


4. Fast food has its popularity in the 1940’s. Within a few years, fast-food
operations popped up everywhere. With the compelling rise in fast-food
restaurants since the 1940’s, oddly it started the rise in obesity and cancer
during that same time period.

The correct arrangement of the text above is

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Write the reasons why fast food is unhealthy!

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SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


Apabila kalian sudah mampu mengerjakan latihan-latihan Let’s Continue
ini, maka kalian bisa melanjutkan pada kegiatan belajar 4.

Kegiatan Belajar 4

Complete the text below. Give three reasons why English is important!

The Importance of English


I personally think that English is the world's most important language.
Why do I say that?

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From the facts above, it is obvious that everybody needs to learn English to greet
the global era.

English is Important
Language

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


Apabila kalian sudah mampu mengerjakan latihan-latihan Let’s Continue
ini, maka kalian bisa melanjutkan pada kegiatan belajar 5.

Kegiatan Belajar 5

Create a good analytical exposition text. Choose the topic by yourself!

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SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)


c. Penutup
Bagaimana Anda sekarang?
Setelah Anda belajar bertahap dan berlanjut melalui kegiatan belajar 1dan 2,
berikut diberikan Tabel untuk mengukur diri Anda terhadap materi yang sudah
Anda pelajari.Jawablah sejujurnya terkait dengan penguasaan materi pada
UKBM ini di Tabel berikut.
Tabel Refleksi Diri Pemahaman Materi
No Pertanyaan Ya Tidak

1. Apakah Anda telah memahami definisi Exposition text?

2. Dapatkah Anda menjelaskan tujuan komunikatif


Exposition text?
3. Dapatkah Anda menjelaskan unsur kebahasaan
Exposition text?
4. Dapatkah Anda menjelaskan struktur Exposition text?

Jika menjawab “TIDAK” pada salah satu pertanyaan di atas, maka pelajarilah
kembali materi tersebut dalam Buku Teks Pelajaran (BTP) dan pelajari ulang
kegiatan belajar 1, 2, 3, 4 atau 5 yang sekiranya perlu Anda ulang dengan
bimbingan Guru atau teman sejawat. Jangan putus asa untuk mengulang
lagi!.Dan apabila Anda menjawab “YA” pada semua pertanyaan, maka lanjutkan
berikut.
Dimana posisimu?
Ukurlah diri Anda dalam menguasai materi Exposition text dalam rentang 0 –
100, tuliskan ke dalam kotak yang tersedia.

Setelah kalian menuliskan penguasaanmu terhadap materi exposition,


lanjutkan menemui gurumu meminta test formative. GOOD LUCK

SMAN 1 PURWOSARI @XI (WAJIB)